searl effect

freethisone

searl effect
« on April 4th, 2015, 07:00 PM »Last edited on April 4th, 2015, 07:07 PM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GqPhwuakcLM#ws

should we design a magnetize?

obviously there is secrets that can be overcome with a little theory, and advancements..

the more people who understand the ,manufacture process the better,

i already designed a few good wave magnetize-rs, simple you roll it out on the impression on the face...

there must be a vortex flowing, but there must be a core able to hold the field.

so yes the very hard neodymium is magnetized through a process. that process can work with iron also..

this generator may also work as a hydrogen cell. because the materials can be changed to be that of ordinary plastic from a milk jug.

we should start working on a hydrogen cell to convert to electric. simple scraps..


Matt Watts

Re: searl effect
« Reply #1, on April 4th, 2015, 09:16 PM »
I asked Jason point blank, if he thought Russ had the capability to do this experiment and Jason said no way.  It takes highly advanced equipment and processes.  The SEG is a really cool machine, but the average builder has no chance of making one themselves.

freethisone

Re: searl effect
« Reply #2, on April 5th, 2015, 12:14 AM »Last edited on April 5th, 2015, 12:17 AM
Quote from Matt Watts on April 4th, 2015, 09:16 PM
I asked Jason point blank, if he thought Russ had the capability to do this experiment and Jason said no way.  It takes highly advanced equipment and processes.  The SEG is a really cool machine, but the average builder has no chance of making one themselves.
there are other ways to skin a cat. he has one process. truth it there is other ways to do the same thing..and u don't need anything that cant be built from scraps.

the principles are still the same. of course he will tell yu that it cant be done. truth  is its only a wave placed on a band.

so you roll it out like the copper scroll. O:-)
Re: searl effect
« Reply #3, on April 5th, 2015, 03:47 PM »Last edited on April 5th, 2015, 03:49 PM
looks like you want to look at the best thing since sliced bread as un obtainable?  wut gives matt? let this sit on a shelf for 100 years? so far 5 years plus nothing new from searl zinch..

i never even seen it run as a generator let alone a space ship..


theory and principles is all u need to advance these concepts..
Re: searl effect
« Reply #4, on April 5th, 2015, 04:17 PM »
the most embarrassing part of the searl devise is that it only needs a hub with permanent magnets to get rotation.

how much longer do we have to wait before we say enough is enough and do it ourselves?
Re: searl effect
« Reply #5, on April 5th, 2015, 05:11 PM »
the rotors move. but no hub with rotors are shown. the principle and concept even a 2nd grader can understand. I give them that. but the fact they do not show advancements in many years. this can be a hydrogen fuel cell simply by understanding the concepts behind it..

are we to remain stupid because some one else has to profit before others can advance the principles with inexpensive magnetizing principles..
the longer u play dead the longer they will try to fool you..
Re: searl effect
« Reply #7, on April 7th, 2015, 12:25 PM »
Did searl lie about putting a magnetic wave on the face of the disc?

as you see its not a wave that is placed on the outer cylinders, so is there any proof at all a wave is on the face of the disc?

i dont see any yet, only a diagram. but its clear the cylinder magnets have there magnetic field set up as a block wall at its center point..
Re: searl effect
« Reply #8, on April 8th, 2015, 01:58 PM »
The izuogu machine (the self-sustaining emagnetodynamic machine)
CA 2693572 A1
Abstract
The self sustaining emagnetodynamics machine utilizes a theory that is different from the age old theory on which electric motors have been built for over five hundred years since the days of the great inventor and scientist, Michael Faraday.
Claims(18)
1. A self sustaining machine that uses its own feedback current to operate, runs like an electric motor but not using the force exerted on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field,but runs by the interaction of magnetic poles between the stator and rotor and powered by magnets and electromagnets,the main parts comprising a set of permanent magnets placed in a circular pattern,and forming the STATORS of the machine,and a composite magnetic pole attached to a spindle,forming the ROTOR,and a DISTRIBUTOR pressing against brushes for releasing the rotor vanes(on each respective plane) from backlashes arising from repulsions/attractions of the rotor composite polarity.
2.The permanent magnets forming the stators of Claim 1,are manufactured in such a way that one half of the magnet is North pole and the other half is South pole.
3.The electromagnets in claim 1 form the RELEASE STATOR POLE of the machine and are made to develop pole strength approximately equal to the pole strength of each of the stator permanent magnets,and being timed to get temporarily magnetized at an appropriate time when the rotor would have been otherwise held back by a repulsion/attraction by the first stator permanent magnet,
4.The spindles and vanes holding the composite magnetic poles of claim 1 are all made of non magnetic materials,such as brass or copper so as not to distort the magnetic field created by the stator magnets,
5.The said inventor's first law of Emagnetodynamics being utilized by the apparatus of claim 1,stating that A SUSPENDED COMPOSITE MAGNETIC
POLE WILL MOVE IN A CERTAIN DIRECTION IF PLACED IN THE
VICINITY OF AN ARRAY OF LIKE POLES OF MAGNETS,
6.The said inventor's second law of Emagnetodynamics being utilized by the apparatus of claim 1,stating that THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION OF THE
COMPOSITE MAGNETIC POLE IS THAT OF THE COMPOSITE
POLARITY SIMILAR TO THE ARRAY,
7.The said composite pole of claim 1 can infact be replaced by a soft iron disc which is bent in the same crescent shape for the reason that soft iron loses and gains magnetism very fast,and thus the soft iron rotor acts as a MIRROR
IMAGE of the stator permanent magnets,
8.The brushes and commutators of claim 1 being made of copper or other non magnetic but non rusting metals,
9.The rotor of claim 1 is so configured that the vane on which the composite poles are affixed, lies on a horizontal plane and rigidly fixed to the rotor which is either made of brass,copper or any other rigid by non magnetic matter.
10.The vanes attached to the rotor of claim 1 can be configured in such a way that there are more than one vane,lying in different planes,but all attached to the same rotor,to increase the mechanical power deliverable by the machine much like the CRANK SHAFT of an internal combustion engine.
11.The stator magnets in the apparatus of claim 1 can be configured to lie in different planes of the machine to increase mechanical power deliverable by the machine,
12.Electical power is delivered to the first or last electromagnet,in claim 1,and also to a small d.c.motor attached to the rotor, at the start of the machine through a switch,similar to the ignition key of a motor car,
13.The said d.c.motor in claim 12,mechanically linked to the rotor of claim 1,is used to turn the rotor,at the 'start' of the Emagnetodynamics motor, in a'KICK-START' process,
14.The stator magnets of claim 11,and lying in different planes of the machine,are screened magnetically from each other so that their magnetic fields do not distort each other in operation.
15.The dispositions of the stator and rotor of claim 1 can be reversed and the laws of Emagnetodynamics still apply to produce motion.
16.The stators of claim 1 which are permanent magnets,can be replaced with electromagnets without impairing the operation of the system.
17.Prior art include the conventional electric motor.But these use neither dis-tributors , kickstarters nor employ the laws of Emagnetodynamics, as does a multi planed emagnetodynamics motor,which is more a HYBRID between the electric motor and the internal combustion engine.
18.A system for utilizing the theory of EMAGNETODYNAMICSwhich translates, in simplest terms, to the movement of magnets without the presence of current or current-carrying conductors.
The self sustaining Emagnetodynamics machine is the first machine known to man,to get permanent magnets release their atomic energy for mechanical work.
The theory of Emagnetodynamics is also a product of the inventor's research with magnets which lasted thirty one years.
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I

Description THE IZUOGU MACHINE(THE SELFo-SUSTAINING EMAGNETODYNAMIC MACHINE) [1] BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[2] The present invention is in the technical field of PHYSICS

[3] More particularly, the present invention is in the technical field of ENERGY

[4] The prior art in such technical field includes:THE ELECTRIC OR BATTERY-OPERATED EMAGNETODYNAMICS MOTOR, THEORY OF MAGNETISM
AND THE THEORY OF FORCE EXERTED ON A CURRENT-[5] CARRYING CONDUCTOR IN A MAGNETIC FIELD.

[6] FORCE IS EXERTED ON A CURRENT-CARRYING CONDUCTOR IN A
MAGNETIC FIEID.THIS THEORY HAS BEEN EXPLOITED IN BUILDING THE
ELECTRIC MOTOR WHICH IS A MACHINE THAT CONVERTS ELECTRICAL
ENERGY TO MECHANICAL ENERGY.THE EMAGNETODYNAMICS MOTOR
WORKS ON A DIFFEREIVT THEORY,NAMELY THE LAWS OF EMAGNE-TODYNAMICS.

[7] BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[8] The present invention is a MAGNET MOTOR. CALLED THE SELF-SUSTAIlVING EMAGNETODYNAMICS MACHINETHAT UTILISES THE
INVENTOR'S FIRST AND SECOND LAWS OF EMAGNETODYNAMICS AS
WELL AS THE INVENTOR'S HORSE ORIENTATION THEORY OF
MAGNETISM.

[9] The first law states as follows:

[10] A SUSPENDED COMPOSITE MAGNETIC POLE WII.L ROTATE IN A
CERTAIN DIRECTION IF PLACED IN THE VICIlVITY OF AN ARRAY OF
LIKE POLES OF MAGNETS.
[l 1] The second law states that:
[12] THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION IS THAT OF THE COMPOSITE POLE
SIMII.AR TO THE ARRAY*
[13] THE CRITICAL FEATURE OF THIS MACHINE IS THAT IT IS DISTIN-GUISHABLE FROM THE FARi .1FR DrVENnON OF THE NON SELF-SUSTAINING EMAGNETODYNAMICS MACHINE IN THAT THE SELF
SUSTAINING MACHINE GENERATES A FEEDBACK CURRENT WHICH
PROVIDES RELEASE FROM THE BACKLASH STATORS AND THEREFORE
THE MACHINE IS ABLE TO RUN WITHOUT ANY EXTERNAL SOURCE OF
ENERGY. WHILE AN ELECTRIC MOTOR CONVERTS ELECTRICAL ENERGY

TO
[14] *(Tbe inventor acknowledges the similarity between these laws and that of Faraday's discovery of the force exerted on a current-carrying conductor In a magnedc IIeldd3is knowledge of Faraday's work certainly inspired and guided him to estabBsh sfmilar laws for the movement of magnets without current-carrying conductors.) [15] MAGNETIC ENERGY AND THEN CONVERTS MAGNETIC ENERGY TO
MECHANICAL ENERGY,THE SELF SUSTAINING EMAGNETODYNAMICS
MOTOR,LIIGJ ITS NON-SELF SUSTAINING COUNTERPART, CONVERTS AN
INTERACTION OF MAGNETIC POLES DIRECTLY TO MECHANICAL
ENERGY,WITHOUT GOING THROUGH THE INTERMEDIARY OF
CURRENT-CARRYING CONDUCTORS.
[16] BRIEF DESCR2'1'ION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING
[17] FIG. 1 IS A PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF THE COMPOSITE MAGNETIC POLE.IT
IS A CRESCENT SHAPED NORTH AND SOUTH POLES OF TWO PERMANENT
MAGNETS HELD TOGETHER ON A BRASS OR COPPER,OR ANY NON-MAGNETIC PLATE BENT INTO THE CRESCENT SHAPEJt is mounted on a non magnetic pivoted spindle.
[18] FIG 2 shows an array of north poles of similar magnets.(It could also have been South poles.)However,similar poles must be used for the system to function.
[19] FIG 3 shows the disposition of the magnetic poles of the magnets used to form the array of magnetic poles referred to in fig 2.
[20] FIG 4 shows the composite magnetic pole placed in the vicinity of the array of like poles.
[211 FIG 5 is a composite magnetic pole,but this time made of a slab of SOFT
IRON
core.It is mounted on a non magnetic, pivoted spindle.
[22] FIG 6 shows the angular disposition of the rotor vanes in each plane.
[23] FIG 7 Shows a design model of the complete SELF SUSTAINING Emagne-todynamics motor,with four planes mounted.
[24] FIG 8 shows the electrical connections for the machine shown in fig 7 [25] FIG 9 shows the rotor vane with its stem [26] FIG 10 shows the permanent magnet that forms part of the composite polarity of the rotor.It is a 60xl5x5mm powerful ECLIPSE MAGNET bought from NAAFCO
SCIENTIFIC,London.It gives an angler deflection of 15 degrees on a magnetometer placed some 300mm away.
[27] FIG 11 shows the release electromagnets,40,42.
[28] FIG 12 shows an unmagnetised bar of iron [29] FIG 14 shows the same bar now inside a solenoid, [30] FIG 13 shows stators and vane on one plane.
[31] FIG 15 shows the clutch yoke for the machine, [32] FIG 16 shows the clutch fork for the clutch assembly, [33] FIG 17 shows the rotor for the machine, [34] FIG 18 shows the clutch assembly, [35] FIG 19 shows five horses pulling in different directions, [36] FIG 20 shows the five horses pulling in the same direction.
[37] FIG 21 The machine with electromagnet stators giving mathematical and ex-perimental proof that it achieves an efficiency of OVER UNITY.
[38] DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
[39] FIG 7.
[40] 9,11...........Ball bearings at bottom and top,respectively, [41] 10 ............... Cinular Brass plate which forms the base of the machine(Diameter 500mm,Thickness 10mm) [42] 12 .............Ignition Key that switches on the machine(A typical motor car,e.g.Vauxwagen car, ignition key is adequate) [43] 14............Group of feedback generators,serving also as KICKSTARTER
[44] 15 ................A rectangular Perspex plate(180x180x5mm) that holds the carbon brushes.
[45] 16 ..................Slip ring commutators [46] 18,19,20.........Permanent magnet stators of plane 1.
[47] 22,32 ..............Release electromagnets for plane 1 [48] 24,36 ...............Release electromagnets for plane 4 [49] 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...Clutch pedal [50] 26 ................Rotor shaft,brass,30mm diameter [51] 28 ................Rectangular plate of copper shackle.
[52] FIG 8:THE ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS.
[53] 21 ...............Motor battery,12 volts d.c.
[54] 23 ..............A resistance suitable to protect the feedback generator/1Qckstart motor.
[55] 25 .............Kickstarter motor/feedback generator,12 volt d.c.,rich in cun-ent.
[56] 27... . ........Distributor,copper, [57] 29............slip ring copper commutator, [58] 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..carbon brush [59] 33,35,37,39,41,43,45,47.... carbon brushes to energise release electromagnets.
[60] FIG 9:
[61] 38,40 .............Rectangular permanent magnets that form the composite pole [62] 42 ...............The aluminium vane to hold the composite poles.
[63] 50 .................The vane stem made of brass,length diameter 10 mm [64] 52 ..................Vane stabilizer length 25 mm,diameter 5mm [65] FIG 11 [66] 54..........Aluminium former for release electromagnet,length 150 mm,internal diameter 37.2mm,external diameter 39mm,wound with 0.5mm diameter insulated copper wire having total resistance of 14 ohms.
[67] 56 ...............Soft iron core for the electromagnet,length 160mm,diameter 37mm [68] FIG 12...An unmagnetised bar of soft iron.
[69] FIG 14......Soft iron bar in a solenoid.
[70] FIG 13:ONE PLANE,SHOWING ANGULAR DISPOSITTON OF STATORS
[711 38,40 .............. Rectangular permanent magnets that form the composite pole [72] 66,74 ........... Release electromagnets.
[73] 68,70,72 ..............Permanent magnet stators.
[74] 76 . . . . .. . . . . ... . ...Aluminium vane [75] FIG 15:CLUTCH YOKE
[76] 82 ..................Internal hole of ........diameter [77] 84 ..................Circular arm ........diameter,and ....wide.
[78] 86 .................Clutch shank...... outside diameter [79] 88 ...................Outer tube of .........outer diameter,....mm long.
[80] FIG 16:THE CLUTCH FORK
[81] FIG 17:THE BRASS ROTOR,870 mm,overall length.
[82] 26 ...............Smaller rotor stem,diameter 30mm, [83] 90 ..............slip ring commutator,carrying the distributor.
[84] 92 ..............The idle copper separator [85] FIG 18:THE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
[86] 84,94......As already described [87] 26. . . . . . . . . .Rotor shaft [88] 96.........Feedback generator, [89] 98.........Geared pully on generator, [90] 100........Geared flywheel attached to rotor shaft [91] 97.........Clutch fiber attached to flywheel(made of leather material) [92] 99......... Clutch cable [93] FIG 19:FIVE HORSES PULLING IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS
[94] FIG 20:FIVE HORSES PULLING IN THE SAME DIRECTION
[95] (Illustration of the inventor's HORSE-ORIENTATION THEORY OF
MAGNETISM) [96] Fig 21.The machine,showing proof of OVER UNITY efficiency,mathematically.
[97] Referring now to the invention in more detail, in FIG. 1 to 21 there is shown the machine and its component parts.In particular in Fig 7 is shown the actual complete design of a four plane, self-sustaining, Emagnetodynamics machine with all components in place.
[981 Two rods of brass 35,37(diameter 25mm,height 900mm)threaded a length of 15mm on each end) are mounted vertically on a horizontal circular brass plate 10,the brass rods carrying aluminium sleeves 50 to stabilize the system The rotor 26 is installed into the lower ball bearing 9.
[99] The rotor 26 has a section on its lower portion(Length 70mm,diameter 60mm) which also holds the distributor 27 and slip ring 29 [100] The Perspex 15 holding the carbon brushes 31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45,47 is now installed and secured by means of four copper bolts.
[101] The circular Perspex plates 49,51,53,55,is each carrying three permanent magnets as 18,19,20 mounted on each plane, as well as the electromagnets 22,32.The five stators of a plane are placed round a circler hole of diameter 480mm cut at the centre of Perspex The stators cover an angle of 180 degrees.This means an angle of 45 degrees between one stator and its adjacent one.The circuler distance,measured along the cir-cumference of the circle between the centre of one stator and the adjacent stator,determines the circuler length of the distance between the north and south poles of the composite polarity of the rotor.This circular Perspex plates 49,51,53,55, are now held firmly by sliding down the aluminium sleeves to tighten.The aluminium vanes 76 carrying the two permanent magnets,in each plane, that form the composite poles,are now tightened into place and the top end of the rotor is slid into the upper ball bearing 11 in the copper support 28. Nuts are now tightened at the threaded ends of the brass supports 35,37 to make the system strong and rigid.A dc battery 21 is now connected to the release electromagnets via the ignition key 12,the motor 25 and the nine brushes.The d.c motor 25 is connected in parallels with the release electromagnets and is protected from the heavy current surge by a heavy duty resistor,23.
[102] Section 2:
[103] The system is ready to run. As the ignition key 12 is turned,current from the battery 21 turns on the d.c motor 25,which turns the rotor in a clockwise direction (which must coincide with the direction in which the second law of Emagnetodynamics says the rotor will move).The motor 25 is able to turn the rotor 26 by means of wheel and pinion arrangement (The rotor 26 carries a cogged wheel 144 mm in diameter,while the motor carries a cogged wheel,l0mm in diameter,much like a kickstarter in an internal combustion engine). The battery 21 simultaneously energises the Distributor 27, and motor 25.The distributor 27 makes electrical contact with the brushes 33,35,37,39,41,43,45,thereby energizing the Release electromagnets much like a distributor in a conventional internal combustion engine would fire the four PLUGS.
The first release electromagnet 22 in plane 1, is timed to develop a North Pole strength which must equal,or nearly so, the pole strength of the stator permanent Magnets.This must happen at the INSTANT that the magnetic axis of the leading composite pole of the rotor has just crossd the magnetic axis of the Electromagnet,22.The rotor 26 moves on and at the point where the magnetic axis of the leading rotor composite pole is about to cross the magnetic axis of the last rotor permanent magnet 19,the distributor 27 makes contact with the second brash 35,thereby energizing the last stator elec-tromagnet 32,and thereby freeing the trailing composite pole of the rotor,a South Pole which would have been otherwise attracted,and held back by the North pole of the last stator permanent magnet 19.This would have impaired the rotation of the rotor and stalled the machine.Being a four plane machine,torque exerted on the rotor by other stators in other planes, enables the rotor cover the idle distance and this brings it once more under the influence of the first stator electromagnet 22,whose iron core draws the leading north pole of the composite rotor pole under its influence and the process is repeated.The rotor is thus able to continue its rotation.
[104] Notice that the four vanes all attached to the rotor but traversing different stators in different planes,are not disposed at an angle of 90 degrees each.
[1051 What we fmd,in fig 6B is that the first vane,V 1 is leading the second vane V2 by an angle of 90 degrees.V2 leads V3 by an angle of 135 degrees,while V3 leads V4 by an angle of 67.5 degrees.The simple angler disposition of rotor vanes in a four plane machine would have been to divide 360 degrees by four so each vane will lead the following vane by 90 degrees.We have not adopted this simplistic approach in the design because it would have meant the distributor will energize more than one elec-tromagnet at the same time.Since the electromagnets draw enormous current from the feedback generator,the latter may not cope with this great drain on its scarce energy,and the system may stall.To avoid this fatal situation,the vanes are disposed as shown in fig 6.For a six plane machine the disposition of vanes will again be different and so on.The whole idea in the design is to avoid a situation where more than one release electromagnet is energized at the same instant.
[106] Were we building a five,or six or twenty plane machine,the angular disposition must be determined separately for each case;just as a designer of an internal combustion engine designing a four,five or six CYLINDER engines,must for each engine decide the angular disposition of the projections on the CAM SHAFT which in turn determine the FIltING SEQUENCE OF PLUGS IN THE compression chamber.
[107] From the foregoing,we can see that though we call this machine a magnet motor,IN
REALITY,AND FROM A DESIGN STANDPOINT, IT HAS FAR MORE IN
COMMON WITH THE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE,THAN IT HAS WI
TfI A CONVENTIONAL ELECTRIC MOTOR.
[108] Section 3:

[109] Referring to the Fig 7, for the rotor 26 to rotate,it is necessary to ensure that the circular length of the vane approximately equals the circular distance between one stator magnetic axis and the next one.
[110] This is a critical condition for the system to work.It is equally essential that the pole strength of all stator permanent magnets are equal or else the first and second laws of Emagnetodynamics would not have been complied with and the machine will not function.
[111] The Emagnetodynamics machine is essentially a magnet motor.It is therefore necessary to ensure that only non magnetic metals are used to build all the parts of the machine or else critical magnetic field strength required at certain points will be weakened or impaired.All bolts,nuts,etc are made of copper or brass or aluminium to avoid magnetic INTERFERENCES AND DISTORTIONS which would critically undermine the set up.
[112] Just like the plug of an internal combustion engine must be ignited at a particular TIIVIING,the release electromagnets must be 'ignited'/energized at the proper TIIVQNG
in order to secure releases of the rotor 26 at the backlash points and keep the motor running.To ensure this PRECISION TMING,the positions of the carbon brushes, are made adjustable,much like the TIlvENG CHAIN, of an internal combustion engine.The brushes are mounted on bases that themselves move on circular grooves made on the rectangular Perspex,15.When the appropriate timing position has been detennined,the brush base is screwed unto the Perspex base by means of a brass bolt and brass nut.
[113] Section 4:
[114] Refer to fig 7 of the invention,the rotor 26 is made of copper and is 870mm high with holes made along its stem at various heights to take vane stems;these coincide with the heights of the four planes.
[115] While the rotor 26 has big stem with a diameter of 60 mm,and length 70mm,the rest of the body has a diameter of 30mm.The slip rings 90,94(width 10mm and thickness 0.5mm) are made of copper,which is both a good electrical conductor and non -rusting material.These are desirable properties to ensure there is always good electrical contact between the slip ring commutators and the brushes The BRUSH CONTACT
RESISTANCE must not be more than 0.2 Ohms.Of course the slip ring commutators are effectively insulated from any electrical contact with the rotor,using paper insulation as is done for a conventional electric motor commutator.
[116] The permanent magnet stators, being the main source of torque exerted on the rotor 26 must be very powerful or else the resulting machine will be weak..In factthe permanent magnet stators used by the inventor to build the working model of the non self sustaining emagnetodynamics machine each had magnetic pole strength that gave an angler deflection of 25 degrees on a magnetometer placed one meter away.The magnets were Alcomax magnets,but of course,since buying these magnets some twenty five years ago,more powerful magnets have been invented in the form of NEODYMIUM magnets.
[117] An Emagnetodynamics machine having only one plane is like an internal combustion engine having only one cylinder,as against the traditional four cylinders,four stroke engine or a conventional electric motor running on only one coiLThe practical Emagnetodynamics motor must have many planes..at the very least,four planes In order to produce enough torque on the rotor 26 resulting In a powertbl machine.The more the number of planes,the more powerfal the resulting machine and it is desirable to build machines with as many as 10 to planes even though MAGNETIC SHIELDING becomes of critical importance in order to shield the magnetic elds created by one plane from Influencing the flmtes In an adjacent [118] Plane.
[119] Reference flg 21 of the invention.S1,S2,S3,S4 are electromagnet stators of a one plane machine.While S1,S2,S3 are all connected in parallels and energized together,S4 which Is the release electromagnet is energized separately in a different circuit.xt is found that for the system to rotate,some 120V must be fed to the three stators while 72 V must be fed to the release stator,S4.The current flowing in the flrst circuit as measured by ammeter Al is 45A,while A2 read 6A.
[120] If the power developed by this machine,rotating at 300 rpm is calculated it will be as follows:
[121] 1. 240Vsource is the main power input to the motor.
[122] The control or auxiliary input to the motor supplies relatively negligible power when KZ is closed from the motor position at mmf axis of Sa to mmf axis of S4 .
[123] 1. Power output of the motor is Rotor Torque times Rotor Speed in radians per second.
[124] Pow =Txw=Tx(300x2n)/60=10nTwatts.
[125] 1. Assuming lossless machine, Input Power = Output Power, [126] Power from Sl, SZ, S3 = 45 x 240W = 10800W.
[127] Assuming that KZ is on for 0 radians per revolution (from SZ axis to SOl~ais), or 120 deg.
[128] power from S4 = 72 x 0/2= 6 W;u 68.750 W.=144AW
[129] (a) Percentage of power attributed to S1, Sz and S3 =10800 x 100/(10800 +
68.750).=98.7%
[130] (b) Percentage of control power attributed to Sa = 68.750 x 1001(10800 +
68.750).=1.3%
[1311 FROM THLS RESULT IT IS CLEAR THAT IF A SMALL FEEDBACK

GENERATOR IS i.041KFD TO THE ROTOR SPINDLE,IT WILL SUPPLY
THE 1.3% POWER REQUIRED TO WORK THE RELEASE ELEC-TROMAGNET AND IF WE REPLACE TIFIE ELEC-TROMAGNETS,S1,S2,S3,WITII PERMANENT MAGNETS,WE HAVE A
MAC>rIQIE WHOSE EFFICIENCY IS WELL OVER iJNITY.
[132] Section 5:
[133] A different version of the self sustaining Emagnetodynamics machine can be built by adding a current booster in the circuit of the feedback generator.The output of the feedback generator is then fed into a PULSE CIRCUIT,such as shown in fig 21.A
pulse circuit is simply a circuit in which electrical energy is stored in a capacitor and discharged very fast.A large current flows for a very brief period.Since the release of rotor required at backlash points boils down to ACTION AT A POINT,lasting only a few milliseconds,the cuaent pulse so produced is enough to free rotor at backlash points.
[134] DECEIT OF ENERGY:It can also be argued that the selfsustaining emagne-todynaniics machine exploits the principle of deceit of energy.This is explained this way:
[135] In the conventional electric motorfull current must}low through the coils at any and every instant for the motor to function.This means HEAVY ENERGY must be constantly supplied to the electric motor.For the emagnetodynamics machine,it is not so. We do not need heavy energy at every instant. We need heavy energy only at the point where we need to secure the release of rotor vanes from the decelerating effects of backlash.For a machine rotating at a speed of 600 rpm, for example,we need heavy current for how long?
[136] A machine running at 600rpm is doing 10 rps.The diameter of slip ring commutator is 60mm and the width of distributor is 20mm.So this distributor makes contact with a carbon brush for 0.01 seconds.This is one hundredth of a secontt which is very short indeecdThis is the PULSE DURATION.Besidesfor the rest of the time that one revolution lasts,the permanent magnet stators,supply the torque needed for motion.The energy stored in the permanent magnets is converted to mechanical energy.
[137] The Television also uses the concept of DECEIT OF THE EYE.Small spotsftom an object hitting the retina,stay on for a few seconds.If this happens fast enough,different spots appear continuous and the eye 'sees' the whole picture as one.
[138] One can say that the emagnetodynamics machine sees the pulse of energy appearing at the backlash points as one continuos chain by virtue of energy gaps covered by the permanent magnet stators.
[139] Section 6:
[140] The advantages of the self sustaining Emagnetodynamics motor,over and above the to conventional electric motor is obvious.It means this motor can replace electric motors wherever electric motors are being used presently.This includes but are not limited to electric cars,trains,trolleys,electric fans,etc.M'iniaturised emagnetodynamics machines,if they can be built,will also replace electric motors in clocks,grinding machines,toys,etc.It could also be possible to install small emagnetodynamics machines to supply current to television sets and radios,so we can have these important gadgets that do not require electricity or battery to operate.Indeed the emagne-todynamics machine possesses the capacity to radically change the way we live.The energy saving for mankind will also be enormous. In a world where energy is scarce and costs so much,apart from its capability to disturb world peace,a machine that needs no external energy input to function will be of great interest and industrial value.
[141] The theory of Emagnetodynamics and the successful design of the Emagne-todynamics motor,which took thirty one years to accomplishopens a new field of learning in science and engineering.This is a field that needs to be more deeply explored by scientists and engineers around the world.The inventor has found the field very interesting and exciting indeed.
[142] More research work in this area will include,but not limited to, fmding out the detailed characteristics of the Emagnetodynamics machine and just how they compare with those of the conventional electric motor and internal combustion engine.
[143] To build compact and sturdy Emagnetodynamics machines,new and more efficient process of magnetic screening will have to be invented,along with more powerful and sturdy permanent magnets.That does include the invention of current-rich d.c.generators to work the Emagnetadynamic machine.
[144] Section 7:
[145] In broad embodiment,the invention is a motor that works on the principle of in-teraction of permanent magnets,or even electromagnets,utilizing the laws of Emagne-todynamics as against the force exerted on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field.
[146] The theory of Emagnetodynamics is also a product of the inventots research with magnets which lasted thirty one years.
[147] Another version of the machine uses no vanes.The soft iron slabs are pasted on the rotor as angular dispersions.The rotor itself is made larger in diameter to accommodate this change in design.This version also has only two split ring commutators,much like the conventional electric motor.The planes could be up to 30 or more and this leads to a more sturdy and simple powerful machine that does over 2000 rpm.
Classifications
   
International Classification   H02K53/00
Cooperative Classification   H02K53/00
European Classification   H02K53/00
Legal Events
Date   Code   Event   Description
May 23, 2014   FZDC   Correction of dead application (reinstatement)   
Effective date: 20140515
Jul 31, 2013   FZDE   Dead   
Effective date: 20130605
Re: searl effect
« Reply #9, on April 8th, 2015, 01:59 PM »
Publication number   WO2013085551 A1
Publication type   Application
Application number   PCT/US2012/020500
Publication date   Jun 13, 2013
Filing date   Jan 6, 2012
Priority date   Dec 7, 2011
Also published as   CN103975507A, EP2761726A1, US8917004, US20140084714
Inventors   Claude Michael Kalev, Heath F. Hofmann
Applicant   Rotonix Usa, Inc.
Export Citation   BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (4), Classifications (2), Legal Events (4)
External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet
Homopolar motor-generator
WO 2013085551 A1
Abstract
A motor-generator utilizes a multi-part rotor encircling a stator, the rotor including a plurality of rotor segments.
Claims  (OCR text may contain errors)
What is claimed is
1. A homopolar motor-generator comprising:
a core assembly including a motor- generator stator;
a plurality of stator rings arranged about a central axis;
armature coils interengaging slots of the stator rings;
one or more field coils, each coil encircling the central axis;
a motor- generator rotor encircling the stator;
the motor- enerator rotor including a plurality of rotor segments;
each rotor segment for completing a magnetic circuit between first and second slotted stator rings; and,
each rotor segment separated from the other rotor segments by non-magnetic material.
2. A homopolar motor-generator comprising:
a cylindrical rotor that encircles a motor- generator stator;
the stator including field coils and armature coils;
the rotor including a plurality of rotor segments; and,
each rotor segment having a side iron interconnecting a magnetic one-half North pole and a magnetic one-half South pole.
3. The homopolar motor of claim 2 wherein the rotor segment one-half poles extend from opposite sides of the side iron.
4. The homopolar motor of claim 3 further including rotor segment lamellae that are stacked to form the rotor segment.
5. The homopolar motor of claim 4 wherein each rotor segment lamella includes a curved central portion between uncurved projections, the curved central portion for following the contour of the motor-generator rotor.
6. The homopolar motor of claim 5 wherein the rotor segment lamella are cut from sheet stock and the uncurved projections are bent in opposite directions to form a lamella.
7. A homopolar motor-generator comprising:
a cylindrical multipart rotor encircling an "n" pole stator;
the stator having a central axis and stator field windings encircling the central axis;
the n poles of the stator defining n stator channels; and,
a set of armature coils associated with each stator channels, each set of armature coils configured for bidirectionally exchanging electric power with a respective AC to DC power converter in an n-channel power supply.
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

TITLE: HOMOPOLAR MOTOR-GENERATOR

PRIORITY CLAIM

[OOl] This application claims the benefit of United States Provisional Patent Application Number 61/568,126 filed 7 December 2011 which is incorporated herein in its entirety and for all purposes and United States Utility Patent Application Number 13/343,603 filed 4 January 2012 which is incorporated herein in its entirety and for all purposes.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of Invention

[002] The present invention relates to an electric machine. In particular, a homopolar motor- enerator is disclosed.

Discussion of the Related Art

[003] Simple homopolar motors have been known since discovery of the Faraday motor in 1831. In Faraday's invention, a current carrying wire hanging alongside a bar magnet included in the circuit revolves about the magnet due to interaction of the two magnetic fields. Faraday's motor illustrates "Lorentz forces" which are at right angles to both the direction in which a charged particle is moving and the direction of an applied magnetic field. The simple application of the Lorentz force equation ('crossing' the direction, v, of the current into the direction, B, of the magnetic field) yields a rotational force.

[004] Homopolar motors and homopolar motor- enerators ("homopolar machines") are not widely used in practice and have not generally been the subject of academic research or industrial development. Explanations for this paucity of interest in homopolar motors likely includes the homopolar motor's use of only half of the magnetic flux density resulting in a machine that has twice the volume of competing machines such as synchronous reluctance machines.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[005] A homopolar motor-generator includes a multi-part rotor encircling a stator. In some embodiments, a homopolar motor comprises: a core assembly including a motor- enerator stator; a plurality of stator rings arranged about a central axis; armature coils interengaging slots of the stator rings; one or more field coils, each coil encircling the central axis; a motor-generator rotor encircling the stator;

the motor- enerator rotor including a plurality of rotor segments; each rotor segment for completing a magnetic circuit between first and second slotted stator rings; and, each rotor segment separated from the other rotor segments by nonmagnetic material.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[006] The present invention is described with reference to the accompanying figures. These figures, incorporated herein and forming part of the specification, illustrate the present invention and, together with the description, further serve to explain the principles of the invention and to enable a person skilled in the relevant art to make and use the invention.

[007] Figure 1 shows a block diagram of a homopolar machine in accordance with the present invention.

[008] Figure 2 shows a block diagram of an electromechanical flywheel energy storage system incorporating the machine of Figure 1. - -

[009] Figure 3 shows a schematic of a portion of an electromechanical flywheel energy storage system of Figure 2.

[010] Figures 4A-B show a rotor and a stator for a five stage homopolar machine.

[011] Figure 5 A shows a perspective view of rotor segments used in one stage of the machine of Figure 4B.

[012] Figure 5B shows a perspective view of a five stage homopolar rotor of Figure 4B.

[013] Figure 5C shows a side view of adjacent rotor segments of a homopolar rotor of Figure 4B.

[014] Figure 5D shows a top view of the rotor segments of Figure 5C.

[015] Figures 5E-F show side and perspective views of lamella used in the rotor segments of Figure 5C.

[016] Figure 5G shows a side view of adjacent sloped rotor segments. [017] Figure 6 shows a stator sector of Figure 4 A.

[018] Figure 7A shows a schematic cross-section of a stator of a five pole homopolar motor- generator for use in conjunction with five power converters.

[019] Figure 7B shows a lattice of rotor segments configured for use with a five pole, five stage homopolar motor-generator.

[020] Figure 7C shows how the lattice of Figure 7B is divided into stator channels to support five power channels.

[021] Figure 7D shows a plan view of a portion of a slotted stator rim portion of Figure 4A. [022] Figure 7E illustrates how the armature coils for a single stator channel are positioned on a stator rim of Figure 4A.

[023] Figure 7F illustrates the sinusoidal wave forms associated with armature coil phases of the armature coils of Figure 7E.

[024] Figure 7G schematically illustrates armature coils of a 3 phase, five channel homopolar motor generator stator.

[025] Figure 7H schematically illustrates power electronics and controls for use with a homopolar motor-generator.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[026] The disclosure provided in the following pages describes examples of some embodiments of the invention. The designs, figures, and descriptions are non- limiting examples of certain embodiments of the invention. For example, other embodiments of the disclosed device may or may not include the features described herein. Moreover, disclosed advantages and benefits may apply to only certain embodiments of the invention and should not be used to limit the disclosed inventions.

[027] As used herein, the term "coupled" includes direct and indirect connections. Moreover, where first and second devices are coupled, interposed devices including active devices may be located therebetween.

[028] Figure 1 shows a block diagram of a first homopolar machine 100. The first homopolar machine 101 includes a rotor 102 and a core assembly 104. The rotor includes multiple magnetic parts such as the rotor segments shown 106. In addition the rotor includes interstitial structure(s) 108. The core assembly includes a stator 110 and a stator support 112.

[029] Figure 2 shows an electromechanical flywheel energy storage system block diagram "EFESS" 200. The energy storage system 201 includes a homopolar motor- generator 101, a flywheel mass 204, and ancillary and optional equipment 206.

[030] Homopolar machine components include a rotor 102 and a core assembly 104. As mentioned above, rotor components include rotor segments 106 and rotor interstitial structure 108 and core assembly components include a stator 110 and a stator support 112.

[031] Despite the flywheel industry's general preference for motor- generator technologies such as synchronous reluctance technologies, applicant's disclosure shows homopolar machine embodiments can offer some improvements over common motor- generator technologies used in this application. Applicant also notes that the electro-mechanical flywheel energy storage system is but one application to which applicant's homopolar motor- enerator is suited.

[032] Figure 3 shows a schematic of a portion of an electromechanical flywheel energy storage system incorporating a homopolar motor- generator 300. An energy exchange block 302 includes a spinning assembly 310 and a core assembly 312. Included in the spinning assembly is a motor- generator rotor 314, a flywheel mass encircling and coupled to the rotor 316. In various embodiments, the energy exchange block includes a hub 318 coupled to the flywheel mass, and a moving suspension element 344. In some embodiments, a support such as a sleeve or cylinder, for example a non-magnetic sleeve or cylinder, is interposed between the rotor and the flywheel mass for, inter alia, limiting rotor radial expansion, backing the rotor, and/or providing support to the rotor. Suitable sleeve materials include non-magnetic materials such as non-magnetic metals such as alloys, for example non-magnetic stainless steel, and non-magnetic super alloys, for example nonmagnetic inconel. [033] The rotor, flywheel mass, hub, and moving suspension element are for rotation in synchrony about an axis x-x and in various embodiments the hub is attached to one or both of the rotor 350 and the flywheel mass 352. Included in the core assembly 312 are a stator 320 and a stator support 322. In some embodiments, the stator support is coupled to a housing wall such as a housing wall associated with a vacuum barrier 334.

[034] Encircling the motor- generator stator 320 is the motor-generator rotor 314. In various embodiments, the rotor 314 is a multipart fabrication and in some embodiments includes magnetic 354 and nonmagnetic 356 portions. In some embodiments, the nonmagnetic portion is or includes blocking or matrix material supporting the magnetic portions. In an embodiment, the magnetic rotor portions are laminated structures.

[035] In various embodiments, the stator 320 includes a magnetic structure with one or more interengaged coils having electrically conductive windings capable of carrying variable currents and thereby varying the magnetic flux of the magnetic structure. In some embodiments, a first stator coil 364 encircles an imaginary y-y axis that is about perpendicular to the x-x axis. And, in some embodiments, a second stator coil 368 encircles the x-x axis. In an embodiment, a plurality of first stator coils encircle respective imaginary y-y axes and one or more second stator coils encircle the x-x axis, the first stator coils being armature coils and the second stator coils being field coils.

[036] The motor- generator 360 is a homopolar machine with an inside-out arrangement (rotor encircles stator) wherein a) a rotatable rotor similar to rotor 314 includes coil-less, laminated magnetic structures, b) a stationery central stator similar to stator 320 includes laminated magnetic structures with coils for creating a magnetic flux in the magnetic structures and c) the rotor encircles the stator.

[037] Figures 4A and 4B show a rotor 400A and a stator 400B for a five stage 461- 465 homopolar machine, each stage having five poles. According to the number of poles in a single stage, the machine is referred to as a "5 pole" machine. Unless otherwise stated or indicated by context, references to "pole" mean a full pole or a pole pair in contrast to a ½ pole which is typically referred to as such.

[038] The described five pole, five stage machine is exemplary. As persons of ordinary skill in the art will recognize, the number of poles and the number of stages can be selected to suit different specifications and applications. For example, the disclosure herein can be used by skilled artisans to make and use homopolar machines of 2 or more poles and having 1 or more stages.

[039] Shown in Figure 4B is a multi-part rotor 400B having, inter alia, a plurality of rotor magnetic path parts 420-423. Each part has two ½ magnetic poles, one marked N for North and the other marked S for South. As will be explained further below, a side-iron extends between the ½ poles of each part to complete the magnetic path. We refer to these magnetic path parts as rotor segments.

[040] As shown in 400B, the rotor segments 420-423 appear as if a normally cylindrical rotor structure 314 is "unrolled" to present a planar surface. The rotor segment arrangement is seen to create a lattice-like structure 469 with spaces between the parts 419. The spaces being filled, in various embodiments, with nonmagnetic material(s), for example one or more of resinous solids such as epoxies and related composites such as carbon composites, non-metallic metals, other suitable fillers known to persons of ordinary skill in the art, and blocking structures made from any of these.

[041] A total of fifty rotor segments 420-423 make up a lattice 469 forming the first through fifth stages 461-465, each stage having 5 North poles and 5 corresponding South poles. Notably, NN and SS denote full poles while N and S denote ½ poles.

[042] In the embodiment shown, the first, third and fifth stages 461, 463, 465 have South poles SS, SS, SS, SS, SS and North poles N, NN, NN, NN, NN, N. The second and fourth stages 462, 464, have North poles N, NN, NN, NN, NN, N and South poles SS, SS, SS, SS, SS. North poles of the first stage align with North poles of the second stage, South poles of the second stage align with South poles of the third stage, North poles of the third stage align with North poles of the fourth stage, and South poles of the fourth stage align with South poles of the fifth stage.

[043] Each stage 461-465 includes ten rotor segments. As shown in 400B, from left to right the rotor segments used in the first, third and fifth stages 461, 463, 465 are 420, 422, 420, 422, 420, 422, 420, 422, 420,422 and the rotor segments used in the second and fourth stages 462, 464 are 423, 421, 423, 421, 423, 421, 423, 421, 423, 421.

[044] Also shown is a cross- sectional view of a stator 400A for use with the rotor 400B. As seen, the stator has large 440, 442, 444, 446, 448, 450 and small 441, 443, 445, 447, 449 diameter rims centered on an x-x axis. First through fourth large diameter intermediate rims 442, 444, 446, 448 are interposed between large diameter peripheral rims 440, 450. One small diameter rim 441, 443, 445, 447, 449 is interposed between each pair of large diameter rims such that the rims are stacked in an order 440-450 inclusive. The rims are supported by a coupled stator support 432 that is supported via a structure such as a containment wall 430.

[045] A plurality of armature windings eg.. 471, 472 interengage a plurality of the large diameter rim peripheries 474 via slots or a similar feature. Field windings 431, 433, 435, 437, 439 encircle the stator axis of rotation x-x. In various

embodiments, each field winding encircles a periphery of a respective small diameter rim such that each field winding is located between a respective pair of large diameter rims.

[046] As can be seen, the lattice structure of the rotor 400B is arranged such that the first rim of the stator 440 corresponds to the South poles of the first stage 461; the third rim of the stator 442 corresponds to the North poles of the first and second stages 461, 462; the fifth rim of the stator 444 corresponds to the South poles of the second and third stages 462, 463; the seventh rim of the stator 446 corresponds to the North poles of the third and fourth stages 463, 464; the ninth rim of the stator 448 corresponds to the South poles of the fourth and fifth stages 464, 465; and, the eleventh rim of the stator 450 corresponds to the North poles of the fifth stage 465.

[047] Figure 5A shows a perspective view of rotor segments used in one stage of a five pole homopolar machine 500A. As seen, ten rotor segments, such as those in the first stage of a 5 stage machine 420, 422, encircle an axis of rotation x-x.

[048] Figure 5B shows a perspective view of a five stage homopolar rotor 500B. As shown, four rotor segment types 420-423 are used to assemble a circular lattice 554 of fifty rotor segments. An interstitial structure 552 fills gaps between the rotor segments (as shown). In some embodiments, the interstitial structure extends to cover, at least in part, an inner 556 and/or an outer 558 surface of the rotor segments (not shown). And, in some embodiments, the interstitial structure extends axially χ-χ beyond the rotor segments 557, 559.

[049] Figure 5C shows a side view of adjacent rotor segments 500C and Figure 5D shows a top view of the same rotor segments 500D. In various embodiments, the rotor segments 420-423 are laminated structures (see lamella 581 of Figure 5C) and in various embodiments the rotor segments are not laminated structures.

[050] As shown in Figures 50D, first and second rotor segments 420, 422 include respective North 560, 574 and South 564, 570 ½ poles. Interconnecting the North and South ½ poles of the first rotor segment is a first side iron 562 and

interconnecting the North and South ½ poles of the second rotor segment is a second side iron 572.

[051] In some embodiments, attenuation of magnetic flux traveling through the side iron is matched or approximately matched with the attenuation of magnetic flux traveling through the poles. In an embodiment, the cross-sectional area of the poles and the side-iron along the rotor segment magnetic flux path is equal or about equal. For example, for a constant rotor segment thickness "t", setting dimension SI of the side iron equal to dimension S2 of the pole defines the two equal cross- sectional areas (SI x t) and (S2 x t), the first being about perpendicular to the direction of magnetic flux in the side iron and the second being about perpendicular to the direction of magnetic flux in the pole.

[052] Figures 5E-F show a lamella (see also typical lamella shown as option in Figure 5C) side view and a lamella perspective view 500E, 500F. As shown, the lamella has upturned and downturned projections 582, 584 interconnected by a midsection 583. Referring to Figure 5C, the upturned projection corresponds to a part of the South pole 570, the downturned projection corresponds to a part of the North pole 574, and the midsection corresponds to a part of the side iron 572.

[053] In an embodiment, lamella are cut or otherwise separated from sheet stock such that the separated parts are initially planar 586, 583, 585. Bending a first extension 586 upward forms the upturned projection 582 and bending a second extension 584 downward forms the downturned projection 584. To the extent the parts are contoured to fit a cylindrical shape such as a cylindrical annulus defined by a rotor, the midsection can be curved to a radius "rl" through an angle "a" to accommodate the machine design including the number of poles.

[054] In various embodiments using any of cutting dies, torches, lasers, mills and the like, the rotor segments are separated from sheet stock to produce a planar part with a curved midsection and the extensions to either side of the midsection are bent in opposite directions to form an unfinished rotor segment. Stacking and laminating, such as with varnish or another suitable insulating material using vacuum impregnation or another suitable method follows. Following lamination, the unfinished ends of the rotor segment are cut to length.

[055] Figure 5G shows a side view of adjacent sloped rotor segments 500G. North ½ poles 597, 598 and South ½ poles 593, 594 of respective rotor segments 591, 592 are interconnected by corresponding side irons 595, 596 having sides sloped at an angle β with respect to an axis yl-yl perpendicular to the centerline <L. In some embodiments, the angle β is in the range of 10 to 30 degrees and, in some

embodiments, the angle β is in the range of 19.9 +/- 5 degrees. Various

embodiments of rotor segments with sloped side irons are laminated structures made with lamella similar to those shown in Figures 5E and 5F. As compared to rotor segments without sloped side irons (Figure 5C), rotor segments with sloped side irons are useful, inter alia, for reducing transfers of armature magnetic flux (as distinguished from field magnetic flux) to the rotor segments because the sloped side iron is no longer aligned with the stator teeth (see below).

[056] Figure 6 illustrates a stator sector 600. The stator sector corresponds to a stator sector of one embodiment of the stator of Figure 4A. In particular, the stator sector illustrates a sector of one stage 661 (see also 461) and a sector of a partial stage 662 (see also 462). Three rims include a peripheral large diameter rim 640 (see also 440), an intermediate large diameter rim (or two adjacent rims as shown) 642 (see also 442), and a small diameter rim therebetween 641 (see also 441). In various embodiments, the small diameter rim is a portion of a continuous armature back iron cylinder 614, and in various embodiments the rims are fixed to the back iron cylinder as integral parts and/or fit such as via shrink fit, mechanical fixtures, welding/weldment(s), and the like.

[057] The peripheral large diameter rim 640 has a single platen 620 of thickness t2. The intermediate large diameter rim 642 has two platens 622, 624. Each of the platens has radial slots 474 extending from the platen periphery 612, the slots being designed to receive armature windings 471, 472 and in some embodiments the slots being designed to receive armature windings atop heat pipes (not shown).

Separating each pair of adjacent slots is a stator tooth 610 that extends from the base of the slot 616 to the platen periphery.

[058] As explained in connection with Figure 3, the stator has armature coils and field coils. Armature coils 364, 471, 472 are interengaged with the stator's large rims as described above and field coils encircle the stator's small rims. In various embodiments, the field coils are powered by a direct current power source and magnetize the rotor segments during motor- generator operation. In similar fashion, armature coils magnetize the stator teeth during motor operation and it is the interaction of rotor and stator magnetic forces that produce torque for a motor mode of operation (consuming electric power) and a torque for a generator mode of operation (generating electric power).

[059] Persons of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that motor- generator armature coils can be arranged in many different ways. For example, the coils may be arranged for single phase or three phase operation. Further, slot spacing may be chosen to provide particular device characteristics such as to reduce rotor heating due to armature winding losses. The disclosures of United States patents 4,462,859 to Nakamura and 5,231,324 to Kawamura et al. are incorporated herein in their entireties and for all purposes including in particular their disclosure of armature windings, armature winding designs, and armature winding arrangements.

[060] In an embodiment, the armature windings 364 of the stator 312 are arranged to accommodate a homopolar motor-generator design used in conjunction with multiple electric power converters such that multiple power channels are enabled. For example, in a five pole machine, one electric power converter is associated with each of the five poles such that five power channels are enabled. Advantages of these arrangements over single power converter designs include lower power ratings and lower associated current ratings for power semiconductors, such as integrated gate bipolar transistors (IGBT), used in the multiple power converters. Notably, the number of power channels may be, within reason, varied as needed. For example, one criteria for selecting the number of power channels is a limitation placed on semiconductor current ratings resulting in a generally inverse

relationship between the number of power channels and the semiconductor current rating.

[061] Figure 7A shows a schematic cross- section of a stator of a five pole homopolar motor- generator for use in conjunction with five power converters 700A. As can be seen, the stator cross-section is divided into five radially bounded sections G1-G5, each radially bounded section sweeping out a 72° arc. Each radially bounded section will be referred to as a stator channel such that each power channel includes a stator channel and an electrically coupled converter channel.

[062] Figure 7B shows lattice of rotor segments configured for use with a 5 pole, 5 stage homopolar motor- generator 700B. Corresponding Figure 7C shows how the lattice is divided into stator channels G1-G5 to support five power channels 700C. For example, a first stator channel Gl provides a sinusoidal power output 740 with the first half of the sin wave 742 corresponding to the five rotor segments in group Gil and the second half of the sin wave 744 corresponding to the five rotor segments in the group G12.

[063] In various embodiments, the operating frequency of these multipole machines is calculated based on rotor speed and the number of pole pairs. For example, a machine using the stator lattice of Figure 7B has five pole pairs. If the rotor speed is 30,000 revolutions per minute (RPM), then the frequency equals the number of pole pairs (5) multiplied by the fundamental frequency (30,000 revolutions / 60 seconds) or 2500 Hz.

[064] Figure 7D shows a plan view of a portion of a slotted stator rim portion 700D.

As shown, the slotted stator rim portion 751 sweeps through a 72° arc consistent with a stator of five stator channels for use in a five pole homopolar machine having five power channels. In the stator rim periphery are twelve stator slots 752 numbered 1-12. Each slot is for receiving a portion of an armature coil that is located between the armature coil's end turns. Notably, persons of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that the number of stator slots can be varied to accommodate differing armature coil designs and arrangements. In the embodiment shown, slots 1-12 receive respective windings for three phases A+(+l), B-(-0.5), B-(-0.5), C+(+0.5), C+(+0.5), A-(-l), A-(-l), B+(+0.5), B+(+0.5), O(-0.5), C-(-0.5), A+(+l).

[065] Figure 7E illustrates how the armature coils for the single stator channel are positioned on a stator rim 700E. While the armature coils may be wound turn-by- turn on the stator, or fitted to the stator as completed coils, or interengaged with the stator by yet another means known to persons of ordinary skill in the art, or placed by some combination of these methods, we refer herein to armature coils and armature coil windings irrespective of the armature construction method used.

[066] As seen, three armature coil windings reflecting three electrical phases A, B, C are illustrated. A first armature coil winding AL/A+ engages slot 1, then slot 6 A-, then slot 12 A+, then slot 7 AN/A-. A second armature coil winding BL/B+ engages slot 9, then slot 2 B-, then slot 8 B+ then slot 3 BN/B-. A third armature coil winding CL/C+ engages slot 5, then slot 10 O, then slot 4 C+, then slot 11 O. In various embodiments, one end of each armature coil winding AL, BL, CL is for coupling to a power converter while the opposite ends of the armature coil windings AN, BN, CN are interconnected. Figure 7F illustrates the sinusoidal waveforms associated with armature coil phases of Figure 7E 700F.

[067] Figure 7G schematically illustrates the armature coils of a three phase five channel homopolar motor- generator stator 700G. At electrical junctions J1-J5, respective first ends of armature coils A1-A5, B1-B5, and C1-C5 are electrically interconnected. Opposing ends of these armature coils are grouped for interconnection with five power converters1 Al, Bl, Cl; A2, B2, C2; A3, B3, C3; A4, B4, C4; and, A5, B5, C5.

[068] Figure 7H schematically illustrates power electronics and controls 700H. This figure illustrates connections for two or more stator power channels. As shown, armature coil connections Al/Bl/Cl, A2/B2/C2 are made at power electronics junction blocks 782, 784 through which power is exchanged with converters 772 at respective phase connections A/B/C. Intermediate filtering comprises series inductor sets L11/L12/L13, L21/L22/L23 and across the phases capacitors C12/C13/C14, C22/C23/C24.

[069] AC to DC converters 772 and 774 exchange electric power with a DC bus 781 via respective positive tie lines 771, 775 and negative tie lines 773, 779. Protection and controls interfacing the bus and the converters includes pre-charge circuitry and fusing. In an embodiment, these functions are realized with switches Sll, S21 and related switch automation including a series connected resistor Rll, R21 and diode Dll, D21 across each switch and switch automation units 762, 764 for operating the switches in accordance with master controller commands and sensed converter DC voltage. The fusing function is provided by fuses Fll, F21 in respective positive bus tie lines 771, 775. Capacitors Cll and C21 are across the converter DC terminals.

[070] The master controller 770 is interconnected with each of the converters ABC and with each of the switch automation units PCC. Monitoring the bus voltage V, the master controller provides control signals to the switch automation units 762, 764 and the converters 772, 774 to, among other things, maintain a specified bus voltage.

[071] While various embodiments of the present invention have been described above, it should be understood that they have been presented by way of example only, and not limitation. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the form and details can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. As such, the breadth and scope of the present invention should not be limited by the above- described exemplary embodiments, but should be defined only in accordance with the following claims and equivalents thereof.
Patent Citations
Cited Patent   Filing date   Publication date   Applicant   Title
JP2011125126A *            Title not available
JPH10155262A *            Title not available
JPH10271784A *            Title not available
KR20070070355A *            Title not available
* Cited by examiner
Classifications
   
International Classification   H02K1/28
Cooperative Classification   H02K1/2786
Legal Events
Date   Code   Event   Description
Re: searl effect
« Reply #12, on April 8th, 2015, 02:11 PM »Last edited on April 8th, 2015, 02:20 PM
this is best i have....

or of course you can go to my member project for the free energy vacuum developed first by Tesla, Townsend Brown,. and obtained by sharper image.
the ion gen is just the device Tesla would have made..

the coils are already developed by mr teselonian, and can be improved with oil filled caps..
simply your search to open source energy should be the first place to look for proven viable green emery.



Re: searl effect
« Reply #13, on April 16th, 2015, 07:58 PM »
let me now include the book of magnetic current as a way to do the task at hand.

as u see searl shewed a special coil, well u place that in the center of a donuts core to get the effect. that is speculation.

what is not speculation is the magnetic field on the outer cylinder can be magnetized with a single wire..


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GqPhwuakcLM#ws

so who is telling the truth here?
Re: searl effect
« Reply #14, on April 24th, 2015, 10:50 PM »
so back to the task at hand, calling searl a magician rather than a scientist..

why does a copper plate when rotated with a fixed magnet produce a current?

it should be able to be produced without rotating the disc at all. if i say the pours of copper cause a drag or a slowing or a drag, like a eddy through the plate. copper aluminum, do cause magnets to slow down  what do you think? the fluid that is magnets go slow through copper, therefore there is a true out of phase relation to the copper disc and the fixed magnet upon rotation.

why does it need to be rotated at all if this is the case?, magnetic drag through the copper face...

Matt Watts

Re: searl effect
« Reply #15, on April 24th, 2015, 11:59 PM »
You said the magic word, "drag", which implies friction, but friction through what?  Let me re-iterate, dielectric inertia.

freethisone

Re: searl effect
« Reply #16, on April 28th, 2015, 09:47 AM »Last edited on April 28th, 2015, 09:50 AM
Quote from Matt Watts on April 24th, 2015, 11:59 PM
You said the magic word, "drag", which implies friction, but friction through what?  Let me re-iterate, dielectric inertia.
no not friction, that is not whats happening.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7agTqmSibUM#

this guy has experiments that demand some validation.

i say the searl effect is not the way it is claimed.

i say anyone can make a searl generator taking only what we know. this line in the center.  so as you see the line in the center of a searl cylinder only has a single inertial plane,  the searl generator larger center cylinder must also have the same.  but as yo see in this demonstration it is possible to make a cross hatch pattern from  a PM, this would force the rotation in the outer cylinder..  the reason searl has a coil to demonstrate is because  he dont have the guts to disclose the outer bell housing ring...

and  if im wrong it makes no difference i continue until the axiom is proven or not. there are other thoughts of reason to make a ford model zt generator that is self powered based on two inertial planes twisting  to form a single axil.  keep them at 90 degree angles, and you have 2 torques applied at the axil of a shaft.
Re: searl effect
« Reply #17, on May 5th, 2015, 06:02 PM »
i finally figured out the word, not friction cohesion .
Quote from Matt Watts on April 24th, 2015, 11:59 PM
You said the magic word, "drag", which implies friction, but friction through what?  Let me re-iterate, dielectric inertia.
..
Re: searl effect
« Reply #18, on May 5th, 2015, 07:49 PM »
Professor Eric Laithwaite- The Circle of Magnetism - 1968

blowing the doors off magnetism, and gyroscopic precession.


by working on N space a stabilized field is now created, we can take his work much farther.  you can do the same for seal/ 
Re: searl effect
« Reply #19, on May 6th, 2015, 04:44 AM »
advancements have been made.  its true that a single magnet rotates in free space, but if i fix the magnet i now get rotation...

how? well it has 2 torques, one produces be reaction of the magnet, and the second caused by free space. but i can affix a shaft to free space, and tie it down. so i now have 2 fixed spaces that try to fold upon each other, but they cant, so i get rotation at the shaft instead.

how is this possible? by doing what the good professor did.  adding a wheel in a wheel. we now know it is simply 2 rotating magnetic fields that when tied down, a\ct as one stabilized field. it is predicted there will be a 20 degree shift in precession angle. but can never be perfect..

does this hold true? i would think not...
Re: searl effect
« Reply #20, on May 6th, 2015, 08:10 AM »
now i give you an advancement that makes the searl effect generator obsolete.


instead of rotating the outer cylinders i know affix them to shafts. each one becomes my generator.

and i now simply add a stable center ring that represents the magnetic field of a stabilized PM ..

what i am saying is the searl generator is a linear motor.. that simple...
 cheers..
Re: searl effect
« Reply #21, on May 7th, 2015, 09:59 PM »
any one care to comment? any one else think the searl is a special magnetized devise?

no its not, i get the same effect with magnets around a aluminum ca,. or ring magnets rotating around ring magnets.


do you want it to self propel itself?
Re: searl effect
« Reply #22, on May 8th, 2015, 06:53 AM »Last edited on May 8th, 2015, 07:08 AM






not much searl , but i got a photo of one that actually works. theory too..  the circuit itself is worth gold.

need plans and pictures.. help.. O:-)

http://www.rexresearch.com/izuogu/izuogu.htm

Re: searl effect
« Reply #23, on May 8th, 2015, 10:58 AM »Last edited on May 8th, 2015, 11:03 AM



very easy to skin this cat,,



here is why...



:P

partly an explanation for the ed lee fly, or model t ford gen..

[051] In some embodiments, attenuation of magnetic flux traveling through the side iron is matched or approximately matched with the attenuation of magnetic flux traveling through the poles. In an embodiment, the cross-sectional area of the poles and the side-iron along the rotor segment magnetic flux path is equal or about equal. For example, for a constant rotor segment thickness "t", setting dimension SI of the side iron equal to dimension S2 of the pole defines the two equal cross- sectional areas (SI x t) and (S2 x t), the first being about perpendicular to the direction of magnetic flux in the side iron and the second being about perpendicular to the direction of magnetic flux in the pole.
Re: searl effect
« Reply #24, on May 9th, 2015, 05:58 AM »Last edited on May 9th, 2015, 06:01 AM
the forgotten improvement to steel shafted motors.. this can now be advanced in many ways. Eric was right about the centrifugal motion of a magnet, but played it off like he didn't understand.. i say eric was shunned because he made a river and a generator out of many shafts. he succeeded and that was what made people abandon him..


Professor Eric Laithwaite- Motors Big and Small - 1971

as you will see to improve any steel motor we need disks rotating as the shaft.

now i say its true adding a aluminum plate to the inner workings of Tesla pancake coil.  many  new improvements. how about vertical pancake coils around the shaft of a steel motor and then improved upon by way of brushes..


i say in order to make a pmm u need to spin it up to rotating speed before its centripetal motion kicks :P in.