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Open - Source - Research => Open-Source Research => Cold Fusion => Topic started by: Axil on April 12th, 2018, 11:55 PM

Title: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 12th, 2018, 11:55 PM
The key requirement of the LENR reaction is the chiral polarization of matter and energy. All particles can be Chiral polarized including photons. This polarization principle is most notably and purely demonstrated in the Papp fuel preparation process. The goal of that process is the left handedness polarization of the spins of 5 types of noble gases.

Most hopeful Papp engine replicators do not spin chiral polarize the noble gas mix. Nobody understands the purpose of the Papp fuel preparation process.

Generally, in the Papp fuel preparation process, radioactivity from thorium and x-rays are used to chiral polarize the spins of the five noble gases with left handed chiral spins. Radioactivity produces subatomic particles and photons that are always left handed chiral spin polarized. The use of radioactive materials loaded into the hollow electrodes (aka buckets) in the Papp engine maintains the left handed chiral polarization of the noble gases during the operation of the engine.

When Papp developed the Papp engine, laser tech was not known, so Papp used radioactivity as the means to spin polarize the noble gases that powered the Papp reaction.

Today, noble gas chiral spin polarization can be done without the need for radioactive material. Optical pumping is a very efficient method to control the atomic spin state through interaction with a resonant light beam carrying angular momentum. In the presence of a magnetic guiding field B and of weak relaxation processes, the net result of the repeated light absorption and re-emission cycles is a change in the relative populations of the involved atomic sublevels, i.e. creation of spin orientation. For chiral spin polarizing of noble gases currently used in industry, two routes are possible: spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP), with indirect transfer of angular momentum from a polarized laser beam to the noble gas nuclei via alkali metal atoms (usually rubidium), and metastability exchange optical pumping (MEOP), with direct transfer of angular momentum from resonant laser light to He atoms. Each technique has its own advantages and limitations.

For instance, SEOP directly operates at high pressure but is a slow process (several hours are required to polarize helium), while MEOP is a much faster process (it only takes seconds to polarize 100 cm3 of gas at 1 mbar), but only operates at low pressure (mbar). SEOP has been used for several imaging experiments, but MEOP is preferred because of its faster production rates and higher nuclear polarizations.

An example of a He Polarizing Industrial Method

The polarization apparatus is based on the method of optical pumping of metastable He atoms in a weak gas discharge at a gas pressure of about 1 mbar. The whole equipment is located in a homogeneous magnetic field B0 of 1 mT, which serves as a holding field and as quantization axis for the polarized He-nuclei. The polarizing and compressing system consists of three parts: The first part contains the He reservoir and getters for gas purification. The second part consists of the optical pumping volume. The optical pumping itself is done by two 15 W fiber lasers at 1083 nm. The five OP-cells have a length of 2.20 m. In order to maximize the light absorption the circularly polarized laser light is back-reflected at dichroic mirrors. The nuclear polarization of the He gas can be monitored during the OP-process by measuring the circular polarization of the 668 nm-light emitted by the discharge. The third part contains a mechanical polarization-conserving compressor driven by hydraulics.

(https://www.ag-heil.physik.uni-mainz.de/Dateien/Fig_1_1_2.png)

In my own way of thinking, a linearly polarized laser vertical photon beam produced by a diode laser can be conditioned by an organic chiral spin filter (aka karo syrup) to convert the photon stream from a laser into a left handed chiral state. All organic matter is polarized left handed. A clear solution of d-glucose can convert the photon polarization in the required left handed polarization. The required photon stream must be linearly chiral spin polarized left handed. This conditioned laser beam could irradiate a small hole in a container from which a noble gas mix is flowing. The hole is small enough for the laser beam to cover the entire hole.

(https://web2.ph.utexas.edu/~phy-demo/demo-gifs/6h30-40b.jpg)

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: ~Russ on April 13th, 2018, 01:35 AM
Thanks for sharing. Im goinna have to studdy this futher. At least you got a handle on the gas processing... the missing part it seems!

~Russ
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 13th, 2018, 10:04 AM
The SAFIRE project got kicked in the teeth with LENR. These professional scientists really don't know what is going on. Just like in the SunCell, tungsten vaporizes in nanoseconds. Like the Hutchison effect, tungsten turns into powder. This video is long but if you are interested in LENR, it is worth the time. The LENR stuff starts at 33:00, but if you don't know what SAFIRE is, watch it from the beginning. If you are interested in the weird stuff that MFMP is finding, you will find more of it in this video. At 1:03:18, there is a large power discharge that the presenter did not want to talk about, but in past presentations, the output form these energy bursts was up to 20,000,000 watts and He3 was found, I have a felling that the SAFIRE project is in the process of patenting the fusion effects. The researchers may be going dark on this process. SAFIRE has opened the door to a new way to do plasma fusion without radiation and neutrons.

Chiral spin separation is stronger than charge attraction. This spin based force is what produces the double layer to form in SAFIRE. The electrons and protons in hydrogen are forced to ionize when a double layer is formed. When a metal is exposed to this type of plasma, it decomposes. This cause is what is at the bottom of the hutchison effect. Hutchison produces a polarized RF field that generates chiral spin polarization on metal surfaces. This polarization is what produces the unusual behaviors seen in hutchison experiments.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keJAQIWEyzY
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 13th, 2018, 12:36 PM
What is Chirality anyway? Not many people know about this, but it is very important to science. One type of particle can pass on its chirality to other types of particles. This is why radiation is a chirality pump. A radioactive isotope will always produce left handed particles including photons. This ability to control particle chirality is important in organic chemistry and spintronics. By the way, Jo Papp was a very smart man. The reason why Papp ionized the noble gases in his fuel preparation process was because he wanted to change the chirality of the nuclei of the gases. When I reread his patent for fuel prep, it started to make sense when chiral particle polarization was understood.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chirality_(physics)

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a9/Right_left_helicity.svg/760px-Right_left_helicity.svg.png)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 13th, 2018, 02:12 PM
From the Papp patent:
Quote
"The fourth and fifth concepts of this invention are the transformation of rapid, intense, but short duration thermonuclear reactions into pressure that is transmitted from inert gas to inert gas until it creates linear kinetic energy at the piston, which energy is converted into rotary kinetic energy by a crankshaft, and the use of a shaft-driven generator to provide power to spaced field coils during the BDC to TDC portion of the cycle of each cylinder."
Papp though the reaction was fusion. I beleive the reaction is based on the decay of nucleons. But Muon catalyzed fusion may be happening.

As the patent indicates, the reaction is multi staged. It begins in the lightest gas and progresses in steps to the heaviest gas in a chain reaction. Holmlid has detected protons moving at .75 light speed and with a kinetic energy of 500 MeV.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 13th, 2018, 02:45 PM
The Hutchison effect is said to be facilitated by the presence of pitchblende. As demonstrated by the Papp engine design, chirality is produced by radioactive  isotope decay as left handed particles come off the decay process. This also includes neutrinos which are all left handed particles, Neutrinos do not interact with matter but they may interact with EMF fields (AKA photons that comprise the RF)

The RF produced by the Hutchison effect could be converted to left handed chirality as the spin fields generated by the pitchbleand. The radioactive decay of pitchbleand may polarize the RF to left handed chirality.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 13th, 2018, 04:36 PM
The following is the particle reaction that lies at the very root of the LENR reaction.

In Bob Greenyer's (MFMP) observation of the double hole pattern in the LION reactor ash(I will talk about LION later), we know that both the left handed and right handed sides of the flux tube  will generate the dissolution of matter.

This type of LENR reaction involves ultra dense hydrogen as researched  by Leif Holmlid.

The rules for weak force decay allows this to happen in a simple way and still allows for all the adherence to all the conservation laws involved in weak force reactions.

(https://i.stack.imgur.com/frZVd.png)

For the Left handed magnetic reaction involved in the flux tube:

From this table, a down quark can be converted to a strange quark by adding about 95 MeV to the down quark. This mass addition creates a strange quark. The Up quark and a strange quark produces a negative kaon. All quarks in this reaction: Up, Down, and Strange are left handed. The left handed magnetic field side of the flux tube produces a negative kaon by adding 95 MeV to the nucleon. The Spin, Charge, and Baryon number remain unchanged,

Weak force reactions can occur involving right handed particles, but in anti-matter only.

For the Right handed magnetic reaction involved in the flux tube:
From this table, an anti-down quark can be converted to an anti-strange quark by adding about 95 MeV to the anti-down quark. This mass addition creates a anti-strange quark. The anti-Up quark and an anti-strange quark produces a positive kaon. All quarks in this reaction: anti-Up, anti-Down, and anti-Strange are right handed. The right handed magnetic field side of the flux tube produces a positive kaon by adding 95 MeV to the nucleon. The Spin, Charge, and Baryon number remain unchanged,

see

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W_and_Z_bosons

In

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weak_hypercharge

See the paragraph titled "definition"

It looks like we can just add energy to the down quark to get up to the strange quark.

It looks like

"quantum field B mixes with the W^ 3 electroweak quantum field to produce the observed Z  gauge boson and the photon of quantum electrodynamics."

On the last line of the the table in that section, the right and left handed quark families are broken out.

The charge, weak isospin. and weak isocharge are shown to be conserved in the both the right and left  handed magnetic reactions that increases the masses (95 MeV) of both the down/anti-down quark into a strange/anti-strange quark.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 14th, 2018, 11:27 AM
There is a seeming contradiction with regards to how the proportions of the five noble gases that Papp used in his fuel mix were arrived at.

The patent for the fuel preparation machine that Papp used reads like it could automatically determines when the optimal proportions of the various noble gases were mixed. But in the cannon demo, Papp mixed the various proportions of noble gases that comprised the fuel manually as he injected each noble gas using a syringe into the cannon one gas type at a time,

The cannon demo was done in the 1960s, long before Papp developed the noble gas engine. This means that Papp must have known about noble gas behavior long before he used it in an engine.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 14th, 2018, 11:30 AM
If an experimenter wanted to use radioactive material to duplicate the Papp fuel preparation process, such material is impossible to get becuase of NRC regulations.

But generating such material may be possible using LENR. DogOne produced a batch of radioactive waste using the LeClair cavitation method. DogOne used a washing Machine pump and a heater motor.

http://pieeconomics.blogspot.com/p/cavitation-radiation.html
Quote
A man working in his garage used a drive motor from an old forced-air furnace and a pump from an old washing machine to make a device similar to NanoSpire's which is claimed to have produced cavitation fusion. When I asked him about whether he obtained radiation readings he was very specific about the units of radioactivity (CPM) that were given off by the fusion as measured by his Geiger counter. Here are the relevant parts of a thread that appeared in the comments section of a Revolution-Green article:

Dog-One wrote: ...Creating the cavitation bubbles in the pump using lift elevation and having control valves to force the bubbles to collapse inside the media chamber filled with stainless steel pot scrubbers (many sharp edges) does work. What I'm not so confident about is the radiation emitted--it will trip my Inspector+ rad meter into alarm. Pretty sure I don't need my garage containing a miniature Fukushima.

Since I have the floor for a moment, let me say this much: I probably should have kept my big mouth shut. What I saw convinced me the LeClair Effect has merit. The big fat BUT in my opinion is this is clearly a poor way to convert Matter to Energy. And the form of energy you get isn't easily useable. Plus, you have the joy of waste product. I'll bet James Griggs has no idea just how dangerous his Hydrosonic Pumps actually are.

The apparatus I built has been taken down and I won't say where the residuals where placed. It isn't all that complicated to build, but it does take a lot of tuning to get it to work properly. And no, you don't need a high-pressure pump--you are after vacuum, not pressure. I used a drive motor from an old forced-air furnace and a pump from an old washing machine. The biggest pain in the ass is priming the pump--you have to raise the water level above the pump to get it to start, then lower the water/raise the pump until the vacuum causes cavitation bubbles to form. Controlling the motor speed with a variac is a must. The breakpoint is extremely sharp between pumping and loss of prime and it's right in that region you want to operate. At that point you need to output those bubbles immediately into the media chamber and apply enough resistance on the output side of the chamber to get the bubbles to spread out and collapse within the media. From there I just made a spillway back to the pump bucket so you don't have a closed loop system.

Seriously, with a little patience, anyone can build this. I just don't recommend anyone do it. But if you refuse to take my advice, first lower the pump enough to avoid cavitation and monitor water temperature as a baseline. After an hour or so to stabilize, very slowly raise the pump until you hear/sense cavitation. Now monitor water temperature. As the water slowly heats up you'll likely have to tweak valves to keep the bubbles centered in the media chamber. With my fixture, if I didn't stay right on top of the controls I would lose prime and have to start all over.

What I didn't do is any analysis of power input/output. Seriously I wasn't looking for COP numbers and I didn't integrate any instrumentation. I'm not looking for a Doctorate Degree here. I was just looking to see if there was any evidence the LeClair Effect was smoke-n-mirrors or for real. My summary: it or something similar is real. But at the end of the day, what are you going to do with it? Nuke your children? Your spouse? Your pets? Negative, I'd rather burn some wood in a rocket stove.
There is more in the referenced article...

If you want to produce radioactive waste, to be safe you should do it in a hot cell remotely. Be warned that Papp and the Rohner brother who helped him prepared the fuel both died young of cancer.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 14th, 2018, 03:42 PM
There are many ways in which the LENR reaction can be generated. They are all based on chiral particle separation. The most pervasive method of chiral separation is the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP). The SPP is a double vortex of polaritons. The SPP is what is at the bottom of most LENR reactors. There is a new field of science called nanoplasmonics that deals with SPPs.

http://mafija.fmf.uni-lj.si/seminar/files/2011_2012/Nanoplasmonics-The_physics_behind_the_application.pdf

nanoplasmonics: the physics behind the applications

Surface plasmon polaritons are  produced by Evanescent Waves on the surface of metals and other boundaries. The infrared EMF range are optimal for SPP production when nickel is used as the reflective substrate. Lasers are ineffective in producing the dipole motion necessary for the generation of SPPs because laser light is a plane wave.

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/16/Electron_density_wave_-_plasmon_excitations.png)

Schematic representation of evanescent waves propagating along a metal-dielectric interface. The charge density oscillations, when associated with electromagnetic fields, are called surface plasmon-polariton waves. The exponential dependence of the electromagnetic field intensity on the distance away from the interface is shown on the right. These waves can be excited very efficiently with light in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evanescent_wave


In recent research, read how evanescent waves convert light into magnetism where dipole motion forms the basic power source for the LENR reaction.

http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1308/1308.0547.pdf

(https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQSfQhFzsWoOaZoMw18DDACze2Hax-tHInk5Tin7b7zKW22X74O)

Polaritons are just spin particles. They form a soliton of two counter-rotating spin currents. One current contains right handed spins and the other left handed spins. The SPP produces chiral separation as a double spin vortex.

(http://members.optushome.com.au/walshjj/Falaco%20Soliton%20particle%20-%20RM%20Kiehn.png)

The proper science name for the SPP vortex is falaco solitons. The magnetic flux tube that connects the two counter rotating spin currents is a wormhole.

The amazing thing about the SPP is that it imbues it quantum mechanical nature onto the entity that it is symbiotic with.

The SPP can form on the surface of metal, on nano particles, on ultra dense hydride molecules of various types including HHO, on thin films, on the surface of a collapsing cavitation bubble, on noble gas molecules and clusters, on boundaries between materials, even in plasma...wherever the LENR reaction can be found, we will find the SPP there also. All these various systems will demonstrate, more or less, the same quantum mechanical behavior because of the SPP. All these various systems will produce the same LENR reaction because of the SPP.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on April 15th, 2018, 12:05 AM
Quote from Axil on April 14th, 2018, 11:30 AM
DogOne produced a batch of radioactive waste using the LeClair cavitation method. DogOne used a washing Machine pump and a heater motor.
I know that guy.  He's out there like Pluto.  He's gone...
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 12:13 AM
Where has he gone to? From the tone and content of his post, he seems to be reasonable, rational, and well centered.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 11:53 AM
The Polariton Soliton forms the basis of most alternative energy technology. It just dawned on me today that the Elementary Magnetcule that Santelli thinks he has discovered  takes the form of the SPP. The SPP is also the basis of the HHO technology.

(http://ww1.prweb.com/prfiles/2013/10/08/11209262/elementary-magnecule.jpg)

The SPP is at the bottom of many alternative energy technologies. To draw an analogy, the SPP is like a bullet that can be fired from many types of guns or a rider that can ride many different houses. It is the most basic building block of many and varied systems. The SPP is very weird and is currently the subject of much science research.

For example, recently, the polariton has been found to have negative energy/mass.

http://www.rochester.edu/newscenter/vamivakas-microcavity-negative-mass-generate-lasers-290202/

This negative mass is how the Polariton Soliton can form a wormhole that can destroy matter, or more precisely, convert matter into energy. We will see this deminstated in experimental data that will be presented  later in this thread.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 01:01 PM
Root level summary of the LENR reaction

(https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/c0c4249dd912e03569dc153d4e04341778984785e6e58d35a1d10a0d611271a7.png)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 01:04 PM
What is a polariton?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWmvZ0IGrsU
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 03:41 PM
Purcell effect

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purcell_effect

For particle physicists whose entire standard model assumes that decay rates of radioactive isotopes cannot be influenced by external factors, the Purcell effect is a puzzle.

The Purcell effect is a condition that has perplexed science which lays smack dab in the middle of one of the miracles of the LENR reaction. In science, It has long been asserted that nuclear decay rates are constant and cannot be affected by anything.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/10/141010083857.htm

Old textbook knowledge reconfirmed: Decay rates of radioactive substances are constant

This assertion has been used by the critics of the LENR reaction to undercut the validity of what experiments have shown when the LENR reaction was in progress.

But the Purcell effect discounts the logic of this LENR criticism. The Purcell effect states that the decay rate of a radioactive isotope is affected by light trapped in an optical cavity. This nuclear decay rate can either increase or decrease by a factor up to 50 times.

https://physics.aps.org/synopsis-for/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.122501

Controlling the Rate of Nuclear Decay

The maximum effect is achieved when a dark mode of light emissions from the optical cavity is achieved. This mode is when light is maintained inside the cavity and does not radiate out. An important condition that must exist in both the LENR reaction and the Purcell effect is that this effect exists in nano-cavities in metal.

But what is more disconcerting is that the nuclear decay rate can either increase or decrease by a factor of 50.

There is something that exists in an optical cavity that can affect nuclear processes. What can it be and how does it do it.

Well it is our old LENR friend, the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP). The SPP can produce nuclear effects and does it best when it is in dark mode in its optical cavity. But how can the SPP stop a radioactive isotope from decaying?

The SPP is formed by two counter rotating currents of polaritons. These currents are polarized in terms of handedness. Right-handed particles never decay, only left-handed particles can decay.

If you don't understand the above statement see:

https://www.nature.com/articles/524008b

Particle physics: Only left-handed particles decay

When a radioactive nucleus is converted by the SPP into a right handed particle, it cannot decay. But when the nucleus is converted by the SPP into a left handed particle, it decays so fast that the radioactive nucleus stabilizes immediately.

The chirality of particles explains how LENR can instantly stabilize radioactive waste. LENR is all about the handedness (chirality) of particles.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 07:59 PM
One of the critical characteristics of the LENR reaction is provided by the feature that is deep into the quantum mechanical nature of the polariton, that is its nature to readily form a Bose Einstein condinsate at any temperature based on polariton density.

Density of polaritons is what makes a aggregation of polaritons form a condensate, and a condensate of polaritons is what allows the energy that the polaritons produce to be formatted as heat. Without a lot of polaritons around, most of the energy that they produce is wasted as sub atomic particle creation...mostly muons. But when a lot of polaritons are generated, a Bose condensate will form, and heat will be produced by that condensate,

Here is a video about Bose condensation of polaritons by the top guy in that subject that is not too hard to understand.

https://youtu.be/Ff1GsWSahps?t=619

At 55:09 in the video, the two counter rotating rings of polaritons in a high angular momentum state was shown. This is a non equilibrium condensate. That means that it is non thermal. Non thermal means that the temperature of the condensate can be just about any temperature.

We have seen evidence of this type soliton in the LION reactor meltdown.

When a LENR reactor is heated, this input of energy is pumping the polariton condensate. When the condensate forms, a large burst of Bremsstrahlung is generated and when the pumping stops, there is also Bremsstrahlung produced as the polariton codensate breaks up.

The Polariton condensate can pump itself, this is where self sustain mode comes from. When self pumping occurs, the condensate can moves around in space as a free particle and leave tracks on surfaces as the condensate transmutes matter as it moves along its way.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 15th, 2018, 09:18 PM

Multiple points of view. I think it is a matter of scope. The same interactions of matter described to different applications
only toward a specific level. At the molecular level you can see the interaction of a light gas of velocity on a heavy gas
or even gravity effects on two gases. So the behaviors have similarities but are in a different terminology and scope.

The Townsend effect is observable in Russ's popper video experiments using a single gas.

My own idea is that it is a basic electrical cell (electrolysis) positive and negative metal electrodes in a medium that acts
as the transfer field (originally deuterium). In the center the load or energy transfer takes place resulting in a plasma ball.
At the sub atomic level it is purely the electrical field, but with the interactions there can be residual power transfers.
For cold fusion the case is claimed measurable excess heat than would otherwise be attained than by a shorted metal load.
In that transfer there is speculation about the role of hydrogen as residuals of other elements have been also claimed that should otherwise be absent. There is on going both open and private research and we are just barely started because of the small amount of attention to LENR for a long while.

     
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 15th, 2018, 09:34 PM

Light to magnetism a different photosynthesis.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 10:39 PM
I introduce now an experiment that will demonstrate that SPPs produce muons. This might be a good experiment for Russ to duplicate on this video channel. Without a shield, no radiation is detected. As additional lead shielding is added to the shield, the rate of radiation detection increases until the thickness of the shield exceeds a foot thick.  The aluminum foil must be cooled. The electrons impacting on the aluminum foil will generate SPPs. The SPPs will transmute the aluminum and produce muons. Variations can be attempted: use a vacuum. air, protium, different foils and other dielectric materials.

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/4766-the-test-png/)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 15th, 2018, 11:05 PM
It may be time to get away from theory for awhile and look at some experiments that validate the theory.



https://disq.us/url?url=https%3A%2F%2Ftranslate.google.com%2Ftranslate%3Fhl%3Dde%26sl%3Dru%26tl%3Den%26u%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.trinitas.ru%252Frus%252Fdoc%252F0231%252F004a%252F02311041.htm%3AFgwqLg4y4bclhBKQ1G-ElZw0xpw&cuid=2168707


(http://www.trinitas.ru/rus/doc/0231/004a/pic/1041/21tt1.JPG)




The double dot flux tube marks are produced by the dipole flux tube that extends from the falaco soliton as seen here. There are some rabbit tracks here on the left side of the picture that are produced by the monopole soliton(see post below).



(http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-fRP-eXVdxJU/VBs0mP3t6UI/AAAAAAAAADg/YjpKXqpKxjc/s1600/FalacoSolitons.gif)



and in this MFMP video



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhitBhess2E



(http://www.trinitas.ru/rus/doc/0231/004a/pic/1041/21tt7.JPG)



The classic rabbit track produced by a monopole magnetic soliton flux tube. We will explain how a monopole soliton is created latter.



as seen here from the LION experimental results:



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_3_gDl1ZRM
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 17th, 2018, 07:31 AM
The key part of the LENR reactor design is the fuel. Most gainful LENR reactors use fuel in one form or another. The fuel is the mechanism that carries the Ultra dense hydrogen and/or lithium into the reaction. Cavitation and HHO uses ultra dense water as fuel. Without the fuel, the LENR reactor does not work. Ultra dense molecules are the optimum carriers of the polariton. They are superconductors. This means that this molecule provides either a very low loss or no loss support structure for the polariton to live on.

The only LENR reactor developer that has released his fuel recipe is LION. It looks like LION uses the lattice of micro-diamonds to compress deutrium into its ultra dense form.

A number of developers are trying to duplicate LION's fuel generation process.

But Leif Holmlid has come up with a device that can generate Ultra dense hydogen using quantum mechanical processes and has patented it. This source of LENR fuel could be utilized as a base material to power all kinds of LENR reactors.

the Holmlid patent

https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/3933-holmlid-patent-pdf/

IMO, this Ultra dense hydrogen could be the surest way to produce a LENR active agent.

Try your hand at producing this Holmlid device. Once you have this capability to generate LENR fuel, then you will be well on your way.

In addition, Holmlid will help you out. He is interested in having researchers duplicate his results.

Another group of researchers that are working on this material is 

https://ternresearch.com/

TERN RESEARCH

These developers look like they are eager to cooperate to expand research into ultra dense material.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 17th, 2018, 09:19 AM
The Polariton Bose condensate can store energy. How does this condensate do this? The polariton condensate that does this power storage is called a petal condensate.

Coupled counter-rotating polariton condensates in optically defined annular potentials
http://www.pnas.org/content/111/24/8770

Stable Switching among High-Order Modes in Polariton Condensates
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1602.03024

(http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/111/24/8770/F1.large.jpg)

As power is pumped into the petal condensate the number of petals increases, the frequency of the light that the petals are comprised of increases from red to blue to XUV and then to X-ray. The diameter of the condensate also increases from nano-meters, to millimeters and then to centimeters. At high energy storage levels, the Petal condensate becomes visible to the naked eye. The petal condensate can move around.

The petal condensate is comprised of two counterattacking rings of polaritons. As the energy is pumped into this condensate, the energy is also stored as increasing annular momentum of the rotating rings.

The electric dipole that the petal condensate is entangled with also increases in size.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_dipole_moment

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/VFPt_dipole_animation_electric.gif)

The diameter of the dipole increases into the millimeters.

The energy storage potential of a petal condensate can get as high as a few GeV.

In the LION reactor meltdown as well as many other LENR experiments, strange radiation is seen. These particle tracks are produced by the energy rich petal condensate as it moves around and absorbs energy using self pumping along it path of travel.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 17th, 2018, 10:31 AM
Where does the Bose condensate get the immense power to produce the large scale transmutations seen in the LION meltdown.

The Petal condensate can easily synchronize its base level energy state through the exchange of photons between each condensate member.

The dipole oscillations will tend to form a global condensate of individual condensates as each electric dipole syncs with all the other dipole vibrations.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v5eBf2KwF8

The global petal condensate will now be able to store vast amounts of power. Each individual member of the global petal condensate brings to the table giga electron volts of stored energy. The global condensate can now command N units of energy storage where N is the number of electric dipoles that are available to the global condensate.

This global condensate can now shunt a huge amount of power to any single member of the aggravate condensate. This process is called superradiance.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superradiance

"In quantum optics, superradiance is a phenomenon that occurs when a group of N emitters, such as excited atoms, interact with a common light field. If the wavelength of the light is much greater than the separation of the emitters, then the emitters interact with the light in a collective and coherent fashion.[2] This causes the group to emit light as a high intensity pulse (with rate ∝ N2). This is a surprising result, drastically different from the expected exponential decay (with rate ∝ N) of a group of independent atoms (see spontaneous emission). Superradiance has since been demonstrated in a wide variety of physical and chemical systems, such as quantum dot arrays [3] and J-aggregates.[4] The effect has recently been used to produce a superradiant laser."

In the case of the LENR aggregation, the superradiant emission is magnetic flux lines.

The opposite mechanism also comes into play. When energy is absorbed by any individual member of the aggregation, all the members of the aggregation share equally in that energy. The energy is evenly distributed across the aggregation. This is called super-absorption. This mechanism is how gamma level radiation is down-shifted to heat.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 17th, 2018, 11:02 AM
Regarding: Petal condensates

From the an impossible invention interview with Fabiani discussing his research with Rossi

https://animpossibleinvention.com/2015/11/25/rossis-engineer-i-have-seen-things-you-people-wouldnt-believe/
Quote
"We have it all filmed, which still cannot be disclosed. We have photographs of creatures that emit pure light that have completely melted the reactor down, all in a very quiet way. You just turn off the stimuli system and the reaction is switched off. It’s impressive."
Also, there are reports that balls of light float around inside the QX reactor. These balls of light change color from red to yellow to blue based on the strength of the pumping stimulus.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 17th, 2018, 03:38 PM
An example of the transmutation produced by ultra dense hydrogen that is emitted from LENR fuel used by en356

This is a SEM micrograph of the fuel. The transmutation is occuring on carbon sample tape.

If you like this picture, I will show you more of them, so make some noise.

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/3021-1-jpg/)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 17th, 2018, 04:40 PM
Particle tracks on film show that a collection of particles move in formation. This behavior demonstrates that the particles are entangled, It could be that the particles are members of a Bose condensate as explained above.

(http://restframe.com/mm/images/vs_large.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 18th, 2018, 04:50 PM
Regarding: "It just seems LENR is so complex compared to other technologies and the output of LENR is mostly limited to heat which would require further conversions to be fully utilized."

LENR puts out all kinds of energy, the least of which is heat. Since the LENR reaction is a weak force decay process, most of the energy that is produced by LENR comes from the decay of particles. For example, the Papp engine gets its energy from explosions of sub atomic particles that push a piston and generate electrons as a final product of the particle decay process. Because of this flavor of energy expression, the Papp engine is highly efficient  at producing electricity.

Other types of LENR systems generate most of its energy as visible and ultraviolet light.

But most LENR systems generate huge amounts of muons. Those particles can produce energy by catalyzing fusion and fission if the engineering is done appropriately.

For example, if all the matter that was removed from the holes in the picture in reply #20 were converted to heat via E=MC^2, there would be enough heat produced to boil away the great lakes. Most of that energy is wasted as undetected muons.

LENR is a very versatile reaction. It just takes experience to use it properly.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: namirha on April 19th, 2018, 01:55 AM
Quote from Axil on April 17th, 2018, 09:19 AM
...

The electric dipole that the pedal condensate is entangled with also increases in size.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_dipole_moment

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/VFPt_dipole_animation_electric.gif)

The diameter of the dipole increases into the millimeters.

The energy storage potential of a pedal condensate can get as high as a few GeV.

In the LION reactor meltdown as well as many other LENR experiments, strange radiation is seen. These particle tracks are produced by the energy rich pedal condensate as it moves around and absorbs energy using self pumping along it path of travel.
(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/d0/40/77/d040775a0d3d30bcc270986fee4c35f1.gif)

(http://www.uvs-model.com/pictures/electron_shell_nested_boundaries.jpg)

Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenment on the structure of atom
The UVS atomic model with a nested dual-core electron shell. Electrons are spawned at Lagrangian points... "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on a TORUS-shaped hypersphere of 137-sphere formed in the macrocosm are resonated in the microcosms.


WATER
http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3023.msg45131#msg45131

Cymatics is the visualization of sound and vibration in matter, something that has been found in the art and design of cultures from around the world for centuries.
Below are cymatics images of human vowel sounds, stained glass windows, DNA molecules, the vector equilibrium of a tetrahedral array, vortex based mathematics, the vector equilibrium and Torus and galactic toroidial structure...


Resonance - Forced Vibrations
http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3021.msg45016#msg45016

science or religion?
http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3049.msg49329#msg49329
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on April 19th, 2018, 08:06 AM
Thank you for posting this vital collection of information. LENR, also known by other names, is one of my great interests.  So I am  glad to see some movement and progress in the field, as well as interest displayed here on the forum and more importantly comprehension of the data. 

Now the trick will be to maintain clarity of the presented info. without the topic running off into the weeds and becoming diluted, distracted, degraded or defamed.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 19th, 2018, 10:09 AM
The type of LENR that most people want to see is fuel based LENR. I beleive that the fuel needed to produce the LENR effect involves ultra dense matter. This type matter seems to be universally superconductive. The problem with this type LENR is that the fuel is very hard to produce.

For example, Rossi has stated that he puts .3 grams of his hydride fuel into the QX reactor.

It is analogous to a car builder who must produce his own fuel. He first needs to drill an oil well, pump the oil, extract the distillate, and fill his tank with gas before his car can move.

Holmlid has been at this Ultra dense hydogen production process for 40 years and more. Very few people have been able to duplicate what Holmlid can do. Many professional scientists think that Ultra dense hydogen is not possible to manufacture. But some have done it. But the membership of the club that can do this feat is few. Yet Holmlid has patented a Ultra dense hydogen production machine.

Once we have Ultra dense hydogen, we are most of the way to the creation of a working LENR reactor. We can't expect that a LENR reactor builder who has no idea what Ultra dense hydogen is and how it can be produced to accidentally come upon a way to produce it. It seems to me that LION has found of way to get micro diamonds to produce Ultra dense deuterium. But from the recent experiences of our LION replicator community, this fuel production process is hard to recreate. That is why I have suggested to our replicators to get a sample of ultra dense hydrogen from the people who know how to produce the fuel.

MFMP has received a bottle of fuel from the ECCO reactor. MFMP should have put some of that stuff into their tube reactor and see what it can do. In closing, if we don't have LENR fuel, we can't produce a detectable LENR reaction that people usually recognize as LENR.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 19th, 2018, 11:33 AM

I have followed LENR developments but have not had the time the past 2 years thanks. Certainly there are more ideas.
My approach is to solve the simple and move to the complex. Remember functioning cold fusion was taught to high school students on a desktop. For these intense analysis and branching methods need time and money.

The effort of Papps, Rossi, Mills is an obfusicated secret sauce. This is so that there is not a commonly available material n the end production easily replicate for profit potential. Then also there could be removal from the efficiency and increase energy cost if that is the goal or a gradient of inefficiency if profit and IP protection is the goal. I won't digress for clarity.
The other option is legal protections. These factors impede the roll out of better low cost energy. If open source produces a technology where minimum $20,000 to produce it is a job for rich companies. A high school student can start on his desk.   
I have some ideas around LENR but enabling is a realistic requirement. Basic open research is good and most product development application closed. Open Research in software was great for universities, companies and government but
awful for shareware and great for dot kim.

 
                 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 19th, 2018, 02:17 PM
The non-fuel LENR approach could be the simplest LENR method to build. The Alan experiment that I described above could form the basis of a simple LENR based energy source.

A magnetic bottle that keeps the muons that are always produced by LENR reaction inside the tube until they have time to decay could produce a gainful LENR reaction. The production of Excess energy is a matter of producing more muons with the high voltage input voltage source than the energy uses produced by the decay of muons. A goodly amounts of electrons will also be generated as a decay product of muons.

Hey wait...it should be possible to create loads of left handed particles including neutrinos from these decaying muons. A special electrode  might be built to produce left handed particles as a alternative to the buckets now used in the design of the Papp engine.

The electrode would provide a deuterium filled thin tube with local electrodes at both ends with a metal insert in the middle of the tube. The metal could be nickel foam. The magnetic bottle is composed of two coils near each end of the tube with a coil that circles the outer surface of the tube near the nickel foam.

(https://i.stack.imgur.com/y45wc.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 20th, 2018, 12:34 AM
At the heart of the LENR reaction: the petal condensate

A wonderful article that explains why the petal condensate forms and remains stable.

Chiral spin separation catalyzes the LENR reaction. Spin based Bosons without charge will separate by handedness into two counter rotating rings.

Odd-petal-number states and persistent flows in spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates

(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/800/2017/1-oddpetalnumb.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 20th, 2018, 11:27 AM
The magnetic dipole based petal soliton can transform into a monopole based petal soliton or half soliton.

Tracks of this monipole have been seen in the ash produced by the LION reactor meltdown.

(https://steemitimages.com/DQmb3GFGEkX3pVMbomjr3gaSY9RAMG2J8E95825pFqrhw5C/Lion-O-1kx-track.gif)

https://phys.org/news/2017-01-physicists-spontaneous-symmetry-optical-microcavity.html

Physicists have observed spontaneous symmetry breaking in a petal soliton that generates its own optical microcavity. Experimentors have demonstrated experimentally the emergence of spontaneous symmetry breaking in this ultrahigh-Q whispering-gallery microresonator. The Optical whispering gallery (WGW) microcavity is the structural topological form that the Surface Plasmon Polariton assumes in LENR. . These whispering gallery modes are analogous to the acoustic resonances in the whispering gallery in St. Paul Cathedral in London.

A critical clue to the role of symmetry breaking in LENR is the observation that the application of an electrostatic field catalyzes spontaneous symmetry breaking in the WGW via the Kerr effect.

(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/800/2017/1-physicistsob.jpg)

The result of the application of a KERR stimulus is a monopole where just a single rotating polariton current remains. This current is an amplified sum of the initial double counter rotating polariton currents. The chiral handedness of the two counter rotating polariton currents also merge into a single much more amplified polariton current.

In more detail, it looks like the index of refraction of the vacuum changes under the influence of EMF.

This idea is the basis for the activation signal in the LENR reaction. The nature of the vacuum that the polaritons reside in is changed by B and/or E fields to induce a change of state in the circulation patterns of the polariton in the cavity. This is the KERR effect. This reorganization of polariton flow is what focuses the spin components of the polaritons into a monopole magnetic flux tube beam.

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1211.1933

Magnetic and electric properties of quantum vacuum

6. Non trivial vacua
Quote
Examples of what is called non trivial vacua can be found in literature. This essentially

means that light propagates in a vacuum in which a distribution of real or virtual

photons exists. In this case one can calculate an average value for the E2 and B2 and

one can use this value to calculate the corresponding effects due in particular to four

wave mixing in vacuum. For example the velocity of light propagating perpendicular

to two parallel infinite conducting plates and in the region between them has been first

calculated by Scharnhorst [212]. The variation of the velocity of light is due to virtual

photons energy density which is also responsible of the well known Casimir effect
Applying the aforementioned discussion to LENR engineering, the application of an electrostatic field has been listed as a trigger of the LENR reaction in Rossi's patent. When this electrostatic field is applied, the WGW produces symmetry breaking which induces a energy transfer between a proton and a simultaneous decay in that proton via a symmetry breaking based entangled interface. This causes the counter rotating spin currents to merge into a single current, thereby forming a monopole.

The rabbit tracks seen in the MFMP videos are formed by this monopole based soliton.

These condensates behave like black holes

Regarding: "energy holes"

There is a structure that has been discovered by Ken Shoulders called a Black EVO. This structure is a cavity that contains photons that cannot escape to the far field. Another name used for this structure is a analog black hole. This structure is also found in nanoplasmonics and is called a dark soliton. These two structures can well be the same thing: a petal condensate.

What makes this structures special is the application of the KERR effect to change the nature of the vacuum in which these photons circulate. The KERR effect produces a change of state when the speed of light is changed in which the symmetry of the laws of nature are broken and in which time runs backward. The speed of light can slow below nominal or increase above nominal.

See

https://www.nature.com/articles/lsa2017119

Superluminal X-waves in a polariton quantum fluid
Quote
Abstract

In this work, we experimentally demonstrate for the first time the spontaneous generation of two-dimensional exciton-polariton X-waves. X-waves belong to the family of localized packets that can sustain their shape without spreading, even in the linear regime. This allows the wavepacket to maintain its shape and size for very low densities and very long times compared to soliton waves, which always necessitate a nonlinearity to compensate the diffusion. Here, we exploit the polariton nonlinearity and uniquely structured dispersion, comprising both positive- and negative-mass curvatures, to trigger an asymmetric four-wave mixing in momentum space. This ultimately enables the self-formation of a spatial X-wave front. Using ultrafast imaging experiments, we observe the early reshaping of the initial Gaussian packet into the X-pulse and its propagation, even for vanishingly small densities. This allows us to outline the crucial effects and parameters that drive the phenomena and to tune the degree of superluminal propagation, which we found to be in close agreement with numerical simulations.
There are claims that LENR extracts energy from the vacuum. The question naturally arises about how can such an improbable thing possibly happen.

A experiment done using a optical cavity shows how the vacuum can tap into the vacuum fluctuations that occur in empty space to produce real effects.

http://www.pnas.org/content/110/11/4234.full.pdf

Dynamical Casimir effect in a Josephson metamaterial

This experiment shows how an optical cavity can be tuned electrically using the KERR effect in such a way to convert virtual photons into real photons through the adjustment of the index of refraction of the vacuum in the cavity to produce a resonance based casimir effect.

The KERR effect is a mechanism to adjust the speed of light in the vacuum so that the cavity can be modified into a resonance condition in such a way as to use the casimir effect to extract real photons from the vacuum.

This KERR effect adjustment mechanism might be operable in LENR as well as the EMDRIVE.
Quote
The zero-point energy stored in the modes of an electromagnetic

cavity has experimentally detectable effects, giving rise to an

attractive interaction between the opposite walls, the static Casimir

effect. A dynamical version of this effect was predicted to occur

when the vacuum energy is changed either by moving the walls

of the cavity or by changing the index of refraction, resulting in

the conversion of vacuum fluctuations into real photons. Here, we

demonstrate the dynamical Casimir effect using a Josephson metamaterial

embedded in a microwave cavity at 5.4 GHz. We modulate

the effective length of the cavity by flux-biasing the metamaterial

based on superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs),

which results in variation of a few percentage points in the speed

of light. We extract the full 4 × 4 covariancematrix of the emitted

microwave radiation, demonstrating that photons at frequencies

symmetrical with respect to half of the modulation frequency are

generated in pairs. At large detunings of the cavity from half of the

modulation frequency, we find power spectra that clearly show

the theoretically predicted hallmark of the Casimir effect: a bimodal,

“sparrow-tail” structure. The observed substantial photon

flux cannot be assigned to parametric amplification of thermal

fluctuations; its creation is a direct consequence of the noncommutativity

structure of quantum field theory.
If the Petal condensate acts like a analog black hole and the heat that LENR produces is derived from Hawking radiation, then the Hawking derived photons that exit the petal to the far field will also generate associated anti photons that will also fall into the the petal. Since the photons and its anti photon partner are the same type particle, an identical copy of the photons that radiate out from the petal will also fall into the petal condensate.

(https://qph.fs.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-8cfe81e9535963bf76c7ed3e8050d80a-c)

This implies that the heat that leaves the petal as Hawking radiation will also be duplicated and stored in the petal. In simple terms, the petal will progressively grow in size and power over time proportional to the heat that it releases. Fortunately, the petal has a limited lifetime that averages in picoseconds. So the petal cannot grow without limit.

The source and flow of energy through the petals and their global condensates is yet to be determined. But the transmutation that the petal produces might not be a source of energy gain for the petal. The petal might just move along, sucking energy out of the vacuum, and transforming matter as it moves along, just like a storm driven tornado distroys the countryside as it moves along its way.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on April 20th, 2018, 01:14 PM
Quote from Axil on April 17th, 2018, 07:31 AM
...

Try your hand at producing this Holmlid device. Once you have this capability to generate LENR fuel, then you will be well on your way.

In addition, Holmlid will help you out. He is interested in having researchers duplicate his results.

Another group of researchers that are working on this material is 

https://ternresearch.com/

TERN RESEARCH

These developers look like they are eager to cooperate to expand research into ultra dense material.
The link to Tern Research doesn't work for me.  Something about a revoked certificate.  Could it be they have been shut down, or just that they have taken their ball and left the court?
Quote from Axil on April 19th, 2018, 10:09 AM
Once we have Ultra dense hydogen, we are most of the way to the creation of a working LENR reactor. We can't expect that a LENR reactor builder who has no idea what Ultra dense hydogen is and how it can be produced to accidentally come upon a way to produce it. It seems to me that LION has found of way to get micro diamonds to produce Ultra dense deuterium. But from the recent experiences of our LION replicator community, this fuel production process is hard to recreate. That is why I have suggested to our replicators to get a sample of ultra dense hydrogen from the people who know how to produce the fuel.

MFMP has received a bottle of fuel from the ECCO reactor. MFMP should have put some of that stuff into their tube reactor and see what it can do. In closing, if we don't have LENR fuel, we can't produce a detectable LENR reaction that people usually recognize as LENR.
Who make up the LION replicator community that you referred to in this post, and where do I find them?  Are they the Tern Research group or some other group? Could you share with us the different groups and forums that you know of who are openly sharing their work in this area?

In one of my threads on my bench here at this forum, I discuss a device that may make and then separate ultra dense fuel components, but I lack the necessary knowledge and funding to move it forward.
The Oleg Griskevitch circulating water megawatt generator(http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=2426.0)
Here is  is an fuel making and separating device I built:
Water Vortex Tube(http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=2654.msg36640#msg36640)

  It would be nice to bounce the ideas and processes around with others who are also interested in this area.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 20th, 2018, 03:27 PM
I clicked on the TERN link and it worked fine for me. I would not supply a link if it did not work. Both Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project(MFMP) and LookingForHeat are running replications of the LION reactor.

http://www.lookingforheat.com/
http://www.quantumheat.org/index.php/en/

Check out

http://cavitationenergysystems.com/index.cfm

LeClair said that the bubble had to be 6 bubble diameters away from a surface to produce the best effect.

MFMP got involved with a cavitation system they call ECCO, an system built by a east Indian guy. He used ultrasound

See

http://www.quantumheat.org/index.php/en/home/mfmp-blog/543-ecco

I think that your idea is a sound one. But the cavitation tech is comlicated. ECCO produces fuel using sound and I know that the fuel was active

See MFMP blog for lots of systems details on many types of systems.

https://steemit.com/@mfmp
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 21st, 2018, 03:03 PM
This is why static electrical field is a pure form energy. Considering our thought experiment over Einstein. A proton is the opposed electron form of a particle space. I'm guessing it's in the neutron inertial field if true. Translation to arc plasma amperage. The arc in all forms is in many varieties of energy systems only by degree of separation.   
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 22nd, 2018, 10:12 AM
The acceptance of LENR by science was fatally affected by the fusion meme. This fantasy must be destroyed before LENR is accepted by science as a real possibility.

The old guard who came up with the fusion meme concentrated on a very narrow range of experimental data. That data gave the fusion meme some support. A true theory of LENR must support all LENR experiments not just a narrow few. This narrow understating of LENR is a system engineering error.

This narrow perceptive on LENR theory is currently underpinned by this Rossi based theory effort. Rossi knows everything about his system but knows little of the other types of LENR experiments or does he much care about them.

A system like The Hutchison Effect will have given Rossi agata.

To change the spin on LENR theory, we must first put in place a valid replacement theory that is totally supported by experimental evidence.

MFMP embraces a wide perspective on all types of LENR phenomena. As soon as Bob Greenyer regains his health, and he provides us with his analysis of the many and varied experiments that MFMP has seen over these many years, we will have put in place a solid experimentally based platform to construct a valid LENR theory upon.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 22nd, 2018, 10:16 AM
The 1 eV ​heat spectrum that Rossi claims is occurring inside the plasma in the QX reactor has nothing to do with the Boltzmann constant or black body radiation. ​It is a quantum mechanical based aspect centered on the true cause of LENR: The Hawking effect.

As Rossi changes the input power on his reactor, this temperature does not change. This means that the temperature inside the QX is not a black body based temperature but instead produced by quantum effects.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 22nd, 2018, 09:08 PM

Hmm.. thoughts of submicroscopic artificial black hole type formations in Rossi's LENR.

Considering we are a 3 dimensional math universe in the perceptual scopes and in measured perception also non responding to higher dimensions in universal cosmos modeling what then is on the other side of a black hole?

A 3d space math defined must have another side. If it look like a black hole from the 90 degree sides if boxed in to a cube space it may be the illusion of a black sphere.   
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 22nd, 2018, 09:28 PM
Don't let the word scare you. The type of black hole that we are talking about is an electromagnetic black hole, not a gravitational black hole. There are all kinds of black holes. They all use the same math equations and therefore have the same behavior. There are sound based black holes and there are water based black holes among other types. These are called analog black holes.

See

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonic_black_hole

Image of water black hole

(https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTVwwZbS-RM4PQwfheUqeJIXRkxDXPGWNsIyYH_P5ZwuHpO6QXd)

In an electromagnetic black hole, photons go in but they don't come out...except for Hawking radiation.

For a lot more info see

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YyMYcqxuZ_I
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 22nd, 2018, 11:44 PM

I place conceptually the sub atomic electrical black hole broadly in the category of vacuum space.

"Now, the size of the observable universe is about 14 billion light years, and using the above value of density gives you a mass (dark and luminous matter) of about 3 x 1055 g, which is roughly 25 billion galaxies the size of the Milky Way.Jun 27, 2015"

http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/for-teachers/101-the-universe/cosmology-and-the-big-bang/general-questions/579-what-is-the-mass-of-the-universe-intermediate(http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/for-teachers/101-the-universe/cosmology-and-the-big-bang/general-questions/579-what-is-the-mass-of-the-universe-intermediate)

The Keyword is observable space a subset of infinity.

We know the speed of light.

We are unsure of the total mass of the universe.

Therefore we do not know the maximum universal gravity potential.

Gravity potential is relativistic relational to mass.

 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: haxar on April 23rd, 2018, 12:07 AM
Quote from talisman on April 22nd, 2018, 11:44 PM
Now, the size of the observable universe is about 14 billion light years
The size of the universe, I don't think is sizable with Earth time.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 23rd, 2018, 01:06 AM

My first impression of the scissors effect faster than the speed of light obtained.
The possibility must be proved out that light is not simply the speed of light.
The scissors effect as presented shows a force applied to boost the speed.
This force said to be the gravitational force gradient.
Relative to a fixed point gravity in effect warps time with acceleration.
Relative to a fixed point there can be the appearance of a time differential.   
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Cycle on April 23rd, 2018, 06:24 PM
Quote from talisman on April 22nd, 2018, 11:44 PM
"Now, the size of the observable universe is about 14 billion light years, and using the above value of density gives you a mass (dark and luminous matter) of about 3 x 1055 g, which is roughly 25 billion galaxies the size of the Milky Way.Jun 27, 2015"

http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/for-teachers/101-the-universe/cosmology-and-the-big-bang/general-questions/579-what-is-the-mass-of-the-universe-intermediate(http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/for-teachers/101-the-universe/cosmology-and-the-big-bang/general-questions/579-what-is-the-mass-of-the-universe-intermediate)
The observable universe is 90.68 billion light years (533.10772 trillion miles) wide, utilizing the latest Planck satellite data.

The entire universe beyond our cosmological particle horizon is likely far, far larger than the observable universe.

The universe is 13.82 billion years old, again utilizing the latest Planck satellite data.

Many people confuse the age of the universe with our cosmological particle horizon.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 25th, 2018, 11:15 AM
The advancement of LENR know how has been near impossible in these last decades because of the profit motive that most experimenters operate under. No matter how hard these people work during their lives, their know how is lost to the grave. The open source LENR development method where all research progress is passed on to others to continue the work is the only way that LENR can advance and spread, and where this sucessful LENR research can be protected from loss, openly documented, and passed on to others.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 25th, 2018, 03:52 PM
The knowledge might be open for the open source but can they produce a useful application for the layman knowledge is free parts and time only cost and no licence fee?

Brillouin has a boiler for sale it is it competitive to the energy output benefit?

Rossi and Mills have found their zone shift priority and lengthen mass availability projections.

Jet nanors (MIT LENR tiny devices) a good product but it is not like buying fuses off the shelf gratis that gets there some way.     
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 26th, 2018, 01:19 PM
Stabilizing the Chernobyl reactor site using LENR.

The Chernobyl reactor site will remain dangerous to life for many centuries. During this long period, it will become increasing more difficult and expensive to enclose the old deteriorating sarcophagi with ever larger enclosures.

With the advent of LENR technology, it may be possible to stabilize the ruins of the Chernobyl reactor encased in the sarcophagus using one or more LENR based turbines through the exposure of heated air produced by a LENR source to circulate around inside the sarcophagus.

The LENR based turbines will transfer the spin chirality of the LENR reaction onto the air that cools the LENR reaction. This LENR processed air will tend to stabilize the radioactive isotopes contained inside the sarcophagus though the transfer of LENR chirality onto the radioactive ash of the Chernobyl reactor. The decay rates of these radioactive isotopes will accelerate and after a short time will stabilize.

An experiment to verify if this process will work entails placing a radioactive isotope in air contact with a LENR reactor. Once we get a LENR reactor to operate in a more or less stable manor for a short time, the radiation produced by the radioactive source in air contact can be measured. The “Alan experiment” could be such a working LENR reactor. The radioactive isotope could be placed both inside the plasma tube and also on the surface of the plasma tube of the “Alan experiment” and monitored for a decrease in its production of radiation and a change in their half-life.

The Chernobyl reactor stabilization effort would just be a process of scaling up this LENR method.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 26th, 2018, 04:10 PM

George Wiseman the top HHO expert has another easier less expensive way. Hydrogen is in the mix. He shows on his eagle research website a claimed experiment with photo with Atomic Energy Canada looking on. A radioactive element is claimed to disintegrate in a closed room and leave nil radioactivity. He says they walked away and says it was politically sensitive.

 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on April 26th, 2018, 04:44 PM

Re: scissors effect light faster than the speed of light.
Quote
Relative to a fixed point there can be the appearance of a time differential.
Time Dilation: An Experiment With Mu Mesons 1962 PSSC; David Frisch, James Smith, MIT Physics

https://youtu.be/3CeQXsIiGp8
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 26th, 2018, 09:50 PM
I have a theory about how Rossi got to where he is today with the QX reactor.

I beleive that Rossi began to use old ash from his reactors that showed signs of LENR activity. This began his ideas about LENR fuel. LENR fuel is prepossessed material that is enriched in the LENR active agent.

I accept Leif Holmlid;s idea that Ultra dense hydrogen powers all of the fuel based LENR reactions. In this way of thinking, the LENR active agent is ultra dense hydrogen(UDH). However in Rossi's fuel the LENR active agent is ultra dense lithium.  Many elements and compounds can become metallic when compresses enough. Water is an example. It is the LENR native agent in cavitation and HHO.

UDH is tough stuff, it can revive floating in plasma because of it coat of electrons. this is called degeneracy pressure due to electron compression

see

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRyU2spCCPk&t=92s

This UDH is what produces the LENR reaction as I have explained in other previous post above.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 27th, 2018, 12:41 PM
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/spooky-quantum-entanglement-goes-big-new-experiments

Spooky quantum entanglement goes big in new experiments.

In LENR, Bose-Einstein condensates correspond with the production of heat. The production of heat seems to be the most desirable type of LENR energy output that all the LENR developers are after. LENR is also producing sub atomic particles and light, but people seem not to be interested in converting this non thermal energy into useful power in their reactor designs. Yes there is Mills who is trying to convert light into power through solar cells, but that conversion method is not as easy as the production of steam.

The production of Bose-Einstein condensation is all about the synchronization of vibrations. The microwaves used in the article from Science News must be linearly polarized so that it imparts energy onto the aluminum foils in such a way to induce synchronous vibrations.

The same polarized input energy method is seen in the RF used to drive the QX reactor. That RF signal produces a Bose-Einstein condensate inside the plasma that powers the QX. The 1 ev heat spectrum is produced by the Bose-Einstein condensate and not by black body radiation.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 27th, 2018, 02:38 PM
https://phys.org/news/2018-04-einstein-podolsky-rosen-paradox-many-particle.html

Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox observed in many-particle system for the first time

Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) are at it again. The BEC plays a major role in the LENR reaction. When a BEC connects with matter, the BEC makes a direct connection with the natter and that matter becomes part of the BEC. Any energy that is produced by a nuclear reaction that happens in that matter becomes part of the BEC. This is what quantum entanglement is all about. This ability to absorb nuclear levels of power and convert that power to heat is why the BEC is the fountainhead of heat output in the LENR reaction. If a BEC does not form, than the gamma level radiation will not be converted to heat.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 27th, 2018, 04:56 PM
The polariton condensate is sustained independent of temperature. This kind of condensate is maintained through its level of pumping(Incoming energy), that is how many polaritons become members of the condensate. The petal condinsate is a rotating condensate. It is composed exclusively of electron and photon spins. The electron orbit and charge electron properties are located is a metal matrix that is far away from their spins.

These spins produce very powerful and concentrated magnetic flux lines that penetrate transparently deeply inside the nuclei of matter that the flux lines happen to fall upon, These lines add energy to those quarks inside the nuclei that they penetrate.

This additional magnetic energy breaks apart the nuclei and produce subatomic particles, namely kaons.

The petal condensate is a spin based SPP and is a very specialized and obscure field of science. The people that understand and make their living with this type of SPP number in the hundreds throughout the entirety of this world because it is thought to be interesting but of little use.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 29th, 2018, 11:41 AM
Rossi's QX reactor is sub-critical in that when the RF pumping is removed, the LENR reaction dies away. This is the same spark activation method that Defkalion used to control their system. In the QX, there is a 8 second power cycle. It is imitated with the formation of a plasma by a high voltage discharge. Next, RF stimulation produces light in that plasma which pumps the LENR active agent. That agent produces power after the RF is terminated and the light pumping is terminated. Being sub-critical, the LENR reaction dies away over 4 seconds and terminates at the end of self sustain operation. The cycle begins again with another plasma forming high voltage discharge.

The QX cannot melt down because the control systems stops light pumping at the halfway point of this power cycle. Without light pumping, the LENR reaction will terminate in a short time(4 seconds).

We can think of the QX as operating like a laser that needs light pumping to produce power output. The QX has a 4 second self sustain period which generates energy gain(heat) after the light pumping is terminated.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on May 2nd, 2018, 11:16 AM
And a beginners link to help understand what Axil is talking about:
http://www.quantumdiaries.org/2011/06/19/helicity-chirality-mass-and-the-higgs/
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 2nd, 2018, 06:08 PM
Making GOLD - Were alchemists right all along?

Does anybody here has gold fever?


Does new data and understanding related to Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) provide evidence that at least the main metal choices of the alchemists were the right ones?

Steemit blog with all the relevant links embedded is here

https://steemit.com/steemstem/@mfmp/making-gold-were-alchemists-right-all-along

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=13&v=ZL4NGexrMfY

Alan's experiment can form a baseline experimental platform to test the posits presented in the "Making Gold" video.

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/4766-the-test-png)

Alan's experiment above.

Alan's experiment can be adjusted to include the required gold producing elements. The foil target can be formed from an alloy of lead and calcium. The gas envelope can be krypton and the high voltage source can interact with the lead alloy.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 3rd, 2018, 08:43 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Gc2YYPow6c

Alchemy on the Cutting Edge (2014) - Lawrence M. Principe

Lawrence M. Principe is the Drew Professor of the Humanities, Department of the History of Science and Technology, Johns Hopkins University. His lecture, "Alchemy on the Cutting Edge, Theoretical Innovations and the Pursuit of Transmutation" was given as the 21st Annual Dibner Library Lecture on December 11, 2014. It is widely believed that chemistry and alchemy parted company around the end of the 17th century. Chemistry became a modern science, alchemy withered away as a false pursuit. The historical reality is, however, very different. The separation of transmutational pursuits from “acceptable” chemistry was complex, having little to do with scientific developments. Recent archival discoveries show that prominent chemists continued to pursue transmutation until at least the 1760s. Even in the 19th century, new chemical ideas sparked more than one reconciliation between alchemy and chemistry. This lecture explores the resilience of transmutational aspirations and their adaptability to new chemical theories.



It is interesting that the early alchemists may have used bacteria to transmute silver into gold. LENR seems to be the logical extension of alchemy and will be the culmination of the search for the philosophers stone.


(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Joseph_Wright_of_Derby_The_Alchemist.jpg/440px-Joseph_Wright_of_Derby_The_Alchemist.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 4th, 2018, 06:16 PM

Mica is a particle chirality filter. This property is derived from the hexagonal crystal structure of mica. Graphite is also a particle chirality filter. It has been reported that a radioactive isotope's emission behavior will be affected by the presence of mica in the neighborhood of the radioactive isotope.

Radioactive decay occurs only in left handed chiral spin particles. Changing the spin chirality of a radioactive isotope can increase or decrease its decay rate.

https://www.nature.com/articles/524008b

Learn about how particle chirality is affected by using graphite as a chiral particle filter.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=46h44d3yrZQ
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 4th, 2018, 09:10 PM
Sometimes radiation is produced by the LENR reaction. Why does this occur?

It is my belief that the LENR process that thermalizes nuclear level radiation is Bose Einstein Condensation (BEC). If a condition of BEC circumscribes the LENR reaction, the BEC will absorb that nuclear level radiation and downshift it into the thermal frequency range.

But for a BEC to be created, doesn’t the temperature need to be at super low temperatures near absolute zero?

There are two kinds of BEC. The BEC that requires super low temperatures involves atoms. The other kind of BEC is the polariton BEC.

See for background:

https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/physics/staff/academic/szymanska/research/polaritonbec/

This kind of BEC is a Condensate that forms in non-equilibrium driven-dissipative systems. The polariton needs to be pumped with energy because it loses energy from the cavity that contains it. If more energy feeds the polaritons than leaks out of the cavity in which the polariton forms, it can live and grow in power. The amount of nuclear energy that the polariton BEC can thermalize is a function of the power that is fed into the Polariton BEC and the amount of power that the Polariton BEC loses over a given time(AKA the Q factor).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Q_factor

What affects the Q factor of a polariton substrate?

Polaritons are a form of light…actually a mixture of matter and light.

Polaritons cannot exist unless they form on a substrate of a metal. The Q factor is a character of the substrate; it is a function of how the substrate lets light escape the surface of the metal. A rough and pitted metal surface will produce a higher Q factor than a shiny smooth mirror like metal surface because a rough metal surface reflects light less well than a shining mirror like metal surface. In general, this Q factor of surfaces applies to any type of wave based EMF including electrons. Superconducting surfaces support the highest Q factor. Very little power loss occurs from the surface of a superconductor. A polariton condensate will retain its power for months when the polaritons are supported on the surface of a superconductor.

A collection of polaritons will form a Condensate when their density reaches a critical value based on the quantum gas theory. The formation of a polariton condensate has nothing to do with temperature. Its all a matter of polariton density

https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.016602

This theory of polariton condensation boils down to these LENR design rule associated with eliminating gamma radiation from the LENR reaction.

For a non-fueled reactor.

If you are using the surface of a metal to produce your polaritons, then roughen up that surface to make it dull and pitted. This is what Mizuno does to his metal surfaces. Mizumo processes his metal surfaces with an electric arc until that surface is well pitted.

You can increase the input power pumping of energy onto the surface of the metal so that the extra power increases the number of polaritons produced by the metal surface thereby causing a polariton condensate to form.

As an example, when Rossi had gamma radiation problems, he added a heater to his reactor to make sure he started up a HOT reactor. The thermal pumping to the micro particles was increased by the heater so that on startup, the Rossi E-Cat did not produce gamma from a cold reactor.

If metal particles are used instead of a metal surface (as per Piantelli), use a mix of very wide range of various particles sizes from micro to nano sizes.

For a fueled reactor.

A fueled reactor uses a hydride fuel that contains ultra-dense hydrogen(UDH) or ultra-dense lithium to support the LENR reaction. UDH is a superconductor and the hydride fuel that supports it will support the LNER reaction at any temperature and/or polariton pumping level due to the extremely high Q of the surface of the UDH superconductor.

The production of positrons in a LENR reactor.

Without a polariton BEC to thermalize gamma radiation, the LENR reaction will produce gamma as a result of positron production.

The LENR reaction is a weak force reaction. When the LENR reaction adds mass to the protons and neutrons, they will become excited and decay when the LENR reaction adds energy/mass to the quarks inside these nucleons.

As a decay process of these nucleons, both positive and negative muons are produced as a decay product. The positive muons come from the decay of anti-quarks in the nucleons.

The decay of the positive muon will produce positrons as a decay product.

(http://images.slideplayer.com/33/8200409/slides/slide_9.jpg)

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 5th, 2018, 12:20 PM
The polariton Bose condensate(BEC) acts as a analog black hole. It thermalizes gamma via Hawking radiation which is a thermal level emmision. The heat produced by Hawking radiation is recovered as energy from the vacuum since the anti photon falls back into the BEC. This BEC also produces light whose frequency is a function of the density of the polariton condensate. It has been said that Rossi's QX reactor produces light from red to blue based on its power level.

The final emission type is muon production.

for more info, see

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00822148/file/Flayac-2012CLF22262.pdf

2.4 Sonic black holes and wormholes in spinor polariton condensates  (page 116)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 5th, 2018, 02:32 PM
There is a post here on the cold fusion thread covering the work that Leif Holmlid has done on Ultra dense hydrogen. In my opinion, Ultra dense hydogen is the fuel that produces the LENR reaction in most gainful LENR reactors.

Here is the link to the patent for the device that produces UDH.

https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/3933-holmlid-patent-pdf/

Get this device working and you are 90% there toward the production of a working LENR reactor.

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/3935-pasted-from-clipboard-png/)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 5th, 2018, 02:51 PM
Here  is some LENR reactor fuel produced by ME356 that shows transmutation of carbon as the Ultra dense hydrogen escapes from the hydride base carrier particle. The black background is carbon SEM sample tape. The bright fractal like trails are heavy metal elements produced by the ultra dense hydrogen as it moves along and transmutes carbon into metals.

(https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRAzq5AfDPvOePpxz6SwR7E-Z9BR0MudiCZYSAZIut7W_24Fl7zTw)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 6th, 2018, 04:00 PM
https://steemit.com/steemstem/@proteus-h/pyroelectric-crystal-nuclear-fusion

Is this really Pyroelectric Crystal Nuclear Fusion?

The auditor of this article first lists all the indicators that are required to prove that the fusion of deuterium  is taking place, but he  latter admits that only neutrons were detected coming out of this reaction.

This looks like the LENR reaction to me. The mechanism for the LENR reaction is chiral charge separation similar to what occurs in the SAFIRE system where a double layer of plasma is formed inducing a condition of extreme separation of charge. At its very core, all manifestations of the LENR reaction is caused by chiral spin polarization.

(http://www.godelectric.org/img/SafireProject-DoubleLayers.jpg)

(https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-4aiF74wPSBQ/WROaw7JqjfI/AAAAAAAABEw/1DADI8A-RH4ACeEl670e6ZZ19jHEPaoDgCEw/s1600/11%2BDL-diagram.jpg)

The electric charge separation is produced by Chiral particle spin polarization. The magnetic force generated by this polarization is far stronger than the coulomb force thus resulting in the production of polarized electric fields and current flow.

This polarization will induce a weak force reaction that will produce proton and neutron decay and the associated generation of mesons. Another sign of chiral spin polarization is the lack of radioactive reaction byproducts. Radioactive decay is near instantaneous when it is produced though the application of a left handed chiral polarized particle stream.

Fusion is not happening in this reaction even if neutrons are detected. Fusion requires the production of specific gamma radiation at 3 and 14 Mev. It also requires the production of tritium and He3. Without the generation of ALL these tell tale reaction products, fusion is unproven and the LENR reaction is indicated.

To test this posit as an alternative test to the fusion reaction conjecture, a chiral particle steam produced by this heated crystal will greatly reduce the half life of a radioactive isotope. Is there a LENR experimenter who will verity this posit?

Where chiral spin particle polarization is active, this shows what a double layer can do to a tungsten probe tip. By the way, the same reaction happens in the SunCell except the vaporizing tungsten electrode weighs in at over 100 pounds.

(http://brilliantlightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/20160720_163509_405hx540w.jpg)

https://youtu.be/keJAQIWEyzY?t=2110

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 7th, 2018, 11:13 AM
I was really too quick on the trigger here. I looked at the references included in the steemit article and saw a more detailed description of the experimental results.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyroelectric_fusion

"Around 1000 fusion reactions per second took place, each resulting in the production of an 820 keV helium-3 nucleus and a 2.45 MeV neutron."

But this is a very strange type of fusion. This fusion reaction only produced helium-3. A normal fusion reaction would have produced a 50/50 split of tritium and helium-3. What happened to the tritium?

It is my speculation that the particles produced by the Pyroelectric crystals were chiral polarized. This would have changed the weak force decay reaction of tritium to what happens in LENR where no radioactive isotopes are produced. In this case, that means tritium. This reaction looks like a hybrid hot/cold fusion reaction.

If you take a look at the SunCell meltdown of a huge tungsten electrode

https://youtu.be/wuAuTDFTVdQ

Notice that the copper power cable is not effected by the meltdown. Why?

 (http://brilliantlightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/20160720_163509_405hx540w.jpg)

The plasma should has destroyed that cable long before the tungsten vaporized. The reason may be that the cable carried non chiral polarized electrons which protected the cable from the LENR reaction. The tungsten was covered in chiral polarized polaritons and was destroyed in short order. The same thing was seen in the LION reactor where the heating cable survived even though the alumina around it vaporized

Notice that the meltdown did not occur immediately; it took the best part of a minute. This may be caused by the need for the polariton condensate to store enough power to become LENR active.

The SAFIRE fusion reaction also only produces helium-3. This tells me that the double layer generates proton/ proton fusion but like the Pyroelectric crystal experiment, does not produce tritium. The double plasma layer in SAFIRE must also generate chiral spin polarization.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Piero on May 8th, 2018, 12:49 AM
Quote from Axil on May 6th, 2018, 04:00 PM
Fusion is not happening in this reaction even if neutrons are detected. Fusion requires the production of specific gamma radiation at 3 and 14 Mev. It also requires the production of tritium and He3. Without the generation of ALL these tell tale reaction products, fusion is unproven and the LENR reaction is indicated.
Seems  to  be  the  first  application of  the Electric Universe  theory  .

But  apparatus is  too   much    complicated   ,    verry  fragile..

And   fusion   can   occur   without  gamma  radiation 

What  a  power !


I   wonder  what  application they  will developp  ...?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Piero on May 8th, 2018, 11:07 AM
Ah  ok Russ,   I  see  what  you mean  by   applyin g   the  slinghshot effect  to   your  apparatus .

the  magnetic   current  of  big  magnet  induces  a  big  magnetic  field   in  coil  which  push  it  back   ?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on May 8th, 2018, 01:02 PM
Quote from Axil on May 7th, 2018, 11:13 AM
I was really too quick on the trigger here. I looked at the references included in the steemit article and saw a more detailed description of the experimental results.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyroelectric_fusion

"Around 1000 fusion reactions per second took place, each resulting in the production of an 820 keV helium-3 nucleus and a 2.45 MeV neutron."

But this is a very strange type of fusion. This fusion reaction only produced helium-3. A normal fusion reaction would have produced a 50/50 split of tritium and helium-3. What happened to the tritium?

It is my speculation that the particles produced by the Pyroelectric crystals were chiral polarized. This would have changed the weak force decay reaction of tritium to what happens in LENR where no radioactive isotopes are produced. In this case, that means tritium. This reaction looks like a hybrid hot/cold fusion reaction.

If you take a look at the SunCell meltdown of a huge tungsten electrode

https://youtu.be/wuAuTDFTVdQ

Notice that the copper power cable is not effected by the meltdown. Why?

 (http://brilliantlightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/20160720_163509_405hx540w.jpg)

The plasma should has destroyed that cable long before the tungsten vaporized. The reason may be that the cable carried non chiral polarized electrons which protected the cable from the LENR reaction. The tungsten was covered in chiral polarized polaritons and was destroyed in short order. The same thing was seen in the LION reactor where the heating cable survived even though the alumina around it vaporized

Notice that the meltdown did not occur immediately; it took the best part of a minute. This may be caused by the need for the polariton condensate to store enough power to become LENR active.

The SAFIRE fusion reaction also only produces helium-3. This tells me that the double layer generates proton/ proton fusion but like the Pyroelectric crystal experiment, does not produce tritium. The double plasma layer in SAFIRE must also generate chiral spin polarization.
This meltdown of the tungsten electrodes, as well as stainless steel housed platinum thermocouples, etc, reminds me of my experiments replicating and exploring J. L. Naudin's A.P.E. electrolytic cell.  The tungsten electrode would become incandescent, would have its surface ate into in a tapering width speckled grain type of deformation. In my last work with the water vortex tube, the length of the tungsten electrode that was submerged in the electrolyte turned to powder and the rest of it outside the electrolyte became extremely brittle the entire length of the electrode.  The pvc housing and rubber feed-through were not damaged though. 

Echoes of The Hutchinson Effect?

 I wish I had a better setup / lab / lab assistants / etc. etc. etc. Oh well, sometimes you have to run your experiments inside a shoe box, until you can graduate to a bigger and more rigorous setup.

.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 8th, 2018, 01:36 PM
Experimenters like using a lot of tungsten in his reactor design. This is a mistake. Tungsten is a wonderful food for the LENR reaction because most of its stable isotopes have zero nuclear spin.

180W.......179.946701 (5)........0.120%...............0   
182W.......181.948202 (3)........26.50%...............0   
183W.......182.950220 (3)........14.31%...............1/2   
184W.......183.950928 (3)........30.64%...............0   
186W.......185.954357 (4)........28.43%...............0

On the other hand nitrogen is a LENR poison and will resist being affected by the LENR reaction. The stable isotope of nitrogen has a large nuclear spin: 14N   99.632% spin = 1.

Boron has an even better resistance to the transmutation affects of the LENR reaction, Its stable isotopes have a very large nuclear spin.

10B.........19.9%.......3   
11B   ........80.1%.......3/2

Boron nitride is a compound that is highly resistant to the transmutation effects of the LENR reaction because it is highly MRI active.

LENR uses magnetism to destabilize subatomic particles. A highly MRI active compound will convert the energy in the magnetic flux lines to RF radiation. This magnetic to RF energy conversion will weaken the LENR reaction and therefore will protect the highly MRI active compound from being eaten away by the LENR reaction.

Oxygen is another favorite food for LENR transmutation. Always uses the nitride. Aluminum nitride is highly resistant to LENR transmutation. Both aluminum and nitrogen are highly MRI active.

Another tungsten substitute is Tantalum with a high melting point and a huge nuclear magnetic moment.

Tantalum nitride would be a wonderful plasma insulator with a high magnetic moment.

(http://slideplayer.com/slide/3279728/11/images/2/Basic+Physics+of+MRI+Nuclei+line+up+with+magnetic+moments+either+in+a+parallel+or+anti-parallel+configuration..jpg)

(https://image.slidesharecdn.com/basicsofmriphysics-151220205042/95/basics-of-mri-physics-dr-muhammad-bin-zulfiqar-5-638.jpg?cb=1450644830)

 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 9th, 2018, 01:11 PM
I would like to draw a fundamental distinction between two classes of LENR systems: Fueled and unfueled systems. In the 2011 time-frame when Rossi saw gamma, he was running an unfueled system,so was Piantelli and Celani. Russ George is now experimenting with an unfueled system.

The development of LENR fuel came latter as an innovation by Rossi. I speculate that Rossi found that when he reused ash from his reactors, they were very LENR active. Rossi perfected LENR fuel and started to use it in his tube reactors. The fuel was self contained and could be loaded in air. With this fuel, the hydrogen nickel reaction did not seem to matter anymore. Lugano is an example,

Also gamma emissions went away when using LENR Fuel.

I beleive that the active agent in LENR fuel is ultra dense hydrogen. Rossi, me356, the ECCO reactor and the LION reactor all use LENR fuel. Gamma will not come from these systems since ultra dense hydrogen is a superconductor. UDH has a near perfect Q factor and forms a condensate immediately and instantly.

I have advised any LENR reactor builders who will lessen to produce LENR fuel directly by acquiring a Holmlid UDH generator. Just load that UDH into a tube reactor and you are good to go.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 9th, 2018, 04:30 PM
https://www.slideshare.net/andrea-rossi/andrea-rossi-focardi-paper

Published on Aug 30, 2011

A new energy source from nuclear fusion (E-cat). Report by Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi.

For those who are interested in E-Cat history, there is mention of nothing but positrons and gamma rays in this theory paper describing the experiments performed on  the Rossi LENR system at the end of the last decade and the beginning of this decade when Sergio Focardi was helping Rossi.

Reaction changes since then have removed this nuclear based output from the Rossi reactor.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 9th, 2018, 07:00 PM
​https://phys.org/news/2018-05-unexpected-behaviour-atom-clouds-theories.html​

Unexpected behaviour of atom clouds challenges existing theories

"Most theories so far successfully describe the coupling of Bose-Einstein-Condensates in equilibrium, but they are insufficient to describe the out of equilibrium situation and the synchronization we observe." The fact that the "quantum rhythms" of the two atom clouds are exactly the same after only a few milliseconds implies the existence of a mechanism that dissipates energy. As the system is isolated from its environment, energy cannot be dissipated but only transferred. "The coupling as accounted in textbooks theories cannot transfer energy as strongly and quickly as we observe. So either these theories are missing something – or they are just wrong. It means that it is our understanding of the interaction between the atoms itself which must be modified."

Regarding energy teleportation between BECs in a LENR reaction:

In the LENR reaction, when a Bose condensate is involved, the atom to be transformed by the LENR reaction and the BEC become entangled...connected through magnetism via the flux lines of an interconnecting​ worm hole . The energy from both systems synchronize and the protons and neutrons in the atom are affected. Inside these nucleons, the quarks and gluons exist in a state of superconductivity. The nucleons are BECs. During synchronization of the BECs, energy passes from the LENR based BEC to the nucleons​. This energy destabilizes the quarks inside the nucleons and they decay. This decay produces energy that then is passed back to the LENR based BEC. All the subsequent subatomic particles produced by the LENR reaction also decay but since they are still entangled, their decay energy is returned to the LENR BEC. Even when muons produced by the initial LENR reaction catalyze fusion reactions miles away from the LENR BEC, that energy is still returned to the LENR BEC. This is why no nuclear level radiation is seen in a LENR reaction that has developed a BEC.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 11th, 2018, 12:01 AM
Rossi's ‘the mouse and the cat’ is another reason to beleive that polariton condensation is at the bottom of the Rossi technology. It has recently been shown that many Bose condensates will synchronize in milliseconds through the sharing of energy and eventually combine.  ‘the mouse and the cat’ is an array of reactors where one master reactor is powered and the other reactors are unpowered drones. The cat is the driver. The cat syncs up through polariton condinsation with all the other unpowered drones to form a global condensate that covers both the powered master reactor and unpowered drone reactors.

​https://phys.org/news/2018-05-unexpected-behaviour-atom-clouds-theories.html​

Unexpected behaviour of atom clouds challenges existing theories
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 11th, 2018, 01:11 PM
Rossi's QX architecture could be influenced by the "cat and mouse" control mechanism. There may be a 10 to 1 drone to master ratio that works best for Rossi. If the QX can produce 100 watts a chip, then Rossi's smallest reactor building block would be 1 kilowatts. One control signal to the master would go into each 1 kilowatt block.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: namirha on May 12th, 2018, 01:44 AM
(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/0d/b9/39/0db9397fbbc053570ee244f6f8448496.jpg)
Study of hands Artist: Leonardo da Vinci

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/c2/e3/e0/c2e3e0c122759011a307aa323e73ae16.jpg)

ANKH
Quote from Axil on May 4th, 2018, 06:16 PM
Mica is a particle chirality filter. This property is derived from the hexagonal crystal structure of mica. Graphite is also a particle chirality filter. It has been reported that a radioactive isotope's emission behavior will be affected by the presence of mica in the neighborhood of the radioactive isotope.

Radioactive decay occurs only in left handed chiral spin particles. Changing the spin chirality of a radioactive isotope can increase or decrease its decay rate.

https://www.nature.com/articles/524008b

Learn about how particle chirality is affected by using graphite as a chiral particle filter.

...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=46h44d3yrZQ
When from the higher planes one studies consciousness as it functions in the beehive, one learns how later on man will produce matter out of himself. In the future the human body will also be built up out of carbon; it will then be like a soft diamond. Then one will no longer inhabit the body from within, but will have it before one as an external body. Today the planets are built up in this way by the planetary spirits. From a being requiring a body produced by others, man will transform himself into a being who manifests himself through emanation. At that time he will consist of three members: ‘Man in the evening who goes on three’, as the Sphinx says. The original four organs have undergone metamorphosis. At first the hands were also organs of movement. Then they became organs for the spiritual. In the future only three organs will remain; the heart as Buddhi-organ, the two-petalled lotus-flower between the eyes, and the left hand as the organ of movement. This future state is also related to Blavatsky's indication (of a second spinal column). The pineal gland and the pituitary gland organise a second spinal column which later unites itself with the first. The second spinal column will descend in front from the head.
https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA093a/English/RSP1982/19050929p01.html

ED CORAL CASTLE
(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/d5/58/73/d55873ab07b5c819771c9742426e437b.jpg)
rrrirror IMAGE
https://nl.pinterest.com/pin/319826011014133823/

Secrets of Coral Castle, with Leonard Nimoy - Telekinesis and Anti-gravity
...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6iUsKOn8raY

https://nl.pinterest.com/pin/319826011015364003/
(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/82/1e/53/821e53a54648b6bdaff2839aad48d5e9.jpg)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inanna

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/96/8c/47/968c47331db865d246dc68edd44de476.jpg)
Leonardo Da Vinci, hand proportions study.

...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cUTFqxG-ziI
(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/b0/55/cb/b055cb19f769ee9fb7d7fb1ca3dae65b.jpg)
...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZWbu7XackI

your HANDS are one of the most highly developed links to your brain, for there are etheric generator crystals embedded within the palms of the hands. They were designed to be some of the strongest, electromagnetic impulses of the physical vessel. That is why those who have activated or developed the healing power within their hands are so effective in the healing arts.

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/6e/11/ca/6e11cadb1a1c6be2c4dcf5d62031f93d.jpg)

the hexagonal crystal structure

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/e1/5e/99/e15e995a934ea64c3f8f269431b8a574.jpg)

NIKOLA TESLA - The Genius Who Lit the World - FEATURE
...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eoY_7mbm5ng

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f4/SantaCruz-CuevaManos-P2210651b.jpg/1280px-SantaCruz-CuevaManos-P2210651b.jpg)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cueva_de_las_Manos

(https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CdSOzePUsAAxuFr.jpg)
2 make America great again

DONALD TRUMP 76
piramide capstone
...https://youtu.be/HfG7flIIGtE?t=32m44s

(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/14/39/34/1439344951e871f68afee78c3948303c.gif)
UNICURSAL

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/11/12/0a/11120acc9af76d3f41635995bedef2fe.jpg)
Hand WIth Reflecting Globe - MC Escher, 1935

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/53/52/7b/53527b63515c6adac05caeba5a7a8833.jpg)
The Creation of Adam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Creation_of_Adam

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/aa/73/80/aa73806158cc4ecb758130d5220a3b44.jpg)
Transparency of the human hand

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vs-H7xLnrs
Thiên Thủ Quan Âm (Thousand Hand Guan Yin)

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/4a/05/13/4a05137550f564fdddfc20e8d10bd6aa.jpg)
Alchemist Hand

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/7a/48/c8/7a48c850b12120a76bb7496e0b79e90b.jpg)
Fibonacci sequence in our hands

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/3a/4b/67/3a4b6771e8355e0d5674133d7823dce0.jpg)

Swedish office implants microchips in employees' hands
...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcHQGno4EHQ

(http://images.genius.com/d22d6c50bfe7e621131d7631162ca3d7.500x500x1.jpg)

The only thing between us now is the truth we understand
If Planet Earth was in the palm of your hand
50 years from now what will they say about us here?
Did we care for the water and the fragile atmosphere?

...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3tvLutv898U

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/17/bf/95/17bf959f899477db50c244f665708f51.jpg)

When the geometrician, for example, grasps the relationships pertaining to the triangle, this helps him only into the astral element. But, when he grasps the triangle as a symbol, and derives from it what lies therein as to the participation of the human being in the three worlds, something regarding his threefoldness, this helps him to a higher level. One who feels in symbols the expression for the soul force, one who inscribes this in his heart, one who feels in connection with everything that people generally merely know, brings his thoughts into connection with Devachan. For this reason, in meditating we must feel our way through what is given us, for only thus do we bring ourselves into connection with the world of Devachan. Ordinary science, therefore, void of any feeling of the heart, can never bring the human being, no matter how keen it may be, into connection with anything except the astral world.
https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA130/English/AP1942/19111104p02.html

(https://i.stack.imgur.com/e6RMH.jpg)
https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/294655/where-does-light-go-if-it-is-in-a-glass-prism-and-why

The real meaning of the cross is infinitely deep. The old sagas also are pictures, drawn out of such depths. A great service was bestowed on the human soul by the sagas, as long as man in earlier times could understand their truths in his feeling life. An example of this is the old saga of the sphinx.  The sphinx propounded the riddle: In the morning it goes on four, at mid-day on two and in the evening on three. What is that? It is man.

Linking The Great Pyramid to the Human Form
http://www.people.vcu.edu/~chenry/

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/ce/2e/54/ce2e5457669378e402f61a5675b087ba.jpg)

2001: A Space Odyssey - The Dawn of Man
...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ypEaGQb6dJk

To begin with, in the morning of the earth, man in his animal state went on fours. The front limbs were at that time organs of movement. He then raised himself to the upright position. The limb system separated off into two categories and the organs divided into the physical-sensible and the spiritual organs. He then went on two. In the distant future the lower organs will fall away and also the right hand. Only the left hand and the two petalled lotus flower will remain. Then he goes on three. That is why the Vulcan human being limps.  His legs are in retrogression; they cease to have significance. At the end of evolution, in the Vulcan metamorphosis of the Earth, man will be the three-membered being that the saga indicates as the ideal.
https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA093a/English/RSP1982/19050928p01.html

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/56/e5/6a/56e56a7ee4cc5d2e16f33d675ed9d7b6.jpg)

The hand gesture is also in the shape of the Hebrew letter "shin," Nimoy explained.
Shin also stands for the word Shaddai, a name for God.
Because of this, a priest forms the letter Shin with his hands as he recites the Priestly Blessing.
Actor Nimoy used the handed version of this gesture to create the VULCAN hand salute on Star Trek.

http://mashable.com/2015/02/28/nimoy-origin-of-vulcan-greeting/

(http://www.startrek.com/uploads/assets/articles/660e5a470556a0f21a991347940d77c860f8c9a5.jpg)

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/34/6e/ad/346ead61c92ba4444addd97c5a449d5a.jpg)
St Augustine

The Christ Impulse and the Development of the Ego-Consciousness
https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA116/English/APC1926/ChrEgo_index.html

We Are All Connected
...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3C7vXTJ_ZMM
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 13th, 2018, 10:04 AM
https://youtu.be/MtTeHU4vBmc

A sub-second flash of Bremsstrahlung has been seen in LENR experiments, immediately followed by the appearance of heat. Science has been looking for this as a sign of the formation of Hole superconductivity. This kind of superconductivity is an alternative to the standard beliefs that hold sway in superconductive theory. Leif Holmlid has adopted this theory to explain how ultra dense hydrogen becomes superconductive.

In my view, what MFMP saw was the onset of Hole superconductivity as the density of individual polaritons reached the condensation threshold and formed a polariton condensate. The onset of heat production comes from the formation of the polariton condensate. The meissner effect generates this Bremsstrahlung when electrons are expelled from inside the polariton condensate at high energies.

The production of fuel for LENR reactors may have eliminated the appearance of the "signal" since the main output of the fuel preparation process is already a superconductor such as ultra dense hydrogen.

When gammas are seen immediately after hydrogen in introduced into a active system, this process may apply as follows:

The Bremsstrahlung is also produced when the polariton BEC is destroyed at system shutdown or during the introduction of cold hydrogen into the system. The introduction of this new hydrogen could temperately disrupt the polariton BEC. The BEC will reestablish itself in short order marked by the production of a new "Signal".

The Defkalion system produced 300KeV radiation because the spark that initiated the beginning of a new heat cycle repeatedly disrupted the polariton BEC. The energy contained in this radiation was lost to heat production which lead to poor COP performance of that system.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 13th, 2018, 11:30 AM
(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/TubeSpectrum.jpg/440px-TubeSpectrum.jpg)

In bremsstrahlung produced by a radioactive decay process, the spikes are always present and are the characteristic of the radioactive decay process that produced the movement of electrons. In LENR generated bremsstrahlung, no spikes are seen. The movement of electrons is caused by the meissner effect when a superconductive state sets in or is destroyed,
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on May 14th, 2018, 07:17 PM
This might seem a bit weird but I don't have enough background to get at a hypothetical answer.

If light is massless at rest and energy cannot be created nor destroyed only transformed.

That implies light has mass only if not in its rest state.

Has light ever been isolated in its rest state when it exists and who has ever done this?

I was thinking what if a beam of light was introduced by a hole in a hollow sphere that was mirrored inside.

If the hole was closed suddenly would the light disappear inside the sphere?

Does it lose energy suddenly by reflection?

Does it lose momentum so quickly that a massless photon becomes dark?

It is the speed of light only in a vacuum.

What if the sphere was a vacuum?

Would magnetism be needed to keep a photon existing?

   

 
     
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 14th, 2018, 08:00 PM
https://phys.org/news/2018-02-newly-optical-state-enable-quantum.html

Science has discovered that polaritons act to entangle particles and they stay entangled after the polaritons get through with them. This entanglement includes light composed of photons that gain mass and stay together. This new type of light travels at very low speeds: 3 kilometers a second. Its may be possible in the future to get many photons to form a light crystals. Maybe polaritons can do the same quantum transformations with quarks and gluons. I wonder what will happen then.

See

https://www.quantumdiaries.org/2011/06/19/helicity-chirality-mass-and-the-higgs/

Polaritons can manipulate the chirality of particles. This ability is central to the production of the LENR effect which is based on chirality mismatch inside the nucleon. As I said above..."Maybe polaritons can do the same quantum transformations with quarks and gluons. I wonder what will happen then.'"

By the way, if additional mass is added to quarks, they change into other types of quarks.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: talisman on May 14th, 2018, 08:24 PM
Along that type of thought experiment. The patch seems to be that not just electricity depends on magnetism but light also.

Consider that a rest state is only relative to space time from all other points in the universe.

As such it is irrational since motion from the appearance of it is energy, the very energy assigned to the acceleration of a photon.

Roughly then a plasma ball should have no mass, yet seems to have more mass than hydrogen atoms as free hydrogen floats right toward space.

Correction: A ball of near massless photons.

------

Note that the E=MC^2 equation a rational equation.

On top of that they apply the law of large numbers probability distribution.

The law of large numbers is not exact and although predicted within larger numbers the absolute deviation can be larger also.

So we have a pure math equality and put on top of that an irrational math probability function to try to fill the gap in theory.

------
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Cycle on May 14th, 2018, 08:35 PM
Quote from talisman on May 14th, 2018, 07:17 PM
This might seem a bit weird but I don't have enough background to get at a hypothetical answer.

If light is massless at rest and energy cannot be created nor destroyed only transformed.

That implies light has mass only if not in its rest state.

Has light ever been isolated in its rest state when it exists and who has ever done this?

I was thinking what if a beam of light was introduced by a hole in a hollow sphere that was mirrored inside.

If the hole was closed suddenly would the light disappear inside the sphere?

Does it lose energy suddenly by reflection?

Does it lose momentum so quickly that a massless photon becomes dark?

It is the speed of light only in a vacuum.

What if the sphere was a vacuum?

Would magnetism be needed to keep a photon existing?
You're correct, light has no invariant mass, but it does have relativistic mass, which is why it can be affected by gravity (it blue-shifts as it descends into a gravity well, and red-shifts as it climbs out of a gravity well... unless that gravity well is so 'deep' that light cannot escape (a black hole)).

So in effect, a black hole is blue-shifting the frequency of a photon, which causes that photon to become matter.

E = hf

f = E/h

E = mc2

f = mc2/h

If the photon strikes a superconductor below its transition temperature, it can attain invariant mass. The electromagnetic fundamental force undergoes symmetry breaking, which is the basis for superconductivity, thus the magnetic fundamental force splits from the electronic fundamental force (the EM fundamental force is the only one still not symmetry broken), allowing the electronic fundamental force to interact with the Higgs field and attain invariant mass.

A black hole is known to be a superfluid, thus it exhibits superconductivity at any temperature. That's why photons falling into the black hole attain invariant mass.

As I wrote in a prior post(http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=1981.msg30087#msg30087):
Quote
Of course, E=mc2 is incorrect (not so much incorrect as incomplete). It doesn't take into account massless entities. It's only valid for massive objects. In 1905 Einstein derived an equation that works in all situations:
E2=P2c2+m2c4.

He also figured out that light is both a particle and a wave, and that the energy of a photon isn't governed by its mass or its velocity (like matter), but instead is governed entirely by f, its frequency: E=hf, where h is Planck’s constant.

For light, m=0, so E=Pc (energy and momentum are proportional). Notice that massless entities can never have zero momentum, since something with zero mass and zero energy isn't something, it’s nothing. This is just another way of saying that light can never be stationary (ie: light has no "rest frame"). It's also a way of saying that everything (massive or massless) has frequency.

In the case of an object with mass m, that isn’t moving (P=0), you then get E=mc2.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Cycle on May 14th, 2018, 08:41 PM
Quote from Axil on May 14th, 2018, 08:00 PM
https://phys.org/news/2018-02-newly-optical-state-enable-quantum.html

This new type of light travels at very low speeds: 3 kilometers a second.
It's not light anymore, it's matter. It has invariant mass.

Yes, we've discovered how to convert energy into matter. We've known for a long time how to convert matter into energy, but the opposite has eluded us until the 3-photon experiment.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 15th, 2018, 02:24 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xueLsn-XFCc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Epenv-PPLJM

MHO, this smoke is metal hydride nanoparticles that are covered on their surface with polaritons. The polaritons are the source of the magnetism that binds the nanoparticles togither. The SunCell uses this smoke to form a dusty plasma that can produce a self sustaining LENR reaction.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 16th, 2018, 08:56 PM
Science runs into LENR from time to time and the are amazed by it. The SAFIRE project is an example. The research team there after years of research finally came to the realization that LENR was affecting their experiment in a major way. They now realize that the hot fusion systems are crazy. LENR is the only way to go to produce hydrogen based nuclear reactions.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 17th, 2018, 01:51 PM
SAFIRE provides insight into the basic mechanism that drives the LENR reaction. The basic mechanism of the LENR reaction is obscured by many overlaying and interconnected secondary reactions that are all considered to be the cause of the LENR reaction, but they are not the basic causation mechanism. For example, plasmoids are one of these many secondary LENR mechanisms. Plasmoids produce the basic causation mechanism, but the plasmoid is just one of many secondary layers of causation.

SAFIRE shows the basic LENR causation mechanism revealed in its most basic form. Within the outermost double layer of the plasma double layer shell structure, fusion of hydrogen is occurring. The only thing that exists in that double layer is hydrogen. The fusion that is occurring is devoid of any secondary mechanisms that confuse the causation mechanism. The LENR reaction is happening as a result of the organization of the hydrogen in that double layer.

(https://www.electricuniverse.info/wp-content/uploads/Safire_double_layer_shells.jpg)

The fusion of hydrogen is produced by the LENR reaction because hydrogen is fusing into helium 3 and no tritium is being produced. The pressure of the hydrogen in the outermost double layer is ambient, so pressure is not a factor. There is no metals involved or cracks, rough surfaces, plasma discharges, plasmoids, and the numerous other secondary LENR causation factors that produce the basic LENR causation mechanism.

The LENR reaction is produced by the organization of the double layer. This structure is produced by the adjustment of the pressure of hydogen and the voltage of the electric current that is producing the double layer.

(http://www.safireproject.com/science/ewExternalFiles/015.jpeg)

(https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-4aiF74wPSBQ/WROaw7JqjfI/AAAAAAAABEw/1DADI8A-RH4ACeEl670e6ZZ19jHEPaoDgCEw/s1600/11%2BDL-diagram.jpg)

The coulomb barrier is made inoperative by the chiral polarization of the spins of the electrons and protons that comprise the hydrogen plasma. The plasmoid produces this chiral polarization of particle spins, so does all the other secondary LENR causation mechanisms. But it is the separation of the subatomic particles withing the double layer by their spin handedness that is that is causing the LENR reaction.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 17th, 2018, 06:09 PM
https://www.dropbox.com/sh/sp71necll4mfv2w/AABLXuUL0v3NrkY7BPYPKDA_a?dl=0&preview=Anderson-Paul-1.pdf
Quote
The  SAFIRE  project  seeks  to  test  the  hypothesis  of  an  electrically  powered  sun.  This  talk  will  give  an  overview  and  history  of  the  electric  sun  model  in  comparison  to  the  standard  thermonuclear,  gravity  driven  model.  The  underlying  concept  of  the  electric  sun,  electric  charge  affecting  matter  at  a  different  electrical  potential,  will  be  discussed  in  relation  to  the  SAFIRE  instrumental  design.  Recent  experiments  and  results  will  be  shared.  In  particular,  stable  electric  double  layers  about  a  spherical  anode  were  produced  in  a  consistent  and  replicated  manner,  as  well  as  other  plasma  features  such  as  anode  tufts  (Figure  1).  The  electric  double  layers  radiate  in  the  IR,  visible,  and  UV  spectrumas  striations.  Optical  spectroscopy  and  variations  in  plasma  potentials  of  the  striationsare  consistent  with  local  electron  temperatures  of  80,000°K  and  stably  maintained  free  electron  variations  comparable  to  those  seen  between  low  layers  of  solar  atmospheres.  Data  from  a  floating  electric  probe  revealed  multiple  deep  potential  wells  and  nearly  a  10  fold  increase  in  electric  potential  within  1-2mm  of  a  stainless  steel  anode  (going  from  ~30V  to  ~350V).  Such  findings  are  consistent  with  the  perplexing  temperature  gradient  of  the  sun,  which  rises  from  ~5000°K  at  the  chromosphere  and  photosphere  and  then  rapidly  ascends  to  ~1,000,000°K  moving  outward  into  the  corona.  Further  experimental  plans  to  test  for  transmutation  on  the  anode  surface  and  within  the  double  layers  will  be  presented  along  with  proposed  nuclear  reactions.
If the SAFIRE project is now espousing as a general policy to enter the LENR field, that would be very exciting. IMHO, what is happening in SAFIRE is the purest distillation of the LENR reaction that has so far been discovered.​ The processes that are underway in the SAFIRE experiment would make a superior SunCell design featuring a very low input energy profile and no molten metal complications.

The SAFIRE project introduces the concept that the Sun's energy might be produced in double layers of plasma in which LENR reactions are taking place.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 17th, 2018, 07:49 PM
Quote
Adler–Bell–Jackiw anomaly in electroweak
interactions, the 3p+ ➝ 3L+ process and links to
spontaneous UHD decay and transmutation
process

S. Ólafsson and Sindre-Zeiner Gundersen
Science Institute University of Iceland


In the Oslo Norway lab, the (University of Iceland) PhD student Sindre-Zeiner Gundersen has
succeeded in replicating Leif Holmlid´s work to some degree with laser type of experiments [1].
After two years of hard work and rebuilding and testing, observations with the same behaviour as
Leif has published started to emerge. This is indicating how rely hard it is to get the Ultra-Dense
Hydrogen phases started up in an experimental lab and replication are therefore indeed very
difficult.

These results from Sindre and Leif are not typical excess heat cold fusion results found in
electrochemical Palladium cells. Here high energy particles are possibly seen in the experiments.
One very recent interpretation is disintegration of the proton into lighter particles in a process of
3N-proton -> 3N-anti-lepton process. This process is allowed according to the Standard Model of
High energy physics but has never been observed since it would need post big bang high
temperature conditions to occur to high energy for LHC accelerator at CERN. This process could
maybe solve one of the biggest remaining mystery in cosmology i.e. Baryogenisis. The hypothetical
physical process that took place during the early universe that produced baryonic asymmetry, i.e.
the imbalance of matter (baryons) and antimatter (antibaryons) in the observed universe.
This 3N-proton -> 3N-anti-lepton process is driven by the Adler–Bell–Jackiw anomaly in
electroweak interactions in the Standard model. Why it can occur in our experiments at room
temperature condition is an obvious mystery, but first idea for solution could be quantum Bose
Einstein condensation of the protons or neutrons inside the Ultra-dense phase of Hydrogen. Both
the spontaneous and laser induced entanglement breaking when laser pulse impinges on the
condensate.

In the poster, the question how random unreliable cold fusion results in Palladium experiments and
this 3N-proton -> 3N-anti-lepton process be related, will be addressed. Possible transmutation
processes will also be hinted.
Email about: “Adler–Bell–Jackiw anomaly in electroweak interactions”


Dear Sveinn,

I was excited to read your poster for ICCF-21: “Adler–Bell–Jackiw  anomaly in  electroweak interactions”

I have identified the type of Bose condensate that produces the LENR reaction in Ultra dense hydrogen. It is called a Petal condensate.

For more information see

https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/thread/5579-the-petal-condensate/?postID=84227#post84227

This is a polariton condensate comprised of two counter rotating spin currents which are segregated by their chiral polarization. This condensate most likely forms in the electron spin wave on the surface of the Ultra dense hydrogen.

For more background see

https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/thread/5579-the-petal-condensate/?postID=84135#post84135

This condensate produces dipole magnetic flux tubes that produce transmission when they interact with matter. MFMP has experimental evidence of this transmutation process.

Here is a preview

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhitBhess2E

The laser pulse produces a consolidation of the chiral polished spin currents into a single spin current through the KERR effect. This effect produces a change in the index of refection of the vacuum which generates the consolidation of the dipole into a monopole.

For more information see

https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/thread/5579-the-petal-condensate/?postID=84254#post84254

Evidence of this monopole pedal condensate has also been found in the tracts that it leaves in the ash of a LENR reactor meltdown.

MFMP will release a comprehensive presentation of these experimental findings in a few days. When they do, I will send you the link(s).

Best regards:

Axil
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 18th, 2018, 04:03 PM
The Chiral Particle Radiation Hydrodynamics Effect.

The flow of EMF radiation through plasma will separate particles based on their chirality. Since chiral particles migrate at different speeds when exposed to emf radiation, chiral particles will collect into separate regions and then further separate by their charge. This difference in how particles react to deal with photon momentum imparted by emf radiation and the then its subsequent absorption and later release of that energy is called chiral radiation hydrodynamics.

For the theory of how EMF radiation can separate chiral particles, see

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms4307

Lateral optical force on chiral particles near a surface

In the SAFIRE experiment, multiple layers of chiral particles form. The emf emitted by the stimulating current flow is retarded and stored in each double layer. This storage mechanism is analogous to the way a wall comprised of many layers will retard a large wave.

(http://www.periodicolacampana.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/2014_04_21-04foto04-Control-erosi%C3%B3n-biomec%C3%A1nica.jpg)

The speed of light in that current flow is greatly slowed in response to the way hydrogen stores and releases that energy at its intrinsic natural resonance. This storage of this energy is amplified in each double layer as the emf energy moves to the outermost double layer until the outermost layer receives and stores an energy balance sufficient to generate hydrogen fusion that produces helium 3. This is the method in which the Radiation implosion based Teller–Ulam design for the hydrogen bomb works.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiation_implosion

Radiation implosion

Tritium is not produced in this fusion reaction since the outermost double layer in which the fusion occurs is comprised of left handed chiral particles. Chiral particle separation insures that no radiation is generated by this fusion reaction.

The LENR reaction in SAFIRE

When the tungsten probe is inserted into a double layer, the Surface Plasmon Polaritons on the surface of the tungsten is excited through the release of the energy stored in the double layer. This high level of stored energy is converted into a polariton petal condensate as the density of polaritons grows large. The condensate generated by the LENR reaction and the chiral separation of particles in the double layer blocks all nuclear level radiation produced by the LENR reaction.

I like the SAFIRE fusion system in that it is capable of demonstrating extreme power density. It can generate clean fusion energy without any radioactive activation or radiation. The COP that SAFIRE is capable of generating is 2,000,000(out)/200(in) watts = 10,000 or maybe even 20,000,000(out)/200(in) watts = 100,000.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 20th, 2018, 12:08 PM
The proton proton (PP) fusion reaction is the most enigmatic nuclear reaction that you will ever run across. This reaction has concerned me a lot and still confuses me.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wi...

Proton–proton chain reaction

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/85/Fusion_in_the_Sun.svg/500px-Fusion_in_the_Sun.svg.png)

The PP reaction should not occur, but it is said to occur as the power source of the Sun as well as all the other stars because there is so much hydrogen involved in the energy cycle of the Sun.

"In the Sun, deuterium-producing events are rare. Diprotons are the much more common result of proton–proton reactions within the star, and diprotons almost immediately decay back into two protons. Since the conversion of hydrogen to helium is slow, the complete conversion of the hydrogen in the core of the Sun is calculated to take more than 10^10 (ten billion) years."

The PP reaction should be impossible to happen here on earth, but there is evidence that helium is being generated in all sorts of LENR systems. Why does LENR make PP fusion possible or possible very likely to occur?

The reason for a vibrant PP reaction to occur in LENR is the huge increase in the likelihood of weak force reactions. LENR boosts both the strength and probability for the weak force to manifest by huge amounts.

We have seen this sort of weak force amplification happen in the transmutation of Ni58 to Ni62 and Ni64. In the Luano test, all the natural nickel isotopes were converted into Ni62. Where did all those extra neutrons come from to transmute all the Ni58 to Ni62?

LENR generates a massive increase in the strength of the weak force that converts all those protons into neutrons. The weak force is there to change protons into neutrons to balance out and stabilize nuclear reactions.

The occurrence of PP fusion in SAFIRE is actually a LENR reaction. The chiral separation of particle spins into right and left handed helicity produces this massive increase in the weak-force.

In SAFIRE, protons are forced together so forcefully that they form diprotons. Diprotons are unstable and normally, the protons in that pairing are forced apart by like charge repulsion. But instead, the hyper-strong weak force then transmutes these diprotons into deuterium. Now the deuterium is easily transmuted into Helium 3 when another proton merges with the newly created deuterium.

Rather that taking 10 billion years for deuterium to form from diprotons, it takes instead picosecons in the LENR envirnment established by particle chirality.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 20th, 2018, 01:42 PM
The plasmoid is one of the most ubiquitous causes of LENR, but it is not the underlying cause in the SAFIRE reaction. The plasmoid is a complicated and hard to understand cause of the LENR reaction, the plasmoid is full of quantum mechanical and optical complications that make it very obscure and intractable, but it is the mechanism that most LENR developers are using to produce the LENR reaction. SAFIRE produces energy from hydrogen proton proton fusion without the introduction of any metal into the plasma stream. It is the internal organization of the plasma itself that produces the LENR reaction.

The SAFIRE LENR reaction is a totally pure and uncomplicated LENR reaction. It is a wonderful and informative case study of how LENR works.

The plasmoid is usually the starting point in the creation of the LENR reaction. The plasmoid reduces down eventually after much complicated QM gyrations to produce the underlying factors that really produces LENR. But not any type of plasmoid can produce LENR. It takes a special kind of plasmoid to produce LENR. It takes a petal condensate soliton to create the type of quantum mechanical mechanisms that result in LENR. In other words, the petal condensate soliton will generate the same activity that SAFIRE can naturally instantiate in the double layers of its plasma format.

When we insert a bit of metal into one of the double layers of the SAFIRE plasma, we can derive the petal condensate soliton on the surface of that metal. This ability to move up from a basic causation level to a more complicated levels shows us that the LENR reaction can be symmetric. The Hutchison effect uses this reaction symmetry to produce LENR effects in metals. This ability to move up the causation chain unlocks the quantum mechanical toolkit of the petal condensate soliton that the LENR reaction uses and makes them accessible at a macro level.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 20th, 2018, 06:29 PM
I think that phase 1 of SAFIRE is doable for an amateur. A glass enclosure that holds hydrogen as seen below might be within the capabilities of the the amateur scientist. Unlike many other types of LENR experiments, the experimenter knows that LENR will occur in any metal inserted into one of the double layers. The sub atomic particles that comprise the plasma are LENR active. An experimenter can use these SAFIRE features to perform all sorts of interesting LENR based activities.

It might be that the SunCell is demonstrating the same plasma based LENR reaction as SAFIRE is. The SunCell can produce self sustained plasma based reactions that can last for minutes. It would be informative if the SunCell reaction can be produced using SAFIRE methods. This could inform Mills that his theory of the reaction may not be the correct one and that his patents might need to be adjusted accordingly to add LENR to his thinking. The SAFiRE reaction looks like an open source reaction freely available to anyone to use in reactor development.

See some Phase 1 experimental action in SAFIRE.

https://youtu.be/-K_GBBspZjs?t=234
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 20th, 2018, 06:49 PM
I think that downsizing the SAFIRE experiment will work. The key to the reaction is the formation of the double layer. I now beleive that the new Rossi SH reactor is using a pure plasma reaction like SAFIRE.

It would be interesting if someone can ask Rossi if the SH rector is covered by the same patent as the QX. If not, the SH reactor is a pure plasma reaction and an open source one at that.

Miniaturization and simplification are  noble goals. A small spherical cathode chamber penetrated with a tiny spherical anode (on tiny probe) in the center of the cathode/chamber. Plumbing & controlled regulation of H2 but no other probes. Basically use a micro-controller to monitor/record/control H2 pressure, V, A and cathode/chamber temperature and tune to get a plasma and hopefully double layers and rapid heating.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 23rd, 2018, 11:19 AM
In the section of the SAFIRE video showing the large tungsten probe's reaction to the plasma, there first was a large production of energy in the plasma that lasted a few seconds. This was the time that pumping of energy into the polaritons was underway. This was a time of high energy production. The plasma next failed but the surface of the tungsten probe still produced a large amount of energy from what the presenter terms thermionic emissions.

This was the time when the surface of the tungsten was self pumping. We call this self sustain mode. The surface of the tungsten probe looked unaffected on the outside. It did not vaporize, but doubtless the surface released much metal vapor into the gas around the probe.

A multi megawatt level burst of energy release did not occur during the polariton segment of this reaction because the probe was not destroyed by the energy that was released.

There was a large amount of metal vapor in the gas around the tungsten probe and yet there was no production of a multi megawatt level burst of energy released as would be expected is the nano-particles that had condensed from the tungsten probe was the only carrier of the LENR reaction.

This leads me to conclude that both the metal vapor from the probe, the metal surface of the probe, and a plasma only reaction that does not involve metal are all producing the LENR reactions in the SAFIRE system.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 23rd, 2018, 03:42 PM
A uncomplicated reactor concept might obviously emerge from the SAFIRE reaction.

A stainless steel or nickel double walled plasma tube filled with an appropriate coolant has metal fins that are positioned to impinge into the double layers of a SAFIRE like plasma. The double layers will induce the LENR reaction on the surface of the metal fins. The fins could be filled with a circulating coolant.

The SAFIRE reaction might be able to penetrate the surface of the metal fins and interact with the coolant flowing through the inside of the fins. The metal tube is confined in a magnetic bubble that confines any charged particles that might be generated by the SAFIRE reaction until those sub atomic particles decay and liberate their energy content.

A coolant circulation pump could circulate the coolant through the double walled metal pipe and associated fins to a heat exchanger where the heat generated by the SAFIRE reaction could be converted in such a way to utilize the power contained therein.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: namirha on May 26th, 2018, 08:35 AM
Quote from Axil on May 4th, 2018, 09:10 PM
The LENR reaction is a weak force reaction. When the LENR reaction adds mass to the protons and neutrons, they will become excited and decay when the LENR reaction adds energy/mass to the quarks inside these nucleons.

As a decay process of these nucleons, both positive and negative muons are produced as a decay product. The positive muons come from the decay of anti-quarks in the nucleons.

The decay of the positive muon will produce positrons as a decay product.

(http://images.slideplayer.com/33/8200409/slides/slide_9.jpg)
DECAY

means

DEATH
Quote
This joint force (communal force) which gives man power over what is symbolised by the cross, is expressed as far as the gods' use of the force is concerned — by a symbol, namely by a triangle with its apex pointing downwards. And when it is a matter of this force expressing itself in man's nature, as it germinally strives upwards towards the Divine force, then it is symbolised by a triangle with its apex pointing upwards. The gods have lifted themselves out from man's nature and have withdrawn from him; but they have left the triangle behind with him, which will develop further within him. This triangle is also the symbol of the Holy Grail.
http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3134.msg49622#msg49622
(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/4e/6c/74/4e6c7470d1856ee496cc1a11a78ce28c.gif)

9,192,631,770 cycles
9 39 63 87
9 9 9 387
9 9 9 99

PHIve x 9

Since 1967, the International System of Measurements has based the primary unit of time, the second, on the properties of caesium. The International System of Units (SI) defines the second as the duration of 9,192,631,770 cycles at the microwave frequency of the spectral line corresponding to the transition between two hyperfine energy levels of the ground state of caesium-133.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesium#/media/File:CsCrystals.JPG

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x2-RJebcIaw
Walter and Lao Russell - Atomic Suicide?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 27th, 2018, 11:29 AM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=BHxHtjP3ddQ

Using powerful new online Parkhomov nuclear reaction database to help explain real empirical data and guide potentially viable experimental choices.

Dr. Alexander Parkhomov's net positive nuclide to stable nuclide interactive reaction tables are now available on

FusFis.org

Made possible by the superb donated programming talent of Denis Lamotte, thankyou Denis.

Blogpost is here: https://steemit.com/steemstem/@mfmp/what-really-is-new-fire-fuel
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 27th, 2018, 12:05 PM
This post is a comment on the post #96 "what really is New Fire fuel."

​The case for Muon catalyzed fusion

The interrelated nuclear reactions that are occurring concurrently in a typical LENR reactor are multifold. For example, In the ECCO reactor, there is likely multiple nuclear active reactions going on at once. These reactions include nucleon decay that is producing sub atomic particles (muon and pions), muon/pion catalyzed fusion and fission.

But how can we tell the nature of these interrelated reactions. One way to determine if muons are producing nuclear reactions is to confine the reactor in a magnetic bottle to increase the population of muons that are confined to the nuclear active zone of the reactor. If muons are active, then there should be a marked increase in the level of transmutation that is occurring. There should also be a increase in the energy production of the reactor since the muons will decay inside the nuclear active zone. Also, muon catalyzed fusion should increase inside the reactor rather than wasted in the far field. If no difference in transmutation or energy production levels are seen then the PRIMARY LENR reaction is the sole source of the transmutation.

-----------------------------------------------------------------

An indication in an experiment that muon reactions happen in a LENR reaction.

Low-energy nuclear reactions and the leptonic monopole

Georges Lochak*, Leonid Urutskoev**

http://disq.us/url?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lenr-canr.org%2Facrobat%2FLochakGlowenergyn.pdf%3AhugBmz-vq9o6hSvz28qmbSGq_Hw&cuid=2168707

This experiment shows that U238 is fissioning at a faster rate than U235 since U235 was enriched.

The uranium was far removed in distance from the Primary LENR reaction source. Yet both U238 and U235 were found to fission. Muon induced fission is the likely cause of this fission reaction.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 27th, 2018, 08:57 PM
http://bigthink.com/philip-perry/the-electron-ion-collider-will-unravel-some-of-sciences-greatest-mysteries

The Electron-Ion Collider will unravel some of science’s greatest mysteries

The electron ion collider is where science will explore what is going on in the LENR reaction. CEBAF AT JEFFERSON LAB has been studying the behavior of the insides of protons and neutrons for the last 15 years. This lab has uncovered many of the mysteries about particle chirality which forms the basis of the LENR reaction. This new upgrade to the power and resolution of the chiral particle Collider  will resolve why LENR behaves as it does. We cannot understand about how LENR works without understanding what keeps matter together, for it is LENR that rips matter apart. Why does the LENR reaction cause protons and neutrons to decompose? That search is what will be the purpose of this new collider upgrade. The deepest and most profound mysteries that is LENR is soon to be revealed.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=16&v=iIE84hrLkBQ
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 27th, 2018, 11:10 PM
Clark May 27, 2018 at 8:51 PM
Dear Andrea Rossi:

Can you describe some particular phase that made you tremble during the Ecat SK test?

Andrea Rossi May 27, 2018 at 10:14 PM
Clark:

we had to protect ourselves behind a grade 14 glass because looking at the light radiated by the SK could damage seriously the eyes. Few seconds after the turn on of the reactor the heat radiated from the Ecat SK broke the 14 protection glass. We had supplementary 14 protection masks. Nonetheless, I saw from that minuscule reactor exit a tremendously dazzling white light all around the laboratory and I will never forget this impression. The SK was born. I think we will make it useful. Many errors emerged, but now we work to correct them, the most difficult part has been resolved.

Warm Regards,

A.R.



It sounds like Rossi has duplicated the SunCell, and all in the same packaging as the QX. That power density to size ratio will be hard for the competition to beat. The muon flux out of that SK reactor might be so dense that someone could swim in it. With all that power density, how long can the fuel source last? I have not thought it possible for light to be able to break glass. The transparent structural material used to house the LENR reaction must be some tough stuff. How can the electrodes stand up under all that power density?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 28th, 2018, 09:50 AM
We are not doing science here. This is not a question of science. It is a reverse engineering process whereby existing systems are analyzed to determine how they operates. Even the builders of these systems oftentimes do not understand how they work. Usually, these builders have stumbled onto these system by chance and are trying to perfect them using trial and error methods. The goal in the reverse engineering process is to find common mechanisms that might improves the operation of these systems in general. This exercise is also a method of documenting the operation principles of these systems that have been deduced so that they are not lost as usually happens in this area of LENR.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 28th, 2018, 01:50 PM
wavelength measured was between 100 and 200 nm, in the ultraviolet range.

============================

Herwig Lauten
May 28, 2018 at 8:03 AM

Dear Andrea Rossi,

have you been able to obtain a full spectrum scan of the radiation emitted by the Ecat SK?

Wish all the best,

Herwig Lauten
_________________________________________

Andrea Rossi
May 28, 2018 at 8:49 AM

Herwig Lauten:

Yes, the lambda is between 100 and 200 nm

Warm Regards,

A.R.

-------------------------------------------------------------------

This light emission profile is the same as the SunCell. Now that is a coincidence.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=76&v=okZmnB3Hhb4

In Rossi's case, the polaritons are held in the fuel that he uses in his reactor. He stimulates that fuel with light and polaritons grow in number until the SK reactor becomes self stimulating. This is self sustain mode.

The SunCell plasma has demonstrated self sustain mode for minutes without any electrical input. The SunCell and the SK reactor look nearly functionally identical. But the SunCell builds its fuel on-the-fly in an online initialization process. It takes a few minutes for the SunCell to achieve self sustain mode. During that startup time, SunCell fuel is being formed.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: namirha on May 28th, 2018, 02:24 PM
Quote from Axil on May 27th, 2018, 08:57 PM
...We cannot understand about how LENR works without understanding what keeps matter together, for it is LENR that rips matter apart. Why does the LENR reaction cause protons and neutrons to decompose? That search is what will be the purpose of this new collider upgrade. The deepest and most profound mysteries that is LENR is soon to be revealed.
(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/eb/9d/e8/eb9de8301c2340c1333c8940f9076724.jpg)

Illuminating the Mysteries of Technology with the Light of Spiritual Science part 1
http://www.anthroposophy-colorado.org/assets/mystech-journal-issue-2-2017-18-sydow-part-one.pdf

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/f4/ad/3c/f4ad3cdabd7838464b38d01636ff2332.jpg)

Summary of H. P. Blavatsky's The Secret Doctrine; the first pages of Section VIII, "The Coming Force": We suggest that sound is a great occult power. It is possible to produce a form of sound, which elevates a Egyptian pyramid in the air, which generates from what is dead life, and - otherwise - in living thing brings death. And that scale. The strength of such a sound exceeds the known forces of nature and energy.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_hexagon
(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/0e/e6/61/0ee66146c0dd12f96633e5ed6fd00481.gif)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/38_(number)

cÆsium
http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3234.msg49630#msg49630

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/6e/49/41/6e4941635f6d0fe914bd115eff049327.jpg)

Free Energy, NO Fake
http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3134.msg49601#msg49601

(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/37/bc/d7/37bcd7c7d266dbf375c1f3f299e005b4.gif)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 30th, 2018, 05:53 PM
The range that Rossi gave us was 100 to 200 nm for the SK spectrum. The heat produced is infrared so the heat is just a very small faction of the total energy output. So is the visible light generation. A good example of how the EMF spectrum falls is the SunCell where most of the energy is also produced in the XUV range. Unlike Mills, Rossi is choosing to waste that XUV and visible energy.

(https://brilliantlightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Spectrum-071416.jpg)

Rossi is inclined to only use the infrared portion of the energy spectrum that the SK is generating. But almost all(99% or more?) of the energy produced by the SK is in the XUV and the visible portion of the energy spectrum. The COP can be many things; it's a matter of how the engineering can extract the energy that the SK reactor is producing, This situation is very much like the SunCell.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 31st, 2018, 01:07 PM
https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=89562594

"Researchers say that adding charcoal to soil may provide more benefits for long-term soil quality than compost or manure. It could also be used to sequester carbon captured from carbon dioxide emissions. Mingxin Guo discusses new applications for the technique, used more than 1,500 years ago in the Amazon basin."

I beleive that the production of paralytic carbon fertilizer using the heat from a LENR reactor will solve the climate change issue in short order.

Here is how paralytic carbon fertilizer production could work. A crop harvesting vehicle now discards crop residue such as stocks and leaves back onto the field. This crop residue will decompose in short order thereby releasing its carbon content back to the atmosphere.

If that crop residue is treated using high heat (500C) from a LENR reactor, the gas content of the crop: hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, etc will be vented back into the air and what remains is paralytic carbon fertilizer that could then be directly deposited onto the field and plowed into the soil.

Through this method, the excess carbon in the atmosphere could be readily sequestered and at the same time greatly add to the fertility of low grade farming lands.

The carbon so sequestered will stay in place in the soil for many thousands of years as witnessed by the presence of paralytic carbon fertilizer still in the soil after 1500 years in the Amazon basin.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 31st, 2018, 01:41 PM
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=de&sl=ru&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.trinitas.ru%2Frus%2Fdoc%2F0231%2F004a%2F02311041.htm

1. Analysis of microscopic traces of MHER(aka strange radiation) from bodies of revolution.

Experiments with bodies of revolution were carried out on a special installation. The installation consisted of a collectorless high-speed motor (up to 50,000 revolutions per minute) mounted on the table top, engine power supply unit and remote control engine. On the axis of the engine were mounted bodies of rotation of various materials, made in the form of cones with a diameter of 20 mm and a height of 20 mm (photo 4).


(http://www.trinitas.ru/rus/doc/0231/004a/pic/1041/21tt4.JPG).

To ensure the safety of work around the engines with the bodies of rotation, a protective casing is mounted, inside which, along the wall of the casing (perpendicular to the bases of the cones) and above it (perpendicular to the axis of rotation), photodetectors packed in opaque bags were placed.

A series of experiments was carried out for the exposure of photodetectors with the following rotation bodies: graphite, aluminum, titanium, copper, bismuth, zirconium, iron, cadmium, lead. At the same time, light materials (graphite, aluminum, titanium) rotated at speeds of about 40,000 rpm, heavy ones - at least 15,000 rpm.

Exposure time for all bodies of rotation was 360 +/- 20 seconds. Temperature at measurement: 25 0 С +/- 5 0 С. Comparative analysis was performed by comparing microdamages at different areas of photodetectors:

- in the plane of the base of the rotating cones (about 35 mm from the bottom of the photodetector);

- at different heights from the plane of the base of the cones;

- on the upper photodetector located perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the cones.



Spiral traces.

On all photodetectors located perpendicular to the base of cones of bodies of rotation, there are macroobjects in the form of rings, semirings and spirals (hyperbolic and logarithmic spirals), which are located on the entire surface of the negatives. The greatest concentration of objects is observed in the central (vertically) parts of the negatives - about 2.5 - 7.5 cm from the bottom. On photodetectors located perpendicular to the axis of rotation, there were no special differences from the control samples. In Fig. 5, for example, the spirals selected by the operator, recorded by a photo detector near the body of rotation from the iron, are shown.




(http://www.trinitas.ru/rus/doc/0231/004a/pic/1041/21tt5.JPG)http://www.trinitas.ru/rus/doc/0231/004a/pic/1041/21tt5.JPG

Spiral-shaped objects on the photodetector, exposed near the body of rotation of iron (about 7 cm from the bottom, an increase of 64x)

A clear pattern of the distribution of spiraling objects, applicable to all bodies of rotation, was not revealed, because the distribution of objects over the surface of negatives is not uniform, and on films with a low emulsion concentration (light films), it is practically impossible to consider objects (for example, films with a copper rotation body - Cu).

To make the quantitative analysis of spiral traces it was not possible for the following reasons:

high labor intensity and subjective dependence of the identification of spiraling traces on the quality of training and health of the operator;

the nature and mechanisms of the appearance of spiral trails are unknown, so we can not yet determine the parameters by which the analysis should be performed;

the quality of photographs strongly depends on the quality of the developer, the film and the modes of manifestation, and therefore varies from batch to batch.

Table 1 describes the qualitative characteristics of the detected objects on photodetectors located near different rotation bodies:

See the reference for more
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 31st, 2018, 11:52 PM
The LENR reaction requires specific properties in order to produce the LENR reaction. Even through there may be a number of types of plasmoids that have been identified, non of these plasmoid types demonstrate the required properties.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmoid
Quote
Bostick wrote:

Plasmoids appear to be plasma cylinders elongated in the direction of the magnetic field. Plasmoids possess a measurable magnetic moment, a measurable translational speed, a transverse electric field, and a measurable size. Plasmoids can interact with each other, seemingly by reflecting off one another. Their orbits can also be made to curve toward one another. Plasmoids can be made to spiral to a stop if projected into a gas at about 10−3mm Hg pressure. Plasmoids can also be made to smash each other into fragments. There is some scant evidence to support the hypothesis that they undergo fission and possess spin.
On the other hand, Vortexs do demonstrate these required LENR properties. These properties include superconductivity, coherence, Bose condensation, ultra high Q, double vortex structure, and chirality based on that double structure.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vortex

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-RAnjDP-q_E
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 1st, 2018, 12:06 PM
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/228999/20180531/new-human-subspecies-likely-to-emerge-as-martian-planners-tries-to-establish-red-planet-colony.htm

New Human Subspecies Likely To Emerge As Martian Planners Try To Establish Red Planet Colony

It is now recognized that the radiation environment in space and on extraterrestrial colonies need permanent protection from long term exposure to radiation.

A LENR reactor could provide this protection by generating a radiation proof shield around space travelers and colonists.

The method for generating this shield is based on the chirality of the particles that are produced by the LENR reaction. A fluid running through the LENR reactor would be chiral polarized to left handedness. The fluid could then circulate inside a network that would carry this polarization to the outer shell that enclosed the living volume of the spacefarer. The chiral polarized fluid would transfer its left handed particle properties to the material that makes up the protective environmental shell in which the spacefarer is enclosed.

This radio-protective environment could be included in the air envelope, spacesuits, space stations, vehicles both ground and space, and living areas in general.

This technology would protect the humans species form high rates of mutation, associated genetic diseases and possible evolution into divergent species.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 2nd, 2018, 11:46 AM
The Polariton BEC is a condensate of surface plasmon polaritons. The SPPs will form a BEC when their density reaches a tipping point. The SPPs will all aggregate into the condensate at the tipping point. That density is produced by pumping energy into the SPPs such as heat or light.

The SPPs that join the BEC is the spin components of the entangled union of photons and electrons that have come into a state of energy equilibrium. There could be a superposition of particle characteristics acting here where the spin of the polariton can exist in two places at once.

The SPP BEC is an analog black hole. It conforms to ALL the math that has been developed for black holes. The SPP BEC is a "dual" of the black hole. This includes the string theory model of the tachyon. When a SPP BEC moves around, it is a tachyon. The Caterpillar tracks that have been seen in LENR reaction ash are tachyon tracks.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 2nd, 2018, 12:07 PM
https://steemit.com/science/@mfmp/brilliant-light-shower

The ECCO LENR reactor produces directional light. This light must be coming from a coherent source...laser light.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 6th, 2018, 10:04 AM
https://youtu.be/43lakTKhbLw

New video from MFMP at ICCF-21.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: namirha on June 6th, 2018, 12:50 PM
Quote from Axil on June 6th, 2018, 10:04 AM
...https://youtu.be/43lakTKhbLw

New video from MFMP at ICCF-21.
Nickel-64 is another stable isotope of nickel.
Possible sources include beta decay from cobalt-64, and electron capture from copper-64
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_nickel

A discussion / analysis of data from key experiments run by Dr Alexander Parkhomov.
...https://youtu.be/43lakTKhbLw?t=10m25s

64 is encoded in the description of the Tetragrammaton in the Hebrew Bible,
which is the 4-letter theonym YHWH meaning God in Hebrew.

SOURCE
http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3247.msg49705#msg49705

Reply #111
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 6th, 2018, 04:44 PM
Samarium is well known catalyst in organic chemisty as a chiral additive that aids in the preparation of drugs. All active drugs must be left handed chiral.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja00074a057

A chiral samarium-based catalyst for the asymmetric Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley reduction

A SmCo magnet produces a chiral polarized magnetic field that is at the core of the LENR reaction. It is chiral magnetic interaction inside of protons and neutrons that excite the instanton sea whereby quark flavor changes from up/down to strange.

Instantons are chiral.

https://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9602375

Chiral Symmetry Breaking by Instantons
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 8th, 2018, 12:30 PM
The "Center Vortex" is the name that quantum chromodynamics (QCD) has given to the magnetic flux tubes that keep the quarks confined in the nucleons: namely protons and neutrons.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Center_vortex

The observation of triangular shaped holes punched into the structure and the ash of the LION reactor indicates that the flux tubes that are emanating from the LENR agent and are producing the LION LENR activity is destabilizing the matter that has been removed from those triangular holes.

How can this excavation of matter happen?

The process that might cut those magnetic flux tubes that are keeping those quarks confined is called magnetic flux tube re-connection.

https://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0501473

Magnetic Flux Tube Reconnection: Tunneling Versus Slingshot

When the quarks are in there lowest energy state, the flux tube interconnection is at its lowest energy potential. When the quarks are being forced apart, the flux tube interconnection converts the applied energy into more magnetic flux lines. This continues until a force of 12 tons is reached. You just can't pull quarks apart because the quarks will use that applied disruptive energy to make their confinement energy stronger.

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=f1016112c6ece0be8b3cf303f5d1340dc1a7b655b9c7b8e51100ba366c137e0d-aHR0cDovL2ltYWdlcy5zbGlkZXBsYXllci5jb20vMjYvODc0ODg3NC9zbGlkZXMvc2xpZGVfOC5qcGc%3D)

But when a LENR generated flux lines gets close to a quark interconnection flux tube, the LENR flux tube cuts the quark magnetic connection and intercepts the quark magnetic interconnection. The LENR agent now has a direct magnetic connection to the quark(s) of one or more nucleons and holds onto them. In the cannon duel flux tube holes, a blob of matter looks like it was shot out of one hole and lands between the mated flux tube pair. This shows how the LENR agent can move matter using magnetic flux lines in the form of quark matter.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=4&v=BhitBhess2E

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/5450-pasted-from-clipboard-png/?thumbnail=1)

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/5451-pasted-from-clipboard-png/?thumbnail=1)

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=136970d25e18095fd2c854f311299f8b5017f05bcdfdd891160b6d0f870416cd-aHR0cDovL3d3dy1zb2xhci5tY3Muc3QtYW5kLmFjLnVrL352YXNpbGlzL2ZpZzFjLmdpZg%3D%3D)

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=ca54e9a9d4e28ed7ed34e87243ce86ae2477562ad29b28a553371e95b0d426d6-aHR0cDovL3d3dy1zb2xhci5tY3Muc3QtYW5kLmFjLnVrL352YXNpbGlzL2ZpZzFkLmdpZg%3D%3D)

Two magnetic flux tubes rise and interact. The first tube creates an ambient field for the second tube to rise into.

The LENR agent can now possibly have a boatload of quarks in tow as it moves along its way.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 8th, 2018, 12:39 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jV_XVgMRiA

Mining diamonds with LION

There are a number of indications that can be found in the LION experiments that LENR produced magnetic flux tubes can both transport and transmit matter: see the video above. This matter is most likely stored as single unpaired quarks mated to a magnetic flux line of a LENR flux tube.

At 15:17 of the video, Bob describes the charge cluster. I understand this surface based EMF vortex formation mechanism to be Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP) generation where infrared photons and electrons become entangled quantum mechanically. This entanglement mechanism transforms electrons into bosons. Electrons can now form a Bose condensate. This electron transformation process is the first or base line step in the vortex formation process. This vortex of photon/electron spin currents have long been studied by nanoplasmonic.

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=f6dc965d46302e5d0d605293a65cff09e708b1c1beb7d2d605e8501ed7e8dbd1-aHR0cHM6Ly9lbmNyeXB0ZWQtdGJuMC5nc3RhdGljLmNvbS9pbWFnZXM%2FcT10Ym46QU5kOUdjUWdpVm5XWi1jSVQ2bDNnYndXMzQyUTR1aW5yTHd2OFI4Zno3UzFoWjZnaGVyNGRXWTk%3D)

An SPP can form inside cavities or on protrusions on the surface of most metals.

At 20:50 of the video, Bob introduces the wonderful innovation that LION has come up with to produce ultra dense deuterium. Just like what happens in palladium, diamond absorbs deuterium from its surface in a fuel preparation process and the crystal structure of the diamond lattice gradually compresses the deuterium into a super dense form(as per Holmlid).

At 28:40 of the video, Bob describes the production of electrons as one of the energy output formats of the LENR reaction. The ultra dense deuterium using SPPs carried on its surface will breakdown matter into sub atomic particles which are mostly mesons and after a decay process, those mesons convert to electrons.

At 37:07 of the video, Bob describes the tracks made by a monopole vortex, probably a ultra dense deuterium molecule that has been converted from the dipole form to the monopole state via the KERR effect. This molecule seems to spin around as it moves over the surface and wherever its open flux tube hits matter, that flux tube excavates a hole in the matter. The quarks from that matter are removed from there natural partners and remain connected to the open flux tube through a process of flux tube re-connection. These decoupled quarks are now carried along via the ultra dense molecule as it travels along.

The SPP need a host to move. The Ultra dense deutrium provides that host as an almost perfect partner.

At 39:23 in the video, Bob describes the tracks produced by the dipole based ultra dense deuterium molecule or else a Bose condensate of SPPs. The ultra dense deuterium molecule can carry the Bose condensate of SPPs on its surface. A nanowire will aways form a Bose condensate of SPPs on its surface. Such nanowires can also be LENR active with the SPP cover serving as the active LENR agent.

At 42:37 in the video, Bob describes the detailed nature of the vortex flux tube that the SPP Bose condensate is producing. This condensate is made up of two counter-rotating currents of electron/photon AKA SPP spin. There is a right handed current and a left handed current rotating in the Bose condensate. This type of condensate is called a petal condensate. Energy is stored in the spin currents and also the dipoles of the electron–hole pair that support the spins. The electron–hole pair stays put and oscillate but the associated spin currents can move around. The Spp has three possible modes: monopole, dipole and quadrupole.

The SPP flux tube spins synchronous with the spin current, it is chiral, and can vary widely in energy content. The two spin currents are comprised of a right handed SPP spin current and a counter rotating left handed SPP spin current. These characteristics are essential in order it made this flux tube structure compatible with the inter-quark flux tube structure.

At 44:29 in the video, Bob describes the changes in the surface of the ECCO reactors plastic fuel container. The flux tubes associated with the LENR vortexes removes plastic in layers based on the intensity of the magnetic flux lines of the vortex.

In ECCO, it looks like the dipole mode of the vortex is stationary but the monopole mode is mobile. Such monopole rotation might be related to angular momentum. For example, a duel counter-rotating helicopter blade will maintain a stable platform, but a single rotating blade will cause the platform to spin as a counter reaction to the momentum of the blade.

I like to explicitly state the obvious. This LION experiment places very tight constraints on the nature of the vortex that supports the LENR characteristics that are being observed. Not any old plasmoid can produce these LENR characteristics.

The monopole vortex will both spin and move forward being propelled by the opposing momentum of a single spin current.

At 48:14 of the video, Bob comments on the John Hutchison example where there is no Ultra dense material to host the SPP condensate, but the condensate still shows it characteristic flux tube based nature.

At 51:21 of the video, The SPP vortex has removed copper from the plate and has transmuted that copper into a magnetic metal.

At 52:00 of the video, Bob brings out a John Hutchison experimental metal fragment.

In my opinion, cold electricity is the production of electrons from the transformation of protons and neutrons first into mesons, and then into electrons through a meson decay process.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Cycle on June 8th, 2018, 06:39 PM
Quote from Axil on June 8th, 2018, 12:39 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jV_XVgMRiA
I believe NiCHenergy stands for:
Nickel
Carbon Dioxide
Hydrogen

As I outlined in another post, the redox reaction between an industrial diamond's hydrogen-coated outer surface (an artifact of the manufacturing process for industrial diamonds) and CO2 causes electrons to be pulled from the bulk of the industrial diamond, which creates charge carriers in the bulk of the diamond. Additional oxygen added to the mix will enhance the effect.

If this is the case, the process cannot be continuous. When the plasma hits the diamond, it'll drive off the carbonic acid mix on the diamond's surface and the charge carrier creation process will stop.

So you'd have to hit it with the plasma, wait for the diamond to cool (and thus for its hydrogen-covered surface to attract CO2 and oxygen, recreating the redox reaction which pulls electrons from the bulk of the diamond and generates those charge carriers in the bulk of the diamond), hit it with the plasma, wait for the diamond to cool, etc.

So the smaller the diamonds are and the better the circulation of the (cooled) hydrogen / carbon dioxide / oxygen mixture in the reactor chamber, the faster you can 'pulse' the system.

For a higher energy output, a sheet of diamond-like material (diamond like carbon, DLC) could be used. I discussed in another post using a sugar solution, a laser and a graphene 'seed' to generate large sheets of graphene. Graphene exposed to monoatomic hydrogen converts to diamond (at room temperature and atmospheric pressure). Build the graphene on a substrate and convert it to DLC. The substrate would be cooled from the other side so the system can be pulsed at a faster rate.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 8th, 2018, 08:46 PM
Quote
As I outlined in another post, the redox reaction between an industrial diamond's hydrogen-coated outer surface (an artifact of the manufacturing process for industrial diamonds) and CO2 causes electrons to be pulled from the bulk of the industrial diamond, which creates charge carriers in the bulk of the diamond. Additional oxygen added to the mix will enhance the effect.
The LION reactor neither hydrogen nor Co2 in the reaction zone. The reaction zone was fill of Air during the reactors active period. The Diapads were soaked in heavy water for a month in preprocessing, but the Diapads were completely dry when placed inside the alumina tube. There was no hydrogen or Co2 surface activity involved in this LENR reaction. All manufacturing gases and surface contamination was meticulously cleaned before the heavy water soaking.

The reactor ran at a temperature of 800C for days. At that temperature, most Co2 decomposes.

In the next post on the diapads, a SEM analysis was performed on the diapads both before and after the active reaction phase. This will show the surface elements present before  reaction initiation.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Cycle on June 8th, 2018, 09:14 PM
Quote from Axil on June 8th, 2018, 08:46 PM
The LION reactor neither hydrogen nor Co2 in the reaction zone. The reaction zone was fill of Air during the reactors active period. The Diapads were soaked in heavy water for a month in preprocessing, but the Diapads were completely dry when placed inside the alumina tube. There was no hydrogen or Co2 surface activity involved in this LENR reaction. All manufacturing gases and surface contamination was meticulously cleaned before the heavy water soaking.

In the next post on the diapads, a SEM analisys was performed on the diapads both before and after the active reaction phase. This will show the surface elements present before  reaction initiation.
The hydrogen doesn't have to be in the reactor's atmosphere, the industrial diamond is coated with hydrogen on its surface as a result of the manufacturing process for industrial diamonds (in fact, undoped unalloyed hydrogenated industrial diamond produced via PACVD can be composed of 0.017 to 1.0 atomic percent hydrogen). There's no way to get rid of the surface hydrogen except to let the diamond sit in a high vacuum for a long enough period.

Electrostatic interaction between that surface-bound hydrogen and oxygen in the air creates a microscopically-thin layer of water. CO2 in the air mixes in to create carbonic acid, which starts a redox reaction. This redox reaction pulls electrons from the bulk of the industrial diamond, leaving behind charge carriers (holes) and making the bulk of the diamond conductive, as well. Thus the plasma can penetrate the diamond via the plasmoids.

Adding hydrogen into the reactor's atmosphere will act much like it acts when the diamond is being manufactured... it'll scrub away any non-diamond carbon and convert it into CH4, which will be ionized by the plasma.

The LION team should try soaking their diamonds for long periods in a high vacuum to remove the hydrogen on the surface (and the thin water layer)... they'll find their experiment no longer works as intended. Do it at a low temperature, so the diamonds don't undergo graphitization.

Conversely, they can try using natural diamonds. Since natural diamonds typically don't have a hydrogen-bound surface, their experiment won't work as intended.

They'll also find that purging their reactor chamber of any oxygen and CO2 (subject it to a high vacuum, inject an inert gas) will lead to their experiment no longer working as intended.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 8th, 2018, 10:37 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nqAqhp2uR7k

LION 2 - Diamond mining analysis overview



At 13:58 of the video, Bob begins to look at diapad erosion.

The hexagon cavity was apparently excavated by a dual triangular or composite hexagon flux tube. The carbon ball was the residue of the matter carried in the flux tube in the form of a quark based soup. The crystal structure of the carrier of the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP) based Bose condensate was most probably hexagonal in its crystal organization. The triangle shape is one half of the hexagon that corresponds to one of the handedness spin emitters of the flux tube. In this formulation, the hexagon carries both handedness portions of the flux tube emitters, one triangle of the hexagon for the right handedness spins and the other half portion of the hexagon for the left handedness spins of the flux tube.

The residue shapes left in the cavities produced by the flux tubes will assume a spherical shape since the sphere is the shape that a condinsate will always assume.

For a given volume, the object with the smallest surface area (and therefore with the smallest surface area to volume ratio is the sphere, a consequence of the isoperimetric inequality in 3 dimensions.

At 16:20 of the video, Bob describes the "miners".

These miners are probably crystals of ultra dense deutrium that are carrying a SPP BEC on its serface. These crystals have a hexagon crystal structure. The Ultra dense hydrogen gives the SPP BEC mobility since Ultra dense hydrogen is superfluidic and will find the smallest hole in the material to flow through. The Ultra dense hydrogen will follow any fractures or flaws in the diamond crystal.

At 19:14 of the video, Bob looks at the back-scatter image of the erosion. What this analysis shows is how the miners will deposit their store of flux tube suspended quarks when the flux tubes are terminated. The quarks that have been stored will consolidate into elements that bear no relationship to the source of the stored quark population. The disposition in the excavated cavity of the transmuted element marked the termination point of the miners route of travel when the flux tube terminates.

The freeze out of a quark soup carried by the flux tubes has nothing to do with temperature. The products of this quark consolidation process is random where the resulted transmuted element is uncontrolled.

It is conceivable that all the BECs form a aggravate membership of a global BEC. In this coherent environment all the miners will do the same thing since they are essentially acting as a single miner. The element produced by all the miners will be the same element as seen in the SEM for the three elements: calcium, silicon and aluminum.

The direction in which the miners move is a function of the flaws in the diamond crystal. The Ultra dense hydrogen is formed in the flaws in the diamond crystal. The miners will begin their activity in these flaws and eat outward in a direction defined by the orientation of their formation. This orientation is essentially random.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 9th, 2018, 11:53 AM
Half-solitons in a polariton quantum fluid behave like magnetic monopoles

http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1204/1204.3564.pdf

This article explains how the flux tube is formed from the spins of polaritons. The polariton half soliton produces an open flux tube formed from the spins of polaritons.

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=3c1bfd883cec7c5e5fa8948c3f01ec12b3fa7ad62c65ec21f8511f225361fca1-aHR0cHM6Ly9pLmltZ3VyLmNvbS9zSmF5WGNyLmpwZw%3D%3D)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 9th, 2018, 02:17 PM
Measured upper-atmospheric, mid-to-low latitude temperatures of the giant planets are hundreds of degrees warmer than simulations based on solar heating alone can explain. Modelling studies, focused on additional sources of heating, have been so far unable to resolve this significant model-data discrepancy. Equatorward transport of energy from the hot auroral regions was expected to heat low latitude regions; instead, models have demonstrated that auroral energy is trapped at high latitudes, a consequence of the strong Coriolis forces on these rapidly rotating planets. Wave heating, driven from below, represents another potential source of upper-atmospheric heating. Using data taken in 2012 by the ground-based NASA IRTF, we found through observations of the H3+ ion that the upper atmosphere above Jupiter's Great Red Spot (GRS) - the largest storm in the solar system - is hundreds of degrees hotter than anywhere else on the planet. Specifically, the result shows that the northern region of the spot was over 1600 K, and that background temperatures away from the spot are ~850 K. The hotspot, by process of elimination, must be heated from below, and this detection is therefore strong evidence for coupling between Jupiter's lower and upper atmospheres, likely the result of upward propagating acoustic and/or gravity waves. Our results indicate that the lower atmosphere may yet play an important role in resolving the giant planet 'energy crisis'.

Jupiter and Saturn are both just brimming over with magnetic flux tubes.Jupiter is putting out twice as much energy as it receives from the Sun. Flux tubes could be generating fusion in the space above the great red spot? H3 and 1600K temperatures above the spot look suspicious.



(https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ben_Teolis/publication/266399188/figure/fig10/AS:271944037695522@1441847919730/IHM-prediction-of-the-Rhea-current-system-showing-the-flux-tube-current-flowing-out-from.png)


Precise measurements from the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft indicate that Saturn is radiating 1.78 times more energy in visible and infrared light than it absorbs from incoming sunlight. This excess energy must be coming from within the planet. It implies that Saturn, like Jupiter, is an incandescent globe with an internal source of heat.

Both Jupiter and Saturn radiate almost twice as much energy as they receive from the Sun, but the dominant source of internal heat is different for the two giant planets. Jupiter’s internal heat is primarily primordial heat liberated during the gravitational collapse when it was formed, and Saturn must have also started out hot inside as the result of its similar formation. But being somewhat smaller and less massive than Jupiter, the planet Saturn was not as hot in its beginning and has had time to cool. As a result, Saturn lost most of its primordial heat and there must be another source for most of its internal heat.

These planets are not dead. Pluto, for example, should be frozen solid by now, but it is boiling over so intensely that the surface is renewing itself continually up until this very day to the point that no craters survives that resurfacing.

https://io9.gizmodo.com/breaking-geologic-activity-has-been-detected-on-the-su-1718055390

Pluto Is a Geologically Active World, But We Don't Know Why
Quote
Data is streaming in from New Horizons after yesterday’s historic flyby of Pluto — and it’s painting a picture of the dwarf planet that we could have scarcely imagined.

For the first time ever, we can honestly say that scientists are shocked and baffled by a discovery. Pluto is a geologically active world. Moments ago, scientists working on NASA’s New Horizons team announced the presence of ice mountains and actively resurfacing planes in the first detailed look at the dwarf planet’s surface. Instead of a surface scarred by a history of bombardment, the first, highest-resolution image of the dwarf planet’s surface contains not a single crater. That means the surface of Pluto is young — really, really young.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 9th, 2018, 06:34 PM
Rossi does not concern himself about fuel destruction. He converts his fuel to plasma in the Qx and the SK. By the way, the ultra dense hydrogen(aka metallic) is indestructible because of degenerate electron pressure...1.33 solar mass.



see


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRyU2spCCPk
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 11th, 2018, 08:52 AM
Reference to the video: "LION 2 - Diamond mining analysis overview"

The miners are producing some hard to understand goings on inside the tunnels that they are digging. For one thing, where is the diamond excavation waste going as the tunnels are being dug? This excavation waste could be being transformed into gas since the tunnels are gas tight cavities whose spaces are completely enclosed within walls of solid diamond? But it is more likely that the excavation waste is being converted into sub atomic particles and associated electrons that are transparent to the diamond walls. The transmuted matter that is being deposited at the far end of the tunnels must be coming from quarks that were being suspended, encoded, and compressed by the magnetic flux tubes.

This reminds me of the Star Trek transporter technology where matter is dematerialized, compressed, encoded, and suspended in the transport buffer for later reassembly. I know it is crazy but damm, it is how it really looks.

The one cool feature that diamond affords in the analysis of the miners behavior is that we can see what the miners have done when totally enclosed in a solid material. Diamond's transparency opens a window into what the miners have done. It is like looking into a termite colony to study their life cycle.

It was generally accepted by those who undertook the study of the LENR reaction that the LENR reaction confined itself to the surface of a metal. In this particular circumstance. Surface Plasmon Polaritons are acting in their native state. In this state, the SPPs form in bumps and pits on the surface of the metal. But the miners open up a new ballgame. They are now symbiants that exist on the backs of ultra dense material that forms inside the lattice structure of a non metal. But hydrogen becomes a metal when it is compressed enough by the chemical bonds of the host material. In the symbiant state, the miners work below the surface of the material. This wide variability in the LENR life-cycle makes LENR hard to understand.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 21st, 2018, 12:17 PM
https://disq.us/url?url=https%3A%2F%2Fscienceblog.com%2F501652%2Fwhen-fluid-flows-almost-as-fast-as-light-with-quantum-rotation%2F%3A-izy7wPJ-e_P8vIciy1pMpBOOmA&cuid=2168707

When Fluid Flows Almost As Fast As Light — With Quantum Rotation

Quark-gluon plasma is polarized. What does polarized mean? Quarks separate based on their handedness: right handed and left handed. This produces a magnetic field called the chiral magnetic effect. This chiral polarization is so strong that charged particles move under its influence and create an electric current.

If this special kind of magnetism: chiral magnetism can be produced, it can unlock the "glue" that holds the protons and neutrons together. Think of it like a glue remover that can be applied to these particles to break them apart and unlock the energy that they contain.

What LENR does is produce the quantum mechanical structures that generate chiral magnetism.  Chiral magnetism rotates, is polarized based on spin handedness, and presents in the form of straight magnetic flux lines.

If this special type of magnetic flux tube falls onto a quark vortex inside a particle, it will attach to those quarks and bind them by overwhelming the quarks own magnetic glue.

The chiral magnetic flux tube will hold onto these quarks while the the chiral magnetic flux tube survives, When this tube ceases to exist, the quarks recombine into protons and neutrons and mesons just like a quark qluon plasma will reform back into matter when that plasma cools.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 21st, 2018, 01:27 PM
The amount of energy that is pumped into the alkali element needs to be just the right amount so that the atom is highly excited but not ionized. The energy state of the outermost electron orbital is what defines the excitation level of the Rydberg atom.

(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/gfx/news/hires/2012/geometryofsu.jpg)

The very large outer electron orbital makes the Rysberg atom huge in comparison to normal atoms.

When other atoms are inside the outer orbital of the Rydberg atom, a blockade condition begins in that the ordinary atoms cannot become ionized. These atoms become excited but only within the limits permitted by the other Rydberg atoms that are forming the blockade. When energy come into those other alkali atoms, they also become rydberg atoms.

https://phys.org/news/2012-11-super-atoms-rydberg-quantum-gas.html

When hydrogen atoms goes Rydberg, the sole electron orbital of the hydrogen is pushed far out of the proton core and a hexagonal crystal forms. A long nanowire of a linear column of hexagonal crystals now forms.

A fall to an minimum energy state produces the formation of a superconductive state called a hole superconductor where there is a proton lattice formed in the positively charged core and a spin wave of electons that surrounds the positive core.

If there is any light around, now polaritons form on that superconductor spin wave and the LENR reaction is good to go.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 22nd, 2018, 11:41 AM
Observations from a MFMP video of processes that have occurred inside the diamonds that comprise the LION reactor fuel suggests that magnetic flux tubes dissolve both protons and neutrons, absorb their energy content, and store their valance quarks until the flux tubes dissipate.

The chiral magnetic flux tube will hold onto these quarks while the chiral magnetic flux tube survives. When this tube ceases to exist, the quarks recombine into protons, neutrons, and mesons just like a quark gluon plasma will reform back into matter when that quark soup cools.

As the flux tube terminates, the quarks held in suspension by the flux tube recombine and reform protons and neutrons which then aggregate again into atoms. These atoms show transmutations into both differing isotope and completely new elements that are totally different from the original material feedstock.

This same matter disassociation mechanism may also be occurring in the Corona of the Sun. When solar flux tubes disaggregate through magnetic reconnection, a quark fusion process transmits the sequestered quarks back into He3, iron, titanium, nickel, oxygen, silicon, magnesium, calcium, aluminum among other elements. These transmuted elements are propelled into space and subsequently deposited by the solar wind into the lunar soil.

(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Composition_of_lunar_soil.svg?)

In more detail, Mass Coronal ejections seed He3 and iron into the interstellar medium.

Besides He3, the solar wind contains iron and these nano-iron particles make lunar soil magnetic.

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2006/04apr_magneticmoondust

Iron is produced by coronal mass ejections

https://www.everythingselectric.com/eie-4/

http://www.mps.mpg.de/Magnetic-coil-springs-accelerate-particles-on-the-Sun
Quote
“Sudden particle emissions, in which our star repeatedly hurls large amounts of charged and uncharged particles into space, are still a mystery. Some of these particle flows are accompanied by violent solar flares, a sudden and local increase of the Sun’s brightness, and contain up to 10,000 times more helium-3 and up to 10 times more iron than the Sun's atmosphere. Why is this extremely rare helium isotope accelerated into space so efficiently? And why iron? How does the Sun supply these particles with the necessary energy to catapult them into space?”
Logic forces us to accept the reality that element transmutation is occurring within the solar flux tubes since the elements expelled from them are so much more abundant than the solar ambient.

Furthermore, as Holmlid has pointed out, fusion does not produce enough energy to accelerate these particles to the ultra-high speeds needed to reach the escape velocity of the Sun. There needs to be an energy accumulation mechanism to amplify and concentrate solar energy. It takes hundreds of millions of electrons volts for the Sun to eject matter into the solar wind. That energy comes from the binding energy derived from the dissolution of protons and neutrons that have been stored in the solar magnetic flux tubes which also support the transmutation of iron and He3 among many other elements generated by quark fusion.



Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 24th, 2018, 10:07 AM
https://phys.org/news/2013-04-scientists-flux-rope-formation.html



Scientists 'see' flux rope formation for the first time
Quote
At the time of the July 18 eruption, NASA's SDO cameras had the perfect angle to look directly down the center of the flux rope, giving scientists a view of what looked exactly like the slinky drawn by theorists for decades. In addition, the AIA cameras captured imagery like no other cameras are able to do with light at the 131 Angstrom wavelength. This view shows the solar material heated to temperatures of 10,000,000 degrees. Surprisingly, the flux rope was invisible in images at other wavelengths, used regularly for Space Weather analysis. Those wavelengths correspond to cooler (below 2 million degrees) temperatures, however.
(https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ilia_Roussev/publication/228637860/figure/fig1/AS:301897702494209@1448989429274/a-Three-dimensional-view-of-the-flux-rope-configuration-of-17-with-the.png)

What could be heating solar material to 10,000,000 degrees inside the magnetic flux rope?

IMHO: LENR

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 24th, 2018, 11:22 AM
Particle chirality has some complications that result from special relativity. A particles helicity will change if it has mass and is viewed from a frame that modifies its direction of travel.
Quote
The chirality of a particle is more abstract: It is determined by whether the particle transforms in a right- or left-handed representation of the Poincaré group.

For massless particles – photons, gluons, and (hypothetical) gravitons – chirality is the same as helicity; a given massless particle appears to spin in the same direction along its axis of motion regardless of point of view of the observer.

For massive particles – such as electrons, quarks, and neutrinos – chirality and helicity must be distinguished: In the case of these particles, it is possible for an observer to change to a reference frame moving faster than the spinning particle, in which case the particle will then appear to move backwards, and its helicity (which may be thought of as “apparent chirality”) will be reversed.

A massless particle moves with the speed of light, so no real observer (who must always travel at less than the speed of light) can be in any reference frame where the particle appears to reverse its relative direction of spin, meaning that all real observers see the same helicity. Because of this, the direction of spin of massless particles is not affected by a change of viewpoint (Lorentz boost) in the direction of motion of the particle, and the sign of the projection (helicity) is fixed for all reference frames: The helicity of massless particles is a “relativistic invariant” (a quantity whose value is the same in all inertial reference frames) which always matches the massless particles' chirality.

The discovery of neutrino oscillation implies that neutrinos have mass, so the only observed massless particle is the photon. The gluon is also expected to be massless, although the assumption that it is has not been conclusively tested. Hence, these are the only two particles now known for which helicity could be identical to chirality, and only one of them has been confirmed by measurement. All other observed particles have mass and thus may have different helicities in different reference frames. It is still possible that as-yet unobserved particles, like the graviton, might be massless, and hence have invariant helicity that matches their chirality, like the photon
Because of this relativistic complication. the people who beleive that particle vortexes (plasmoids) produce LENR  are incorrect. Only magnetic vortexes generate the LENR reaction because the frame of reference of a photon is invariant under frame translation. In other words, electrons play no direct role in the LENR reaction outside of magnetic field generation.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 24th, 2018, 02:06 PM
The SmCo7 magnet is lenr active based on the Craven;s Golden Ball experiment were SmCo7 magnetic dust supplies the magntic flux lines. Sm is a chiral catalyst used in drug production chemistry to convert the drug molecule to left handed active. So the photons that are produced by the SmCo7 magnet must be left handed photons. The other rare earth magnets might also be formed from a rare earth chiral catalyst.

In both cases in which I beleive that LENR is activated: the Petal condensate and the solar flux rope, these cases produce magnetic rotation. So magnetic flux line rotation could be required to meet the quark magnetic interface confinement field which is also a rotating magnetic flux tube. Quark confinement disruption might occur through magnetic flux tube re-connection if the disparate flux tube characterizations of the LENR active agent and quark confinement are close enough to approximately match.

If photons can disrupt quark confinement then the concept of gluons might well be consigned to the trash heap.

The weak force only acts upon left handed particles.
Quote
Chiral theories

Only left-handed fermions and right-handed antifermions interact with the weak interaction. In most circumstances, two left-handed fermions interact more strongly than right-handed or opposite-handed fermions, implying that the universe has a preference for left-handed chirality, which violates a symmetry of the other forces of nature.

Chirality for a Dirac fermion ψ is defined through the operator γ5, which has eigenvalues±1. Any Dirac field can thus be projected into its left- or right-handed component by acting with the projection operators ½(1−γ5) or ½(1+γ5) on ψ.

The coupling of the charged weak interaction to fermions is proportional to the first projection operator, which is responsible for this interaction's parity symmetry violation.

A common source of confusion is due to conflating this operator with the helicity operator. Since the helicity of massive particles is frame-dependent, it might seem that the same particle would interact with the weak force according to one frame of reference, but not another. The resolution to this false paradox is that the chirality operator is equivalent to helicity for massless fields only, for which helicity is not frame-dependent. By contrast, for massive particles, chirality is not the same as helicity, so there is no frame dependence of the weak interaction: a particle that couples the weak force in one frame, does so in every frame.

A theory that is asymmetric with respect to chiralities is called a chiral theory, while a non-chiral (i.e., parity-symmetric) theory is sometimes called a vector theory. Many pieces of the Standard Model of physics are non-chiral, which is traceable to anomaly cancellation in chiral theories. Quantum chromodynamics is an example of a vector theory, since both chiralities of all quarks appear in the theory, and couple to gluons in the same way.

The electroweak theory, developed in the mid 20th century, is an example of a chiral theory. Originally, it assumed that neutrinos were massless, and only assumed the existence of left-handed neutrinos (along with their complementary right-handed antineutrinos). After the observation of neutrino oscillations, which imply that neutrinos are massive like all other fermions, the revised theories of the electroweak interaction now include both right- and left-handed neutrinos. However, it is still a chiral theory, as it does not respect parity symmetry.
The exact nature of the neutrino is still unsettled and so the electroweak theories that have been proposed are somewhat different, but most accommodate the chirality of neutrinos in the same way as was already done for all other fermions.

I point out that solar neutrno flux has been observed to modifiy the decay rates of radioactive isotopes, so the neutrino may still be chiral active.

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.3754
The Case for a Solar Influence on Certain Nuclear Decay Rates
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 4th, 2018, 01:44 PM
21st International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ICCF-21 about The Fleischmann Pons Heat and Ancillary Effects: What Do We Know, and Why? How Might We Proceed?.

Michael McKubre, Electro-chemist: http://www.coldfusionnow.com/podcast/Ruby-Carat-Michael-McKubre-Cold-Fusion-Now-013.mp3

Remarks:

1 - What does loading deuterium into palladium do? The chemical bonds of palladium compresses deuterium when the loading of deuterium in the metal lattice is extreme. In another words, deuterium loading produces ultra dense hydrogen.

Extreme deuterium loading cannot produce deuterium fusion because ultra dense hydrogen is formed long before any fusion reaction will occur. It is ultra dense hydrogen that produces the LENR reaction and that reaction results in the production of sub atomic particles as Leif Holmlid has shown.
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2 - The correlation between heat production and helium production is an indirect and an accidental correlation. The LENR reaction produces muons that then produce muon canalized fusion in deuterium that then indirectly produces helium 4.



In recent LENR reactors where no hydogen is used, heat is still generated with no production of helium-4. Luagno is an example of a more advanced LENR reactors design where LENR fuel is loaded into the dogbone in air: not hydrogen. In Lugano, extensive fuel and ash assays of fuel and ash element composition show no hydrogen present. The ultra dense element producing the LENR reaction in the Lugano dogbone is most likely lithium. The fusion/heat correlation that Michael McKubre believes is central to the LENR reaction is accidental and NOT fundamental.
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3 - Michael McKubre's contention that nuclear reactions must be produced in a LATTICE as an absolute requirement of the LENR reaction is wrong in that this assertion is too restrictive. LENR can be produced in plasma as Rossi's QX and SK reactors has shown.

If LENR fuel which contains an ultra dense element is heated to a plasma state, the LENR reaction will still occur without a lattice to support that reaction. Ultra dense elements and compounds are virtually indestructible and can sustain extreme pressure and temperatures due to electron degeneracy resistance. LENR has also showed up in tungsten in the SAFIRE experiment where the plasma temperature was measured at 80,000C. In this case, no ultra dense elements were present and the LENR reaction was carried by surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) on the surface of tungsten alone. This is the same reaction that supports the SunCell plasma.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 19th, 2018, 08:41 PM
Because Rossi keeps his experiments black, it is necessary to look to other experiments for LENR insights.

https://youtu.be/_jV_XVgMRiA

The "Mining Diamond video" Shows that the LENR active agent is moving inside the diamond. This agent is totally encased by the diamond and the agent destroys the diamond(makes it disappear) as it moves along inside the diamond. At the end of its movement, it deposits a ball of transmuted material which is also totally encased inside the diamond. This behavior is a common feature that many hundreds of these LENR agents share as they generate totally encased trails(like termites in wood)  throughout the volume of the diamond.

I now offer a possible explanation that I favor for this behavior of the active LENR agent.

Bob Greenyer has remarked that the LENR active agent shares many characteristics to the processes that occurs on the surface of the sun. In this observation, I agree. LENR might be related to solar based reactions that happens in mass ejections where elements are transmuted (mostly He3) and given huge amounts of energy to be expelled into space near the speed of light. 

To begin with...

The Center Vortex is the name that quantum chromodynamics (QCD) has given to the magnetic flux tubes that keep the quarks confined in the nucleons: namely protons and neutrons. QCD share these Flux tubes be it at the nanoscale with the violent activities that occur on the surface of the Sun.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Center_vortex

The observation of triangular shaped holes punched into the structure and the ash of the LION reactor indicates that the magnetic flux tubes that are emanating from the LENR active agent are producing the LION LENR activity that is destabilizing the matter that is being removed from those triangular holes.

How can this excavation through the disintegration of matter happen?

The process that might cut those magnetic flux tubes that are keeping those quarks stable and confined is called magnetic flux tube re-connection, a process that also happens in solar flux tubes.

The LENR reaction could simply be based on the destabilization of quarks inside protons and neutrons.

When the quarks are in their lowest energy state, the flux tube interconnection is at its lowest energy potential. When the quarks are being forced apart, the flux tube interconnection converts the applied energy into more magnetic flux lines. This continues until a force of 12 tons is reached whereupon new quark pairs are generated from the energy applied to the original quark pair. You just can't pull quarks apart because the quarks will use that applied disruptive energy to make their confinement energy stronger.

But when a LENR generated flux lines gets close to a quark interconnection flux tube, the LENR flux tube cuts the quark magnetic connection and intercepts the quark magnetic interconnection. The LENR agent now has a direct magnetic connection to the quark(s) of one or more nucleons and holds onto them. From an important LION experimental video, in the cannon duel flux tube holes, a blob of transmuted  matter looks like it was shot out of one hole and lands between the mated flux tube pair. This shows how the LENR agent can move matter using  magnetic flux lines in the form of quark matter.magnetic flux lines in the form of quark matter. When you look at the MFMP video below, there is little doubt to what is happening in the LENR reaction.

https://youtu.be/BhitBhess2E
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 21st, 2018, 11:46 PM
There is a common belief that a Bose-Einstein Condensate can only be created at a temperature near absolute zero. This is true for a Bose-Einstein Condensate of atoms.

But photons and spins can form a Bose-Einstein Condensate at very high temperatures. Light and spin are not sensitive to temperature. Temperature only applies to the motion and energy of atoms.

A Bose-Einstein Condensate and a Black Hole are mathematically identical: they are the same.

Using light, a black hole/Bose-Einstein Condensate can be generated. A Bose-Einstein Condensate can produce Hawking radiation. That is where the heat produced by LENR comes from.

See a black hole made from light at 43:26 of the following video. That vortex of light is also a Bose-Einstein Condensate of photons.

The subject of this video in its entirety is important to understand if you want to understand LENR.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YyMYcqxuZ_I&t=9s

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What is implied if energy is being created from the vacuum?

What if LENR is generating its energy from the vacuum. What if most of the energy that is being produced in the universe is coming from LENR. This means that the universe is creating huge amounts of energy from nothing.

Production of energy from the vacuum means that the vacuum is unstable. The places where energy is being generated from the vacuum, the place where the LENR reaction is underway is known as a false vacuum.

The modern explanation for the metric expansion of space was proposed by physicist Alan Guth in 1979, while investigating the problem of why no magnetic monopoles are seen today. He found that if the universe contained a field in a positive-energy false vacuum state, then according to general relativity it would generate an exponential expansion of space.

In other words, LENR could be the cause of the expansion of the universe, dark energy, and dark matter.

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If we want to understand LENR in fine detail, things can get very complicated and obscure.

Hawking radiation generated by a Bose-Einstein Condensate produces a positive energy photon and a balancing negative energy photon to keep the total vacuum energy generated at zero. What is a negative energy photon? And how is this type of photon realized in LENR?

A cornerstone of modern physics is mathematics. Like it or not, without the tools provided to physicists by mathematics, physics would be dead in the water. But (and this is something that all of us forget on occasion) solving equations is not the same as understanding the physics. A critical step in the development of physical insight is to recognize which solutions to an equation might correspond to reality, and which do not.

To give a concrete example, the equations of physics are blind to the direction of time, yet we know that solutions that involve time going backward are usually (but not always) invalid.

Unfortunately, as a recent publication in Physical Review Letters shows, even the brightest and best can get this wrong, and do so repeatedly over the course of years. A team of physicists has shown that light with a negative frequency (thought to be a quirk of the equations) actually, in some sense, exists.

The equations in question are Maxwell's, and they describe the propagation of light. When describing the propagation of light, the equations require that we describe the light field as having both positive and negative frequencies. A negative frequency would indicate a wave made up of photons that have a negative energy, something that doesn't necessarily make a lot of sense.

Using light to make light

A team of researchers has shown that, in some sense, negative frequencies can be observed through the generation of radiation with a positive frequency. To explore this idea, they looked at very intense light fields moving through certain types of glass and glass fibers. When the light field is very intense—as is the case when a very short, intense burst of light is created—this can lead to some very cool effects. In particular, when the light is passing through a material, the light field pushes the electrons around so hard that the electrons start to push back.

In a material like glass, the electrons can only move so far before they will be ripped away from the atom they are bound to. The harder you push them, the more they resist. So, for a weak light field, the electrons move smoothly back and forth in exact imitation of the light field that is pushing them around. As they move in response to the field, they radiate light at exactly the same color.

But when the field is very strong, the electrons don't follow the field exactly. If they did, they would be ripped away from their parent atom, and the field isn't strong enough to give the electrons enough energy for that. Instead, they just stop moving at some point. The result is that the electrons radiate light at all colors. Or, more simply, our pulse of light with one color generates another pulse of light with a different color. As the two pulses travel together, energy is drawn from the input pulse and placed into the new pulse, so as long as they overlap, the second pulse will grow brighter and brighter.

Warning: Things are about to get complicated

This process is all described by Maxwell's equations for the propagation of light through a material. But the solutions to Maxwell's equations are rather weird. Remember, every light field is described mathematically by a positive and a negative frequency. If we just consider the positive frequency component, then there are four solutions to the equation. These correspond to light waves that have positive and negative frequencies, and waves that are travelling in the same and opposite direction to the initial pulse of light.

The researchers ignore the two solutions corresponding to waves travelling in the opposite direction to the input pulse because they are not amplified. Any pulse that travels in the opposite direction does not overlap with the input pulse for very long, and there is no time to transfer much energy to the generated pulse.

Of the remaining two solutions, one has a positive frequency and travels with the generating pulse, allowing it to be amplified. This is commonly observed. The last solution corresponds to a negative frequency, also travelling with the input pulse. This solution, which should produce photons with negative energy, was thought to be an artifact of the equations and did not correspond to anything physical.

But that field itself consists of positive and negative frequencies. And (believe it or not) the negative frequency component of the negative frequency solution is a positive frequency. Or, you might think of it like this: the negative frequency element of the input pulse also generates four solutions that have both positive and negative frequencies.

In either case, what this tells us is that there should be a third pulse of light—remember, we have our input pulse of light, which generates a second pulse of light at a different (bluer) color, and now, thanks to the negative frequency solution, we get a third pulse of light at an even bluer color than the rest.

The researchers performed experiments showing that this extra pulse of light is indeed generated. The experimental results show that negative frequency radiation, in some sense, exists. But it also shows that these frequencies are only observed by their generation (either directly or indirectly) of positive frequency radiation. However, the researchers do not go further in interpreting the physical realization of negative frequency modes. I suspect that in the context of classical electrodynamics, this is actually impossible, and one has to resort to using quantum electrodynamics to interpret the negative frequency modes.

Physical Review Letters, 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.253901

I highlight the answer concisely as follows:

"In either case, what this tells us is that there should be a third pulse of light—remember, we have our input pulse of light, which generates a second pulse of light at a different (bluer) color, and now, thanks to the negative frequency solution, we get a third pulse of light at an even bluer color than the rest."

In LENR when negative energy photons are produced by Hawking radiation generated as a virtual pair made real, the light that is generated is bluer light.

In more concrete terms, if infrared light (heat) is the positive photon produced by Hawking radiation in a LENR reactor, then visible light is the balancing negative light energy component of the photon pair that is extracted from the vacuum.

In a number of LENR reactors, heat is generated, but also visible light, as well as extreme ultraviolet light. The light generated by the SunCell and the SK reactor are examples. The extreme ultraviolet light produced by these systems could well be the light derived from vacuum based negative energy photons.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 23rd, 2018, 09:18 PM
The new high powered LENR energy systems primarily generate intense XUV light. This XUV has very high energy content. Unfortunately, these LENR systems are designed to waste this photonic energy.


The amount of energy in these photons is given by the equation E = hf, where E is the energy of the photons in Joules; h is Planck's constant, which is always 6.63 * 10^-34 Joule seconds; and f is the frequency of the light in hertz.

The energy content of light is therefor directly proportional to its frequency.

A typical  infrared photon has a frequency of 1200 nm whereas the XUV has a frequency of 100 nm. Since the energy content of a photon is proportional to its frequency, the XUV photon carries 12 times more energy content than does  the infrared photon.

If the XUV light is wasted, then only under 10% of the light energy is utilized in the SK reactor.

Futhermore, we can assume that a photodissociation system has nearly 100% Faradaic efficiency for hydrogen production, consistent with other studies of PEM electrolysers,

The use of the energy outputs of the SK reactor as well as the SunCell is most likely misapplied in the use of a turbine to only extract heat energy from the LENR reaction.. The XUV energy in these systems is wasted in preference to the utilization of heat which is only a small part of the output energy produced by the SK. Most of the output power produced in these systems comes in the form of XUV photons. The capture of this energy forms a foundation for an effective engineering solution to utilizing the energy produced by LENR.



(http://www1.lsbu.ac.uk/water/images/water_spectrum_2.gif)

Absorption of UV close-by (~125 nm), excites the 3a1 orbital leading to dissociation into OH + H (photodissociation; higher energy absorption produces charged fragments). Such dissociation can also be achieved by consecutive absorption of two 266 nm photons.

The value of the production of atomic hydogen in photodissociation is obvious.

The value of OH as a valuable waste product as follows:

The hydroxyl radical is often referred to as the "detergent" of the troposphere because it reacts with many pollutants, decomposing them through "cracking", often acting as the first step to their removal. It also has an important role in eliminating some greenhouse gases like methane and ozone. The rate of reaction with the hydroxyl radical often determines how long many pollutants last in the atmosphere, if they do not undergo photolysis or are rained out. For instance methane, which reacts relatively slowly with hydroxyl radical, has an average lifetime of >5 years and many CFCs have lifetimes of 50 years or more. Other pollutants, such as larger hydrocarbons, can have very short average lifetimes of less than a few hours.

Hydroxyl is an anti-pollutant. It counteracts climate change and smog.

In 2014, researchers reported their discovery of a "hole" or absence of hydroxyl throughout the entire depth of the troposphere across a large region of the tropical West Pacific. They suggested that this hole is permitting large quantities of ozone-degrading chemicals to reach the stratosphere, and that this may be significantly reinforcing ozone depletion in the polar regions with potential consequences for the climate of the Earth.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroxyl_radical

Absorption of two higher energy photons, at 200 nm, gives rise to a hydrated electron by H2O + hν -> H2O+ + e-aq

In the XUV light that is produced by the SK, water absorbs most of its energy content.

The many ways to convert high powered photon energy into useful energy output.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photodissociation

XUV can Photodissociate water into hydrogen and electricity in the presence of various biological catalysts.   

H2O + 2 photons (light) → 2 e− + 2 H+ + A

That is electricity and hydrogen where A are biological catalyzed chemical products.

Since the SK produces a huge number of photons, a corresponding huge amount of electricity and hydrogen will be generated by this process.

Furthermore, water can be dissociated into its constituent elements as follows:

H2O -> 2H + O

http://www.pnas.org/content/106/28/11454

High pressure based photo-reactions combining H2O with CO to form clathrate hydrate(natural gas).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clathrate_hydrate

It might be possible to create a SK solution that can power an automobile as a retrofit of the IC engine using natural gas or hydrogen.

The use of a natural gas burning turbine might also be productive.

Feeding natural gas into the worldwide natural gas pipeline systems could be a low impact introduction of LENR energy into the world's energy usage balance sheet.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 24th, 2018, 10:23 AM

I am becoming more convinced that the new Rossi reactors(QX and SK) are using transparent hexagonal boron nitride as his tube material. This material is not transparent to ultraviolet light but is transparent (85%) to visible and infrared light.

(https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/content/dam/sigma-aldrich/articles/technology-spotlights/boron-nitride-nanotubes/uv-vis-transmittance.jpg)

More info on transparent hexagonal boron nitride as follows:

(https://journals.aps.org/prmaterials/article/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.045001/figures/5/medium)

I suspect that the XUV light produced by the LENR reaction is downshifted by hexagonal boron nitride into the visible frequencies. This downshifting is what is generating the huge amount of white light that the SK has been reported to be producing.

The answer to the problems that the SunCell is having is using hexagonal boron nitride to convert all that XUV that the SunCell reaction is producing into light that COTS solar cells can convert into electrical power.

If these XUV generating systems want to harvest energy in the form of hydrogen produced from water photodissociation by XUV, they could use a ceramic that I have found that is transparent to XUV.

https://patents.google.com/patent/EP0447390A4/en

Transparent polycrystalline body with high ultraviolet transmittance, process for making, and applications thereof

This material lets 85% of the XUV through.

This material is resistant to abrasion or erosion, does not substantially deteriorate after exposure to ultraviolet light, and has high strength. The sintered body is useful in a variety of applications, including as a dome and window for missiles and launch tubes.

The sintered body of this ceramic is resistant to degradation under high temperature conditions and, in particular, has a high melting point, preferably above 2000°C.

High temperature heat tolerance in a plasma heat containment material is  not important is a water based hydrogen photodissociation system, Such a system  could use a double walled pipe filed with water in a plasma containment tube configuration. The water would serve as a circulating coolant and the hydrogen could be separated from the OH using a polymer electrolyte membrane that are commonly used in hydrogen fuel cells.

IMO, this water cooled double walled hydrogen photodissociation system configuration is optimum for a system like the SunCell.

Another material that is totally transparent to XUV is transparent aluminum.

https://phys.org/news/2009-07-transparent-aluminium-state.html

Transparent aluminium is 'new state of matter'

"In this week’s Nature Physics an international team, led by Oxford University scientists, report that a short pulse from the FLASH laser ‘knocked out’ a core electron from every aluminium atom in a sample without disrupting the metal’s crystalline structure. This turned the aluminium nearly invisible to extreme ultraviolet radiation."

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 23rd, 2018, 11:44 PM
http://www.rochester.edu/newscenter/vamivakas-microcavity-negative-mass-generate-lasers-290202/

Device creates negative mass — and a novel way to generate lasers
January 3, 2018

Ion electron pair is known as a ex·ci·ton - a mobile concentration of energy in a crystal formed by an excited electron and an associated hole.

Excitons form polaritons through photon entanglement and the Bose condensate of polaritons have been found to produce polaritons expressing NEGATIVE MASS. See reference above.

This is important in LENR because negative mass which will reverse the effects of gravity as well as generate worm holes and flux tubes which will destabilize matter.

As in the reference I provided above, the fundamental defined entity is the polariton condensate. According to “Einstein-Rosen bridges” theory, negative mass is needed to stabilize a worm hole.

https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/negativeenergy/negativeenergy.htm

by Lawrence H. Ford and Thomas A. Roman
Scientific American, January 2000

Through correspondence with gravitational physicist Kip Thorne, Caral Sagan worked out a science fiction device: alien technology enabled the opening of a temporary wormhole between Earth and a distant star system, Sagan just did not want to hand wave, he wanted the equations to work and the theory to be solid.

In his work, Throne found that to make a real-world wormholes you need negative energy density to keep the tunnel from collapsing.

As Thorne describes in his book "Black Holes and Time Warps", the alien tech required some form of “exotic matter”. We know now that polaritons possess negative energy density. IMO polaritons and the LENR reaction are the source of Dark energy, for example, has positive energy density, even though it has negative pressure. That negative pressure keeps the worm hole open.

The great thing that MFMP has seen in the LION reactor meltdown is a worm hole in action. This is experimental conformation that a polariton condensate produces worm holes. We know how to make worm holes of all sizes and we now know that these worm holes produce the LENR reaction. We have seen them in action: we have seen them eat through diamond.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kip_Thorne

Kip Stephen Thorne (born June 1, 1940) is an American theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics. A longtime friend and colleague of Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan, he was the Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics at the California Institute of Technology(Caltech) until 2009 and is one of the world's leading experts on the astrophysical implications of Einstein's general theory of relativity.​​
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 24th, 2018, 12:23 AM
​http://www.hawking.org.uk/space-and-time-warps.html

Stephen Hawking   
Space and Time Warps

Negative matter and/or energy make it possible to warp space/time so much using the LENR reaction that instant transport over cosmological distances and time travel are possible. Using LENR to warp space/time it may someday be possible to travel to far places in the universe or travel through time.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Holes_and_Time_Warps

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SLUzJeto0Wo



https://www.livescience.com/39159-time-travel-with-wormhole.html



Traveling forward in time is an uncontroversial possibility, according to Einstein's theory. In fact, physicists have been able to send tiny particles called muons, which are similar to electrons, forward in time by manipulating the gravity around them. That's not to say the technology for sending humans 100 years into the future will be available anytime soon, though.



Time travel to the past, however, is even less understood. Still, astrophysicist Eric W. Davis, of the EarthTech International Institute for Advanced Studies at Austin, argues that it's possible. All you need, he says, is a wormhole, which is a theoretical passageway through space-time that is predicted by relativity. [Wacky Physics: The Coolest Little Particles in Nature]
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 25th, 2018, 11:18 PM
https://youtu.be/BhitBhess2E



Let's look at the cause of LENR in action in the video above. This video shows the FUEL that the LENR developer has generated. That fuel is micro-diamonds implanted in a nickel substrate infused with deuterium. In general, all successful LENR fuels is based on the penetration of one of the hydrogen isotopes either protium or deuterium into the crystal structure of some solid material with a rigid lattice crystal structure. The list of materials that can support the generation of LENR fuel is palladium, diamond, titanium, and nickel. The function of these substrate materials is to compress the hydrogen isotope to a level sufficiently high enough to force the hydrogen to assume the super dense form. There is evidence that other elements and compounds can be compressed to such a high pressure by the substrate's lattice that these various elements and compounds will compress into their ultra dense form. These elements and compounds include lithium and water, but ultra dense copper might have been generated in the proton 21 experiments. The compression force in the proton 21 experiment is provided by the shock wave of a high powered electrical discharge.

These ultra dense molecules lay dormant inside the fuel until they are activated through the infusion of some form of photonic energy combination be it either heat, light... visible and/or ultraviolet, or RF.

The ultra dense nano-particle that forms takes the form of a thin one dimensional nano wire with the protons of the hydrogen in the center of the wire and the electrons forming a cover(spin wave) around that center. This structure is produced by the superconductor property called the Meissner effect. This nanowire is a superconductor in which virtually no power is lost by its surface electron layers.

Learn more about the Meissner_effect here:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meissner_effect

A depiction of Hole Superconductivity appears below:

(https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSTmsvZtpZgyhNnEVfNnrjYiz5GWvawfZL_LziFZzJf9vyEHsBI)

The surface of the nanowire acts as an optical bottle in which light is captured and confined. The photons of the light combine with the electrons in the electron cloud around the outside of the superconducting nanowire to form a polariton condensate. This is a special type of plasmoid that does not lose power. This lack of power loss comes from the superconducting nature of the electrons on the surface of the nanowire. The polariton condensate is a fluid of light that holds onto light and does not let light escape. This plasmoid is a very special one in that it is a black hole for light: light goes in, but it cannot come out.

A depiction of a polariton condensate below:

(http://www.lkb.upmc.fr/quantumoptics/wp-content/uploads/sites/23/2015/10/Screen-Shot-2014-04-04-at-10.54.04-PM-300x225.jpg)

This nanowire is what Ken Shoulders has called a black EVO.

Getting into more detail, this ball of confined light is highly organized and is comprised of two independent currents (rings) of confined light separated into their photon's handedness (chirality) forming two counter-rotating light currents: a right spinning current and a left handed spinning current of light. This soliton is sometimes called ball lighting.

A depiction of a petal polariton condensate below:

(https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=3ebfee89c74b726cd4a057e8c634a533434d91d0e4135af68776f2e136e82b02-aHR0cHM6Ly9pb3B0aWMuZmlsZXMud29yZHByZXNzLmNvbS8yMDExLzA1LzAwMzA3OF8xMF9maWcxLmpwZz93PTUzMA%3D%3D)

These counter rotating light currents produce magnetic rotating magnetic flux tubes that spin at the speed of light. These tubes are also called worm holes. One magnetic flux tube comes from the right handed spinning light current and the other from the left handed spinning light current.

In summary so far, a black EVO is a black hole of light that produces a spinning magnetic flux tube ring shaped like a O. The experimental observation of this structure is explained in the referenced video of the LION reactor meltdown as seen above.

A depiction of a Worm Hole (aka flux tube) below:

(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/gfx/news/hires/2013/spookyaction.jpg)

This is what Bob Greenyer is seeing produce the double dot marks in the ash and experimental photographs of the LENR reactor meltdown.

When a dipole black EVO is exposed to a high voltage spark, the index of refraction of the space time in which the light currents are circulating becomes imaginary and the two rotating light rings combine into a single ring. This disturbance in space time produces an EVO monopole. This EVO has only one flux tube, but that tube is a very powerful one, since it consolidates all the energy of the dipole flux tube system into a single consolidated monopole flux tube system.

This picture depicks how the Kerr effect converts a dipole EVO into a monopole EVO.

(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/800/2017/1-physicistsob.jpg)

The dipole EVO usually moves around in a symmetrical fashion because its flux tubes are balanced and connected into a continuous magnetic ring. But when the monopole EVO moves, it hops around and leaves tracks like a rabbit since it has a single flux tube that whips around and causes the nanowire to hop in a random fashion. This is seen in the rabbit tracks that this monopole produces called strange radiation.

(https://steemitimages.com/DQmb3GFGEkX3pVMbomjr3gaSY9RAMG2J8E95825pFqrhw5C/Lion-O-1kx-track.gif)

Now that we know how the Black EVO is formed, how it moves, and what its structure is in detail, we can explain how it escapes the lattice of the substrate that formed it. In the upcoming post we will see how the black EVO moves around inside that substrate and escapes from it. This explanation is offered in the next post with the aid of the referenced video as well as others. We will also see SEM micrographs of active LENR fuel and observe the tracks of the EVOs as the EVO exits the fuel and travels away from the fuel particles.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on August 25th, 2018, 11:38 PM
Science fiction becoming science fact.

Good stuff Axil, keep it coming.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 27th, 2018, 10:51 PM
(https://www.sciencealert.com/images/2017-04/2419821984-time.jpg)

https://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-just-came-up-with-a-mathematical-model-for-a-viable-time-machine

Physicists Say They've Come Up With a Mathematical Model For a Viable Time Machine

The arrow of time - which under normal circumstances (in our Universe, at least) always points forward, making the past become the present - is represented by the black arrows.

Both person A and person B will experience time in dramatically different ways, the researchers explained:

"Within the bubble, A will see the B's events periodically evolve, and then reverse. Outside the bubble, observer B will see two versions of A emerge from the same location: one's clock hands will turn clockwise, the other counterclockwise."

In other words, the external observer would see two versions of the objects inside the time machine: one version evolving forwards in time, the other backwards.

While Tippett and Tsang say the maths is sound, the problem now is we don't actually have the right materials to build what they're proposing.

IMPO, LENR can produce the chiral effects and the power needed to generate the "TARDIS"

https://disq.us/url?url=https%3A%2F%2Finterestingengineering.com%2Fthere-is-no-before-or-after-reveals-new-indefinite-causal-order-study%3AAsqLSiptTlb43rAcbMa2PAPAy4g&cuid=2168707

This reference shows that the polarity of the photon determiners the flow of time. We know that the polariztion of the photon can generate(convert) the chirality of a particle and vice versa. Rgis is the fundamental causative principal that underpins the Henderson effect. It might say that the flow of time is determined by the chirality of the particle.

If we convert your body into particles that are chiral polarized, sau by exposing it to a polarized RF beam then you might travel either backward or forward in time based on that polarization.

https://physicsworld.com/a/could-skyrmions-solve-the-baryogenesis-problem/

(https://physicsworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/kim-635x357.jpg)

Matter and antimatter in the nanoscale chiral magnetic universe

The universe exists because Charge, parity, and time reversal symmetry, a fundamental symmetry of physical laws was broken when the universe came into existence because there is more matter than antimatter in our universe.

This reference shows that the skyrmions has negative matter properties as described by the the so-called Thiele equation.

The reference explains that the direction of the magnetic flow of skyrmions produce non symmetric behavior. The chirality of the skyrmions breaks symmetry. Could that symmetry be time symmetry?

If you are placed in a box that is covered with polarized skyrmions or some other rotating confined wave forms like the monopole polariton, would the flow of time that you experience be altered from current reality?

The bottom line, there could be a connection between topological chirality and the flow of time.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 28th, 2018, 08:06 PM
Bose condensation is coherent and the polaritons are entangled.

Google: "polariton entanglement"

Photons that leak out of the polaritons promote the spread of entanglement to other polaritons,

The color generated by the QX reactor is monochromatic or laser light. A BEC must be producing that light.

That big half inch hole in the LION reactor was produced by a macro sized BEC of polaritons, Entangelment can spread to any extent no matter the size. This ability to build a BEC to any size is what will make a time machine possible. The John Hutchison Effect can lift a cannon balls because the surface of that cannon ball is covered with a macro sized polariton BEC

At 17:35 of this video, there is a large triangular hole in the alumina. That triangular hole was produced by a macro-sized Bose condensate of polaritons.

https://youtu.be/sbyk4U1tpjU?t=1056
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on September 2nd, 2018, 06:15 PM
The mystery of the garnet inclusions.


zhttps://phys.org/news/2018-08-tiny-tunnels-garnets-result-microorganisms.html

Tiny tunnels inside garnets appear to be the result of boring microorganisms
-----------------------------------------------------

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0200351

Intricate tunnels in garnets from soils and river sediments in Thailand – Possible endolithic microborings
-------------------------------------------------------
IMO, the phys.org article has interpreted the ournals.plos.org article incorrectly.The Tiny tunnels inside garnets could not have been produced by either biologic or abiologic causes. These tunnels could only have been produced by LENR active EVOs many millions of years ago.

The case against abiologic causation.

Garnets are relatively hard minerals (Hpyrope = 7.5) resistant to abrasion and chemical attack. A corresponding hardness ratio for the current garnets (Hpyrope = 7.5), would require a mineral millstone with a hardness of 9 or above to form ambient inclusion trails (AITs). Possible candidates would be corundum (Hcorondum = 9, including the varieties sapphire and ruby) or diamond (Hdiamaond = 10). Such extremely hard abrasive minerals are absent in the river sediments and extremely rare in the residual soils. Besides, considering the number of tunnels in one single garnet (sometimes more than 100), an excess of such mineral grains would have been needed in these environments to form the garnet tunnels. That is simply not the case in any of the examined localities.

The case against biologic causation

(https://ci4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/smsGBz7JwG61HQwTlAPYMisfBBhJWbP7Bf8GSkSwh3X2a3XnR90AybSFCXiX9egrb_huV3DB1vcKpByw4z2XXh-Gd_Idv4enxwd5r8ErnxU5MsPVT-Kq6d_9iaeiSLBcn-ZIDykMut4dVTZVuNdUiPi50XxsYIC2eGX99KY6C-ICjDGyAjGxvNd76-BD9iivMZK2opUtQEjxgMNXmhUaL7Dsoys4aUl69H3Ad8Rq25aivNGWJzwV0HdlYO6L-FlZwzSn2Wp6PjUVgB50H-_FhiI1U8J4GcXcLtucl3XjDuUFSlB1qlV_qLdio4xqHXwTTvGj2F-N8mdXlN2upD5DrQ2f3VqOdtbvrHk135WcaezAKuGawydKLA=s0-d-e1-ft#https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=1d1f3b1c763e6ac7faf0b60b74ab94868ce084275d6621852f5c1f949ee1cde7-aHR0cHM6Ly9qb3VybmFscy5wbG9zLm9yZy9wbG9zb25lL2FydGljbGUvZmlndXJlL2ltYWdlP3NpemU9bGFyZ2UmaWQ9aW5mbzpkb2kvMTAuMTM3MS9qb3VybmFsLnBvbmUuMDIwMDM1MS5nMDAz)

In frame C, there are many hundreds of regularly spaced and totally straight non intersecting tunnels that all look to be formed simultaneously (see also frame D) and happen to turn at the same instant in their formation process.

The tunneling displays a substantial range of appearance and morphological traits, from strictly organized palisades of parallel tunnels to irregularly branching and anastomosing networks. In the most organized variety, straight and strictly parallel tunnels form almost perfect rows (Fig A above); more commonly the tunnels, although parallel, are not lined up but are more irregularly scattered (Fig B). A recurring feature is a parallel, seemingly coordinated, curvature of the distal parts of each tunnel in such palisades (Fig C and D). There may also be two or more sets of palisades within a crystal, where internally parallel tunnels in each set make distinctive angles to co-occurring sets projecting in other directions (Fig E).

Formation of anastomosing(1,2) tunnels by biology would require some type of communication between separated organisms or at least organismal parts such as different hyphae of a fungal mycelium within a substrate. Such communication could be chemically controlled by fungi excreting molecules at the hyphal tip. Another mode of communication in a transparent substrate could be light. Natural bioluminescence is known among fungi to attract invertebrates for spore dispersal or as warning signals to repulse fungivores, but not for communicative purposes Without supporting observations among live species in controlled laboratory experiments fungal communication within a substrate is so far hypothetical.

IMO, bugs cannot work so closely together because they do not have the ability to communicate second by second in such a timely way as to produce such well structured, widely dispersed, and identically formed tunnels.

1. To open one structure into another directly or byconnecting channels, said of blood vessels,lymphatics, and hollow viscera; also incorrectly applied to nerves.

2. To unite by means of an anastomosis, or connection between formerly separate structures.

(https://ci6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/-QJ5CIr-PA9ov7j2AKXsJC8nGf3nw-FgSYI2dYe0Up0w57x1xGrwNno-Fsbb9Rsd2D5YNfrhzNa-5uhAC5DGpLS_WQJunctcNqO2DyBX2dwre0YxkC7nEuU8P48ly8yS7xJNMx9Ms2Egf4yLJSlqxfJJVOVh_3BfUYWrFPP4NXA4ngMTBcgLgFh2LLYF3NYhpLwFM-bNwvQOL4w9cmOHt-RyJhhVSjHa1qHD_6hdJj5lVGnNPEs1tN8Yr8Ymv_g7hQsJXkrTpz884w09fBE9XBemJAJ8ubikrPraVm6AO61dgTYNwK1hmX5Q7ragBhVOF80_Ut76x5akDhZTuOEKDCW88siBxzCcEBeYktY0JZ9rytYepKbGPkElolsnX5vq=s0-d-e1-ft#https://www.lenr-forum.com/image-proxy/?key=7ebd0fb967d13f9e79f2ff9291849419746f042b245cfb3f451023779859275f-aHR0cHM6Ly9qb3VybmFscy5wbG9zLm9yZy9wbG9zb25lL2FydGljbGUvZmlndXJlL2ltYWdlP3NpemU9bWVkaXVtJmlkPWluZm86ZG9pLzEwLjEzNzEvam91cm5hbC5wb25lLjAyMDAzNTEuZzAwMg%3D%3D)

B) Tomographic reconstruction (volumetric rendering) showing the hexagonal cross section of multiple tubular structures. C) An orthoslice of a tomographic reconstruction showing the cross-sectional hexagons or rectangles of the tunnels. D) SEM image of a four-angled polygonal entrance hole. E) SEM image of a six-angled polygonal entrance hole that is filled. F) SEM image of a tubular structure that tapers off further into the mineral. Note how the tunnel have a polygonal shape at the mineral surface but further in gets more circular as it tapers off. G) Microphotograph of a tubular structure that tapers off and also starts with a polygonal shape at the mineral surface but gets more circular as it penetrates further into the mineral and tapers off. H) Microphotograph of tubular structures that tapers off. The branching of the tunnels results in offspring tunnels with less diameter than the originating tunnel.

Chemical erosion by bugs cannot produce regularly sharply defined geometric contours as the bugs eat their way through super hard garnet. All the tunnels change their contorting profile as the tunneling comes to a close.

Also chemical residue of bug remains cannot be offered as proof that the bugs produced the tunnels because the bugs could have populated the tunnels long after they were excavated.

The case for EVO tunnel creation and what we can learn about the nature of the excavating EVOs from characterization of the tunnels.

Entangled EVOs could have excavated the tunnels in a totally coordinated fashion. Many entangled EVOs can move as one excavating particle and produce N identical tunnels that are shaped identically in both their horizontal girth and geometric shape and vertical profiles.

We have seen EVOs excavate tunnels through diamond in the LION fuel, so garnet penetration is no problem.

As the EVOs lose power, the volume of their excavation shrinks to a point until their level of power production is to weak to continue with extending the excavation.

The way that all the tunnels in the garnet devolve to a sharp needle like point simultaneously is witness to a shared energy store held between and among all the excavating EVOs.

The hexagonal tunnel shaped profiling is indicative of the structure of the molecule that is supporting the EVO and producing the excavating magnetic flux tube. Such shapes have been seen in the holes bored in the structure of the LION reactors. The flux tube that is doing the boring through the garnet is a monopole that extends straight forward and normal to the hexagonal Rydberg cross section of the EVO molecule.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 3rd, 2018, 12:00 PM
Many seemingly impossible observations in science might be explained by LENR. Here is one that  might be one that could be explained by LENR.

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/09/oddball-particles-tunneling-through-earth-could-point-new-physics

Oddball particles tunneling through Earth could point to new physics
By Adrian Cho Sep. 27, 2018

Are these ultra high energy particles being produced by the LENR reaction on the surface or just  inside the earth?

We might consider that these high energy particle bursts are coming from the surface of the earth or just inside it. Only particle reactions involving ultra dense matter might produce enough power to generate these powerful and yet unexplained particles or neutral particle clusters.

The reference article estimates that the energy produced in the particle shower.

However, the showers’ large sizes show that the particles must have had energies in excess of 0.5 exa-electron volts—70,000 times higher than the energy achieved with the most powerful particle accelerator.

This amount of energy released as stated in the article is 10^18 ev. This large amount of energy release needs to be explained in terms of possible LENR reactions. This large amount of energy store might be explained in terms of the energy content released in the tracks of strange radiation that has been detected in numerous LENR experiments.

Keith Fredericks has calculated the energy released by monopole based strange radiation that Keith has produced and also by other researchers included in the studies of Urutskoev, et.al, Ivoilov, Rodionov and Savvatimova, Priem et.al and Bardout et.al, Lochak, and Adamenko and Vysotskii. More recently, this type of particle track has also been seen by both MFMP and LION. LION has posted that he has seen a macro sized particle visible with his unaided eyes as a black body moving across a bright nickel surface.

Possible detection of tachyon monopoles in photographic emulsions

http://restframe.com/downloads/tachyon_monopoles.pdf

Using the photographic analysis method that Keith Fredericks explains in his paper, Keith estimates the tracks were produced by a strange particle whose energy content reached the maximum energy (m'(eV/c2)) listed in table 7 of 4.6 x 10^15 electron volts.

Keith Fredericks also states that strange particles have been detected in entangled bundles of many identically moving particles. The total energy content of these particle bundles is simply the sum of the individual energy content of each of these particles that are members of the entangled bundle aggregation.

To reach 10^18 ev, a particle bundle of 10^3 particles each of which carries and energy of 10^15 ev would need to be annihilated to produce the total energy observed in the polar energy burst.

If the entire particle bundle is annihilated simultaneously in one instant, the particle shower that this released energy would produce might equal the observed energy production of the particle shower.

It seems impossible that a high energy particle from space can tunnel through the entire bulk of the earth without being annihilated and defused by the immense amount of matter it would need to pass through.  What is reasonable to expect is that the particle shower must be generated on the surface of the earth directly under the detection antenna.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 3rd, 2018, 12:04 PM
I have warned LENR commercial reactor developers that solid state LENR reactors will fail in short order because of the way that strange particles eat away at the structure of their reactors. Dennis Cravens recently stated that his reactor seems to fall apart when it is operated at high power. See at 3:00 in the Dr. Dennis Cravens entry below



https://coldfusionnow.org/cfnpodcast/
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 3rd, 2018, 12:10 PM
https://steemit.com/science/@mfmp/ecco-macro-photography-of-strange-radiation-tracks-in-fuel-container

ECCO - Macro photography of 'strange radiation' tracks in fuel container

https://steemit.com/science/@mfmp/ecco-looking-for-tachyons-with-laser-microscopy

ECCO - Looking for tachyons with laser microscopy

(https://steemitimages.com/0x0/https://steemitimages.com/DQmNYFYRcWNH3XMh6EyEqHcBTjfLphmjnU6ZRo17QQb8D9f/Spotty_04-adj.png)

https://steemit.com/steemstem/@homosymbion/the-challenge-of-containing-the-active-agent-aa-in-low-energy-nuclear-reactions-lenr

MFMP states:
Quote
Containing the Active Agent is the most important factor to successful control of High net yield reactors

The only way to CONTAIN the Active Agent(AA) above a certain strength is to do it using NON PHYSICAL MATERIAL BASED MEANS. Shoulders spelled this out - it is not inventive to have re-discovered this - it is OBVIOUS. This is WHY I was asking for people to investigate what Shoulders had invented before 1980 (that made him uniquely equipped to conduct his research). Regardless, above a certain scale, only free-space gives you the freedom to keep on scaling it without destruction of literally ANYTHING of ANY size. A mid way approach to building VERY large Active Agents (well, small, but big compared to what is possible terrestrially) and studying them, would be to do it in the Ionosphere.

I am stating this here, and the reasons, to stop it from being patented.

I will state suggested configurations for production of the Active Agent in up and coming presentations. But there is much context to present before and a lot of hard work.

Credit must be given to John Hutchison for and Kenneth Radford Shoulders for sharing the fruits of their life.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 3rd, 2018, 12:20 PM
There is an increased understanding that the strange radiation that these LENR systems produce could be dangerous...SEE video below. Strange radiation has been shown to produce cancer in rats.

MFMP reporting from a LENR conference in Russa

https://youtu.be/UNGLy1Q6ZCE

If you do run this LENR system, do it in a remote, unattended place with the equipment controlled remotely and use a mask when dealing with used equipment to avoid getting any particles in your lungs or particles inside your body. Learn what strange radiation is and how to protect against it...if there is a way.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 5th, 2018, 11:30 AM
Below is a Google translated version of the slides that Parkhomov used in his presentation on strange radiation at the Sochi conference.

http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Strange-Radiation.pdf
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 8th, 2018, 11:52 PM
Strange Radiation’ Tracks from LENR Reactors from the 25th Russian Conference

The 25th Russian Conference on Cold Nuclear Transmutation of Chemical Elements and Ball Lightning has proven to be a historic milestone in the documentation and universal acceptance of a seemingly ubiquitous phenomenon referred to over many decades by many names, including “strange radiation.” These enigmatic emissions produced by a variety of experimental setups — ranging from spark discharges, electrolytic cells, and now powder based “dry” nickel-hydrogen reactors — have been observed and written about by researchers spanning the globe.

Nevertheless, searching for the papers and reports describing them could be challenging, especially considering all the required search terms: exotic vacuum objects, EVs, sub-luminal tachyons, micro-ball lightning, cathode spots, erzions, strange radiation, compact toroids, and several others. But now, due to breaking revelations from Alexander Parkhomov and a number of other brilliant Russian pioneers in the field of LENR, the presentations from a single conference may represent a treasure chest of information on these paradigm shattering particles. What has been openly shared may not only help us understand the mechanisms allowing for cold fusion reactions, transmutations, and excess heat production, but could completely change our views on physical reality and the sea of unlimited energy in which we all exist.

Strarge radiation objects are known to be sometimes entangled. Could this SEM of a duel strange track have been caused by two entangled particles?

(http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/tracks.jpg)

Alexander Parkhomov has revealed the existence of perhaps an equally deep well of evidence and information. He has generated many thousands of track marks utilizing two different reactor types (a plasma electrolysis unit and a “dry” nickel-hydrogen reactor capable of producing significant excess heat), multiple different film materials (including polycarbonate, aluminum foil, and others), and multiple analysis techniques. The result is a fountain of evidence that proves beyond any doubt that LENR systems are capable of continually producing profuse quantities of “strange radiation” with properties that challenge existing physical concepts.

Below is a Google translated version of the slides that Parkhomov used in his presentation on strange radiation from the 25th Russian Conference at Sochi.

http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Strange-Radiation.pdf
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 14th, 2018, 04:19 PM
If you take a look at the reference
https://mephi.ru/content/articles/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=1689&SHOWALL_1=1

 figure 7, you will see that the magnetic vortex flux tubes have a cross section in the nano-meter range at the point where the tubes touch the surface of the metal. The black vortex solitons (Black EVOs) that generate those tubes contain on the order of 10^23 particles, each with a spin of 2. The magnetic field per square nano-meter that these tubes carry is very large.

My view is that those vortex tubes contain quarks extracted from the substrate that the tubes contact. This idea came to me from looking at the LION reactor where a tube was inactivated and the elements that it contained was deposited on the surface like toothpaste extruded from a tube. Those elements in that extruded matter was transmuted: those elements included zirconium.

See the "cannon" in this video.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhitBhess2E&t=908s

My belief is that the magnetic vortex flux tube produces a magnetic tube re-connection with the flux tubes that confine the quarks in the disrupted nucleons. These quarks are absorbed by the magnetic vortex flux tube. A quark plasma is then generated inside the magnetic vortex flux tube whereby quark reconfiguration occurs when the flux tube is deactivated.

Another clue that informs us about the timeline in which the transmutation occurs comes from the LION 2 diamond fuel analysis.  In the video as follows:


https://youtu.be/nqAqhp2uR7k?t=1157



the transmutation products are deposited at the end of the Active agent's mining cycle where the transmutation of carbon is deposited at the back end of the excavated tunnel when the active agent becomes inactive. Without exception, the transmuted elements are formed when the active agent goes back to sleep and the transmuted elements are reconstituted from quarks having been held in suspension by the working active agent. ​



More...

Conformation of Ken Shoulders EVO theory.

Black EVOs are pictured. They are really spooky looking.
Also magnetic vortex flux tubes are called " fluxes"

Action of the EVO can continue for months on the surface of metals,

Of particular note as follows:
Quote
Quote
"During the study of the state of the surface of the samples, a change was found in the surface topography of the samples that were not exposed to the PELP but were stored in separate packaging in close proximity to the treated samples. On the surface of untreated samples of metals (Ti, Cu, Fe, steels of different grades) there are no previously missing traces. Figure 26 shows the surface of the sample of copper, which was not directly affected by prostate cancer. After sharing with samples exposed to prostate cancer, these changes were detected. The removal of a part of the metal from untreated PRSPs of the samples by dissolving in the corresponding electrolytes revealed the presence in their body of thread-like formations similar to those found on samples that underwent PRPJ treatment."
This says that the LENR active agent can be transferred from the arc exposed metal to the unexposed metal and still see the same fission reaction occur.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: namirha on October 18th, 2018, 12:59 AM
Quote from Axil on October 14th, 2018, 04:19 PM
...
This says that the LENR active agent can be transferred from the arc exposed metal to the unexposed metal and still see the same fission reaction occur.
GOLD fission

(http://holoversity.eu/cloud/main/courses/Kelvin%20Abraham/Tetryonics/Principia%20Geometrica/Tetryonics%2060.15%20-%20Cold%20Fission.jpg)

Photons 4 Techology
http://tetryonics.scienceoflife.nl/html/photons_4_techology.html
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 18th, 2018, 11:32 PM
New paper from Holmlid on ultra dense hydrogen as dark matter:

http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/aadda1/meta

Holmlid is a very brave scientist for putting this idea forward.

The finding that  Strange radiation as a symbiont of ultra dense matter can absorb up to 10^6 GeV of EMF and convert that energy into meta-stable mass could make these EMF black holes a major factor in the accounting of matter in the universe.

The abstract also shows that Holmlid understands that Ultra dense matter(UDM) can exist in stars as follows:

"ultradense protium p(0) and ultradense deuterium D(0)—which are stable even inside many stars."

This ability to resist extreme stellar temperatures and pressures is due to the electron cover that the meissner effect imparts to the UDM: more specifically, a degenerate matter superconductive polariton cover over the positive proton core.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 22nd, 2018, 08:04 PM
More on Holmlid...

Holmlid: " H(0) is a quantum material and can have at least two slightly different forms—ultradense protium p(0) and ultradense deuterium D(0)—which are stable even inside many stars. ... Other important implications of the superfluid and superconductive phase H(0) in space await discovery."



What Holmlid is asserting will give professional science a nervous breakdown. He is saying that Ultra dense hydrogen is superconductive and superfluid even when it is enduring the pressures and temperatures in and around stars that are typical when nuclear reactions are occurring in and on the surfaces of stars.



What this posit is indicating is that there exists a mechanism where energy coming into the Ultra dense hydrogen is self reinforcing its superconductive property without limit in a positive feedback loop.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 25th, 2018, 01:14 PM
Here’s exchange between Joseph Fine and Andrea Rossi from the Journal of Nuclear Physics today.

It is following up on statements from Rossi where he says that their main focus is to obtain a wavelength in the E-Cat SK plasma of between 430 and 440 nm, which he has equated to temperatures of around 6900 °C, and having reached a peak peak temperature of 24000 K.

Joseph Fine
October 24, 2018 at 4:51 PM
Dear Andrea Rossi, Scientist:
A peak temperature of 24,000 K is very high. It should not be called ‘Cold’. (Except compared to the Solar Corona.)
Thermal regards,
Joseph Fine

Andrea Rossi
October 25, 2018 at 5:38 AM
Dr Joseph Fine:
It is still cold, compared to the millions of Kelvin you need for the nuclear fusion. ITER and others are talking of hundred millions K and this is why they will never succeed, because it is impossible confine reliably such temperatures with an unavoidably unstable magnetic field, on a so big surface. Consider that a contact at this T even for a fraction of second between the plasma and any material would instantly sublimate the material the reactor is built with, whatever you use.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Could it be possible that the assumptions(black body radiation) about the SK/QX is not correct? Let's have some fun and assume that the energy producing reaction that these reactors are operating under is driven by an EVO that is a black hole as Ken Shoulders has assumed.

The plasma inside these reactors could support a Bose condensate that acts as a black hole. If  this assumption is accurate, then the energy that these reactors are tapping into comes from the vacuum. By black hole theory, this energy is Hawking radiation where photons of a particular frequency proportional to the mass of the back hole falls into the black hole and its anti particle partner exits the surface of  the black hole.

Since photons are its own antiparticle, whatever energy that is produced by Hawkings radiation is both projected to the far field and also falls into the black hole. That's right, the energy extracted from the vacuum  by the micro black hole is doubled because of the nature of the photon ( the photon is its own antiparticle). Half of the energy is radiated as heat and the other half of the vacuum energy feeds the black hole and makes it heaver.

http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Hawking_radiation

THawking = 6.4×10^−8K/m⊙

Where m⊙ is the mass of the black hole

From equation 6 in the reference, the temperature of the Hawkings radiation is inversely proportional to the mass of the black hole. For a micro black hole, the mass is very small. that means that the temperature produced by that very light black hole is very high.

The vacuum energy fed into the black hole produces light and sub atomic particles such as muons.

You can see that the EVO is producing matter and light from nothing. I thinks this is where dark energy comes from.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on October 25th, 2018, 03:50 PM
Quote from Axil on October 25th, 2018, 01:14 PM
You can see that the EVO is producing matter and light from nothing. I thinks this is where dark energy comes from.
I think dark energy is what we commonly term gravity, actually a hybrid field, a binding force for all matter and energy.  This force is what pressurizes the universe and without it, nothing but fundamental fields would exist.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 26th, 2018, 01:08 AM
Quote from Matt Watts on October 25th, 2018, 03:50 PM
I think dark energy is what we commonly term gravity, actually a hybrid field, a binding force for all matter and energy.  This force is what pressurizes the universe and without it, nothing but fundamental fields would exist.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmological_constant

Dark energy is a component of gravity. It is associated with the cosmological constant in the Einstein equation.

The cosmological constant has the same effect as an intrinsic energy density of the vacuum,

A positive vacuum energy density resulting from a cosmological constant implies a negative pressure, and vice versa. If the energy density is positive, the associated negative pressure will drive an accelerated expansion of the universe as per the cosmological constant, as observed.

When energy is extracted from the vacuum, an associated negative pressure of the vacuum will result to compensate to keep the energy of the vacuum constant.

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-10-26/the-holy-grail-of-modern-physics/10364458
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 27th, 2018, 10:55 PM
Black Holes and Wormholes in spinor polariton condensates

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1104.3013
Quote
Conclusions Spinor polariton condensates, being rel-
atively easy to produce and manipulate, can be used
for the simulation of astrophysical objects, such as black
holes and wormholes. A 2D black hole with a closed event
horizon can be simulated. Effective magnetic fields, well
known as the cause of non-trivial spin dynamics of polari-
tons, can be used to organize the coupling between the
black holes and white holes in the two spin components.
A system of two wormholes in opposite directions allows
one to organize ”faster-than-sound” signal propagation.
These metastable polariton condensates have been observed in experiment to store 10^6 GeV or the mass of 1,000,000 protons. Could the energy be stored as Hawking radiation at the event horizon by the stoppage of time there as produced by relativity.

Also of note:
Quote
Such solitons have a lot of properties similar to those
of relativistic particles [25, 29], except that their mass
is negative (because they are actually holes rather than
particles):
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 29th, 2018, 01:38 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kn5PMa5xRq4

What Are Virtual Particles? Dr. Paul Matt Sutter Helps Explain

The LENR black hole is an EMF issue and not a gravitational one so the details of that type of micro black hole is different from the big gravity based cosmic ones discussed in the video.

The big difference is that Hawking radiation makes the micro black hole bigger (gain more energy) over time until it explodes whereas the big cosmic black holes loss  mass.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UzLDkMfR_60

Russ George et al has observed that increases in solar and/or cosmic activity change the level of gamma radiation that is produced by their LENR reactor(s). This might be due to the change in the excitation state of the vacuum around the earth that the associated activity around and in the Sun is producing in the vacuum.

A similar solar effect might be effecting the rate of radioactive decay that occurs when a Solar flair is ongoing. The activity of virtual particles are related to the radioactive isotope decay process.

See more info here:

Stanford Report, August 23, 2010

The strange case of solar flares and radioactive elements

https://news.stanford.edu/news/2010/august/sun-082310.html
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on October 31st, 2018, 07:29 PM
Resonance can have many faces

http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0957-4484/26/23/234002

SPECIAL

Experimental observation of anomalous thermal radiation from a three-dimensional metallic photonic crystal

Abstract

We report some striking results on thermal radiation properties of a resonantly coupled cavity photonic crystal (PhC) at elevated temperatures (T = 400–900 K). We experimentally found that at resonant wavelengths, λ = 1.1, 1.64, 2.85 μm, the PhC emission is spectrally selective, quasi-coherent, directional, and shows significant deviation from Planck's blackbody law at equilibrium. The presence of non-equilibrium effects, driven by strong thermal excitation and cavity resonance, may be the major cause for our experimental observation.

Sooner or later, science would stumble over some sort of LENR reaction.

thermal radiation coming off this photonic crystal (PhC) is up to 50 times stronger than blackbody radiation at certain frequencies. That radiation is coherent, directional, and focused, in other works, radiation produced by the LENR reaction.

This finding has the researchers puzzled.

I speculated that the coupled cavities in this crystal form a polariton Bose condensate that emits hawking radiation at specific thermal frequencies. There also may be some overunity here: more energy out than in...
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on November 3rd, 2018, 11:01 PM
Russ George is experimenting with LENR reactors that he built. Here is a post that is interesting.
Quote
QX in my case seems to mean 'Quick Exit', a new first on Friday, I chickened out with new experiments, rushing to turn off the stimulation when 5 of the magnificient seven, newly reconfigured after a weeks work, ran out of control and promptly exceeded more than 1000 C and showed no sign of slowing down, more than 300 C above their set points. The other three of the '8 rack' were running as controls and performing Ohmic heating calibrations. Be careful what you wish for. Now to figure out why.
The posit that some sort of proximity effect might be at play brings up the possibility of considering the onset of entanglement of macro systems. A common coherence mechanism between the 5 systems might have set up an entangled baseline where all the systems are acting as a single combined system. It will be fun to figure out what the common coherence mechanism could be. It might be a EMF field including a magnetic field as some has suggested, or it could be neutrinos, or wormholes, or it could be a coherent condition set up in the vacuum, or it could be a postulated 5th dimension.

If one of the 5 systems is moved far from the the other 4 and the coherence between the five is not disturbed, then suspect that these 5 systems are entangled. Entanglement is maintained regardless of position in space.

There has already been indications that something out in space is affecting the LENR reactors that Russ built.

IF these systems are entangled, then Russ has discovered a potential communication technology that is instantaneous regardless of the distance between sender and receiver. Such a discovery is far more important than excess heat production, IMHO.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on November 10th, 2018, 10:37 PM
IMHO. the key to LENR is the "so-called Grand Unified Theory"

When the cosmos first began, all forces and matter were the same. As the cosmos expanded, the forces and types of matter became unique and separate as the generalized state of entanglement between the various parts of the cosmos began to become unique.

The key to controlling all the forces and matter is to get back as much as possible to the Grand Unified state that existed when the cosmos began. That control is asserted through reestablishing entanglement. The strong force can be accessed through entangling it with EMF. Forming magnetism in the proper form can access and manipulate the strong force. The application of LENR is all about forming magnetism so that it is entangled with the strong force.

The strength of magnetism along does not access and connect with the strong force, It is the unique form that magnetism can assume that is the key to the LENR reaction. This special formatting of magnetism is how bacteria can cause nuclear transmutation processes to occur inside their protoplasum using magnetism with infinitesimally tiny strength levels.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Diadon on November 11th, 2018, 03:31 AM
I wrote a very long explanation of my experimental findings and when I tried to post it disappeared :( Damn internet of things working against my energy/time lol! Anyways, if anybody can find information on Super Fluid Hydrogen that I don't have to pay $100 for I would love to read the litrature as its importance can't be underestimated.
Super Fluid Helium(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sKOlfR5OcB4)

Warm and Loving Regards,
Diadon
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on November 11th, 2018, 08:41 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hWT9H8TPJeQ

In the interview recorded in Episode 15 of the Cold Fusion Now! podcast with Dennis Cravens, he describes at about 1:50 in to after 2:30 how his reactor produces holes on the surface of his tube and if the rector is run hard at a high power density, the reactor falls apart.

If LENR developers would look closely at the areas in their reactors that are LENR active, they would see all the signs that point to the cause of the LENR reaction. These indicators are seen in many LENR reactors.

https://www.coldfusionnow.com/podcast/Ruby-Carat-Dennis-Cravens-Cold-Fusion-Now-015.mp3

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://www.daviddarling.info/images/Platonic_solids.jpg

As discussed in the video, we may be seeing plutonic solids condense in the LENR ash as a result of instantaneous consolidation  of the stored pseudo matter that is suspended in the active black hole as a quark plasma. When the black hole explodes, the quark plasma condenses and forms a solid crystal structure when the plasma solidifies and attracts electrons. 

This process of condensation of elements may not be associated with high temperature vaporization. The glass structures formed from copper oxide in the LION reactor ash could have been formed by a magnetically mediated flux tube based quark plasma consolidation process.

The sucking sound that LION heard when his reactor was cold and he connected the light to the reactor might have been caused by the inflow of oxygen into the heater tunnel when the copper glass was instantaneously forming on the surface of the reactor copper wrapping..

One clue to exclude any temperature involvement in the formation of plutonic solid crystals  is the survival of nano-particles and plastic substrates that formed the base upon which the various crystals formed,  Vaporization level temperatures of oxides would have destroyed these plastic and nano-particle substrates.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on November 27th, 2018, 12:05 AM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5IAiMpmGx-M

The SAFIRE project has encountered the LENR reaction in their experimentation. The mechanism for LENR in SAFIRE is unique.

At 23:56, the experimental results show that light (UV) is slowed down to 1/60,000 of the speed of light. This points to the observation of Black hole behavior, or dark mode behavior that we see in other LENR experimental results.

Light energy is being accumulated inside the LENR Active Agent adding to its power potential.

At 45:07, a critical finding is revealed. The plasma becomes self feeding (aka self sustaining) at a very high power level. This self sustaining plasma behavior of the plasma is seen in the BrLP plasma. The plasma produces its own electrons and no electrons from the cathode is needed to keep the plasma energized.

Near the end of this video, SAFIRE team lists some of the LENR based results that they have seen recently. They preface their presentation with

We have seen in the LION experiment that the AA eats and gains energy in storage until a termination point is reached. When the AA terminates its active stage, it seems to release its stored transmutation products and possibly its energy store. The AA becomes dormant until the next activation cycle. The AA seems to live many lives and leave energy and transmutation products in a serial process.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tHyZhWoz9Lk

In this SAFIRE video, there is a discussion about chlorine introduction into the gas mix and an immediate failure of the double layer and there is also indications of and associated immediate large amount of hydrogen being transmuted into many elements. Could this transmutation process also be accompanied by energy discharge? (SAFIRE has reported energy production of between 2 and 20 million watts of power in a burst.)

Could this release of energy at AA death have inspired Rossi's 7 second activation cycle for the QX reactor where at the end of the 7 seconds, stored energy is released and the cycle restarts again to produce the next batch of energy accumulation in the AA?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on December 7th, 2018, 11:31 PM
TheFutureIsNow
December 7, 2018 at 10:45 PM
Dear Andrea,
...
8) Have you attempted to utilize a laser inferometer setup to determine if any modification of the active vacuum of space near the QX/SK is taking place? If so, what were the results?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White%E2%80%93Juday_warp-field_interferometer

Andrea Rossi
December 7, 2018 at 11:34 PM
TheFutureIsNow:
 ...
8- yes, but the results are confidential so far
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I had no idea that this experiment was possible, but Rossi ran it. This test might detect a disturbance in the vacuum is occurring, The posit that negative vacuum energy is being produced by the LENR reaction might show up in this test, also extracting energy from the vacuum might also be detected by this test.

(https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jeffrey_Lee7/publication/264349088/figure/fig1/AS:295864871473159@1447551090532/The-White-Juday-Warp-Field-Interferometer-1.png)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on December 14th, 2018, 12:25 AM
If energy is being extracted from the vacuum, it will come in the form of negative energy photons. Here is how we will recognize when the production of vacuum energy is occurring.  The negative energy photon has been produced in the lab. It turns out to be a photon with negative frequency. That negative frequency makes this negative energy photon produce a pulse of light at an even bluer color than the base line positive energy partner (vacuum energy pair derived).

If vacuum energy extraction is occurring, than the production of blue light (UV or XUV) will occur. Both Rossi and Mills report this kind of light is being generated by their systems.

See light produced by ECCO reactor

https://steemit.com/science/@mfmp/brilliant-light-shower

See references

https://arstechnica.com/science/2012/08/the-dark-side-of-light-negative-frequency-photons/

https://phys.org/news/2007-01-dark-energy-vacuum.html

https://arxiv.org/abs/1201.2689

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hawking radiation is the way systems extract energy from the vacuum. Black holes produce Hawking radiation,

How can a system produce Hawking radiation as follows:

Analog physics as follows

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analogical_models

Analogical models are a method of representing a phenomenon of the world, often called the "target system" by another, more understandable or analysable system. They are also called dynamical analogies.

Two open systems have analog representations (see illustration) if they are black box isomorphic systems.

The important concept to understand is what a black box isomorphic systems are

See

https://www.gravitylaboratory.com/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kOnoYQchHFw

Also see

https://link.springer.com/article/10.12942%2Flrr-2011-3

Analog gravity
See section 5
5.1 Hawking radiation

A dark mode polariton BEC is an analog black hole for light. It produces hawking radiation as photons. This is how LENR extracts energy from the vacuum. Negative energy photons enter the BEC and imbue dark mode polariton BEC with negative energy,

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on December 22nd, 2018, 04:06 PM
I suggest that a fundamental postulate of LENR might be that  any structure or process that produces hawking radiation will extract energy from the vacuum as a primary source of energy production. This structure or process contains an event horizon where photons from the vacuum are confined and separated between positive and negative energies.

An example of such a black hole like analog structure or process that can result in the LENR reaction in a plasma is a "Plasma mirror". Such a plasma mirror acts like a black EVO in a plasma.

There could be many  and varied LENR active structures or processes in which an analog black hole can form.

Plasma based systems like SAFIRE, the QX and SK reactors,  and the SunCell could be forming multiple plasma mirrors within their plasma in which energy from the vacuum could be extracted. The posit here is that LENR is a process that produces most of its energy output from  extracting heat photons from the vacuum. The plasma must fall into a state in which an analog event horizon forms.

Such plasma based systems unlike the black EVO could be free from strange radiation since the plasma mirror is not self sustaining. Any energy extracted from the vacuum is not nuclear or sub nuclear and as such is free from dangerous nuclear based radiation.

For example in SAFIRE, we know from experimental measurement that UV photons are being held in the plasma so that their speed of propagation is slowed by a factor that is 60,000 times less than the speed of light. This could be a consequence  of a process whereby the boundaries between the double layers are forming multiple plasma mirrors in which UV photons are being extracted from the vacuum via Hawking radiation.

Analogue black hole could be made from plasma mirror

https://physicsworld.com/a/analogue-black-hole-could-be-made-from-plasma-mirror/

https://physicsworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/PW-2017-01-30-Johnston-analogue-635x318.jpg



(https://physicsworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/PW-2017-01-30-Johnston-analogue-635x318.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on December 25th, 2018, 09:47 AM
The issue of LENR safety boils down to this...can the LENR reaction be partitioned into separate characterizations and functionalities that include the following tentative list of reaction characterizations:

Radiant energy production,

....heat
....visible light
....UV light
....gamma ray
shock wave production,
particle production.
....electron,
....muon,
....strange radiation production.
........dipole
........monopole
transmutation,
....endothermic
....exothermic
matter disintegration,
radioactivity suppression
radioactive isotope elimination
radiation shielding effects,
matter teleportation,
anti-gravity,
magnetism
...vortex tube
........triangular foot print
........dipole
........monopole
....localized magnetic traps (LMT)
Soliton formation
....bose nova


For example, by looking at all the ways in which LENR effects appear and can be produced, what LENR consequences must go together and which are inseparable.

In microbe based LENR, transmutation occurs without any other characterization.

In the Papp engine reaction, shock waves occur, along with electron production and radioactivity suppression, but little or no heat is produced,

In the Hutchinson effect, anti gravity effects appear, matter disintegration occurs, strange radiation is produced, transmutation occurs, electrons are produced.

What LENR engineering must be able to manipulate and the correct theory of LENR must address is how each of these functionalities are produced and how they are matched together as they are currently observed in ALL the various LENR systems that have been discovered. Considering only one or just a few LENR systems is not sufficient to develop a satisfying and useful theory of LENR. By a process of reduction of the globule set of observed LENR behaviors, the theory of LENR shall reduce the cause(s) of the reaction to one or many basic fundamental causes. Any layering of functionality shall be defined between and among these fundamental causes in a hierarchical manor if multiple causes exist.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on December 28th, 2018, 11:30 PM
NASA’s Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) has detected an ultrahigh-energy particle with about 500 times the mass of a proton coming from the direction of the Antarctic ice.

https://dailygalaxy.com/2018/10/reboot-new-evidence-suggests-mystery-particles-detected-beaming-up-from-south-pole-do-not-fit-the-standard-model-of-physics/

The particle shower that the particle produces indicate that the particle had energies in excess of 0.5 exa-electron volts—70,000 times higher than the energy achieved with the most powerful particle accelerator.

There are a number of puzzles that are coming from the ice environment. Pluto is geologically active and Ultima Thule might still be. Its hard to believe that the heat that is keeping Pluto geologically active is still coming from freezing ice after 4.5 billion years of freezing. It might be best to understand the mysteries that nature shows us when they reveal themselves.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on December 31st, 2018, 02:01 AM
https://www.quantamagazine.org/the-octonion-math-that-could-underpin-physics-20180720/

octonion-math is Vortex based math.

I beleive that this math explains how the properties of quarks come from the operations of octonion-math, This following article shows how quarks are connected by a vortex like flux tube.

https://academicworks.cuny.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1075&context=lg_pubs
Quote
There is good phenomenological evidence that in a rotationally excited baryon a quark-diquark (q - D) structure is favored over a three-quark (qqq) structure[8];[9];[10]. Eguchi[11] had shown that it is energetically favorable for the three quarks in a baryon to form a linear structure with a quark on one end and bilocal structure qq at the other end. Similarly, Bars and Hanson[12], and independently Johnson and Thorn[13] had shown that the string-like hadrons may be pictured as vortices of color flux lines which terminate on concentration of color at the endpoints. A baryon with three valence quarks would be arranged as a linear chain of molecule where the largest angular momentum for a state of a given mass is expected when two quarks are at one end, and the third is at the other: At large spin, two of the quarks form a diquark at one end of the string, the remaining quark being at the other. Regge trajectories for mesons and baryons are closely parallel; both have a slope of about 0:9(GeV )^-2. If the quarks are light, the underlying quark-diquark symmetry leads to a Miyazawa symmetry between mesons and baryons. Thus we studied QCD with a weakly broken supergroup SU(6=21). Note that the fundamental theory is not supersymmetric. For quarks, the generators of the Poincar´e group and those of the color group SU(3)c commute. It is only the effective Hamiltonian which exhibits an approximate supersymmetry among the bound states q anti-q and qD.
Here is another reference to vortex flux tubes in particles. This looks exactly like what we saw in the LION experiments.

http://www.ptep-online.com/2016/PP-44-07.PDF

The geometrodynamics of the famous scientist John Archibald
Quote
Wheeler, who passed away in 2008, does not seem to
find favor among modern physicists.
According to J.Wheeler’s geometrodynamic concept
charged microparticles are considered therein as singular
points located in a non-unitary coherent two-dimensional surface
and connected to each other through “wormholes”, current
tubes, or current force lines of the input-output (sourcedrain)
kind in an additional dimension, thus forming a closed
contour. However, “wormholes” in space, if they are not considered
as purely mathematical constructions, in its physical
embodiment can only be vortex formations of some kind substance
that has the properties of an ideal fluid.
https://hiup.org/micro-black-holes-elementary-particles/

(https://15qrvx2p7q0ipwico11bd3e1-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/scientificamerican1116-26-I2.jpg)

Based on John Archibald Wheeler's ideas that participles are black holes with wormholes. Not all particles might be black holes but some quasiparticles surly are since we have seen them in experiments, and these quasiparticles can interact with the quarks inside particles through vortex flux tube reconnection producing transmutation.

The "Geon" idea (https://jayryablon.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/wheeler-geometrodynamics.pdf
Black Holes as Elementary Particles) is old but from what we have seen in our experiments, it is most likely true

Black Holes as Elementary Particles
Christoph F. E. Holzhey
Frank Wilczek

https://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/9202014.pdf
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 3rd, 2019, 05:03 PM
I beleive that the LENR process is a complex reaction that is comprised of multiple sub-reaction-mechanisms one being transmutation. Transmutation can exist on its own such as occurs in microbes. There is no high energy components that accompany this process...if there were, then the microbes would not survive. Also there are energy generation sub-processes that do not involve transmutation. As Rossi developed his system, he changed the way he did things and the LENR reaction reflected these changes. It is possible that an initial LENR reaction formed CU as a transmutation product, but then a latter reaction did not. Rossi added lithium to his fuel mix as a latter improvement, This changed what the reaction did and what transmutation products were produced.

Right now Russ George is adjusting his fuel blend that he uses in his LENR  reactor and the LENR reactions that are produced also change in responce. For example, one fuel mix produces radiation and another just produces heat. It is not correct to think of the LENR reaction as simple and unchanging, the LENR reaction is very complicated and is a function of the way it is generated.

For example, in Rossi's latest system: the SK reactor, transmutation may not be occurring. That system could be extracting energy from the vacuum as one of these major energy producing LENR sub-processes.
Quote
RR
January 3, 2019 at 4:17 AM
Dr Andrea Rossi,
Is the temperature of the plasma in the Ecat uniform, or are there different temperatures?

Andrea Rossi
January 3, 2019 at 8:47 AM
RR:
There are different temperatures in different zones. When applying the Boltzmann formula we consider only the surface of the core, that in an Ecat SK is about 0.5 cm^2 and is where all the energy id produced.
Warm Regards,
A.R.
This bit of info tells us something important about the LENR reaction in the SK reactor. The energy production zone is located at a fixed location inside the plasma. This LENR active zone does not move around randomly throughout the plasma. We would expect that random movement of the energy production zone would imply a mobile LENR active agent such as a black EVO which is independent of the plasma...like a fish swimming in a lake. That fish could travel anywhere in that lake.

The LENR active zone inside the plasma is fixed in the "core" of the plasma. This means that the plasma itself is supporting the LENR reaction as an integral and indispensable component of the LENR process.

The SK reactor is a plasma based LENR reaction where the plasma supports the reaction without the action of another independent agent.

 

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 7th, 2019, 10:37 PM
I have been asking professional scientists how energy can be extracted from the vacuum and the best explanation I have received so far comes from Dr. Paul M. Sutter’s blog: ask a spaceman.

My question:


Highlighted comment
Axil Axil
A photon/anti-photon pair created by pair creation through quantum fluctuations at the event horizon of a black hole produces Hawking radiation when the photon escapes to the far field and the anti-photon is absorbed into the black hole. How does that anti-photon decrease the energy content of the black hole to evaporate it since to the best of my understanding the anti-photon has positive energy…but negative frequency? Furthermore a photon with negative frequency and one with positive frequency are identical. Is the issue that allows the anti-photon to annihilate positive energy in any way related to the stoppage of time at the event horizon? Otherwise, the black hole just gets more energetic over time from this influx of anti-photons.

Dr  Sutter’s responce:

Paul M. Sutter replied: "Great question! I've discussed this before - just search my channel for hawking radiation!"

After my search, here it goes

http://www.pmsutter.com/shows/askaspaceman-archive/2016/9/20/aas-40-do-black-holes-die#comments-outer-wrapper

Essentially, because the black hole traps virtual photons in a time event that stops time at the instant that the event horizon is formed, these trapped photons escape based on their position that they were at relative to the event horizon when that horizon first formed.

The key concept about the Hawking radiation based energy productivity of an electromagnetic analog black hole is its lifetime. The shorter that this type of black hole lasts, the more vacuum energy that it can extract from the vacuum. The following insight comes from the explanation about the way Hawking radiation is produced and behaves that Dr. Sutter has explained in the reference above.

The polariton just exists for a few pico-seconds. When the polariton forms in the dark mode, it surrounds an aggregation of vacuum perturbations: (aka virtual particle) and stores them for release based on a general relativity time distorted horizon that delays the release of those “photons” until the polariton decays. When the polariton decays, the time distortion goes away and the photons derived from the vacuum become real.

The reason that the polariton can produce so much photon based vacuum energy is because it is so small and short lived. Two types of vacuum perturbed photons come from the vacuum, the positive energy photons that are low frequency heat guys, and negative energy ones that have a negative frequency whose energy level is in the ultraviolet energy range. The polariton condensate holds onto the negative gravity property of the negative photons that are being constantly created by the roiling soup of polaritons aggregation almost instantaneous birth and deaths within the Bose condensate were each member of the aggregation  lives and dies in pico-seconds, and the positive photons that are released to the far field as heat. The storage of negative energy inside the condensate results in its experimentally observed negative mass behavior.

The bigger the polaritons get… meaning the polaritons store more negative energy, the longer they live but because of the polariton’s increase size(energy content) and longer lifetimes, they produce and release less vacuum energy…they essentially go to sleep. These sleeping polaritons wake up when they are pumped and new short lived polariton start the vacuum energy extraction cycle again.

Dr Sutter laments that this Hacking radiation stuff is four levels of hard to understand. For the electromagnetic analog black hole, just double that level of hard. You can see that understanding LENR will take some considerable amount of time to become commonplace.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 7th, 2019, 11:00 PM
Here is the response I got back from Lawrence Crowell,

Lawrence Crowell of Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (IAS) with expertise in: Cosmology and Elementary Particle Physics.

My question:

You seem to be up on Black hole stuff. Can you explain this point that is confusing me?

Hawking radiation produces a pair of particles created just outside the event horizon of a black hole. It is possible that the positive member of the pair (say, an electron) may escape - observed as thermal radiation emitting from the black hole - while the negative particle (say, a positron, with its negative energy and negative mass) may fall back into the black hole, and in this way the black hole would gradually lose mass. But a positron has positive energy(512KeV). Can you explain how a particle with negative mass converts itself into a particle that has positive energy? Does it involve the flow of time? Have you already covered this in your blog?

The answer:

@ Axil: Remember that this picture of an electron pair is a bit of a heuristic. However, we can address this matter from the perspective of quantum field theory and Dirac's old idea of the “Dirac sea.” To start Dirac proposed that the anti-electron sat in the bottom half of the momentum-energy light cone. The Lorentzian light cone with time arrow inside the cone and the basis vectors for spatial directions outside has its Fourier transformed version with energy direction inside the cones and momentum basis vectors out. The negative energy bottom half cone is completely filled, and if it is not then some positive energy will fall in and fill it emitting a photon. The positive top part of the cone has positive mass-energy electron states. The two halves of the cone have a gap of mc^2 for the mass of the electron. So to generate an anti-electron one must impart 2mc^2 or more energy into a state in the negative half of the cone to jump it into the positive energy cone across the mass gaps. This means the physical anti-electron has a positive mass. Along with this positron comes an electron as well. By pulling a positive charged negative energy state in the bottom light cone you have left a “hole” and this has a negative charge in this “sea.” That is canceled by generating a negative charged electron with positive mass and the hole is filled..

We now can use this to think of more modern quantum field theory. The electron and positron were pulled out of the vacuum by imparting sufficient energy in some interaction, such as a gamma ray scattering off a nucleus. These loops or virtual particles in the vacuum can be removed by a process called normal ordering. We expect these processes to have no contribution unless they are coupled to real particles. In that case these things are summed over for a range of energy or momentum and as such are considered “off shell.” So we have no particular trouble thinking of the particle that enters the black hole as negative and the real particle makes it out of asymptotic infinity. However, this picture becomes a bit problematic when we consider gravity. The vacuum may be removed for ordinary quantum fields, but with gravity it will still have some gravitational interaction.

Now consider the Penrose diagram for the Schwarzshild metric. The horizons for the X in the middle and we then think of there being a quantum loop, such as for the e-p pair at the center. Gravitation determines the path of a particle classically as following geodesic flows. However, if we think about the path integral of quantum mechanics only one path for a particle is on the geodesic; the other paths are really nongeodesic. The same holds for this loop. I wrote on Stack Exchange on how the Kerr-Newman black hole for a stationary accelerated frame near the black hole the local spacetime region in that frame is AdS_2×S^2, where AdS_2 is an anti-de Sitter spacetime in two dimensions.

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/262735/ads-black-holes/262744#262744

The AdS spacetime has negative curvature or a negative vacuum energy. That observer will only be able to detect part of that loop, as this observer never crosses the horizon. This deformation of the vacuum into a locally negative value is one way within spacetime that we can think of the black hole as absorbing negative mass-energy. That loop is also on a non-geodesic path and the result is that negative mass-energy crosses the horizon. Then true to the old idea of Dirac positive energy particles emerge from the black hole.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 12th, 2019, 01:29 PM
I have become aware of some new properties and capabilities that my favorite stuff can produce. First, a Polariton condensate can convert light into a liquid

https://futurism.com/scientists-demonstrate-liquid-light-at-room-temperature-for-the-first-time


Next, it can also be formed into a time crystal, a new form of matter.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_crystal

https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.00026
Quote
We analyse nonequilibrium phase transitions in microcavity polariton condensates trapped in optically induced annular potentials. We develop an analytic model for annular optical traps, which gives an intuitive interpretation for recent experimental observations on the polariton spatial mode switching with variation of the trap size. In the vicinity of polariton lasing threshold we then develop a nonlinear mean-field model accounting for interactions and gain saturation, and identify several bifurcation scenarios leading to formation of high angular momentum quantum vortices. For experimentally relevant parameters we predict the emergence of spatially and temporally ordered polariton condensates (time crystals), which can be witnessed by frequency combs in the polariton lasing spectrum or by direct time-resolved optical emission measurements. In contrast to previous realizations, our polaritonic time crystal is spontaneously formed from an incoherent excitonic bath and does not inherit its frequency from any periodic driving field.
What does "identify several bifurcation scenarios leading to formation of high angular momentum quantum vortices" mean:

(https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lorenzo_Dominici/publication/317300271/figure/fig3/AS:500640935231488@1496373508973/Cowinding-and-counterwinding-quantum-vortices-A-B-C-Amplitude-and-phase-maps-of-the.png)

The polariton condensate produces two counter-rotating spin vorticies that are the source of the north and south poles of the vortex flux tubes (wormholes) that were seen in the LION reactor ash analysis that MFMP did.

What does this mean for LENR? An EVO could be a self perpetuating liquid time crystal that continually and permanently vibrates without the need for energy and in so doing, breaks time symmetry and the conservation of energy. When time symmetry is broken, so is the conservation of energy.

Time translation symmetry

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_translation_symmetry

Time Crystals are Very Interesting - Ask a Spaceman!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FGopZnPHPfs
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 14th, 2019, 01:13 AM
In 1839 a young Frenchman, Alexandre Edmond Becquerel, experimented with electricity in his father’s lab. He was passionate about phenomena of magnetism, electricity and optics, which scientists had only started to understand. He noticed a strange occurrence: an electrolytic cell generated more energy when it was exposed to sunlight. He called it the photovoltaic effect.

Forty years had to pass for another two scientists, William Grylls Adams and Richard Evans Day, to discover the photovoltaic effect in a solid substance. Then, in 1905, Albert Einstein explained the fundamental physics of it, which ultimately led to the quantum revolution in physics. Yet even eight years later, great physicists such as Max Planck considered this explanation foolish. With an apparent lack of practical applications, all these breakthroughs had not been taken forward until a US company, Bell Labs, made the world’s first useful solar cell in the 1950s. The rest is history.

Science is a passion driven by curiosity. It is not a job, it is an obsession driven by the need to know.

Alfred Lothar Wegener was a German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist.

During his lifetime he was primarily known for his achievements in meteorology and as a pioneer of polar research, but today he is most remembered as the originator of the theory of continental drift by hypothesizing in 1912 that the continents are slowly drifting around the Earth. His hypothesis was controversial and not widely accepted until the 1950s.

Ludwig Boltzmann faced massive ridicule for his work on thermodynamics, eventually committing suicide in 1906. His work was largely carried on and extended by Paul Ehrenfest, who faced similar ridicule, committing suicide in 1933. Their work laid the foundation for modern statistical mechanics.

In 1927, Georges Lemaître put together data about the redshift and distance measurements of galaxies to infer the expanding Universe, writing to Einstein about his findings. Einstein responded, "Your calculations are correct, but your physics are abominable." Yet Lemaître was correct, with his conclusions predating Hubble's identical ones by two years.

Fritz Zwicky, who first inferred the existence of dark matter in the 1930s, had his results dismissed based on the absurdity that such a significant fraction of the Universe could be hitherto undetected. The work of Vera Rubin and Kent Ford in the 1970s led to dark matter being seriously considered, but the work of Zwicky could have given us a 40 year head-start on the puzzle.


The really major advances in science are not recognized for decades after they have been made by those obsessed with knowing and discovery. These discoveries are just too hard to accept by the current paradigm of the day. As it has been, it remains so today. There are great advances in science that have been made but are currently being ridiculed. It just takes decades for these advances to pass the test of time and to come of age.

 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 14th, 2019, 07:29 PM
https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.07962

A Unifying Theory of Dark Energy and Dark Matter: Negative Masses and Matter Creation within a Modified ΛCDM Framework

There is a cosmological theory that the universe has an exactly balanced zero energy content and is balanced between positive energy/mass and negative/ energy/mass.

The universe formed out of nothing

https://www.astrosociety.org/publication/a-universe-from-nothing/

A Universe from Nothing

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero-energy_universe

Zero-energy universe

There is a problem that exists in cosmology called the flatness problem

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flatness_problem

Flatness problem

In order for the universe to remain flat, the proportions of both positive matter.energy and negative matter and energy must be precisely equal. If this is not the case, then the existence of life in the universe is not possible.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedmann_equations

Friedmann equations

A flat euclidean universe can only exist in a zero energy universe. In order for the universe to stay flat and also to constantly expand, both positive energy/matter and negative energy/matter must be forming in a precisely balanced continuous process. This currently unrecognized process pumps out matter and energy as well as an equal amount of matching dark matter and dark energy in a continuous and on-going basis.

There exists as an ongoing process in every star and inside every planet a process that produces polarized energy from the vacuum. This reaction is the source of polarized (Positive/negative) matter and energy throughout the universe. Because this reaction maintains an exact balance in the creation of this polarized energy, the flatness of the universe is exactly maintained.

I am pleased to report that this reaction has been discovered and will be utilized in a commercial product that will be introduced on this upcoming January 31. A two hour live demo available on the internet will be held to mark the introduction of this commercial product.

Your questions during the discussion in direct streaming on http://www.ecatskdemo.com will be welcome.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 24th, 2019, 07:02 PM
 
New Paper by Andrea Rossi: ‘Possible Formation of Dense Exotic Electron Clusters in E-Cat SK’ – 60-day Test Produces 31680kWh of Heat.


The title is “E-Cat SK and long range particle interactions”, and is published at ResearchGate here:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

I am reading the paper. This insight is important

In [13] is hypothesized
that a voltage pulse with a very short, critical rise time may favor the creation of coherent and
dense electron clusters: The conjecture is based on the possibility that, as a consequence of
Aharonov-Bohm effect, a rapid, collective and simultaneous variation of the Zitterbewegung
phase catalyzes the creation of coherent systems.

The paper recognizes that the formation of a Bose Einstein condensate is central to the formation of a charged cluster. The electron must be converted into a Boson to form that condensate.

What I don't yet see is the central role that entanglement with a boson plays in the process of converting the election into a boson.

Examples of those bosons are photons, phonon, and exitons.

What Rossi et al is assuming is that the vacuum particles will convert electrons into bosons at a small scale.

What really happens is that if electrons and a boson pair is localized in a confined volume for a long enough time, the boson and the electron will eventually equilibrate and therefore eventually be entangled to form and "election based boson". This condensate is called a EVO.

------------------------------------------

I think that the paper also said is that the spectrum emission lines produced by the plasma shows that a Holmlid based ultra dense hydrogen species (protium) is showing up in the plasma.
--------------------------------------------

When it gets way down deep into the nuclear and sub atomic particle processes that are being produced by the electron clusters, it is hard to tell what is happening.

MFMP is fortunate to have LION and ECCO reactor ash data that shows what processes are going on that Rossi cannot see in his plasma.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: securesupplies on January 25th, 2019, 03:15 AM
Chris Strevens

Put a coil around  a tube of deuterium  and used the  coil emf to compress the gas
he than hit the highly compressed  gas with a vic styled pulse extract radio frequency from a ham radio that was boosted
he made  helium band gas

I mentioned this out of pure  hobby interest.  as his method worked.
Chris is the perfect crazy scientist  truly crazy but in fact it worked
and was a cold process

Dan
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: securesupplies on January 26th, 2019, 08:15 PM
Note Chris Streven channels have been deleted 4 of them
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 27th, 2019, 04:30 PM
Quantum mechanical entanglement is at the heart of the LENR reaction.

John Bell, one of the wise men of QM, has been quite sharp on this point:
Quote
Quantum mechanics is absolutely ununderstandable and logically inconsistent because nobody knows where the border line between quantum objects and classical objects has to placed, and the theory does not help at all in this sense.
This requirement for meta-stable entanglement places some tight constraints on the theories of LENR. In the main, most LENR structures are either coherent and/or entangled.

For example when a system is entering the LENR state, its electrical resistance goes way down because many small pieces are coming together and superconductivity is spreading.

Here, heat production goes up and electrical resistance goes down.

We begin to see small holes get bigger in LENR ash, and many small individual pieces are producing identical products.

One of the main reasons that we have a hard time understanding what LENR does is that we do not understand what QM entanglement can do. And it can be mostly unbelievable stuff. One of the benefits that LENR research will eventually bring to the table of science is an understanding about what QM entanglement can do
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 27th, 2019, 08:13 PM
I beleive that the "macroscopic plasma ball" that has been seen to float around in the both the QX and SK reactors developed by Rossi are based on ultra dense hydrogen or lithium clusters that are superconductive and coherent.

Rossi adds his "fuel" to the SK core and it is this fuel that includes the ultra dense hydrogen or lithium clusters that are manufactured through an energetic fuel generation procedure.

This Bose condensate based cluster is comprised of a proton lattice based positive core and an electron spin wave cloud that surrounds the core at a small distance.

This electron cloud allows the cluster to stay together at any temperature through electron degeneracy pressure. The cloud will become entangled with photons because of the EMF mirror behavior produce by the superconductive structure of the ultra dense cluster where the Meissner effect repels EMF from the core.

The voltage associated with the electron spin wave is low since all the electrons in that wave are entangled so the cluster acts like a single particle.

Energy is stored in this cluster through a coherent dipole oscillation of the electron cloud and the proton core.

The electron spin wave produces a polariton condensate when it becomes entangled with photons. In Rossi's system, the photons are from XUV light at a single frequency.

It is this photon entanglement that allows for petal Bose condensation to develop which is the mechanism that provides the spin polarization that eliminates radioactive isotopes and generates the vortex magnetic flux tubes that we see in the LION experiments.

In the condensate, two counter rotating spin currents provide spin polarization and associated polarized generation of the magnetic vortex flux tubes in which transmutation occurs when the individual polariton terminates.

This cluster is known as strange radiation and is an analog EMF black hole that is meta-stable. Heat is produced by hawking radiation. Light is released as negative frequency partner vacuum originated photons which gives the cluster its blue color that we will see in the demo on Thursday.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 28th, 2019, 03:37 PM
Kenneth Shoulders:

"I measure the ‘presence’ if you will - measured in terms of total accumulated charge or total residual charge of this, er, EVO. They VARY! Well nothing varies charge or mass - but these things do! That is so fundamentally opposed to all natural laws, natural meaning ‘man-made’ that we have written down that, er, it’s outrageous.

We have… It’s written in the law that says this [said in a parrot like monotonous voice]

CHARGE IS CONSERVED
MASS IS CONSERVED
ENERGY IS CONSERVED
E=MC^2

and all hitched together.

WRONG - just - DEAD WRONG

Cause I can take one of these funny little particles and change its charge from actual measurement, this is no hand waving thing. I can measure it with an instrument, I can do it any day you want to - you can change it over a billion to one (1,000,000,000:1) and still have it visible."

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This condensed matter behavior was know contemporary to when Shoulders was working (1950 through 1980)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spin%E2%80%93charge_separation
Quote
In condensed matter physics, spin–charge separation is an unusual behavior of electrons in some materials in which they 'split' into three independent particles, the spinon, the orbiton and the holon (or chargon). The electron can always be theoretically considered as a bound state of the three, with the spinon carrying the spin of the electron, the orbiton carrying the orbital degree of freedom and the chargon carrying the charge, but in certain conditions they can become deconfined and behave as independent particles.
The EVO can travel around widely and just manifest a vortex magnetic flux tube and not have much if any charge connected to it.

But when the EVO dies, the electrons in their billions can rebuild themselves by recombining both their charge and spin.

But more amazingly, the EVO can endure plasma level temperatures and remain a superconductor.

If we can pack a lot of electrons into a small volume. then spin charge separation occurs. Compression of matter into a small volume seems to be the key such as in ultra dense hydogen.
Quote
Building on physicist F. Duncan M. Haldane's 1981 theory, experts from the Universities of Cambridge and Birmingham proved experimentally in 2009 that a mass of electrons artificially confined in a small space together will split into spinons and holons due to the intensity of their mutual repulsion (from having the same charge).
It has recently been found that hydrids under high press become superconducting.

https://physicsworld.com/a/could-high-pressure-hydrides-be-high-temperature-superconductors/

Could high-pressure hydrides be high-temperature superconductors?

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b04125

Iron hydrides under pressure are superconducting.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on January 28th, 2019, 10:34 PM
When you say "high temperature superconductors", you're not talking about ambient room temperature right?  You're talking about plasma scale temperatures correct?

I've heard from a few experimenters playing with spark gaps that when a plasma forms in the gap, its resistance is lower than a pure piece of silver bar.  I don't know if it's superconducting or not, but my experience working with a plasma ignition system is that there appears to be no limit how much amperage can pass through the plasma arc.  It far surpasses what the copper wires can carry.  This can be seen by connecting a very low ESR capacitor across the gap that can sink thousands of amps and striking the arc with high voltage using diodes to bypass the capacitor.  The capacitor will discharge extremely fast and violently.  So fast it's difficult to get an accurate time constant.  At a certain level of charge dump, the electrodes of the spark gap will vaporize.

https://vimeo.com/59280266/

With the proper material composing the electrodes, I wouldn't be at all surprised if there was some transmutation of the elemental atoms taking place.

I do know first hand when testing this plasma spark, when you add water vapor the reaction becomes much more violent.  I would have to conclude the addition of Hydrogen (and Oxygen) reacts with the electrode material.  If I would have had a clear high pressure chamber filled with Hydrogen, I would have loved to see what happens, from a distance of course.  :-)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 28th, 2019, 11:55 PM
Quote from Matt Watts on January 28th, 10:34 PM
When you say "high temperature superconductors", you're not talking about ambient room temperature right?  You're talking about plasma scale temperatures correct?

I've heard from a few experimenters playing with spark gaps that when a plasma forms in the gap, its resistance is lower than a pure piece of silver bar.  I don't know if it's superconducting or not, but my experience working with a plasma ignition system is that there appears to be no limit how much amperage can pass through the plasma arc.  It far surpasses what the copper wires can carry.  This can be seen by connecting a very low ESR capacitor across the gap that can sink thousands of amps and striking the arc with high voltage using diodes to bypass the capacitor.  The capacitor will discharge extremely fast and violently.  So fast it's difficult to get an accurate time constant.  At a certain level of charge dump, the electrodes of the spark gap will vaporize.

https://vimeo.com/59280266/

With the proper material composing the electrodes, I wouldn't be at all surprised if there was some transmutation of the elemental atoms taking place.

I do know first hand when testing this plasma spark, when you add water vapor the reaction becomes much more violent.  I would have to conclude the addition of Hydrogen (and Oxygen) reacts with the electrode material.  If I would have had a clear high pressure chamber filled with Hydrogen, I would have loved to see what happens, from a distance of course.  :-)
This LENR system is much like what you are talking about.

HIGH-ENERGETIC METAL NANO-CLUSTER PLASMOID AND
ITS SOFT X-RADIATION
Klimov A., Grigorenko A., Efimov A., Sidorenko M.,Soloviev A., Tolkunov B., Evstigneev N., Ryabk ov O

http://www.newinflow.ru/pdf/Klimov_Poster.pdf
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 31st, 2019, 12:45 AM
How to build a Tipler cylinder time machine.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tipler_cylinder
Quote
A Tipler cylinder, also called a Tipler time machine, is a hypothetical object theorized to be a potential mode of time travel—although results have shown that a Tipler cylinder could only allow time travel if its length were infinite or with the existence of negative energy.
(http://curious4science.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/tipler-cylinder-characteristics.jpg)

Place a SK reactor inside a cylinder that can freely rotate at high speed.

The SK reactor will produce negative energy photons in the form of XUV light,

Rotate the cylinder at very high speed to imitate a distortion in space time. In detail, the cylinder should create a frame-dragging effect. Through the agency of negative energy from Rossi's SK reactor, this frame-dragging effect warps spacetime in such a way that the light cones of objects in the cylinder's proximity become tilted, so that part of the light cone then points backwards along the time axis on a space-time diagram.

A potential problem might arise in the development of the SK turbine when the turbine is operated at high rotational speed. The turbine might act as a time machine and send the operator that is walking by it  back in time to parts unknown defined by some randomized space-time tensor.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 31st, 2019, 06:02 PM
Quote from Axil on January 31st, 12:45 AM
How to build a Tipler cylinder time machine.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tipler_cylinder

(http://curious4science.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/tipler-cylinder-characteristics.jpg)

Place a SK reactor inside a cylinder that can freely rotate at high speed.

The SK reactor will produce negative energy photons in the form of XUV light,

Rotate the cylinder at very high speed to imitate a distortion in space time. In detail, the cylinder should create a frame-dragging effect. Through the agency of negative energy from Rossi's SK reactor, this frame-dragging effect warps spacetime in such a way that the light cones of objects in the cylinder's proximity become tilted, so that part of the light cone then points backwards along the time axis on a space-time diagram.

A potential problem might arise in the development of the SK turbine when the turbine is operated at high rotational speed. The turbine might act as a time machine and send the operator that is walking by it  back in time to parts unknown defined by some randomized space-time tensor.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on January 31st, 2019, 06:04 PM
A. Rossi's SK commercial demo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqO2dQM4--8
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on February 3rd, 2019, 03:35 PM
I believe that there is an as of yet unrecognized natural connection in the way gravity interacts with hydrogen infused matter as a function of scale. When a cosmic body reaches a certain critical mass, a change of state sets in whereby hydrides become ultra-dense and superconductive. Also a heat production mechanism turns on.
 
This could be seen in many small cosmic bodies like Pluto with teutonic surface changes and an internal ocean, Ceres an asteroid with a liquid ocean beneath a frozen crust, double bodied comets, A liquid-water ocean hides under the frozen surface of Saturn's moons Enceladus and Europa, the gas planets where energy out is greater than energy received from the Sun, and lately in Ultima Thule where the surface is much smoother that expected and the solid neck structure that connects its two bodies may have formed from internal melting. A wide spread heat production mechanism throughout the Cosmos could be acting in all hydrogen containing cosmic bodies over a certain mass as acted upon by gravity.
   
High compression of hydrogen containing chemical compounds by gravity induces in these highly compressed and deformed structures a quantum mechanical related process involving superposition of electrons and entanglement of bosons with fermions that are only found in ultra-dense matter research. This type of matter is orders of magnitude more massive that ordinary matter and far more compact. Ultra-dense hydrogen is a material so heavy that a cube with sides of length 10 cm weights 130 tonnes.  The behavior of ultra-dense matter such as the onset of superconductivity and down through electron degeneracy changes in a predictable way based on how quantum mechanics interacts on the increasing compacted structures of matter.  This to my understanding is what naturalness is all about.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on February 21st, 2019, 10:24 PM
This post concerns the nature of the binding forces that keep the nucleus  and their constituent nucleons together. This subject is important because of the fact that ultra dense hydrogen can affect the confinement of quarks. Since Rossi has recognized in his theory that he is using ultra dense hydrogen to power his SK reactor, how ultra dense hydrogen does this function is directly related to Rossi's theory

The EMC effect

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EMC_effect

also

Correlated nucleons may solve 35-year-old mystery

https://phys.org/news/2019-02-nucleons-year-old-mystery.html#nRlv

Holmlid has found that a weak laser pulse can be replaced with a spark discharge  that  can still get the same nuclear and sub nuclear reactions to occur as that of a low powered laser pulse.

The indispensable role that Ultra dense hydrogen plays in this quark confinement disruption reaction is to reformat the stimulant EMF energy into the proper strong force disruption format.

The EMC Effect might be a result of a brief superposition of quarks between nucleons that reside in the constituent nucleons inside a nucleus. This observation seems to be a violation of the quark confinement rule. This rule states that quarks cannot interact between nucleons. Quark confinement is the factor that produces high quark momentum. By Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, when something is highly confined, its momentum becomes very high.

As illustration, a tiger in a big zoo with open fields will act more relaxed, because he has a lot of room to wander around. If you now confine him in smaller and smaller areas, he gets nervous and agitated. It's a lot that way with any particle. If they're free to move all around, they have low energy. Put them together and confine them in a small volume, they get very excited and try to get out of the structure.

When quark  momentum goes down, this means that quark confinement is relaxed proportionally.  Superposition of quarks may be occurring were the strong force connections are shared between each interacting quark interconnection network regardless of what nucleon the quarks are in.

If we can produce the proper EMF format, then we can grab hold of quarks and manipulate them.

What Ultra dense hydrogen might do is to reformat the EMF in various formats that are found in these stimulant EMF pulses whether that EMF pulse is from a laser or a spark into some sort of  properly formatted strong force disruption pulse.

In addition, consistent with the subject of this thread ( EMF chiral polarization as explaned in this thread) may have an important part in the proper formatting of this special type of EMF.

From my examination of multiple LENR experiments supported by MFMP open source research that show transmutation, I think I know the details of what that strong force interaction/disruption pulse looks like, and how that pulse is formed.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on February 23rd, 2019, 10:37 AM
https://techlinkcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/RTSC.pdf

The Navy's patent application has been made public by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office describing a plasmonic based room-temperature superconductor capable of exhibiting superconductivity at temperatures of around 77 degrees Fahrenheit.

(https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/a2c5041f2782499daa79593aee8329556d144d4e6db4a7fad33925298d36a840.png)

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2019-02-navy-patent-room-temperature-superconductor.html#jCp

In a related article:

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2019/02/if-these-us-navy-patents-are-made-then-we-are-in-a-star-trek-technology-world.html

This article mentions the Gertsenshtein Effect.

https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.1867254
Quote
A possible demonstration configuration of the Gertsenshtein Effect is analyzed. In 1960, using only General Relativity, the Russian theorist M. E. Gertsenshtein described the revolutionary concept that light passing through a strong magnetic field will produce a gravitational wave via wave resonance. The generation and control of gravitational waves would enable significant and dramatic advances in space communication and propulsion. Such advances would be highly valuable to the human and robotic exploration of space. This paper focuses on one method for a near term demonstration of the Gertsenshtein Effect using system components that are within the current state of the art. Light sources such as X‐ray lasers and synchrotrons are investigated for suitability. Pulsed light sources may strengthen the effect, as will inhomogeneous index targets, which have also been predicted to strengthen the conversion efficiency to gravitational waves (GW). Various sources of strong magnetic fields are also investigated since this is a requirement for the Gertsenshtein Effect. While a DC field is the baseline, AC magnetic fields are also explored as they may act to provide a source of modulation for the effect in the case of a continuous wave light source. A number of existing GW detectors are reviewed in the context of how they could be applied to measuring the gravitational waves produced by the Gertsenshtein Effect.
This effect is related to what is going on in LENR. Some of the major effects of the LENR reaction(but not all) are based on the spins of photons confined in a vortex.

Furthermore in another connection, General relativity generates gravity increase in a rotating frame of reference. In a recent experiment there was an increase in gravity of one billion times that of gravity on the Earth surface on the surface of a rotating micro ball of calcium spinning at 600,000 RPMs.

https://www.livescience.com/39275-fastest-manmade-spinning-object-made.html

 In this regard, a connection between LENR and anti gravity begin to appear. This connection might be symmetric in that a rapidly spinning object begins to produce LENR  and anti- gravity effects.

Such a connect is seen in  strange radiation data from Russia, which seems to be linked with LENR, and one of the most intriguing results is that it is also possible to produce strange radiation near small disks spinning very fast.


Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on February 23rd, 2019, 12:41 PM
Axil, if you would be so kind, please read and provide your opinion in regards to this(http://open-source-energy.org/?topic=3271.msg52060#msg52060) post.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on March 8th, 2019, 05:27 PM
Matt:

I don't have the necessary background to be of any value to you here.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on March 8th, 2019, 05:27 PM
https://phys.org/news/2019-03-liquid-metal-plasma.html

This research into ultra dense deuterium is revealing in the way the LENR active agent behaves when used in a plasma.

Compressed hydrogen enters a metalized quantum mechanical state that is preserved through extremely high temperatures. This most likely includes superconductivity.

During the compression produced through the use of a optical shockwave, the deuterium's optical properties is maintained up to a minimum temperature of 90,000 degrees Fahrenheit whereupon its  quantum nature begins to deteriorate. 

The reflectivity of the hydrogen quantum fluid is the mechanism whereby the polaritons can form the LENR active plasmoid structure in the electron quantum layer. The polaritons form in the optical mirror that the coherent quantum nature of the deuterium generates. 

Above 90,000 degrees Fahrenheit, this LENR active behavior begins to deteriorate. The polariton cover begins to weaken.

One important implication of this behavior is that any metal that is highly compressed will support the LENR reaction. For instance. in the Proton 21 experiment, copper demonstrates LENR activity when highly compressed through the use of a shock-wave that compresses the copper by the initiation of a powerful electric arc.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on March 8th, 2019, 05:29 PM
Quote
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190211140036.htm

Chirality of Weyl fermions

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/03/190304121605.htm

Chirality yields colossal photocurrent
The Chirality of Weyl fermions might give us the tool that might show us to create the magnetic chiral vortex flux tube that seems to be at the center of many LENR reaction miracles.

Using the Weyl semimetal Tantalum Arsenide, it might be possible to form a chiral vortex flux tube big enough to drive a truck through. What would happen to that truck when we turned the power that generates that flux tube on and off. Can we turn that truck into gold?

Can we teleport that truck to a different place and/or time?

I am interested to see what LENR can do on the truly macro scale. Is any experimenter willing to satiate these desires?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: patrick1 on March 9th, 2019, 09:27 AM
love too, however i

have no idea what you too are talking about.

*goes back too making newman motor larger*
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on March 11th, 2019, 10:04 PM
Polaritons, in my view, are at the beating heart of the LENR reaction. They are the mechanism that generates the plasmoid that carries the LENR effect.

Polaritons are formed in three ways, they come in three flavors: phonon polariton, exciton polariton and surface plasmon polariton. 

The phonon polariton is produced when a lattice vibration becomes entangled with an electron.

A discovery that is seemingly unrelated to LENR is causing science to do a double take, how could Science have missed this for hundreds of years: Sound has mass.

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/sound-by-the-pound-surprising-discovery-hints-sonic-waves-carry-mass/

But this mass is not ordinary mass, it is negative mass; the same kind of mass that produces anti-gravity that can float a cannon ball in a Hutchison effect experiment or an exciton polariton is a solid state device. 

https://phys.org/news/2018-01-device-negative-massand-lasers.html

The phonon polariton might well be at work creating the LENR reaction in every song that you hear and rustle of leaves in the wind. LENR could be happening everywhere.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: patrick1 on March 12th, 2019, 04:26 AM
i wonder how much negative mass you need for a flying saucer, -    any that sounds silly,  perhaps its actaully an antigravity effect., litirally, somthing ive never come across before,  - i always thought flying objects created a force against mass, - -  not become imune too gravity and its endless fluctuations.

the most i think about it, the more i like rockets.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on March 13th, 2019, 12:22 AM
https://futurism.com/quantum-physics-experiment-reality-objective

Quantum Physics Experiment Suggests That Reality Isn’t Objective

When it comes to quantum physics, there may be no such thing as a shared objective reality.

Bob Greenyer saw this happen when he was looking at a transmuted element in the LION meltdown ash. One minute the ash contained  one element then it turned into another then back to the original stuff. Very weird.

Bob Greenyer: "Why does Carbon suddenly appear?"

https://youtu.be/r8uz5ZWK8B0?t=191

We might need to beleive in LENR to make it real...
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: securesupplies on March 13th, 2019, 01:55 AM
when poles flip so does gravity for a brief period of time something to think about ,
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: patrick1 on March 13th, 2019, 06:05 AM
just save me going too bed thinking about that statement securesupplies,   - what the ding-a-ling does that mean ?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 12th, 2019, 12:49 AM
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08735-8

Optical space-time wave packets having arbitrary group velocities in free space

This article has shown experimentally that light can travel at speeds that exceed the speed of light (30C).

https://www.nature.com/articles/lsa2017119

Superluminal X-waves in a polariton quantum fluid

This article shows that a polariton can naturally produce superluminal light (X-waves) when excited with a pulsed laser.

This unexpected behavior of light may explain how Strange radiation (SR) can be considered a tachyon, a superluminal particle.

If the SR is composed of excited entangled polaritons that are producing  superluminal light, the SR could be generating a tachyonic field.

A  tachyonic field is a field that has its maximum energy potential at the instant of its creation and releases that energy instantaneous.

 tachyonic field

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tachyonic_field
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Lynx on April 12th, 2019, 08:26 AM
You probably already know this Axil, but you're officially this forum's goto guy when it comes to subjects such as quantum mechanics, space, cutting edge physics, etc.

Good to have you here :-)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 12th, 2019, 11:39 AM
Quote
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08735-8

Optical space-time wave packets having arbitrary group velocities in free space
This article has shown experimentally that light can travel at speeds that exceed the speed of light (30C).
Quote
https://www.nature.com/articles/lsa2017119

Superluminal X-waves in a polariton quantum fluid
The ability to twist light in a way so that its waveform can be separated  from its energy so that its wave front can travel at superluminal speed is indispensable to the LENR reaction.

I have been doing some research into tachyons and have been trying to understand faster than light wave propagation, specifically x-waves. Here is something interesting about how special relativity and superluminal wave propagation relate:

http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/Superluminal.html

Portions of this entry contributed by Waldyr A. Rodrigues, Jr.

A superluminal phenomenon is a frame of reference traveling with a speed greater than the speed of light c. There is a putative class of particles dubbed tachyons which are able to travel faster than light. Faster-than-light phenomena violate the usual understanding of the "flow" of time, a state of affairs which is known as the causality problem (and also called the "Shalimar Treaty").

It should be noted that while Einstein's theory of special relativity prevents (real) mass, energy, or information from traveling faster than the speed of light c (Lorentz et al. 1952, Brillouin and Sommerfeld 1960, Born and Wolf 1999, Landau and Lifschitz 1997), there is nothing preventing "apparent" motion faster than c (or, in fact, with negative speeds, implying arrival at a destination before leaving the origin). For example, the phase velocity and group velocity of a wave may exceed the speed of light, but in such cases, no energy or information actually travels faster than c. Experiments showing group velocities greater than c include that of Wang et al. (2000), who produced a laser pulse in atomic cesium gas with a group velocity of -310c. In each case, the observed superluminal propagation is not at odds with causality, and is instead a consequence of classical interference between its constituent frequency components in a region of anomalous dispersion (Wang et al. 2000).

Keith Fredericks has an opinion that strange radiation is a tachyon. This SR quasiparticle might be tacjyonic is that it is most likely based on the polariton. The polariton does generate superluminal light in the form of x-waves.

https://www.nature.com/articles/lsa2017119

Superluminal X-waves in a polariton quantum fluid

This article shows that a polariton can naturally produce superluminal light (X-waves) when excited with a pulsed laser.

This unexpected behavior of light may explain how Strange radiation (SR) can be considered a tachyon, a superluminal particle.

If the SR is composed of excited entangled polaritons that are producing  superluminal light, the SR could be generating a tachyonic field.

A  tachyonic field is a field that has its maximum energy potential at the instant of its creation and and upon perturbation releases that energy instantaneously.
Quote
tachyonic field

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tachyonic_field
Also. this ability for the polariton to generate superluminal light (X-waves) could also be at the root of the polariton's dark mode mechanism. This dark mode behavior of SR that has been discovered by Ken shoulders in what he termed  as a black EVO could be based on the polariton's ability to generate superluminal light via X-waves. Only a superluminal light vortex can produce a light based black hole that can trap and hold onto a photon.





Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 12th, 2019, 01:21 PM
https://www.mathpages.com/home/kmath591/kmath591.htm

Hawking Radiation as Delayed Choice

According to classical general relativity, mass-energy cannot depart from the interior of a black hole, because nothing can cross an event horizon “in reverse”. The event horizon is the surface at which the forward light cones are tilted inward to the extent that they are entirely contained inside the surface. Therefore, the passage of any mass-energy from inside to outside the event horizon would require (according to classical general relativity) superluminal propagation, and hence it is ruled out, and as a consequence the mass-energy content of a black hole can never decrease. However, applying quantum mechanical concepts, Hawking described a process by which a quiescent black hole would radiate, so the mass-energy content would decrease over time. The predicted rate of this radiation for stellar-sized black holes is extremely small, but the prediction of any outward radiation at all from an event horizon – no matter how weak – is remarkable, since it appears to conflict with one of the foundational principles of general relativity, namely, the principle of no super-luminal propagation of mass-energy.

Several different explanations of Hawking radiation can be found in popular descriptions. A few of these explanations are summarized below.

(1) Quantum fluctuations lead to the production of pairs of particles and anti-particles just outside the horizon; one of these falls into the black hole and the other escapes as radiation with positive mass-energy. The in-falling particle has negative mass-energy, so its absorption results in a reduction in the mass-energy of the black hole.

(2) The same as (1), except that both particles have positive mass-energy (recognizing that anti-particles don’t have negative mass-energy). The reduction in the mass-energy of the black hole is attributed to the expenditure of work by tidal forces to separate the two particles. This work exceeds the mass-energy of the absorbed particle by an amount equal to the mass-energy of the radiated particle.

(3) Fluctuations occurring just inside the horizon of a black hole produce pairs of particles, and one particle of such a pair may “tunnel” out through the event horizon (exploiting the phenomenon of quantum tunneling), becoming external radiation, leaving the other inside with negative energy, diminishing the mass-energy of the black hole.

(4) Quantum vacuum fluctuations can be analyzed into positive and negative frequencies. If the propagating fluctuations in the far future (far from the black hole) are extrapolated back into the far past (prior to the formation of the black hole), it is found that the future positive-frequency fluctuations are consistent with the emission of radiation from the black hole and the absorption of negative frequency components by the black hole, diminishing its mass-energy.

The fourth explanation seems to be the closest to the actual derivation, and it’s worth noting that it explicitly relies on an analysis beginning prior to the formation of the black hole. Thus it would not apply (at least not in any obvious way) to a black hole that has always existed. It might be argued that such an object is not possible, since the universe itself seems to have a definite beginning in the finite past, but even in this context we might imagine primordial black holes, i.e., gravitationally collapsed regions which have existed from the very beginning of the universe. It’s unclear (to me) how the Hawking analysis (4) could be applied to such an object, because there would be no time prior to the formation of the black hole.

It’s interesting to compare this with the question of whether a uniformly accelerating charged particle radiates. According to the Lorentz-Dirac equations of classical electrodynamics, the answer seems to be no, but this applies only to a particle that has always been uniformly accelerating (and that will always continue to accelerate uniformly), which is presumably not a realistic condition. For any realistic particle, there must have been a time prior to when the particle began its uniform acceleration, and this change in acceleration results in radiation, in a sense because the Fourier transform of the particle’s motion acquires impurities from the change in acceleration. This is analogous to the fact that a purely monotonic signal must be eternal, because any beginning or ending introduces other frequency components to the function for the entire signal.

In the context of general relativity it isn’t too difficult to arrive at an interpretation of Hawking radiation that is consistent with these ideas. As discussed in another note, the worldline of every particle that falls into a black hole continues to have a lightlike (null) connection to all external distances at all future times. This is illustrated in the qualitative spacetime diagram below.

(https://www.mathpages.com/home/kmath591/kmath591_files/image001.gif)

The red curve signifies the worldline of an in-falling particle, and the gold curve represents a lightlike (null) locus from the in-falling particle to the exterior region in the future. The important point is that the in-falling worldline passes through every one of the external Schwarzschild times (to future infinity) prior to actually crossing the event horizon. As it passes through each of these times, there still null paths from the particle to the future exterior, so the in-falling particle has (in a sense) infinite opportunities to radiate to the exterior region, out to arbitrarily late times, even though we would normally consider the particle to have passed inside the event horizon by approximately the Schwarzschild time denoted by t1 on the figure. According to the causal structure of spacetime in classical general relativity, we can never (at any external time) conclude for certain that the particle has emitted its last photon prior to crossing the event horizon.

In fact, carrying this further, we might ask if there is ever a time when we (in the external region) can conclude for certain that the particle itself is going to cross the event horizon. From the classical standpoint we might be able to compute a “point of no return”, but given the existence of quantum fluctuations it may not be straightforward to determine this point with absolute certainty. Also, the superposition of outcomes might be resolved only at later times, as in “delayed choice” EPR experiments involving quantum entanglement. As evaluated at some external time, the state of an in-falling particle in the past may be uncertain, or rather in a superposition of states, one falling through the event horizon without emitting any more radiation, and the other emitting some additional radiation or (perhaps) being ejected itself, and never falling through the horizon. The irreversible outcome may be determined only at some time in the distant future. In the mean time, the particle’s condition is analogous to that of Schrödinger’s cat, neither alive nor dead, but in a superposition of alive and dead. Every particle that has (presumptively) crossed an event horizon and contributes to the mass-energy of a black hole is arguably in this condition. If so, then a black hole itself is essentially a quantum mechanical apparition (or fluctuation), whose eventual “evaporation” is therefore less surprising. We could regard Hawking radiation as the very gradual completion of a series of delayed-choice experiments, eventually yielding the final irreversible result that nothing ever actually fell through the event horizon.

The most obvious objection to this interpretation is that any radiation emitted from a particle very close to the event horizon will be extremely red-shifted to an external observer, and the intensity will drop exponentially with time for that observer. But this assumes the classical continuous model of radiation, propagating strictly along null intervals. In the context of quantum field theory a photon has a non-zero amplitude to be exchanged even along spacelike intervals. Such photons would be virtual with respect to the local free-falling coordinates at the point of emission, but may be real with respect to the stationary external coordinates. This is closely related to the usual description of Hawking radiation, except that it makes use of delayed-choice interactions with the in-falling particles comprising the black hole, rather than regarding the radiation as arising from vacuum field fluctuations.

Whether or not this approach leads to a consistent account of Hawking radiation, it would not be surprising if there exists some description of Hawking radiation in terms of direct actions between particles. Any phenomena that can be described in terms of mediating fields can also be described in terms of direct actions between particles, dispensing with the fields entirely. For example, although electrodynamics is most commonly described in terms of Maxwell’s field theory, it can also be developed along the lines of Ampere and Weber as a distant-action theory with no fields at all. Of course, the opposite is also true, i.e., quantum field theory can be expressed entirely in terms of fields, without reference to particles.
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Discussion

If a polariton Bose condensate based black hole is the root of the black EVO, the light that it produces via Hawking radiation may be based on a delayed mechanism for virtual photon release. Hawking's radiation theory is based on cause #4 above, the photon black hole captures the virtual particle at the moment of its creation and releases it to the far field when the black hole is dissolved. A static long lived black hole produces little if any hawking radiation.

A polariton has a lifetime of 1 to 10 picoseconds. A polariton lives and dies a trillion times in one second. Each time that a polariton comes into existence, the polariton captures virtual photons and when it dies, it releases those photons to the far field. In a polariton condensate, a single member polariton can generate 2 trillion virtual photons per second because of its short lived nature. This is how a polariton condensate can extract so much photonic power from the vacuum.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on April 26th, 2019, 04:01 PM
http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/about-us/137-physics/general-physics/particles-and-quantum-physics/805-how-are-photons-created-and-destroyed-advanced

The production of light is a vacuum operation.

When an electron emits a photon, the photon is not selected from a "well" of photons living in the atom; it is created instantaneously out of the vacuum. The electron in the high energy level is instantly converted into a lower energy-level electron and a photon. There is no in-between state where the photon is being constructed. It instantly pops into existence.

When a photon is absorbed by an electron, it is completely destroyed. All its energy is imparted to the electron, which instantly jumps to a new energy level. The photon itself ceases to be. In the equations which govern this interaction, one side of the equation (for the initial state) has terms for both the electron and the photon, while the other side (representing the final state) has only one term: for the electron.

When an photon is created, the vacuum gains a unit of negative energy equal to the energy content of the photon, and when the photon is destroyed, this destructive process gives back positive energy that exactly balances back the negative energy that was initially produced then the photon was created.

When photons are created solely from the vacuum, a set of multiple negative energy photons are produced, (that is photons that have a negative frequency), and the vacuum gains an equal amount of negative energy. This set of negative photons includes an EUV photon, (a black light photon) and a less energetic photon that appears deep blue in color.

We can tell that this negative energy photon creation process has happened when we see blue light produced.

The two sources of negative energy photons that are created solely from the vacuum are Hawking radiation and Cherenkov radiation that appears in this article above.

Along with negative energy based gamma rays produced by Cherenkov radiation, there should also be excess negative energy based UV light produced.

This excess negative energy based UV light has been detected here:

Strange dark stuff is making the universe too bright

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22329782-700-strange-dark-stuff-is-making-the-universe-too-bright/

As a speculation, the process whereby the vacuum "knows" to produce a photon to relieve the energy excess created by the change in the electron orbital position could be entanglement where the electron with an excess of energy attracts a photon from the vacuum with the equivalent energy via the entanglement mechanism.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonoluminescence

When there is blue light produced by a process, consider the production of photons from the vacuum.

Quantum explanations of light produced in Sonoluminescence
Quote
An unusually exotic hypothesis of sonoluminescence, which has received much popular attention, is the Casimir energy hypothesis suggested by noted physicist Julian Schwinger and more thoroughly considered in a paper by Claudia Eberlein of the University of Sussex. Eberlein's paper suggests that the light in sonoluminescence is generated by the vacuum within the bubble in a process similar to Hawking radiation, the radiation generated at the event horizon of black holes. According to this vacuum energy explanation, since quantum theory holds that vacuum contains virtual particles, the rapidly moving interface between water and gas converts virtual photons into real photons. This is related to the Unruh effect or the Casimir effect. The argument has been made that sonoluminescence releases too large an amount of energy and releases the energy on too short a time scale to be consistent with the vacuum energy explanation, although other credible sources argue the vacuum energy explanation might yet prove to be correct.
Pursuant to the calculation of the temperature of the plasma produced in this type of system (EUV - blue light) including the SK, the blue light spectrum is NOT derived by black body radiation. It is a spectrum produced by a negative frequency derived from vacuum energy extraction. Assuming that the light generated by these systems is produced by black body radiation is a mistake.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 3rd, 2019, 12:40 PM
Quote
https://www.quantamagazine.org/universal-quantum-phenomenon-found-in-superconductors-20181119/

Universal Quantum Phenomenon Found in Strange Metals
It looks like black holes, superconductivity, the uncertainty principle, gravity, and the holographic universe are connected by an as not yet fully understood commonality: Planckian dissipation phenomenon.

This could have implications for the theory of LENR. There have been many and varied observations that Bose condensates behave just like black holes. Bose condensates are superconducting and coherent. Hydrides including ultra dense hydrogen are superconducting under high pressure. There could be a fundamental quantum mechanical based behavioral law at play that causes Bose condensates to mimic black holes. It could be this universal property of the universe that gives LENR its soul. It is this black hole like behavior: namely hawking radiation that may be the major source of power production related to the LENR reaction.

Those strange tachyon like particles we call strange radiation or black EVOs that we see in LENR experiments could be superconducting, Bose condensate like, Plasmoids that produce the vacuum energy that we see in LENR. It all could be connected by a universal law called Planckian dissipation phenomenon.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 5th, 2019, 11:28 PM
I now have an opinion that the LENR reaction has two separate but concurrent modes of energy production: matter transmutation and vacuum energy extraction.

Thinking back since 2011, all of the LENR reactors that have been built have had a very low COP because they were running mostly in matter transmutation mode. Rossi's mouse reactor had a COP of 1.1 and the Lugano reactor had a COP of fewer than 3 for example.

Such matter transmutation reactors are essentially useless for energy production since transmutation produces little energy. Transmutation only occurs when the LENR reaction stops.

With the advent of the SK reactor, this LENR reaction gets most of its power from the vacuum and little from matter transmutation.

I think that the key to changing the mode in which the LENR reactor operates is the nature of the pumping signal.

I speculate that the SK uses a very high frequency pumping signal in the gigacycle to terracycle range. This causes EMF black holes to be produced (life cycle) a billion to a trillion times a second. Each such nano black hole adds a few photons to the total energy inventory, but that very fast on/off cycling causes power to accumulate in large amounts. Rossi uses the same fuel in this SK reactor as he did in his Lugano and mouse reactor designs. What makes all the difference is how Rossi pumps the LENR reaction.  This is just a speculation to keep in mind...

Yes, Rossi can change the power output of his SK reactor by adjusting the frequency of the pumping signal.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 8th, 2019, 01:37 PM
LENR transmutation may be subject to quantum mechanical superposition.

It is now my beleive that transmutation of elements produces little or no excess energy because of QM superposition and entanglement while the LENR process is active. This must be the case, since LENR active microbes would burn up when they convert elements through transmutation. 

In the process of transmutation from the LENR reaction, there must be some sort of energy minimization process at play. The elements that are produced are the elements that render the least energy in the process of transmutation.

Another more likely possibility is that the energy created from the transmutation process may come in the form of particle creation. For example, muons may be created and their energy may be released far from the location of their creation when they decay into electrons.

If this is the case, a magnetic bottle would be a way to keep the energy contained in these reaction created particles close to the point of their creation so that this energy can be captured.

But there is a complication, there is experimental evidence from the LION reaction ash analysts that transmutation of elements does not happen until the LENR reaction terminates. The transmuted elements are held in a state of superposition until the LENR reaction completes.

These elements are not visible and not connected to this world until the LENR reaction terminates.

If particles are produced through the LENR reaction, it may involve some sort of weird superposition process in which the muons travel far (many miles) from their point of origin as ghost particles  that only become manifest when the LENR reaction terminates.

This brings to mind the electric arc iron smelter in India in which carbon is transmuted to iron by the many tons. I had wondered how the workers at that plant survived all those muons and why all that transmutation process alternatively did not produce gigawatts of energy.

Observation of Anomalous Production of Si and Fe in an Arc Furnace Driven Ferro Silicon Smelting Plant at levels of Tons per day

http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedw.pdf

Below the first introductory paper where the abstract is found is a more extensive write up beginning on page 245.

This example is so extreme there is no doubt about the way the LENR reaction behaves. People just connot accept that LENR makes matter and enegy invisable and ineffectual in the real world.

The Silcal Metallurgic Ltd smelting process: "The whole process is slagless and the only product is molten Fe–Si alloy drained from the bottom and carbon monoxide (CO) effluent gas which burns at the top of the furnace, combining with the atmospheric oxygen to become CO2 which is released through a stack after scrubbing as per applicable environment regulations."

The CO that was not transmuted to Si and Fe is burned as CO2 and vented then scrubbed. Neither C nor O combined chemically with Fe–Si as per chemical analysis. But carbon was thought to transmute to Si and Fe as per Carbon Arc LENR experiments [5–8] in which anomalous generation of Si and Fe was observed..

Using the estimated energy release values of 17.13 MeV/atom of Si or 49.58 MeV per atom of Fe given in Appendix B, for the postulated nuclear transmutation reactions, it can be shown that corresponding to 4.25 ton of metal transmutation, the power generated should have been the equivalent of the total thermal power generated by hundreds of 1000MWe nuclear power stations.

Appendix B contains the expected excess energy gain from nuclear binding energy released in the transmutation process.

This situation goes to show that transmutation  produced by the LENR reaction is not a major source of excess heat because of the superposition of energy release far from the point of its origin.

To complete the LENR transmutation energy process, this delayed release of energy could also account for why no gamma rays are found in LENR based transmutation. The gamma rays magnifies many thousands of miles away from their point of origin when the LENR reaction terminates.

If the energy realization process is a function of how fast that the LENR reaction terminates, then this might explain why LENR sometimes produces gammas and oftentimes it does not. A low  level LENR reaction might rapidly flicker thus immediately manifesting gamma radiation whereas a strong LENR reaction does not terminate at all.

A gainful LENR reactor should be designed to rapidly terminate in a rapid on/off cycle in the terahertz range so that the energy is realized in a few centimeters after its creation.

If the LENR reaction is ubiquitous throughout the universe, as a case for dark matter, can matter and energy held in quantum mechanical superposition but still produce gravity effects and still not interact with EMF?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 11th, 2019, 09:25 PM
Why do microbes live through fusion and fission reactions during transmutation of elements. This transmutation process can not be denied. But no one has explained how LENR works in microbes and why these reactions produce no detectable energy.

Fusions and also fission of atoms occur inside the bodies of living beings. Although very few in number, these biological transmutations reactions involve a large number of species, from bacteria to mammals, in several biological processes that control and are essential for the life processes of these organisms.

Researchers began to observe atoms conservation anomalies from the time conservation of matter was understood before 1800. It is only from 1959 that some researchers have understood that transmutations could explain biologic abnormalities. Since 1975, confirmation and publication of scientific works by Louis Kervran can be considered to have proven the existence of this phenomenon, but in 2014, it still has no confirmed theoretical explanation.

This biological effect seems to combine:

From 1799 to 1873 researchers asked themselves whether these transmutations exist. From 1959 to 1972 they have been proven by more than 6,000 elementary experiments. In 2003 Jean-Paul Biberian took stock of all the atoms involved in one bacterium. Since then some researchers have been wondering how to use these biological transmutations to reduce pollution by conventional radioactive waste.

A french site describe this history with many references. Some interesting points listed here are:

Vysotskii et al. studied the potential of bacterial transmutations for clean up of nuclear waste.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 12th, 2019, 01:20 AM
Why doesn't a living organism burn up when that organism is transmuting elements through nuclear fusion and/or fission?

The LENR reaction will allow the energy and particles produced by transmutation to escape to the far field while the LENR reaction is active. This energy and particle product of transmutation will travel in a state of quantum mechanical superposition thereby being in a state where this destructive byproduct of the LENR reaction is unable to interact with reality... i.e. the organism.  When the LENR reaction terminates, the transmuted element(s) will appear inside the organism in a stable and quiescent state. The destructive byproduct of the LENR reaction will also materialize into reality but the location of those particles and energy will be far from their point of creation inside the organism.

The general principle of superposition of quantum mechanics applies to the states {that are theoretically possible without mutual interference or contradiction}... of any one dynamical system. It requires us to assume that between these states there exist peculiar relationships such that whenever the system is definitely in one state we can consider it as being partly in each of two or more other states. The original state must be regarded as the result of a kind of superposition of the two or more new states, in a way that cannot be conceived on classical ideas. Any state may be considered as the result of a superposition of two or more other states, and indeed in an infinite number of ways. Conversely, any two or more states may be superposed to give a new state...


Atoms can be in two places at the same time
https://phys.org/news/2015-01-atoms.html

(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/800/2015/atomscanbein.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 12th, 2019, 10:51 PM
The LENR speed limit...

When the LENR reaction is active, the energy and particles that it produces are not constrained by any walls nor containment. These energy and particle emissions pass unencumbered through matter. Matter and energy in this state of superposition are not connected to this reality while the LENR reaction is active.

But when the LENR reaction completes, then the emissions that had been produced will manifest at a location in space/time where it would have been if the emission was traveling through a vacuum.  For example, if the LENR reaction was active for one second, then the energy that it produced would have traveled at the speed of light for 300,000 kilometers. The energy that the LENR reaction generates is manifest at the instant when the LENR reaction initially activates.

The transmutation of elements occurs immediately when the LENR reaction first begins. The energy that the LENR reaction derives from that transmutation is broadcast at the speed of light in all directions in a spherical distribution even if that emission passes through the entire mass of the earth. When the LENR reaction terminates, then the broadcast of energy actualizes at a distance from its point of origin defined by the speed of light and the time that the LENR reaction was active.

A basic primary simplex LENR reaction generated by a polariton lasts for between 1 and 10 picoseconds. In that time, the energy that this reaction produces travels between .03 and .3 centimeters. Emissions produced by strange radiation as it excavates grooves, ruts, and holes in matter, will be teleported many millions of kilometers while the Strange radiation is active.

The energy emissions derived from the matter that the strange radiation plasmoid decomposes as it travels along a surface might provide a country the size of Great Britain its total energy output for a year based on E=Mc2.

Recent Research
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Beam me up: Scientists say human teleportation is 'possible' as they transfer atoms three meters in groundbreaking experiment

Team were able to send atoms 3 meters

System could create secure quantum internet

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2643332/Beam-Scientists-sat-teleportation-possible-transfer-atoms.html
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Physicists Just Achieved Quantum Teleportation Underwater For The First Time

In this proof-of-concept experiment, information was sent across a 3.3-metre (10.8-foot) long tank of seawater, but the researchers predict they should be able to use the same technique to send unhackable communications close to 900 metres (0.55 miles) through open water.

https://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-have-achieved-quantum-communication-underwater-for-the-first-time
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 14th, 2019, 05:18 PM
Interstellar and the LENR reaction
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Resource: https://www.empireonline.com/movies/features/interstellar-explained/

Movie plots explained: Interstellar
Did you watch the movie Interstellar and think: what the hell was that all about? Did the science leave you confused, the varying timelines leave you baffled? You need an understanding of relativity to make some sense of what happens in interstellar and also with the LENR reaction since LENR is actioned by an analog  EMF based black hole called a the Black EVO as explained by Ken Shoulders.

Interstellar travel – moving between stars and solar systems in the universe – is technically impossible. In the film, in order to find a new home, humanity needs to find a new planet in a distant corner of the universe – and the only way to get to a distant corner of the universe is through a wormhole.

Inspired by the theories of Kip Thorne, a science partner of Steven Hawking in black hole theory, luckily, a wormhole appears near Saturn – the most significant gravitational anomaly of all, a “disturbance of space-time”, leading to a distant galaxy.

The concept of wormholes emerged from Einstein’s general theory of relativity, a hypothetical 'bridge', formed by space-time bending to bring two distant points in the universe closer together. In the film, Dr. Romilly (David Gyasi) explains it to Coop (McConaughey) as two points on a piece of paper; a wormhole folds the paper and passes through the end points.

But for our understanding of the LENR reaction, why does time move faster on Miller’s planet and also inside the wormhole of a Black EVO?

In a word: relativity. After passing through the wormhole, Coop’s team decides to land on Dr. Miller’s ocean planet. It’s orbiting Gargantua, the massive glowing black hole that exists in the foreign galaxy. Due to Gargantua’s massive gravitational pull, “every hour on that planet is seven years on Earth”. After a massive tidal wave hits the spacecraft and delays their exit, they find that 23 years have passed on Earth.

Gargantua warps space-time; its gravitational strength bends Miller’s planet (which, according to Kip Thorne, is as near to Gargantua as it can get without falling in), stretching and squeezing it toward and away from the black hole. Compared to Earth, space-time on Miller’s planet has been warped, hence why the crew says they must “think of time as a resource, just like food or oxygen”.

Einstein’s theory of relativity is key to all this. His revolutionary 1915 theory proposed that the larger the object, the more space-time is warped and twisted. Space-time is warped around Earth, for example (as proved by a 2004 satellite); for a black hole with a circumference of a billion kilometers, as Gargantua is, space-time is warped considerably more.

As Romilly says: ”That’s relativity, folks.”

To explain time dilation in a Black EVO, it is important to recognize that a Bose condensate acts as an analog black hole in a duality to a cosmic black hole Gargantua as in the film. Duality means that the same math that defines how a cosmic black hole behaves also explains how a Black EVO works.

The Black EVO sucks matter into its wormhole and dissociates it into basic parts, then those parts come together into a completely different elemental configuration as transmuted matter.

Inside the wormhole of a Black EVO, time is also drastically warped. The Black EVO is an EMF black hole where time nearly stops for those observers outside it… like us. Inside the Black EVO wormhole however, time moves at a normal pace just like it does for Coop on Dr. Miller’s ocean planet. Inside that EVO wormhole, a few nanoseconds might appear to us to be as if millions of years have passed.

That is enough time inside the Black EVO wormhole for any radioactive isotope to have long decayed into a stable state. This is how LENR only produces radioactively stable transmuted matter without regard for however long the half-life of that radioactive isotope may be. This is how one of the great mysteries of the LENR reaction is solved.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: patrick1 on May 15th, 2019, 07:26 AM
lol i enjoyed that movie too.    jailbait was inspiring.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 16th, 2019, 04:18 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hcbLu8BgK8



Above is a movie of how magnetic vortex tubes form from a polariton condensate  in 10s of picoseconds when pumped by a laser pulse. The Surface plasmon polariton condensate is a EMF analog black hole that mimics the behavior of a celestial black hole.

Inside these  vortex tubes is where transmutation of elements and the stabilization of radioactive isotopes occurs. Note that the lifetime of these polaritons is less than 50 picoseconds. This timeline is important in optimizing the length of the pumping signal pulse that powers the polariton condensate. Like pushing a pendulum, the pulse should be timed to push every 50 picoseconds or 10^12/50 or 2 (10^10) hertz  = 20 gigahertz.

(https://gsegon.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/squarewavefigure1.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 16th, 2019, 10:02 PM
Reference: https://arxiv.org/abs/1112.6276

 Accelerated alpha-decay of 232U isotope achieved by exposure of its aqueous solution with gold nanoparticles to laser radiation

A.V. Simakin, G.A. Shafeev

This reference sheds light on the posit that an electromagnetic black hole accelerates radioactive decay through relativistic time dilation. With this posit in mind, experimental data elucidates what the optimum duration of the pumping EMF timeframe should be.


 Experimental results are presented on laser-induced accelerated alpha-decay of Uranium-232 nuclei under laser exposure of Au nanoparticles in aqueous solutions of its salt. It is demonstrated that the decrease of alpha-activity strongly depends on the peak intensity of the laser radiation in the liquid and is highest at several terawatt per square centimeter. The decrease of alpha-activity of the exposed solutions is accompanied by the deviation of gamma-activities of daughter nuclides of Uranium-232 from their equilibrium values. Possible mechanisms of the laser influence on the alpha-activity are discussed on the basis of the amplification of the electric field of laser wave on metallic nanoparticles.

This experiment speaks against the posit that accelerated radioactive decay is caused by interactions with neutrinos. The mechanism of polariton Bose condensation causation involves the generation of plasma and associated intense EMF fields around a nanoparticle that generates a critical density of surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) which acts as a micro analog black hole in which relativistic time dilation occurs in and round its vortex flux tubes. The SPP and Its vortex tube are pictured below along with associated theory.

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/11/e1500807.full
Vortex and half-vortex dynamics in a nonlinear spinor quantum fluid

The referenced article shows that the polariton Bose condensate reduces the 69 year half-life of U232 to 5 microseconds. It addition, the acceleration of radioactive decay of the 4.5 billion year half-life of uranium is sufficiently time accelerated to produce significant detectable uranium decay products.

Both the power of the laser pulse and its duration are important factors in producing optimum half-life decay acceleration. The nanosecond laser pulse length is too short to optimize radioactive decay acceleration as well of the 350 ps laser source. The 150 ps laser source seems to be a better fit to match the 50 ps life span of the polariton which is the resonance value for optimization of decay.

Another insight gleaned for this experiment is that the length of the laser pulse does not produce continuing radioactive decay acceleration. The LENR activity is constrained by the lifetime of the polariton and is active only as long as the polariton is active.


Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 20th, 2019, 10:56 PM
I am going to repeat a description of the basic way that the LENR reaction produces energy. Dr Paul M. Sutter explains how Hawking radiation is generated near or at the event horizon of a black hole. This is important for people who want to understand  LENR because it explains some of the very weirdest things that go on in a LENR reactor. In a nutshell, in order to get energy out of a black hole, it got to die.This subject is a mixture of quantum mechanics and general relativity...not so easy to understand. But I know that you can do it.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zPCQW2itFQM&t=1s

Here is some more detail about black hole behavior that is important to understand about the LENR reaction.

Time slows for an object that approaches an event horizon. For example, a radioactive isotope approaching an event horizon will decay at the “normal” rate when viewed relative to an observer at the event horizon, but for an observer at the far field, the decay rate will increase as the isotope move toward the horizon. 

Even the U238 isotope at the event horizon would stabilize almost instantaneously as viewed by an observer far from the event horizon without regard for its 4.5 billion year half-life.

As a rule, time operates at a normal rate for an object near the event horizon but increases asymptotically toward infinity for when viewed by an observer far outside the event horizon.

For Hawking radiation emissions from near the event horizon, its rate of production would appear to be occurring at a nominal rate. But for an observer far outside the event horizon, the rate of Hawking radiation emissions would appear to be zero. To the far observer, these particles would appear to be frozen at the event horizon and would only be released to the far field when the event horizon terminates when the black hole was destroyed.

Does this not mean that a black hole will never decay from the natural erosive emissions of Hawking radiation? To get energy out of a black hole, it has got to die.

To turn our considerations back toward the details of the LENR reaction, as a black hole, a black EVO must be comprised of an entity that dies very frequently in order to release the energy that it has extracted from the vacuum. The faster that this entity dies, the more vacuum energy that it extracts and then releases as real energy. The coherent polariton is that entity and it lives and dies between 10 and 300 picoseconds. The structure that feeds energy into the polaritons is the excitons. In a productive LENR reaction, that structure remains in place withing the plasmoid and causes the coherent polaritons to be born and die in a never-ending cycle while incoming energy is pumped into the black EVO to feed the coherent polaritons.

Exciton

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exciton
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: namirha on May 21st, 2019, 01:19 AM
(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/8d/85/de/8d85de46496e23597e8c9d9ceabdbbb2.gif)

(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/36/b1/8c/36b18cb16b0b5b3b81c5f90471197cbb.gif)

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/55/e2/8f/55e28f28c18f313451165debc0002e66.jpg)
Quote from Axil on May 20th, 10:56 PM
... In a nutshell, in order to get energy out of a black hole, it got to die.This subject is a mixture of quantum mechanics and general relativity...not so easy to understand. But I know that you can do it.
Divine Simplicity of Fields & Cosmic Mechanics

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNFeepMAr6o
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At present we distinguish three forms of matter on our earth — solid, liquid and gaseous bodies, the latter formerly known as air. Moreover we esoterically distinguish four forms of ether: firstly fire [or warmth] ether which makes all bodies capable of being permeated by warmth; secondly, light ether; thirdly, chemical ether, in which atoms are made to mingle according to certain laws of number (the ‘elective affinity’ of atoms); and fourthly the physical or life ether; in all, four kinds of ether bringing life to the earth. Next, the earth, essentially speaking, developed itself in these four types of ether. Then it condensed itself-put of these ethers. This densification took place for the first time during the Lemurian epoch. Before that, one has to think of an etheric earth, which was accessible to quite different forces than is our present physical earth. I wanted to clarify this to you.
CONCERNING THE LOST TEMPLE AND HOW IT IS TO BE RESTORED
https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA093/English/RSP1985/19050605p01.html
(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/90/90/56/9090560081016f384e0bbafb5c18c2c5.gif)

(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/59/2f/6e/592f6ea434b858108b1ad2af2ac1d853.gif)

(https://i.pinimg.com/originals/9f/9e/e5/9f9ee5f4ca4ce5707b3ef45a10e86be5.gif)
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Therefore, if we examine the atom in its present form and then go back in the Akashic Record, we will then see that today's atom is undergoing a process of growth. It is growing more and more, it is becoming more and more separated [Gap in text] ... and contains the interweaving forces of mankind from the third Round of evolution. In that we can consider the plan of the Masters for the third Earth Round. What is at first entirely external becomes quite inward, and in the smallest atom we see mirrored the plans of the Masters. These tiny particular plans are nothing else than a piece of the whole plan for humanity. If one thus considers that the plan of one Round is the atom of the next Round, then one can see the pattern of the great universal plan. The great universal plan develops in continually higher stages, to beings who have continually higher plans for world development. When we contemplate this plan we arrive at the third Logos. The Logos is thus continually slipping into the atom; first it is outside, and becomes the blueprint for the atom, and then the atom becomes an image of this plan. The occultist simply notes the plan from the Akashic Record for the earlier rounds and so studies the atom.
ATOMS AND THE LOGOS IN THE LIGHT OF OCCULTISM
https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA093/English/RSP1985/19051021p01.html
FRACTAL

(https://i.pinimg.com/564x/71/ef/12/71ef12645bdd91a3485c7abb5a690d5f.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 22nd, 2019, 01:19 PM
Quote
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/experiment-hints-quantum-entanglement-inside-protons

An experiment hints at quantum entanglement inside protons
(https://www.sciencenews.org/sites/default/files/2019/05/main/articles/051619_ec_proton_feat_free.jpg)

We are not going to change protons into neutrons unless we deal with entanglement. Entanglement is what keeps protons together. Entanglement is the way particles interact.

If particles are considered as waves, then in an analogy, a single particle might be viewed as the sound that a single instrument makes. A complex particle like the proton or neutron might be viewed as the sound that an orchestra makes, with each instrument adding to the nature of that sound. It is entanglement that blends these waves together into a more complex waveform.

It is probable that all complex particles are kept together because of entanglement. When elements are transmuted in LENR, entanglement is at the heart of that process. Without entanglement between all particles concerned during the process of transmutation, transmutation just does not happen. This rule applies to the conversion of a proton into a neutron.

The billiard ball particle meme is unproductive toward increasing understanding of the way particles work. The more productive way to look at particles are as waves. As in music, the fundamental particles are pure tones. The more complex particles, as in music, are made up of those pure tones. The virtual particles in the vacuum are in fact short lived waves that become entangled with long lived particles (real ones) to form more complex waveforms through entanglement.

When we think of particles as billiard balls, then understanding of how complex particles are formed is difficult to get our heads around.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Lynx on May 22nd, 2019, 02:48 PM
An abstract question then:
Would it be necessary for wave/particles to travel at relativistic speeds in order for entanglement to occur?

Other than that I think a great analogy to quantum entanglement could be found in a bucket in which you pour 10000 small springs: If you were to try to lift one of them up, the other 9999 wants to tag along.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 23rd, 2019, 12:43 AM
Quote
Would it be necessary for wave/particles to travel at relativistic speeds in order for entanglement to occur?
Two dissimilar particles can become entangled when their quantum properties become comparable. For example, an electron and a photon become entangled (a polariton) when their energy levels are identical. Or two electons form a cooper pair when their spins are complimentary.

Usually there is a field that enables particles to become coherent, like the EMF. Particles exchange energy until they all reach the same condition... say energy level.

In this demonstration, metronomes use the base that they all sit on to transfer energy between and among them until they all eliminate their differences and become (act) identical.

https://youtu.be/Ov3aeqjeih0
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Lynx on May 23rd, 2019, 05:28 AM
That's amazing.
I wonder if it would work for digital metronomes aswell, given enough time? :-D
Very cool, thanks for sharing :thumbsup:
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 23rd, 2019, 04:42 PM
The following post passed through moderation at a top science site when considering black hole behavior without push-back so the post is on point.

Related to time dilation effects, this black hole posit answers how all LENR reaction initiated nuclear change is protected from radio-activation which leaves only stable elements and compounds at the end of the LENR reaction.

------------------------------------

Time slows for an object that approaches an event horizon. For example, a radioactive isotope approaching an event horizon will decay at the “normal” rate relative to an observer at the event horizon, but for an observer at the far field, the decay rate will increase as the isotope move toward the horizon and viewed from the far field.

Even the U238 isotope at the event horizon would stabilize almost instantaneously to an observer far from the event horizon without regard for its 4.5 billion year half-life.

Time operates at a normal rate for an object near the event horizon but increases asymptotically toward infinity for an observer far outside the event horizon.

For Hawking radiation emissions from near the event horizon, its rate of production would appear to be occurring at a nominal rate. But for an observer far outside the event horizon, the rate of Hawking radiation emissions would appear to be zero. To the far observer, these particles would appear to be frozen at the event horizon and would only be released to the far field when the event horizon terminated when the black hole was destroyed.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 25th, 2019, 11:07 PM
http://atom-ecology.russgeorge.net/2019/05/25/colder-cold-fusion/

Russ George is running a unique LENR experiment this weekend that begs for an explanation. So I would like to offer some speculation.

Russ is one of those fortunate experimenters who have mastered the production of a variety of LENR active fuel pellets. In this latest experiment described on his blog, he has put some of these pellets into a highly isolated bottle to see what would happen.

From Russ’s blog
Quote
"To check this self-sustaining operation mode out I built a new isoperibolic experimental apparatus which is a pair of vacuum Dewars (thermos bottles), one within the other, to cut heat loss as much as practical in our old Essex milking barn laboratory. A week of tinkering with the double Dewar experiment has yielded remarkable results with simple temperature measurement inside and outside the Dewars, using K-type thermocouples and our trusty LabJack data acquisition system that tracks and records 50 variables every second.

(http://atom-ecology.russgeorge.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Atom-Ecology_23_24May-2.png)

The RED trace is our Atom-Ecology fuel pellet inside the super insulated Dewars. The BLUE trace is the room temperature outside of the Dewars. Time is roughly 24 hours, data is captured every second. Heating, Cooling, and Heating inside the Dewar’s is apparent! Note the temperature, measured in Celsius, inside the super insulated Dewar’s cools more dramatically than in the room where the Dewars are located! Of course when I arrive at the lab each morning I do some poking and prodding of the experiment.

In the experiment that produced the data above we took some of our working Atom-Ecology cold fusion reactor fuel pellets and placed them into a pair of vacuum Dewars. One Dewar is inside the other along with added insulation, to minimize and slow the heat loss from the reactor pellets to the lab. Clearly something is happening to the measured temperature inside the vacuum Dewars that cannot be accounted for in the standard model for nucleosynthesis. As far as we know this is the first evidence for spontaneous nuclear cooling!"
It looks to me like the temperature inside the vacuum Dewars tracks the ambient temperature inside the lab fairly well. The Lab is hottest at 6 PM and cools overnight until about 8 AM when the lab begins to heat. The Dewars are so well insulated that this correlation of temperatures inside the Dewars and the lab should not be occurring.

 I speculate that the fuel pellets inside the Dewars are entangled with the other fuel pellets and reactors that are stored inside the lab and those other fuel pellets are at ambient room temperatures. This tracking of the temperature with the temperature rise and fall both inside and outside the vacuum could be a result of an entangled sharing of energy between all entangled LENR agents both inside and outside the Dewars.

 This kind of LENR reaction coherent behavior has been seen before. In the LION experiment in the analyses of the transmutation products, MFMP found that all the hundreds of LENR active agents (called miners) produced episodic identical transmutation products.

 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 29th, 2019, 04:33 PM
There is a QM process called Rydberg blockade whereby the structure of one cluster of atoms provide a template that serves to catalyze the formation of the same clustered structure in another element. The two different element  clusters become entangled.

Potassium clustering will catalyze the formation of clustering of hydrogen atoms.
Quote
How Do You Create Quantum Entanglement?

https://www.forbes.com/sites/chadorzel/2017/02/28/how-do-you-create-quantum-entanglement/#ba3005c1732b
https://thumbor.forbes.com/thumbor/960x0/https%3A%2F%2Fblogs-images.forbes.com%2Fchadorzel%2Ffiles%2F2017%2F02%2FRydberg_Blockade.jpg

Schematic of the Rydberg blockade scheme. Left: two ground-state atoms don't affect each other, and can be excited by a laser (green arrow). Middle: Once one atom is excited, it shifts the energy levels of the other, blocking the laser excitation. Right: The entangled state that results from putting the first atom in a superposition and then trying to excite the second. (Figure by Chad Orzel)



Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on May 29th, 2019, 04:37 PM
One of the important guidelines in the LENR reaction is that the quantum mechanical rules be adhered to. That rule involves the formation of a cluster of atoms that can generate a Bose condensate. The QM rule that applies is that the atoms be made up of the same isotope and that the formation of a Bose condensate requires that a atomic boson is used as that isotope.

These  rules for the creation of the LENR reaction that are not yet generally recognized. These rules are associated with the formation of Bose condensation. LENR works because of the formation of metalized hydrides that are superconducting. These metalized hydrides are BECs and their formation follows the rules of BEC formation. Unless the LENR experimenter follows these rules of BEC formation, LENR will not happen for them.

Isotopic purity

The study of BEC formation began about 2 decades ago and over that time has grown into a major specialty in the study of physics and quantum mechanics. One of the major rules that applies all the time is that since a BEC is a matter wave, that matter that forms the wave must be pure. Any matter that interposes on that pure collection of matter from which the BEC will form is a poison to LENR.

Protium, the most abundant isotope of hydrogen is poisoned by deuterium and a mixture of protium and deuterium will not condense into a BEC. The gas that forms metalized hydrogen must not be poisoned by any other gases such as air, oxygen, nitrogen, water or deuterium.

Bosons are required.

With some exceptions, the matter that produces the Bose condensate must be composed of bosons.

Reference:
https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/20mar_newmatter
Quote
Not all atoms can form Bose-Einstein condensates -- "only those that contain even numbers of neutrons plus protons plus electrons," says Ketterle. Ketterle made his BECs from sodium atoms. If you add the number of neutrons, protons and electrons in an ordinary sodium atom, the answer is 34 -- an even number suitable for Bose-Einstein condensation. Atoms or isotopes of atoms with odd sums can't form BECs. Strange, but true.
As an example, hydrogen is a boson composed of a proton (spin ½) and an electron (spin ½). A boson is formed when the spins of those two sub atomic components of prodium are combined together into a hydrogen atom. A BEC of hydrogen will not form from the H2 molecule or from ionized hydrogen. A BEC will form from water where oxygen 16 is a boson and hydrogen is a boson. Mixtures of heavy water and light water will not work nor will water formed from any oxygen 17 or oxygen 18 contamination.

https://www.webelements.com/_media/elements/isotopes/isotope_abundance_K.png

Potassium has a very high concentration of P39 which is a Boson. The sum of the neutrons, electrons and protons that this isotope is made up of must be even to be a boson.  20 + 19 +19 is even... a boson.

Likewise, carbon is made up of mostly C12. This is also a boson with the sum of 6 protons + 6 neutrons and 6 electrons being even. 

https://www.webelements.com/_media/elements/isotopes/isotope_abundance_C.png

The strange case of deuterium and Lithium 7… attractive atoms.

Lithium 7 is a boson because it has 3 protons, 4 neutrons and 3 electrons. That adds up to 10 (½ spins). Lithium 6 cannot form a BEC because it has 9 (½ spins). Lithium 6 will interfere with the formation of Lithium 7 BEC and poison it. Therefore, it is a requirement to use pure Lithium 7 to produce a successful LENR reaction.

(https://www.webelements.com/_media/elements/isotopes/isotope_abundance_Li.png)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 7th, 2019, 11:40 PM
Quote
https://phys.org/news/2019-06-quantum-simulation-unruh.html

A quantum simulation of Unruh radiation
In this article, a Bose condensate is pumped with a magnetic field and that field extracts energy from the vacuum.

Could the gigahertz pumping signal that Rossi uses in the SK reactor milk the vacuum using a super fast oscillating magnetic field to produce energy from the billions of polaritons in a polariton condensate on every cycle of the pumping signal?

(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/800/2019/aquantumsimu.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 14th, 2019, 12:23 AM
A new video has been published by the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project in which Bob Greenyer and George Egeley show testing done in Japan with ‘OHMASA Gas’ which has been developed by Japanese inventor Mr. Ryushin Omasa.

At one point in this video passes a flame produced with this gas vaporizes a tungsten rod at a temperature of  around 220 C which is well below its melting point of 3422 C.

See the video below at about the 17 minute mark.

https://youtu.be/OOcWAcecPxE

 
New MFMP Video — Vaporizing Tungsten at 220 C With ‘OHMASA Gas’
Posted on June 13, 2019 • 43 Comments

 
A new video has been published by the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project in which Bob Greenyer and George Egeley show testing done in Japan with ‘OHMASA Gas’ which has been developed by Japanese inventor Mr. Ryushin Omasa.

At one point in this video passes a flame produced with this gas vaporizes a tungsten rod at a temperature of  around 220 C which is well below its melting point of 3422 C.

See the video below at about the 17 minute mark.


Bob has said that the MFMP has an agreement with Mr Omasa to receive their own device with which they can do further testing. Some have commented that this is HHO gas, but Bob believes that it is “EVO/Strange Radiation encapsulated matter”

In the picture below...

This is Titanium plate that has been exposed to Ohmasa gas for a few seconds – glowing incandescently but unable to melt Teflon. However, after being forced down on the teflon, there is an explosion which removes a large mass from the Titanium – blobs of titanium flying through the air continue activity

(https://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Part-where-Teflon-contacted-Wide-1024x768.jpg)


In this demo, the Exotic Vacuum Object (EVO) (aka strange radiation)  is the active agent in the LENR reaction The EVO decomposes matter with little release of energy. The EVOs encapsulated in the ‘OHMASA Gas’ are produced by cavitation bubble implosion using an array of  vibrating metal plates. You  can hear the plates vibrating in the video. The water being used contains cesium chloride in solution.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 14th, 2019, 07:58 PM
Modified Stoichiometric Oxygen-Hydrogen (MOH) Gas is the best, 100% clean and renewable Fuel and cheap Energy Storage. It could replace all other fuels in few years.
MOH Gas was patented in 2011 as "Ohmasa Gas" by the outstanding Japanese Scientist Dr. Ryushin Omasa.
PATENT : http://disq.us/url?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.patentsencyclopedia.com%2Fapp%2F20110139630%23ixzz3LOxSiPwy%3AQlbxABq-Dz5ahbNo12ShBUgQKGk&cuid=2168707...
VIDEO : See below
MOH/Ohmasa can be produced by a low-power (0.8Wh/L) Ultrasonically-Modified Water Electrolysis, at a cost, close to zero.
MOH Gas can be easily compressed over 200-700bar, liquefied at 1 bar/-178deg.C, unlike the regular OH (HHO, Brown's Gas), which explodes at 2bar and cannot be liquefied.
MOH can be filled and stored for years in CNG/LNG bottles, and pumped in pipelines and tanks.
MOH is SAFE - it cannot be ignited by a spark at normal conditions.
MOH doesn't perform the Hydrogen's drawbacks as Leakages and Bottle/tank/fittings Damaging (Embrittlement, Permeation, Diffusion).
MOH is DENSE : 1m3 Liquid MOH contains 2.5 times more kilograms of Hydrogen (167kg) than 1m3 liquid hydrogen alone (70kg) .
MOH is 100 times CHEAPER than the Hydrogen ($0.10/kg MOH vs $10/kg H) .
MOH is the perfect storage of Pure Hydrogen and Oxygen - they can be easily extracted out of the MOH on-board, on-demand and separated by a simple molecular sieve membrane.
MOH's Gas-Plasma Flame heats some refractory UHTCs as ZrO2 and Ta4HfC5 over 5,500deg.C.
MOH gas can be used as a single Direct Fuel, as it is, for direct-injection in IC engines, or in MOH-Seebeck Gas-Electric Engine-Generators -- www.linkedin.com/pulse/moh-(http://www.linkedin.com/pulse/moh-)...
A 100L Liquid-MOH bottle will provide a 2000-miles car drive range.
MOH can be produced "on-demand", out of water electrolysis, ON-BOARD Trains and Ships (even out of Seawater).
MOH gas could be stored in bottles/tanks, shipped everywhere and sold as regular CNG/LNG/LPG.
https://www.linkedin.com/pu......
grainis@abv.bg

https://youtu.be/NUPE0Z9V82E

DogOne replicated LeClair's cavitation reactor using a washing machine pump, but he said it was hard to maintain cavitation since the water flow needed constant adjustment. The Vibrator seems to be walk away idiot proof. This cavitation built gas is an improved version of HHO, Brown's Gas.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on June 14th, 2019, 09:00 PM
Quote from Axil on June 14th, 07:58 PM
DogOne replicated LeClair's cavitation reactor using a washing machine pump, but he said it was hard to maintain cavitation since the water flow needed constant adjustment.
Cavitation is certainly an approach that works.  Liquid fuel for LENR may not be the best way though.

Here's an old one for review:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTvaX3vRtRA

And I think Axil has zeroed in on why these units are somewhat unpredictable.


Personally, I like Dr. Ohmasa's system.  Probably ought to study his patent and see how this ultrasonic vibration thing works...
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on June 14th, 2019, 10:53 PM
Quote from Axil on June 14th, 07:58 PM
Modified Stoichiometric Oxygen-Hydrogen (MOH) Gas is the best, 100% clean and renewable Fuel and cheap Energy Storage. It could replace all other fuels in few years.
MOH Gas was patented in 2011 as "Ohmasa Gas" by the outstanding Japanese Scientist Dr. Ryushin Omasa.
PATENT : http://www.patentsencyclope...
VIDEO : See below
MOH/Ohmasa can be produced by a low-power (0.8Wh/L) Ultrasonically-Modified Water Electrolysis, at a cost, close to zero.
MOH Gas can be easily compressed over 200-700bar, liquefied at 1 bar/-178deg.C, unlike the regular OH (HHO, Brown's Gas), which explodes at 2bar and cannot be liquefied.
MOH can be filled and stored for years in CNG/LNG bottles, and pumped in pipelines and tanks.
MOH is SAFE - it cannot be ignited by a spark at normal conditions.
MOH doesn't perform the Hydrogen's drawbacks as Leakages and Bottle/tank/fittings Damaging (Embrittlement, Permeation, Diffusion).
MOH is DENSE : 1m3 Liquid MOH contains 2.5 times more kilograms of Hydrogen (167kg) than 1m3 liquid hydrogen alone (70kg) .
MOH is 100 times CHEAPER than the Hydrogen ($0.10/kg MOH vs $10/kg H) .
MOH is the perfect storage of Pure Hydrogen and Oxygen - they can be easily extracted out of the MOH on-board, on-demand and separated by a simple molecular sieve membrane.
MOH's Gas-Plasma Flame heats some refractory UHTCs as ZrO2 and Ta4HfC5 over 5,500deg.C.
MOH gas can be used as a single Direct Fuel, as it is, for direct-injection in IC engines, or in MOH-Seebeck Gas-Electric Engine-Generators -- www.linkedin.com/pulse/moh-(http://www.linkedin.com/pulse/moh-)...
A 100L Liquid-MOH bottle will provide a 2000-miles car drive range.
MOH can be produced "on-demand", out of water electrolysis, ON-BOARD Trains and Ships (even out of Seawater).
MOH gas could be stored in bottles/tanks, shipped everywhere and sold as regular CNG/LNG/LPG.
https://www.linkedin.com/pu......
grainis@abv.bg

https://youtu.be/NUPE0Z9V82E

DogOne replicated LeClair's cavitation reactor using a washing machine pump, but he said it was hard to maintain cavitation since the water flow needed constant adjustment. The Vibrator seems to be walk away idiot proof. This cavitation built gas is an improved version of HHO, Brown's Gas.
This video appears to be at least 10 (ten) years old as the date at the end says 2009.  I would have thought that there would be a more up to date video or other information that is recent.  Anyone know of any?

Also Dr Ito mentions that explosion does not happen as long as the proper infrastructure is provided. I wonder what he is referring to there?

I tried a couple of cavitation experiments several years ago, but my test apparatus failed mysteriously (metal turning to powder, and / or the pump cavitating itself to pieces).  I did not test the expected electrolysis gasses for any different characteristics, nor for quantity. No further work was done on my test setup after the failure.
 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Matt Watts on June 15th, 2019, 03:38 PM
Quote from kenssurplus on June 14th, 10:53 PM
Also Dr Ito mentions that explosion does not happen as long as the proper infrastructure is provided. I wonder what he is referring to there?
Lots of talk about nano-bubbles lately, I wonder if:
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 16th, 2019, 01:06 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hAlhKaWWzLM

OHMA - Ohmasa vibration technology - MFMPs first look

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU7HTOZ5sZA

In this video, I would assume that the OHMASA Gas generator has a higher EVO concentration and/or quantity type as the gas causes the same grade of Titanium plate as was tested to explode very easily.

Not all types of OHMASA Gas preform the same. The gas type gets its own characteristic nature from the chemical compound that is added to the deionized water when the gas is being manufactured. The EVO type that is being produced is a function of the particular element(s) that are being compressed into the ultra dense state by the implosion of the cavitation bubbles that are being carried as vapor inside these imploding bubbles.

The gas also carries a static charge produced by the electrons from the realization of virtual particle pairs from the vacuum. We have seen these electrons produced in the LION reactor and also within Rossi's plasma. It is these realized electrons that Rossi is trying to capture in his new prototype SK reactor controller design. As he is demonstrating, OHMASA can use these realized electrons to power an LED that is connected to the flow of gas.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aacm0_MqNlU
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 16th, 2019, 02:12 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVwmr7WNtNA

The black EVO must be changing the nature of the way chemical reactions behave that usually results in a oxygen/hydrogen explosion. But in the spark ignition of the QHMASA gas, the EVOs are destroyed by the spark and this brings back the normal state of the vacuum so that the usual explosive behavior of oxygen/hydrogen returns.

There seems to be a time lag in this re-normalization of the state of the vacuum, since there is a lack of instantaneous power observed during acceleration.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 16th, 2019, 05:05 PM
Cavitation has long been a area of LENR research that has been considered a separate area of LENR research. The cold fusion meme incorrectly posited that the cavitation bubble produced enough pressure upon implosion to cause hydrogen to transmute into helium.

What Bob Greenyer of MFMP has shown here is that cavitation is just another of the many methods where self sustaining plasmoids produce magnetic flux tubes that have inspired his upcoming  O-day concepts.

The behavior of O-gas provides deep insights into the theory of the LENR reaction that other methods of producing the plasamoid does not. This unique behavior connects cavitation to the RF method that Hutchinson effect uses demonstrates  the softening of metal and the bright light emissions from metal that occurs underwater in the ECCO reaction.

O-gas is a LENR fuel that anyone can produce and then use to build his or her own LENR reactor. This is a true breakthrough for LENR popularization.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 16th, 2019, 05:07 PM
Cavitation has long been a separate an unique area of LENR research. But one common thread in the cold fusion meme incorrectly posits that the cavitation bubble produced enough pressure upon implosion to cause hydrogen to transmute into helium.

What Bob Greenyer of MFMP has shown here is that cavitation is just another of the many methods where self sustaining plasmoids produce magnetic flux tubes through the observation of strange radiation that has inspired his upcoming  O-day concepts.

The behavior of O-gas provides deep insights into the theory of the LENR reaction that other methods of producing the plasmoid does not. This unique behavior connects cavitation to the RF method that Hutchinson effect  demonstrates  in the softening of metal and the bright light emissions from metal that occurs underwater in the ECCO reaction.

O-gas is a LENR fuel that anyone can produce and then use to build his or her own personalized  LENR reactor. This is a true breakthrough for LENR popularization.

I think that O-gas production can become a very low cost way to get into LENR research that could make LENR a popular science based hobby whereby hundreds if not thousands of LENR enthusiasts can contribute to the advancement of open sourced LENR.

It is not the gatekeepers of science that will bring LENR technology to the world, but the amateur hobbyist who will make the discoveries that will place LENR into every home and every lab all over the world in an ever rising tide of enthusiasm.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 17th, 2019, 06:11 PM
The cavitation bubble implosion used to produce Ohama gas is compressing the alkali additive in the cavitating solution to the point where full function EVOs are produced in the Ohama gas. These EVOs change the nature of space/time that the oxyhydrogen gas exists in both in use and in storage. This modification of the vacuum has an effect on how oxyhydrogen behaves.

During his demo, Ohama did repeat maybe 100 times that his gas was not the same as Browns gas as it can be compressed and cooled and stored etc in ways that browns gas cannot.

It does have some similar properties, like effect on metals. The biggest is the exact same flame temperature, we determined 130.2ºC and the Moray B. King article classic Brown's gas article said there were multiple sources that determined 130ºC

Ohama said that the vibrator is key... It is the vibrator that produces the EVOs which make all the difference.

In overview, the LENR reaction can be organized into 3 power levels, Brown's gas is LENR active in power level 1 or the least powerful level on the LENR power scale whereas Ohama gas is active at power level 3 or the most powerful level on the LENR power scale.

It is like Piantilli's level 1 system which uses irregular surfaces, pits and spikes, on nickel bars to produce the LENR reaction whereas Rossi and LION uses level 3 or the fuel based LENR level, the most powerful LENR level.

Level 2 is centered on nano particles as a host for plasmoid development. Both Level 1 and level 2 hosts must be constantly fed (pumped) new energy to be maintained. The level 3 is a alkali based form of ultra dense matter that is also a nanowire, produced through high levels of compression but these ultra dense nanowires are superconducting and become self sustaining because there is little loss in the energy that is being stored within the plasmoid. In level 3 hosts, pumping is not necessary, they can exist on their own.

The depictions below show how the EMF based plasmoids naturally form on Level 2 and 3 LENR host nanowires.

(https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTELPRSb5LaAACz55QV4nDIfCyu636thv6VaWiKO1pRtdrx8E-3qw)

(https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ5Y_NVJussPuvG6fXlkzDjYAPHPVX4g-A6ZLZ6BUDwvuz85CYH0A)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 18th, 2019, 09:11 PM
For anybody who is still interested in building their own LENR reactor, there is some good news. You may now be able to build your own family room heater. Mizuno wants people to replicate his experiment and to that end, he has provided both a detailed and simple recipe.

Thanks to Jed Rothwell for posting on Vortex-l a link to a preprint of a paper by Japanese LENR researcher Tadahiko Mizuno and Rothwell that will be presented at ICCF-22 in Italy later this year.

The title is: Increased Excess Heat from Palladium Deposited on Nickel

http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MizunoTincreasede.pdf

Here is the abstract:

We have developed an improved method of producing excess heat with nickel mesh coated with palladium. The new method produces higher power, a larger output to input ratio, and it can be controlled effectively. With 50 W of input, it produces ~250 W of excess heat, and with 300 W it produces ~2 to 3 kW. This paper is a comprehensive description of the apparatus, the reactant, and the method. We hope this paper will allow others to replicate the experiment.

The COP ranges reported here are between 5 and 10, which is very impressive as these are ranges that are hard to argue away as noise, and show potential for commercial application. The fact that he is encouraging replications is also very interesting, and if successful replications occur it would be very important for the field of LENR.

Here’s an image from the paper — the device was apparently used to heat a room in the north of Japan last winter:

(https://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Mizuno-Heater.jpg)
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Lynx on June 19th, 2019, 06:43 AM
Quote
Such room heaters are common in Japan
Most interesting :thumbsup:
So what are they called then in Japan..........that is, what would be the corresponding English word for such a heater?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 19th, 2019, 12:21 PM
I (Jed Rothwell) made some minor changes to the paper and uploaded a new version. Biggest change, p. 12:

Rubbing is done with a palladium rod, 100 mm long, diameter 5.0 mm, 99.95% purity. Before rubbing the mesh, weight it with a precision scale. Then vigorously rub the entire surface, left and right and up and down. Turn the mesh over and rub the other side. Weigh the mesh again. Continue until the weight increases by ~50 mg.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 25th, 2019, 07:26 PM
 
Mizuno Responds to Additional Questions
 
On the Vortex-l mailing list Jed Rothwell has posted some questions that have been asked of Tadahiko Mizuno about replicating his recently published CF/LENR experiment. Jed, who speaks and reads Japanese, acts somewhat as an intermediary between interested experimenters because of the language barrier, so the answers he provides are his translations.

Q. Does the mass of reactant matter?

A. The more reactant you have, the better, so please put in as much as possible.

Q. Is there an optimum number of layers?

A. Probably, the more layers the better, without an upper limit.

Q. Is the choice of Pd important?

A. Probably not. But you should rub it hard. The hypothesis is that by strongly rubbing the Pd into the Ni, you break up the oxide layer and create complex phases of metal on metal. That’s what I think is happening, but I do not understand the mechanism yet.

Q. What about the choice of detergent, or the choice of the scrubbing pad?

A. I do not suppose the choice of detergent has an effect on excess heat generation. It probably has nothing to do with it. Just use whatever type you like. However, be sure to rinse thoroughly. This is necessary. I also doubt the choice of scrub pad has anything to do with heat generation. However, be sure to scrub the mesh thoroughly and then wash with alcohol.

In addition to this Q & A, Jed Rothwell reported on LENR Forum that he has revised the paper he and Mizuno jointly published. The updated version can be accessed here:

https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MizunoTincreasede.pdf

He says the most important revision is on page 12:

Three meshes are prepared for one test. . . .

Rubbing is done with a palladium rod, 100 mm long, diameter 5.0 mm, 99.95% purity. Before rubbing the mesh, weigh it with a precision scale. Then vigorously rub the entire surface, left and right and up and down. Turn the mesh over and rub the other side. Weigh the mesh again. Continue until the weight increases by 15 to 20 mg. The weight of the stack of three meshes should increase by about 50 mg.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 25th, 2019, 11:09 PM
Will using palladium leaf work as a zero waste way to apply palladium to the nickel mesh?

Using Leaf might be a way to only buy what you need to avoid waste.

Lay the palladium leaf over the mesh so that it covers the mesh, then use a burnishing tool to press the palladium into the surface of the mesh. Place another mesh under the mesh in process to collect any leaf that is pushed through the mesh.

Palladium leaves are 3-1/8” square, available in both loose and transfer leaf, and are packaged in books of 25 leaves each, or packs of 500 leaves.

Composition: 99.9% Pd

3-3/8" x 3-3/8" Gold Leaf (Large Size), Palladium Leaf

Leaves.....in2.........ft2............m2
25............284.......1.98..........0.19
500.........5797......40.3..........3.74

Divide the square meter coverage size in half to process both sides of the mesh.

Use silver leaf to tryout the method before you spend lots of money.

Price

https://www.goldenleafproducts.com/order-palladium-leaf.html#

https://www.goldenleafproducts.com/index.html
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on June 29th, 2019, 11:43 PM
Ken Shoulders contribution to LENR theory: the Exotic Vacuum Object (EVO) might be useful for more things that just LENR. MFMP has just photographed an EVO near a strange radiation track recently using a low powered microscope. The EVO being a Bose condensate is an ideal q-bit, a primary logic component of a quantum computer. It is self powered, coherent, superfluidic and able to form a Bose condensate. With the acceptance and understanding of this aspect of the LENR reaction by science, that is, the understanding about what EVOs are and the details about how they work, this understanding will form a LENR knowledge base that will be a revolutionary breakthrough for the field of quantum computing.

The major job of the Q-bit is to enter a state of quantum mechanical superposition that gives the q-pit the ability to solve probabilistic and exponential based problems, learn and even think. The number of q-bits that can be created in a quantum computer enables the count of superpositions that this computer can support to be equal to the 2 power exponent of the number of those q-bits. 72 q-bits are the max so far implemented. But as we have seen in the LION reactor, hundreds or even thousands of EVOs exist inside a single micro diamond. A LENR system might one day support billions of EVOs just like the number of neurons inside the human brain.

LENR tech could support an EVO based quantum computer that can run at extremely high temperatures and supports millions of q-bits indefinably in which the neuron like EVO is everlasting. With that level of processing power, a eternal LENR machine can be built that can think and learn just like people do.

For more information on the new directions in Quantum research see:

Job One for Quantum Computers: Boost Artificial Intelligence

The fusion of quantum computing and machine learning has become a booming research area. Can it possibly live up to its high expectations?

https://www.quantamagazine.org/job-one-for-quantum-computers-boost-artificial-intelligence-20180129/
Quote
Leaving aside whether the human brain is a quantum computer — a highly contentious question — it sometimes acts as if it were one. Human behavior is notoriously contextual; our preferences are formed by the choices we are given, in ways that defy logic. In this, we are like quantum particles. “The way you ask questions and the ordering matters and that is something that is very typical in quantum data sets,” Perdomo-Ortiz said. So a quantum machine-learning system might be a natural way to study human cognitive biases.
https://phys.org/news/2019-01-quantum-brain.html

Quantum computer: We're planning to create one that acts like a brain
Quote
We need much more advanced AI if we want it to help us create things like truly autonomous self-driving cars and systems for accurately managing the traffic flow of an entire city in real-time. Many attempts to build this kind of software involve writing code that mimics the way neurons in the human brain work and combining many of these artificial neurons into a network. Each neuron mimics a decision-making process by taking a number of input signals and processing them to give an output corresponding to either "yes" or "no".
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 1st, 2019, 05:40 PM
In order to understand both the quantum computer and the LENR reaction, we need to know what superposition is and what it does to the matter and energy that it enfolds when it is active. This level of understanding of the weirdness of superposition makes LENR are very hard thing to get our minds around.

An introduction to superposition.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkmoZ8e5Qn0

When an EVO reconfigures transmuted matter, the energy that this process produces and the new elements that the transmutation has created are removed from observation from the real world. This matter and energy exists. and it is going it own way but it is not part of the real world that we can observe.

Quantum Theory Demonstrated: Observation Affects Reality

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/02/980227055013.htm


When the state of superposition terminates, then the matter and energy will appear where it actually is. It could be where we think it should be, but it could be in a place that we would never understand how it got there.

We have seen in experiments, that transmutation only becomes observable when the state of superposition terminates. The transmuted elements appear at the spot that the EVO was last at. All the energy and matter that happened during the transmutation process has gone their own ways, possibly as far as many millions of miles away. the particles that are produced during the time that superposition was active do not interact with matter, These particles just appear when the superposition is done.

There are times when the LENR reaction will make a great deal of matter and energy disappear from where we expected them to be, but they have gone their own way to a place where we would have never expected then to go.

In the O-gas flame as well as HHO and brown's gas, the flame is very cold during combustion because the LENR active particles carried by the gas are sending the heat produced by the flame to parts unknown.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 2nd, 2019, 12:53 PM
Jed Rothwell has created a new document to supplement Mizuno's recent paper:

Mizuno, T. and J. Rothwell, Supplemental Information on 'Increased Excess Heat from Palladium Deposited on Nickel' 2019: LENR-CANR.org

https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MizunoTsupplement.pdf 

So far it includes three sections:


Nickel Toxicity

WARNING: The steps described in this paper can produce fine nickel powder, which can be toxic. The procedures in this paper should be performed in properly equipped laboratory, in a glove box or other enclosure. Disposable gloves and masks should be worn when handling these materials. They should also be worn to avoid contaminating the materials. Only people skilled in the art should attempt to replicate this experiment. 

Q&A Responses by Mizuno

Uploaded here already


Temperature Distribution Study

An image and graph showing the surface temperature of the reactor.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 4th, 2019, 07:41 PM
LENR is a devilishly complicated process to get our heads around. The nature of the electron that is the context of this thread is the first stepping stone or a foundation mechanism upon which the more complicated processes that go on in the LENR reaction occur.

The first stage of the LENR reaction is the construction of the LENR active agent or what Rossi calls in paragraph 4 of his theory paper “Neutral pico-metric aggregates”. This structure is also called Holmlid’s ultra-dense hydrogen.  Yes, Rossi to his credit is drinking the Holmlid Cool aid.
Quote
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

Rossi's latest theory paper
This special form of hydrogen is also called metallic hydrogen because it acts like a metal. It is superconducting and has a lot of hydrogen nucleons consolidated in its core and lots of electrons that form a spin wave (like a rolling ocean of electrons) scattered around the outside of this positively charged core.

Rossi mentions the formation of “bosonic electrons”. This is how that works. All metal nanowires will develop a polariton bosonic cover when light (infrared and/or visible) entangles with electrons on the surface of the nanowire. This entanglement process is where light and electrons, each having the same energy levels, resonate together to form a polariton, a new combined light/electron waveform. This polariton has many of both the properties of light and many of electrons.

Rossi produces these “Neutral pico-metric aggregates” when he manufactures his fuel. He must use some sort of high compression mechanism that is able to transform either hydrogen and/or lithium into its ultra-dense form. It is most likely lithium since lithium is four times easier to compress through pressure than is hydrogen.

Now we have a superconducting hydrogen/lithium nanowire that is coherent and has formed a polariton Bose condensate outer cover where many millions of polaritons are coherent, they all live and quickly die in picoseconds but the condensate lives on under it own special set of quantum mechanical rules. This superconducting supported Bose condensate has its own special properties that can do some very special things to both matter, time, reality, energy, and the vacuum.

One of the very weird properties of this condensate is that it can split off the spin part of the polariton into “spinons” that can form a spin based plasmoid that gives magnetism mobility and independence where the plasmoid can travel on its own either in an active or a suspended state to places far away from the matter that has given it birth. The hard to understand workings of the polariton condensate is explained in this next section as follows.

I forgive you right up front for not believing in EMF analog black holes. Not even Einstein believed that black holes were real even though his maths said that they were possible. Science also believes that Bose-Einstein condensates can form only when clouds of gassy atoms cool to within a few billionths of a degree above absolute zero.

LENR is one step ahead of science since a polariton condensate is formed from a blend of light and electrons. The extremely light mass of the polariton: less than 10^-11 the mass of the electron, means that its condensate can form at temperatures over 100,000C.  So a polariton condensate can form in plasma. The ultra-dense matter that is formed in LENR fuel can float around inside plasma or an oxyhydrogen flame unaffected by heat and produce the LENR reaction including all the exceeding weird QM and GR stuff that goes along with it.

One of the states that a polariton condensate can enter is the dark mode. This is when the polaritons that make up the condensate begin producing x-waves.
Quote
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-wave
Electromagnetic X-waves travel faster than the speed of light, and X-wave pulses can have superluminal phase and group velocity. This superluminal behavior of light makes the development of an optical event horizon possible.


An optical event horizon is described as the boundary within which the black hole's escape velocity is greater than the speed of light. However, a more accurate description is that within this horizon, all lightlike paths (paths that light could take) and hence all paths in the forward light cones of particles within the horizon, are warped so as to fall farther into the hole. Once a particle is inside the horizon, moving into the hole is as inevitable as moving forward in time, and can actually be thought of as equivalent to doing so, depending on the space time coordinate system used. Light that travels faster than light is needed to confine light inside an event horizon.

So far, nonlinear X-waves have been only observed in nonlinearoptics experiments, and have been predicted to occur in a variety of nonlinear media including Bose–Einstein condensates. These special waveforms have been seen recently in polariton condensates.
Quote
https://www.nature.com/articles/lsa2017119

Superluminal X-waves in a polariton quantum fluid
This special black out condition causes the polariton condensate (PC) to absorb light thought the formation of an optical event horizon. The PC acts like a black hole and this is where all the weirdness in the LENR reaction comes from. When black hole behavior is mixed with quantum mechanical superposition (QMSP), then we are in for a wild ride indeed.

There are two separate reaction types that occur when the LENR reaction is active: vacuum and nuclear/sub-nuclear reactions. Time stops at and inside the event horizon. This means that any reaction that happens inside the event horizon happens instantaneously at our reference frame. Inside the horizon, the nuclear reaction happens at normal speeds. But because the polarion condensate is in a state of superposition, the energy and particles that were produced by the nuclear reaction are not observed.  This stuff is lost to us in our frame of reference when the state of superposition is long-lasting relative to the speed of the nuclear reaction.

Neutrons, positron, and gamma rays could be produced by the nuclear reaction but we will never see them in our reference frame. The energy that the nuclear reaction generates is also lost to our reality, but what remains is the stabilized ash that the nuclear reaction has produced through transmutation.

If the PC is disrupted fast enough in pico seconds, and the state of QM superposition is destroyed, then all the stuff that the nuclear reaction generates can be felt in out reality.

The extraction of vacuum energy from outside the event horizon gets out to us because this extraction happens just outside of the horizon. So most likely, the LENR reaction only generates vacuum energy that we can experience in out frame of reference.

Here is the punch line… electrons must always be accompanied by its negative energy partner (anti-particles) when it is created from the vacuum: the positron. The event horizon can extract electron/positron pairs from the vacuum but being negative mass, the positron is captured inside the event horizon. The positron therefore cannot be experienced by our reality and is therefore lost to us. The electrons that are extracted from the vacuum can be experienced by our reality because they were created just outside of the event horizon. Electrons will gradually build up as a static charge inside a LENR reactor and can be extracted as an electrical current.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 6th, 2019, 01:37 PM
Here below is my favorite accidentally stumbled upon LENR reaction in a science experiment.

http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0957-4484/26/23/234002

SPECIAL
Experimental observation of anomalous thermal radiation from a three-dimensional metallic photonic crystal
Quote
Abstract

We report some striking results on thermal radiation properties of a resonantly coupled cavity photonic crystal (PhC) at elevated temperatures (T = 400–900 K). We experimentally found that at resonant wavelengths, λ = 1.1, 1.64, 2.85 μm, the PhC emission is spectrally selective, quasi-coherent, directional, and shows significant deviation from Planck's blackbody law at equilibrium. The presence of non-equilibrium effects, driven by strong thermal excitation and cavity resonance, may be the major cause for our experimental observation.
Sooner or later, science as bound to stumble over some sort of LENR reaction.

Thermal radiation coming off this photonic crystal (PhC) is up to 50 times stronger than blackbody radiation at certain frequencies. That radiation is coherent, directional, and focused.

This finding has the researchers puzzled.

I speculated that Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP)s formed inside the coupled cavities in this crystal form a polariton Bose condensate that emits hawking radiation at specific thermal frequencies. The same polariton based process is what is producing heat in Mizumo's mesh reactor. There also may be some overunity here: more energy out than in, since there was a maximum 50X increase (see figure 2 in PDF) in heat energy.
Quote
The radiative power of cavity-PhC exhibits order-of-magnitude enhancement (6-50 times) over that of a blackbody at the peak wavelengths.
PDF: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0957-4484/26/23/234002/ampdf

Note that radiation is coherent, directional, and focused. Like a laser, this is a sign that quantum mechanical mechanisms are at play in producing this excess energy.

page 10
Quote
We show that the emission is spectral selective, directional, quasi-coherent, and also deviates from that predicted by Planck’s blackbody law. We believe a strong plasmonic, resonant feedback in the metallic PhC could drive the PhC excited-states to deviate significantly from equilibrium.
Also note that LENR energy production does not follow Planck’s blackbody law contrary to what Rossi is claiming in his COP calculations.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 11th, 2019, 12:28 AM
From studying LENR results over the years, it is becoming increasingly apparent to me that LENR has a major issue to deal with. LENR makes matter and energy disappear. A major problem with LENR reactors is that they fall apart over time. This highly corrosive effect that these reactors suffer is due to this nasty issue of matter and energy degeneration. This degenerative process only gets worse when the power output level of the reactor goes up.

The reactor meltdown problem has delayed any LENR application from reaching a successful conclusion. LENR is highly corrosive of the structure of the reactor as reflected it its power output. LENR's ability to corrode the structure of the reactor is a function of its power output. A low powered LENR reactor will function for a long time but its usefulness is limited. A high output reactor even if it is built like a tank does not perform for very long.

And yet the amazing contradiction that the LENR reaction presents is that it does not produce any high energy particles or ionizing radiation. The question that hangs in the air is where does all that matter and energy go when the LENR reaction is active?

Here is my take on this issue. I believe that LENR involves the interaction of two major cosmological principles: Quantum mechanical superposition and general relativity. Through looking at the results of some recent LENR experiments, it appears that during the LENR reaction, time stops inside the Black EVO. When LENR active processes occur, such as transmutation and superposition/tunneling, they occur under a condition where time is not moving forward. This superposition proceeds as a macro level quantum mechanical process that is occurring were both material and energy in bulk is made to dematerialize or tunnel possibly in a state of coherent superposition. This coherent material may be removed in a condition that is out of sync with normal matter and time and being in the state of superposition not able to interact with its previously normal form except through the force of gravity. Remaining perpetually coherent, it is a superfluid. This lack of energy and particle realization while the LENR reaction is active could be why LENR has not killed the experimenters that work with LENR reactors.

This disappearing corroded matter and energy could be where dark matter is coming from.

In summary, this dark matter could be the result of a continuing ubiquitous in as not yet recognized intersection of general relativity and quantum mechanical tunneling during this corrosion process that transforms normal matter into a ghost state possibly through a time based out of sync situation between normal matter and space-time.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 14th, 2019, 12:52 PM
Quote
Dewey
July 13, 2019 at 1:13 PM
Dr Rossi,
I return to the comment of Neri Accornero: can you give a hint, not superficial, but not too difficult, about what can happen if your effect is not fusion, not fission, not chemical reaction?

Andrea Rossi
July 13, 2019 at 1:33 PM
Dewey:
Please go to
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
All the references cited here are the same reported in the above mentioned paper.
In [13] a fundamental connection between Aharonov-Bohm equations and an electron model is proposed, starting from a geometric interpretation of the electron wave-function complex phase [6,8,1].
This approach suggests the possibility of efficiently creating electron condensates exploiting the Aharonov-Bohm effect, a phenomenon that shows the dependence of electron wave-function phase from electromagnetic potentials [9].
Warm Regards,
A.R.
------------------------
Aharonov-Bohm effect
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aharonov%E2%80%93Bohm_effect

Rossi is looking for a quantum mechanical mechanism that enables an ensemble of electrons to convert from a fermion to a boson so that those electrons can form a Bose condensate(BC). A BC is the means by which electrons can form a meta-stable ensemble that can hold together in a long lived plasmoid configuration which is connected to ultra dense matter: what Rossi calls "Neutral pico-metric aggregates".

The intent of this posit is very close to what is really going on in the LENR reaction. Rossi has not yet stumbled upon the correct quantum mechanical mechanism that enables electrons to change their fermionic nature into bosons.

The correct mechanism involves the entanglement of phonons, excitons or plasmons polaritons with electrons. There is a ton of nanophotonic theory and experimental evidence that covers this subject.

On the theory of three types of polaritons (phonon, exciton and plasmon polaritons)
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/865/1/012007/pdf

The rabbit hole that this subject engenders is as big as all outdoors.  This subject matter is currently a very hot subject in optics. In my opinion, optics is a very difficult area of physics to get our heads around. This subject also leads to many other subjects that are truly mind boggling and beyond current science to explain.

It is also apparent that Rossi must be getting competent professional help in formulating his theory... Rossi is not working alone. It is fair to say based on the very advanced state of his theory of LENR that Rossi also must have something substantial that is working and close to if not currently functional.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on July 14th, 2019, 01:21 PM
Axil, thank you for the updates, and for the continued thoughts on the subject.  There is very much interest in this even if no-one replies, or the replies show not much comprehension of the subject.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 14th, 2019, 02:56 PM
It is generally recognized in grand unification theories that the electroweak force (EMF) and the force of gravity were combined when the universe was just starting out. This is why science believes that the unification of gravity and EMF can occur at high energies.

If there is enough gravity concentrated at one point in space-time, then an event horizon will form. The same event horizon formation process must be true for the concentration of EMF at a point is Space-time since gravity and EMF are basically the same force.

LENR is a result of the condensation of EMF into a state of extreme condensation at a singular point in space-time. All the theory and experimental observations that apply to horizon formation in gravity also apply to the condensation of EMF at a singular point in space-time.

Since this EMF concentration is mostly related to the concentration of light, the resulting EMF horizon also takes on the complicating quantum mechanical properties of superposition. This quantum mechanical complicating property is not present for gravity.

The unification of the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions could explain where the process of transmutation of elements is coming from in LENR. The environment in and around  the EMF singularity could be where the strong force unification reverts the evolution of matter formation back to the conditions that were prevalent at the earliest epochs in the evolution of infant universe. 

Time dilation is a critical property that makes the LENR virtually impervious to human understanding. We humans do not experience time dilation in the world we live in. Adding in superposition into our everyday world puts the complicated interactions between time dilation, transmutation of elements  and quantum mechanical superposition that occurs in the LENR reaction outside of the understanding of just about everybody. It is going to take a lot of time and effort to educate people about what the LENR reaction is all about.

For further study as follows:
Quote
Grand Unified Theory (GUT)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Unified_Theory

A Grand Unified Theory (GUT) is a model in particle physics in which, at high energy, the three gauge interactions of the Standard Model that define the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions, or forces, are merged into a single force. Although this unified force has not been directly observed, the many GUT models theorize its existence. If unification of these three interactions is possible, it raises the possibility that there was a grand unification epoch in the very early universe in which these three fundamental interactions were not yet distinct.
Quote
Gravity's effect on the flow of time in General Relativity

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ENkP0h8nAg
Quote
Twin Paradox in General Relativity

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bjHLboK2M1g

From the perspective of the people in the world outside of the EMF event horizon, the speed that things are happening on or inside that horizon is ultra-fast. But at that horizon, the speed that things are happening is occurring at a normal speed.

This difference in the perspective of time is why we see no nuclear activity going on at or inside the EMF horizon.  These nuclear reactions happen instantaneously from our perspective even if the radioactive isotope that has been formed in transmutation of elements takes billions of years to stabilize.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 14th, 2019, 03:25 PM
Quote
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/21a1/9da6b2ac3da851177d2f4e93be88f73a330b.pdf

Low Energy Nuclear Reactions resulting as picometer interactions with similarity to K-shell electron capture
H. Hora, G.H. Miley have come up with a theory that explains how transmuted elements will form based on the quark nature of matter. This is applicable to what the mechanism of matter formation must have been when elements first formed during the earliest  times just after the big bang. The way matter forms now inside the LENR reaction at the EMF event horizon is the same as it had occurred just after the big bang.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 14th, 2019, 04:11 PM
One of the reasons why superconductivity and LENR are so tightly connected is that it would be near impossible to gather and then subsequently maintain enough EMF power to produce an effective EMF event horizon without the support of a superconductive sub-straight. Dispersion of optical power would soon destroy the meta-stable concentration of EMF power upon which the LENR reaction depends. This is where ultra-dense matter comes into the LENR picture. This state of matter produces the state of superconductivity in the particles that make up this special type of matter. LENR takes to this special highly supportive electromagnetic environment like bacteria take to a soup of supportive nutrients in a petri dish.

The LENR reaction can form in a non-superconductive situation, but it needs far more input energy pumping to maintain the density of sufficient polaritons that can sustain the associated development of an EMF event horizon. This weaken gathering of polariton density is where gammas and sundry nuclear reactive byproduct will manifest.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 14th, 2019, 05:08 PM
https://youtu.be/S3BbB1t1NoA

At 9:45 of the video, the description of the LENR "trigger”. STOPING the LENR reaction releases LENR energy from the EMF event horizon. An active LENR reaction will not "actualize" the energy that the reaction is producing. We will see transmuted elements but the energy produced by that process will not be actualized.

At 11:34 in the video, the role of magnetic fields in LENR. A strong magnetic field dampens the reaction since such a field will destroy the superconductive conditions that the LENR reaction thrives on. It might not kill the LENR reaction but the magnetic field might wound it.

Also the application of optical energy from a laser will produce more polaritons and therefore increase the strength of the LENR reaction.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 14th, 2019, 05:49 PM
The polariton is a plasmonic based quasiparticle that loves to socialize. They are the quintessential party animal. If any polaritons are produced inside a LENR reactor, they will automatically find each other and begin an entangled get together.

This predisposition to produce a global condensate over the entire extent of the reactors surface structure is where all the EMF power comes from. This concentration of EMF power is known as super-radiance.

super-radiance

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superradiance
Quote
In quantum optics, superradiance is a phenomenon that occurs when a group of N emitters, such as excited atoms, interact with a common light field. If the wavelength of the light is much greater than the separation of the emitters, then the emitters interact with the light in a collective and coherent fashion. This causes the group to emit light as a high intensity pulse (with rate ∝ N2). This is a surprising result, drastically different from the expected exponential decay (with rate ∝ N) of a group of independent atoms (see spontaneous emission). Superradiance has since been demonstrated in a wide variety of physical and chemical systems, such as quantum dot arrays and J-aggregates. The effect has recently been used to produce a superradiant laser.
If we can pump EMF into a sub-straight such as a Mizuno micro mesh that is optimized to form plasmons and their bosonic progeny: polaritons, that sub-straight will sooner or later give rise to an EMF event horizon as untold billions of polaritons join the Bose condensate. A global polariton condensate will develop on the surface of the mesh that will generate a LENR active superradiant EMF event horizon.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 16th, 2019, 03:01 PM
In my opinion, the distinctions between HHO, Brown's gas, and Ohmasa gas is the percent concetration of LENR active agent per unit volume that is contained in the gas. The production of Brown's gas is marked by the application of complex wave forms in the voltages that produce the gas in electrolysis. This voltage produces the LENR active agent in the electrolyte.

Ohmasa gas does not use these complex wave forms in the voltage that produces the gas. It just simply uses raw cavitation to produce the active LENR agent.

The way that these various gases perform is a function of the concentration of the LENR active agent that the particular gas supports per init volume of gas.

As this percent concentration of the LENR active agent increases, the nature of the way the gas performs may evolved into an even higher state of reactivity.

For example, if both the the application of a complex wave forms in the voltages that produce the gas in electrolysis and a independent application of cavitation are concurrently used, the gas that is produced may show more bizarre and reactive behaviors distinct from both brown's gas and Ohmasa gas.

This is why I would like to see if the application of intense cavitation that is generated by a high powered cavitation device or even many such devices as used in the ECCO LENR reactor's fuel preparation process might produce an exceptionally reactive LENR based gas.

If the issue in behavior of the Ohmasa gas is a result of the increased concentration of the LENR active agent in the gas, then if the rate of gas produced by electrolysis is reduced by reducing the applied current, then a reduced amount of gas per volume of LENR active agent would result. This method of agent concentration by reduced gas production might also result in an increased concentration of the LENR active agent per volume of gas produced.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 16th, 2019, 03:50 PM
One of the formats that energy production in the LENR reaction can assume is shock wave generation. The Papp engine produced a huge amount of energy inside the combustion chambers of its paired cylinders but no heat. The first Papp engine was based on the production of a fuel cycle based on water. Only later in the mid 80's did Papp come up with a new reaction based on the explosion of noble gases. By the way, this method of LENR energy generation does not require hydrogen to operate.

The same heatless expansion through shock wave generation might be true for the combustion of all LENR reaction based gases: Ohmasa, brown's gas, etc. in the cylinder of a car engine. If you would be kind enough to ask your contacts familiar with LENR gas fueled cars if any appreciable heat output is produced, I would be interested to know.

How the details of the LENR shock wave energy production format occurs is still unknown.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on July 16th, 2019, 09:03 PM
Quote from Axil on July 16th, 03:50 PM
The same heatless expansion through shock wave generation might be true for the combustion of all LENR reaction based gases: Ohmasa, brown's gas, etc. in the cylinder of a car engine. If you would be kind enough to ask your contacts familiar with LENR gas fueled cars if any appreciable heat output is produced, I would be interested to know.

How the details of the LENR shock wave energy production format occurs is still unknown.
It has been my understanding, through research on this subject years ago, that HHO produced with multiple and different resonant frequencies (i.e. Boyce, Meyer, and others), produces voluminous extra heat that needs to be dealt with by either recombining the burnt fuel gasses with the incoming fuel / air charge, or water mist injection or else mixing with another fuel.  I am not 100% sure whether it is the heat or flame front speeds that are being adjusted - perhaps reducing the flame-front speed does reduce the heat as well.

The Russian autothermia reports also suggest that atmospheric air treated with a magnetic field and / or a high voltage field or arc discharge causes a burnable fuel (likely dissociation and recombination of n2) with high heat that also needs cold water mist injection.   

I do know that HHO as a boost fuel, in combination with gasoline or diesel, does indeed need to have the heat issues addressed.  I can't remember what the results were for mixing with propane or natural gas.

One other possibly related report is of the water mist spark implosion, and the HHO implosion / pressure differences without much heat.  Cannot remember who actually did those tests, but there are a few, i believe, who claim to have.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 17th, 2019, 12:40 AM
In my opinion, the distinctions between HHO, Brown's gas, and Ohmasa gas is the percent concetration of LENR active agent per unit volume that is contained in the gas. All these gases are basically the same: they  are all LENR gases. The production of Brown's gas is marked by the application of complex wave forms in the voltages that produce the gas in electrolysis. This voltage produces the LENR active agent in the electrolyte.

Ohmasa gas does not use these complex wave forms in the voltage that produces the gas. It just simply uses raw cavitation to produce the active LENR agent. Ohmasa gas can be compressed into a liquid and used as a fuel for the internal combustion engine. Bob Greenyer recently rode in this car fueled with Ohmasa gas.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVwmr7WNtNA


The way that these various gases perform is a function of the concentration of the LENR active agent that the particular gas supports per init volume of gas.



As this percent concentration of the LENR active agent increases, the nature of the way the gas performs may evolved into an even higher state of reactivity.

For example, if both the the application of a complex wave forms in the voltages that produce the gas in electrolysis and a independent application of cavitation are concurrently used, the gas that is produced may show more bizarre and reactive behaviors distinct from both brown's gas and Ohmasa gas.

This is why I would like to see if the application of intense cavitation that is generated by a high powered cavitation device or even many such devices as used in the ECCO LENR reactor's fuel preparation process might produce an exceptionally reactive LENR based gas.

A high powered cavitation device is pictured below:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHI7EkyAMpw

Just place some electrolizing electrodes under that cavitation bubble steam and we may have a way of producing more powerful Ohmasa gas by other means.

This piece of equipment is expensive but two 400 watt cavitation heads at $140 a pop might do the same job.

If the issue in behavior of the Ohmasa gas is a result of the increased concentration of the LENR active agent in the gas, then if the rate of gas produced by electrolysis is reduced by reducing the applied current, then a reduced amount of gas per volume of LENR active agent would result. This method of agent concentration by reduced gas production might also result in an increased concentration of the LENR active agent per volume of gas produced.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on July 17th, 2019, 04:26 AM
I do now remember some experiments using an ultrasonic transducer from a humidifier as part of the water fog explosion and vaporized fuel experiments.  Part of the experiments dealt with producing a fuel vapor with different characteristics (different fuels from gasoline to water).  I remember that the issue with this seemed to be to maintain the position of the transducer or rather the liquid level consistently so that the surface of the liquid vs transducer remained in the sweet spot.  I recall efforts to float the transducer, or float valve the liquid to maintain that sweet spot.

I don't know what happened to this line of investigation (other than my own transducer developed a hole in it which altered the angle of sound and made it useless). I did not purchase another to continue the experiments.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: kenssurplus on July 17th, 2019, 07:10 AM
Quote
Ohmasa gas does not use these complex wave forms in the voltage that produces the gas. It just simply uses raw cavitation to produce the active LENR agent. Ohmasa gas can be compressed into a liquid and used as a fuel for the internal combustion engine. Bob Greenyer recently rode in this car fueled with Ohmasa gas.
First, there are mechanical, audible and ultrasonic harmonics associated with Ohmasa gas generation.  These harmonics could be functioning in a similar way to the complex voltage wave forms of Boyce, Meyer, etc.  For example, in your video you posted above of Lawrence Forsley, he mentions that while loading the cell, shutting off the power briefly and then restarting it could be a trigger by  applying a double density wave-front of Deuterium.  This could also be the case with the wave-forms in voltage or mechanical / ultrasound, plasma pulses, thermal pulses, and EMF etc. pushing the Deuterium or other actors closer together in a semi-coherent fashion.

Second, Ohmasa gas vehicle was using 50% Ohmasa gas and 50% propane.  I don't think it has been run on 100% but I could be mistaken.  I do know Bob Boyce ran his racing boats on 100% HHO (or Hydroxy as he terms it) on demand, and I believe Stan Meyer ran his dune buggy on 100% HHO in an on demand system as well.  In Bob's boats, he had ample cold water to cool the engine (from the lake or river), so there was no heat problem that his setup could not cope with.  One would have to read through Stan's information, and watch the videos again to see if there was a mention of any extra heat or special modifications made for 100% HHO gas operation. I think Fast Freddy ran his truck on 100% HHO, but I don't have any other info about him or his setup.  There have been several who have just idled their vehicles on 100% HHO but I doubt that it counts for what you are asking.

The vortex heat exchanger folks (Geet or Pantone tech.) routinely run their systems with heat generation in the vortex chamber hot enough to blue stainless steel and certainly hot enough to run the vortexing heat exchanger (usually black iron pipe) red and in some cases yellow hot.  I do not know if the vortexing heat exchanger action can be considered a LENR fuel or not, but I include it in case the main operating principle uses a modality that is similar to some LENR systems.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 17th, 2019, 03:36 PM
In the preparation of Ohmasa gas, the production process uses about 50 grams of heavy water per 5 litters of water. Heavy water is expensive so an inexpensive way to increase the heavy water percentage in the water used for electrolysis might be productive.

Heavy water freezes at 38.84°F. To increase the percentage of heavy water in your electrolyte, set you’re your refrigerator to some temperature under 32F. The frozen portion of the water will be enriched in heavy water.

https://youtu.be/S72N0bdaEJk

At 00:20 into the video about the preparation of Ohmasa gas, the recipe sheet shows that 50 grams of heavy water is added to 5 letters of water to enrich its heavy water content.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=inItVAOSNIs

It is important to note that transmutation is occurring during the preparation of Ohmasa gas.


Features of Ohmasa Gas --

Ignition and burning is stable and quiet
Hydrogen atoms in the flame and the presence of OH radicals.
The raw gas is molecular hydrogen, atomic hydrogen in addition to oxygen, such as the presence of oxygen and deuterium.
Is safe to compress the gas mixture.
100-200 and the pressure to secure "mixed gas" state.
Even in long-term storage, "composition and energy" shows essentially no change.
Plenty of water (70 percent) even with the oil emulsion containing a possible burn completely.
Vaporizes metal tungsten in about one second.
To demonstrate the high-energy "conversion element" in the possibility of a lot of attention is the creation of new industry expectations
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 22nd, 2019, 11:14 PM
http://www.jmcchina.org/html/2019/1/20190101.htm

The Detection of K-Ca Transmutation in the Mixture of K and Hydride Chemicals

Replication of biologic transmutation using a chemical reaction.

In this experiment, the productivity of the transmutation was a function of the ambient temperature of the solution. The experiment that was run at 75C produced the most transmutation. Note that there was no report of a heating effect or other energy release that accompanied the transmutation.

The thing that makes biological transmutation work for organisms is the fact that LENR does not produce any energy or particle radiation to harm the organism. This fact is totally in opposition to the entire LENR meme and that makes biological transmutation  an idea that cannot be accepted by those who are interested in LENR due to the decades old assumptions and traditions handed down to us through word of mouth by the cold fusion old guard. This tradition flies in the face of experimental results and the benign, gentle, and inherently safe nature of the LENR reaction.

LENR has two separate channels of activity, energy production and transmutation. Energy production in LENR has nothing to do with transmutation. This concept is incomprehensible to LENR followers.  LENR shields the transmutation process from influencing the world of our reality. The only thing that LENR produces is a stabilized product of the transmutation process.

In LENR, energy production comes with some rare exceptions from the extraction of vacuum energy. But this energy is not realized until the LENR reaction is terminated. So organisms can turn energy production off if the organism keeps the LENR reaction active. Energy and harmful radiation from the LENR reaction is not realized when the reaction is active.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 23rd, 2019, 01:32 PM
The polariton condensate produces x-waves which are a form of superluminal  light.
Quote
https://www.nature.com/articles/lsa2017119

Superluminal X-waves in a polariton quantum fluid
The  polariton condensate also forms a supersolid which means that the polaritons fall into a hexagon lattice.

Bob Greenyer has shown us a dark gray blob that has a hexagon lattice that we can see through its surface. This lattice is a sure marker to identify that that the blob was a polariton condensate.
Quote
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017IJMPC..2850043E

Dynamics of supersolid crystals in microcavity polariton condensates

Abstract

The possible existence of quantum crystals phase of polariton condensate in two-dimensional microcavity polariton was studied by using mean-field method for bosons at zero temperature. In this study, we observe the supersolid crystallized (hexagonal, square) and a quantized winding number of the phase in a regime of strong- field interaction in rotating exciton-polariton condensates. First, the ground state of the condensate was found; and the solution was further extended for dynamics state to reach the equilibrium steady-state as well as their density profile and energy diagrams. The supersolid crystal is the result of the considerable deviation induced by the interaction of polaritons of both ground and dynamic states of a dressed dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate. Here, the researchers demonstrated the formation of a hexagonal lattice in the nonlinear regime at high polariton-density where polariton-polariton interactions dominate the behavior of the system. It was identified that stability regimes for ground state increases as the polariton-polariton interaction strength increases. The phase diagram for the stable vortex state will be useful for conducting experimental and theoretical studies on rotating dipolar quantum gases and many other exotic systems.
This blob was sitting still. So I deduce that the polariton condensate is a particle that has some part of its internal structure that is Superluminal but the particle itself can behave like a normal sub light speed particle.

(https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/f319759a8c6cd7f20278c45cbeaaacc22c927e7f24e4d1c89ddfedc9458a3436.gif)

Bob has superimposed a section of strange radiation track where the track corresponds to a boundary of a hexagonal lattice cell which most likely has etched the pattern of the track as the blob rolled along.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 25th, 2019, 02:22 PM
https://coldfusionnow.org/cold-fusion-reactor-heats-room-in-sapporo/

Mizuno reactor replication.
Quote
Modifications to the cold fusion energy reactor designed by Tadahiko Mizuno have dramatically increased excess heat production. Thermal power output of the cell is now able to exceed the air-flow calorimeter’s heat removal capacity of 1 kilowatt.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 28th, 2019, 04:35 PM
Slobodan Stankovic presented his novel work to determine the temperature of HHO gas at ICCF-20 in Sendai

https://youtu.be/fQV_9n3x9NE

https://youtu.be/3fsUrBlVjjg

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Slobodan_Stankovic/publication/281971041_Measurements_of_temperature_and_electron_density_of_oxyhydrogen_HHO_flame/links/560016c508ae07629e5283f0/Measurements-of-temperature-and-electron-density-of-oxyhydrogen-HHO-flame.pdf

(https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/2746445ce7844984f7ca9afc390f75aef97477fad739b75d065180d6a5c4821a.png?w=800&h=489)

Browns Gas: What Exactly is It?

https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:F3llUrNrBN8J:https://www.scribd.com/document/24189045/Browns-Gas-What-Exactly-is-It+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on July 29th, 2019, 11:46 AM
The thing that makes biological transmutation work for organisms is the fact that LENR does not produce any energy or particle radiation to harm the organism when the LENR reaction is active. This fact is totally in opposition to the entire LENR meme and that makes biological transmutation  an idea that cannot be accepted by those who are interested in LENR due to the decades old assumptions and traditions handed down to us through word of mouth by the cold fusion old guard. This nuclear energy based tradition flies in the face of experimental results and the benign, gentle, and inherently safe nature of the LENR reaction.

LENR has two separate channels of activity, energy production and transmutation. Energy production in LENR has nothing to do with transmutation. This concept is incomprehensible to LENR followers.  LENR shields the transmutation process from influencing the world of our reality. The only thing that LENR produces is a stabilized product of the transmutation process.

In LENR, energy production comes with some rare exceptions from the extraction of vacuum energy. But this energy is not realized until the LENR reaction is terminated. So organisms can turn energy production off if the organism keeps the LENR reaction active. Energy and harmful radiation from the LENR reaction is not realized when the reaction is active.

As a rule, transmuted matter and any associated residual stored energy if any is released from the LENR reaction when the reaction terminates.

When the LENR reaction terminates, the transmuted elements are realized throughout the colony of bacteria or cell in a higher organism. This is the results of super-absorption of matter and energy where all the cells in the colony share equally in both the transmuted matter and the associated residual energy released by the termination of the LENR reaction. Using the property of global entanglement, these transmuted elements can now be shared equally throughout  the colony

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms5705

Superabsorption of light via quantum engineering
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 2nd, 2019, 03:07 PM
Quote
https://physics.aps.org/articles/v12/88

Focus: Light Seems to Pull Electrons Backward


Light hitting a metal surface at an angle sends the electrons moving in the direction opposite to the light, a result that puzzles theorists.
The interaction of light with electrons will produce polaritons. Polaritons have negative mass. The light gives electrons negative mass so they move in the negative direction from the force imparted on them by the light.

But when the light interacts with air which is mostly nitrogen, polaritons are not formed and the light imposes a force in which the electrons move in the direction positive to the force imparted by the light.

How negative mass reacts to an applied force:

(http://phys.au.dk/typo3temp/_processed_/csm_JedrzejFarnes-000_b58a3aadf2.png)

There is a lessen here to be learned by LENR engineering in general and more specifically for the Mizuno replicators. Air is a LENR poison. Polaritons on a metal surface will not form when exposed to nitrogen.

Freedom from surface contamination on a LENR active metal surface must be perfect for the LENR reaction to occur. Any poison on that LENR surface will destroy the plasmonic reaction that brings forth polaritons.

There is another lesson to be drawn here.

Rossi loads his reactor with fuel. That fuel has polaritons based EVOs pre-formed on the surfaces of the fuel particles.

This is the difference between a LENR reaction in with EVOs form in parallel with the LENR as it begins and a reaction when the EVOs are produced and seeded before the reaction begins.

Rossi can pre-load fuel into his reactor in the presence of air before reactor initiation with no ill effects to the LENR reaction, whereas Mizuno must completely purge his reactor of air before reaction startup.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 4th, 2019, 12:00 PM
Deneum a LENR based development company in Europe who os in the process of replicating the Mizuno R20 experiment following instructions and protocols provided in the recent Mizuno/Rothwell paper.

We can see from this video of their reactor build that they are being very thorough in trying to follow with exactness the steps spelled out in the Mizuno paper, even purchasing the same Japanese detergent brand that Mizuno used.

They say there will be more videos to come.

The next video(s) will feature the main experiment, no matter the positive result (excess heat) is achieved or not.

Deneum is starting their validation run today. The speed in which their validation run was setup shows that they  are devoting full time to the effort. Interesting weeks ahead.

https://youtu.be/TWZ-uXQTF_s
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 5th, 2019, 07:37 PM
The Mizuno replication is not working...did they do something wrong?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=51&v=OKRt3fa4lfU
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 8th, 2019, 09:16 PM
A new paper has been posted on the LENR-CANR website by Tadihiko Mizuno and Jed Rothwell, titled: “Supplemental Information on Increased ExcessHeat from Palladium Deposited on Nickel”, available here:

https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MizunoTsupplement.pdf

It is meant to be a supplement to their earlier paper, “Increased Excess Heat from Palladium Deposited on Nickel” published here:

https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MizunoTincreasede.pdf

The document gives some safety warnings about the hazards of working with nickel, and the need for taking proper safety precautions if replications are attempted. It also includes the Q&A with Mizuno first published on June 25, 2019.

There is also this comment about tap water:

“Tap Water may Play a Role Some people suspect the tap water in Sapporo may make a difference. They are investigating this. There is a detailed description of this water in Japanese which you can Google translate. It is here:

https://www.city.sapporo.jp/suido/overview/suiPoou/result/documents/suiPoosukekkah31-04.pdf

There are more instructions about cleaning the nickel mesh, and some instructions that have been sent to persons who have received mesh prepared by Mizuno himself. There is a temperature distribution study which shows temperatures recorded on the surface of a reactor.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 19th, 2019, 10:26 PM
A post from MFMP as follows:

On May 21st 2005 at the MIT Cold Fusion conference, Ken Shoulders presented this

https://disq.us/url?url=https%3A%2F%2Fdrive.google.com%2Fopen%3Fid%3D1XlUPzdGjZX2eHHYTrFVbtOv9m5Mp4WXu%3AatMc_rM_yBCym9MvcGU09vtCHRU&cuid=2168707

I wish we had access to what he said alongside the slides, perhaps someone recorded it? He talks about Adamenko's radiation remediation tests, something of high personal value to me at the moment (Adamenko did 100 experiments by neutron activation of Co and Ag followed by controlled discharge producing radiation remediation immediately and repeatedly, VERY detailed description in Adamenko's book).

In this paper, shoulders states that EXCESS HEAT will be DESTRUCTIVE, however, electrical production can be achieved without destruction of device. In my understanding, based on observation driven insight, I agree.

He also said that Hutchison effect, Sono Fusion, Cold Fusion etc all show signs of EVOs - I agree, I am amazed to have, last Friday, seen so much evidence of EVOs on LION1 and LION2 tube furnace quartz sheath - and these were 'outside' the reactor, not affected chemically by copper in any way, clearly showing that these structures are progressively destroying the reactor, with some held in place, it would appear, by the electric and magnetic fields of the heater coil. This latter observation is the key to controlling this to make it useful, in the case of Shoulders, he used a penning trap.


https://youtu.be/GPWf0JKoipQ

https://youtu.be/sNHb0_9EmfM

https://youtu.be/p-Zo4h2I6NI



Look at the high resolution images downloadable from the video descriptions.



https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oTmM4v49ccH06WI_PBvV4xIa4lqsoVOP/view



-------------------------------------------

My take about what is going on in these videos as follows (The Dense Higgs Field LENR theory):

An electron is comprised of a set of quantum properties. These properties direct the behavior of the electron. Unlike free electrons in a vacuum, these quantum properties can be isolated from other quantum properties when the electron is part of a solid.

The coming thing in condensed matter physics and quantum engineering is the ability in general to select these quantum properties of both fermions (electrons) and/or bosons (photons) that are useful and discard the others.

It is now possible to build a material that hosts electron based quasiparticles that mix and match the quantum properties selected from one or more of its fundamental particle quantum properties that are useful and to ignore or restrict the other less advantageous ones. The selected quantum properties can be strengthened and protected while other properties can be ignored.

For example, condensed matter Scientists can now see their way in creating Majorana particles from electrons and photons because of their potential to store quantum information in a special computation space where quantum information is protected from the environment noise. These quasiparticles have no mass or charge and can travel at the speed of light.

What LION has done without knowing how he did it is create another quasiparticle that is composed of a pair of electron properties called isospin and hypercharge and concentrated these quantum properties into a condensate which greatly amplifies the strength of these quantum properties.

Isospin gives the electron its magnetic nature and hypercharge gives the electron its ability to make electrons spin in the right and left direction. Hypercharge also gives the electron the property of mass and its ability to interact with the weak force. It is the Higgs field property.

The EVO is comprised of two counter rotating magnetic currents of isospin and hypercharge. Let’s call the combination of isospin and hypercharge the spinon quasiparticle.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinon

The EVO does not have charge or other electron quantum properties. These properties reside in other places in a solid but the EVO can move around unaffected and unconfined by its other electron quantum properties. The EVO can extract and concentrate without limit the spinon property of the electron. The EVO can start out small but grow to just about any size as it accumulates more spinons. The spinon gives the EVO the ability to activate the weak force, to produce and broadcast magnetically greatly increased mass in fermions (quarks) that makeup protons and neutrons. This is how Holmlid can breakup protons and neutrons turn them into mesons.

Yes, LION has produced ultra-dense deuterium which will form the superconductor core of the EVO.

Electrons come it two varieties right handed electrons and left handed electrons. These electron properties are defined and produced by hypercharge. Hypercharge can change the way electrons spin. This is what gives fermions mass. When a fermion changes its spin direction, it absorbs energy and this result in their increased mass. The more Hypercharge that the fermion is exposed to, the more massive that it gets because of all the spin flipping that it is doing. When a proton is exposed to a dense hypercharge field (dense Higgs field) it will blow apart and decay into very heavy quarks. These quarks will stay deconfined until the dense Higgs field is removed. But when the dense Higgs field is removed, the deconfined quarks will get back to normal and reform new protons, neutrons and mesons which lead to the formation of new elements as in transmutation.

When the density of spinons is extreme, it forms a supersolid. The spinons arrange themselves in a lattice that takes the form of a geometric shape.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supersolid

A supersolid is a spatially ordered material with superfluid properties. Superfluidity is a special quantum state of matter in which a substance flows with zero viscosity.

This is why Bob sees various geometric shapes in the scars that were produced by the EVOs. The counter rotating spinon currents produce right and left handed rotating scars in the quartz as the projecting magnetic beams disrupt matter using their dense counter rotating magnetically born Higgs fields. These beams have various geometric shaped boundaries but rotate internal to that boundary. The spinons also form and move as a superfluid.

What might have happened is that an EVO got embedded in the wire and projected its two counter rotating Higgs beams outward and circled around downward beyond the wire to the quartz surface were it was terminated when it encountered the surface of the quartz.

To end, the EVO can be a monopole when it forms and projects just a single straight on Higgs beam. The dipole scars can be matched though equal diameters sizes of the scars that these paired dipole beams produce.

 
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on August 31st, 2019, 12:09 AM
https://youtu.be/3h3Gk4vatS8

On taking a look at part of the 10 Yen coin exposed to Ohmasa Gas in Japan, it appears that minute EVOs / Condensed plasmoids may have taken on the role of Copper Oxide mining to yield sulphur containing balls.

One of the most elusive steps in creating a LENR reactor is mastering the production of LENR fuel. Ohmasa Gas might well be a prolific carryer of the LENR active agent also known as the EVO. Ohmasa Gas is simple to make using a combination of cavitation and electrolysis to carry the EVOs in the gas. Load some Ohmasa Gas in a boron nitride tube and run some high frequency RF through the gas and there is a good chance that you will have produced a LENR reactor.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on September 1st, 2019, 03:18 PM
What the Holmlid reaction shows is the naked transmutation process. This naked transmutation process is not hidden from our reality by superposition caused by the coherence of the LENR causative agent. The laser pulse does not form a coherent system therefore the destruction of matter is not hidden from our reality.

In transmutation caused by the LENR reaction, muons are produced, but they are hidden by quantum mechanical superposition of the active agent. All that we see is the cold ash that remains after the transmutation process has terminated, the muons are not realized or observed in our reality.

matter annihilation energy occurs in the LENR reaction but it is hidden from our view. It happens but it is invisible. We cannot feel its results. We cannot see or fell the mesons and muons that fly off into wherever and/or whenever. They are invisible to us and have no impact in our world.

In the case of the Holmid reaction and the resulting proton decay, all the steps that occur in transmutation are realized in our reality as all the steps that occur are visible for our inspection.

Such is a concrete example and a primer of how quantum mechanics works.

But why does the laser pulse cause the reaction? Why does the laser pulse when it falls onto the surface of the Ultra Dense Hydrogen make protons fall apart?

The onset of the laser is the setting point that starts the reaction of proton decay. When the laser light hits the surface of the UDH, the decay of matter happens almost instantaneously. BUT HOW???

Holmlid's paper got bounced recently from publication by peer review because the Holmlid reaction is violating the Conservation of baryon number.

Baryon number
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baryon_number
Quote
The hypothetical concepts of grand unified theory (GUT) models and supersymmetry allows for the changing of a baryon into leptons and antiquarks (see B − L), thus violating the conservation of both baryon and lepton numbers. Proton decay would be an example of such a process taking place, but has never been observed.
Protons cannot decay into mesons because that would violate the Conservation of baryon number and the conservation of charge.

Quarks cannot just vanish, three quarks cannot transform into two quarks. But if quarks do, then WHY? I want to know WHY?

Holmlid's reaction is based on the production of the Higgs field on the surface of the ultra dense hydrogen when the laser hits that surface, The Higgs field is a tachyonic field but  what exactly are tachyonic fields?

Domino Valdano, PhD Theoretical Physics tells us as follows:
Quote
In Einstein's theory of special relativity, the relationship between the energy, momentum, and mass of a particle is E2=(pc)^2+(mc2)^2

It was realized early on that if you plug in a negative value for m2 into this equation, you get a combination of momentum and energy that implies the particle must always travel faster than light.  That is, v=pc2/E>c

While the equations are consistent, it was never clear whether such a particle, which would have to have imaginary mass, could make sense or exist in the real world.

In light of quantum field theory, now particles are thought of as excitations of a quantum field near the minimum of its potential energy curve.  And there are now a couple different definitions of mass.  One of the definitions of mass (sometimes called the "bare mass") is the square root of the quadratic coefficient of a quantum field in its potential energy.  In many cases, this mass can be imaginary, and so it is sometimes called a "tachyonic mass".  However, in any known physical cases where this happens (the most famous case being the Higgs boson), there is a change of coordinates one can do such that in the new coordinates, the mass is real and the physical particle travels at less than the speed of light.  The "physical mass" of a particle is the square root of the quadratic coefficient of a field at the minimum of it's potential energy curve, which is by definition always real.

If the mass-squared for some field like the Higgs is negative, what that means is that you're looking at a maximum (unstable point) of the potential energy curve rather than the minimum.  Excitations near the maximum are not actually particles.  If there is a field which has only a maximum and no minimum, then it is truly a tachyonic field (since there is no coordinate transformation you can do to make the mass real).  This signifies that there is something wrong with the theory because there is no ground state energy for the field--and hence it cannot exist in the real world.  Some people like to say that a tachyonic field represents an "instability of the vacuum".  I would go a step further and say that it represents a field which has no vacuum (ground state).

In summary, tachyons do show up in theoretical physics sometimes, but because physical particles must have a real (not an imaginary) physical mass, there are no particles in the real world which can travel faster than light.
A tachyonic field is a field that produces and instability in the vacuum. The Higgs field is the the primary component of the vacuum and it is like a large pole that is finely balanced on the sharp point of  a pin. A tachyonic field produces an instability of the vacuum like a force that disturbs the finely balanced pole that when perturbed  will cause that pole to fall to a minimum energy state.
Quote
In his lecture on string theory and m-theory Lenny Susskind says that tachyons don't really move faster than the speed of light, and only "crackpots" will tell you that. Instead it has to do with that the vacuum is unstable, and that this is the source of the tachyons. If you want to watch the whole thing you can see it here:
He starts to talk about the tachyonic field somewhere about 46:00

https://youtu.be/gCyImLu0HSI?t=2766

Click on the YouTube link to position to 46:00 into the Lenny Susskind lecture.




In summary, what Holmlid has done is create a mechanism that creates a tachyonic field (a Higgs field) that produces an instability is the vacuum that causes matter to become unstable. This mechanism is the fundamental basis behind the LENR transmutation process.

Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on September 3rd, 2019, 09:51 PM
2019 Progress report from the SAFIRE project. It looks like SAFIRE will be getting into the LENR reactor business.

https://youtu.be/DTaXfbvGf8E
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on September 13th, 2019, 09:42 PM
Keith Fredericks

http://restframe.com/mm/authors/keith-fredericks/

has presented his research on what he calls superluminal particles which are magnetic monopoles at ICCS22. I found the theory that could underpins Keith's finding in a cosmology course from MIT.

It involves the formation of a topological defect in the Higgs field. This defect forms when a new Higgs field is created and the Higgs field combines with the new Higgs field. This defect in the Higgs field forms a magnetic monopole that is huge and powerful. A particle forms that has a mass of 10^20 protons or about a microgram. This energy level produces a Higgs field defect that meets the dense Higgs field level of 10^18GeV.

According to cosmology theory, monopoles from Higgs field cooling appeared about 2 hours after the big bang. We know that this monopoles can form in the present day to support LENR transmutation.

First, the particle is a Higgs field condensate and is tachyonic. The Higgs field is a tachyonic field. This means that the monopole is not superluminal but represents a disturbance in the Higgs field.

The lecture is informative from the start and is well worth the time to view it in total. It explains how the Higgs field fits into both the standard model and the standard cosmological model. It shows the math, and then it explains the way dissimilar Higgs field interact.

For your convenience, I placed the video pointer of the lecture at 52:58 to show the Higgs field spacifics.

This area of cosmology is well developed and can be accessed for further study by googling "topological defect in the higgs field"

Transmutation in LENR is caused by the "higgs abyss" (for further study google). The Higgs mechanism distorts the function of quarks due to their mass redefinition.

In my opinion, Keith's presentation is the most significant presentation of this conference and reveals the true nature of the NAE and the science that supports it.

What is interesting about Keith Fredericks findings is that these monopoles form spontaneously from the environment as well as those being produced in LENR experiments. Keith Fredericks calls these particles cosmic background. He shows them as the agent that produce tracks (strange radiation) where matter loss occurs. 

https://youtu.be/seBwiL9InII?t=3178
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on September 13th, 2019, 09:50 PM
In the pursuit of the development of LENR theory and the process of connecting its many dots, one needs to be a jack of all trades but in my case,  master of none. However, LENR dot connecting has recently lead me to the suspicion that the LENR reaction is seated firmly in the nature and behavior of the vacuum. Over the years, the dots have lead us to examine  particle physics, quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, black hole theory, nanoplasmonics, solid state physics, nanooptics, nuclear physics, material science, among other fields of study. Now the nature and behavior of the vacuum leads to an interest in cosmology, for in cosmology, its practitioners recognize how the vacuum is the structure upon which the universe is built.

https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/201907.0181/v1/download

Keith Fredericks shows experimentally that "strange radiation" is a monopole by analyzing the elliptical tracks that this particle excavates on surfaces. The particle makes matter disappear without a trace as it proceeds along it track as a form of transmutation. It is my contention that strange radiation is a topological defects in the Higgs field as defined above in the last post.

There is a new principle in development in cosmology called the “Multiple Point Principle” (MPP) that postulate the existence of topological Higgs field defects that produces the dense Higgs field (10^18 GeV...approximately 0.02 milligrams...the Planck mass). This defect will be enclosed in a micro black hole called an electromagnetic "Hedgehog"

https://www.groundai.com/project/degenerate-vacua-of-the-universe-and-what-comes-beyond-the-standard-model/2
Quote
Abstract

We present a new cosmological model of the Universe based on the two discoveries: 1. cosmological constant is very small, and 2. Nature shows a new law in physics called “Multiple Point Principle” (MPP). The MPP predicts the two degenerate vacua of the Universe with VEV
v1≈246 Gev and v2∼10^18 GeV, which provide masses of the Higgs boson and top-quark. A new cosmological model assumes the formation of two universal bubbles. The Universe at first stage of its existing is a bubble with a de-Sitter spacetime inside, having black-holes-hedgehogs as topological defects of the vacuum. Such a bubble has a “false vacuum” with VEV v2, which decays very quickly. Cooling Universe has a new phase transition, transforming the “false” vacuum to the “true” (Electroweak) vacuum. Hedgehogs confined, and the universal bubble is transformed into the bubble having spacetime with FLRW-metric and the vacuum with new topological defects of U(1)(el−mag) group: magnetic vortices and Sidharth’s pointlike defects. The problem of stability/metastability of the EW-vacuum is investigated. Noncommutativity of the vacua spacetime manifold is discussed. The prediction of a new physics is given by the future observations at LHC of the triplet SU(2) Higgs bosons (at energies E∼10 TeV), and/or of the new bound states 6t+6¯t formed by top-antitop quarks (at E∼1 TeV). The problem “What comes beyond the Standard Model” is discussed at the end of this paper.
(http://cms.iafe.uba.ar/gangui/Cient_images/fig2.jpg)

(https://www.mdpi.com/universe/universe-05-00078/article_deploy/html/images/universe-05-00078-g001.png)

The nature of the defects that form depends on the symmetries of the Higgs field itself. For example, the Higgs field may have a choice of two possible states to fall into. In this case, when regions that have taken opposite choices run up against each other, the boundary is marked by a structure called a domain wall, in which the Higgs field is obliged to pass through zero, creating a localized region where the vacuum state is one of unbroken symmetry .The domain wall is a microscopically narrow region trapping what physicists call a false vacuum, as distinct from the true vacuum on either side. The false vacuum ought not to exist, but does so because the geometry of the Higgs field does not allow it to disperse.The polariton condensate as a condensate of hyper-change causes the Higgs field to form this false vacuum state as a perturbation.
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on September 14th, 2019, 11:42 PM
Why did Ken Shoulders name the EVO an exotic vacuum object...because that is exactly what it is.

The LHC found that the Higgs field (aka vacuum) is set on the finest of points. 

Calculations show that if the mass of the Higgs boson were just a few times heavier and everything else stayed the same, protons could no longer assemble into atoms, and there would be no complex structures—no stars or living beings. So, what if our universe really is as accidentally fine-tuned as a pencil balanced on its tip, singled out as our cosmic address from an inconceivably vast array of bubble universes inside an eternally frothing “multiverse” sea simply because life requires such an outrageous accident to exist?

The Higgs field is set exactly on its tipping point, just like if water was set at its triple point

(http://inspirehep.net/record/1455774/files/triple_1.png)

(http://inspirehep.net/record/1455774/files/bottle.png)

(http://inspirehep.net/record/1455774/files/groph.png)

If the strength of the Higgs field is increased or decreased by the slightest amount then there would be a change of state that would occur in the vacuum. For example, if water is moved off its triple point in the slightest way, it would begin to transform into a vapor, or a liquid, or ice.

In like manner to what happens in a change in state of water, If the strength of the vacuum changes in the slightest, then atoms would not exist, neither would electrons or protons; all matter would resolve down to pure energy.

There are processes that exist in nature in electromagnetic and particle interactions and in chemistry that create a tightly confined bubble of the Higgs field whose strength is different from that finely tuned value that keeps our universe from falling apart. This is what an EVO is, a rouge perturbative bubble of the vacuum.

The EVO can begin its existence as an nanoscopic object, but its effect on matter is still potent. As it grows in size into the microscopic, its vacuum state may change, but its effect on matter remains the same, when the EVO reaches a macroscopic size, its effects on matter remain constant throughout its lifecycle. What matters is that the vacuum state confined inside the EVO is different than the value of the vacuum throughout the rest of the universe.

Whatever matter that this bubble of the vacuum contacts will dissociate and dissolve into energy. When the true Higgs field is restored, then matter will assemble into its usual state of protons, electrons, and atoms just like this formation of matter happened soon after the big bang occured when the Higgs field weakened and assumed its current strength.

This is how and why transmutation occurs in LENR...matter to energy and then back to matter.

Inside that EVO with its own vacuum state, there exists another universe where life and matter cannot survive. Does space-time even exist inside the EVO? Where does matter go when it comes in contact with the EVO? Can energy leak out of the EVO? Who will run the experiments to answer these questions?
Title: Re: Chiral polarization is the KEY to the LENR reaction
Post by: Axil on September 17th, 2019, 12:31 AM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=h49AbVfI7KU

More info on SAFIRE

EXCLUSIVE - SAFIRE Contacted me in RESPONSE to my REACTION video to ANSWER MY QUESTIONS!